61.Stinky tofu is a distinctive snack in the night market.The tofu is left in［ ］milk and some ingredients for months, making it pungent and tasty.答案顯示:【D】
62.The communists strategically targeted Kinmen during their military operations.Since the［ ］of the conflict over two decades ago, many people have visited the island, which boasts famous specialties and souvenirs.答案顯示:【C】
Natural hot springs enrich the development of tourism within a country.Local and national governments can endorse a “hot spring international brand” and advocate the health benefits of hot springs to promote their tourism policy.After the legislation of the Taiwan Hot Spring Act, Taiwanese hot springs have become a popular tourist attraction and an important asset for local governments.However, Taiwan’s hot spring tourism is limited by seasonal consumption habits.In addition, mountainous land accounts for about 75% of Taiwan’s total land area, and most of the hot springs originate in high mountains.Furthermore, Taiwan’s hot spring development started after Japan and European countries and the scale of the industry was relatively small.Therefore, Taiwan is not conducive to the development of large-scale, internationally competitive hot spring resort centers.Still, Taiwan possesses a near-flawless hot spring law as well as progressive technological conditions in medicine, tourism, and information services, which will help promote innovation and deliver a more optimistic advantage for the development of an international hot spring brand.
Over the history of the development of therapeutic spas, hot springs have been regarded as a valuable resource for preventive health care in many countries.People can combine hot springs with natural and human resources for relieving stress, rehabilitation, and recuperation.In 1993, approximately 1,700 resorts in Europe had healing spas.Japan currently has 3,000 spa resorts of various sizes and styles.In 2008, tourists from all over the world visited Japanese hot springs for leisure and holiday purposes.Meanwhile, European countries considered hot spring resorts as a place for health promotion and disease rehabilitation.There are many similarities between Taiwan and Japan, such as culture and resources.The booming hot spring and hotel industries make up a significant part of the strategy for tourism development in Taiwan.Nearby countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, and India are also actively expanding their hot spring industry and striving to incorporate hot springs into the medical tourism industry to create an internationally renowned brand.
71.According to the article, which of the following does not explain why Taiwan is disadvantageous for the development of large-scale, internationally competitive hot spring resort centers？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Most of the hot springs are in high mountain areas
（B）Because of its late start, the scale of the industry is small
（C）seasonal consumption habits（D）Population is not as good as Europe and Japan
72.The optimistic advantage of Taiwan’s development of its international hot springs brand is:答案顯示:【B】
（A）good geographical location（B）high industrial innovation technology
（C）high international cooperation（D）friendly local customs
73.According to the history of spa medical development, which of the following was not the purpose of hot springs？答案顯示:【A】
Technological advancements have resulted in rapid changes within the tourism industry.Applications of technologies such as VR（Virtual Reality）, AR（Augmented Reality）and MR（Mixed Reality）in tourism have expanded the market and created revolutionary business opportunities.These technologies can provide remote support to enhance visitors’ travel experience.Microsoft, for example, developed HoloTour to create a whole new travel experience.The tourism industry can communicate with visitors in several ways: 1）Allow the tourists feel that they are experiencing travel through virtual reality; 2）Tourists can travel through time and space while visiting historical sites such as a Roman arena and connect to history by witnessing the battles from the perspective of the emperor; and 3）Tourism businesses can use AR technology to provide personalized virtual tour guide services in museums or other sightseeing spots.
From the perspective of the tourism industry, big data plus travel technologies means huge business opportunities.Mobile devices, social media, and government or commercial databases have contributed to the accumulation of massive volumes of data.In 2011, with the hope of improving planning and the allocation of tourism resources, the Tourism Bureau of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications set up a tourism database to obtain information from local governments and upload a common format to the government’s open platform.The big data database also changes the way businesses interact with tourists and supports the development of opportunities for future sightseeing.Like the collaboration between PATA（Pacific Asia Travel Association）and Microsoft, businesses can collect big data to improve tourism resources, to develop smart sightseeing, and to better serve their customers.
Another hot topic in travel technology is AI（Artificial Intelligence）.By interacting with the film, the sales representative and the customer can arrange travel plans via several virtual assistants through the Conversation As A Platform（CAAP）dialogue platform and simultaneously book tickets and hotels.Moreover, AI technology can plan itineraries and recommend items.Tourism businesses can also use robots to provide services to tourists, such as translation or answering questions.Undoubtedly, competent robots will become one of the main salespeople of future sales packages.
76.This article mentions tourism businesses can use robots to provide which of the following services:答案顯示:【A】
78.By using travel technology, what kind of sightseeing experience visitors cannot achieve through visuals？答案顯示:【D】
（A）moon sightseeing（B）tour of Ancient Roman Arena
（C）roundabout sightseeing（D）tour of strawberry picking
79.What kind of tool do people in the tourism industry use to analyze travelers’ behavior patterns, change the way they interact with tourists, and seize the business opportunities of future sightseeing？答案顯示:【B】
10.Captain: Laptop computers and other electronic［ ］cannot be used until 15 minutes after take-off, or after the seat belt sign has been turned on prior to landing.答案顯示:【B】
11.Mary: Could you please provide me with some information about accommodation？答案顯示:【D】
Travel Agent:［ ］
（A）How would you like your money？
（B）You can take any bus from number 118 to 120 toward Morden station.
（C）A one-way ticket is two pounds without limits.
（D）Maybe you can stay at the Palace Youth Hostel in the downtown area.
12.Mary:［ ］Hotel clerk: A wireless internet connection is available throughout the hotel.答案顯示:【B】
（A）Excuse me, how do I dial room to room？（B）Is Wi-Fi available at the hotel？
（C）Do I have to pay for the shuttle bus service？
（D）I saw the Hotel Hoppa bus stop just right outside the terminal.Can I take it？
13.If your baggage exceeds the free checked piece and weight［ ］, excess baggage charges will be applied.答案顯示:【A】
14.Receptionist: ABC Hotel, may I help you？答案顯示:【D】
Justin: Do you have a［ ］for a double room on March First？
15.I would like to［ ］a tax refund.Do you know the refund application procedures？答案顯示:【B】
16.The open-top tour buses in London can be fun, but are pretty［ ］way to get around.答案顯示:【D】
17.Suzanne: I’d like to leave one day earlier.Can I settle my bill now？答案顯示:【A】
Hotel clerk:［ ］.
（A）Yes, but we don’t accept American Express（B）Yes, but we don’t have room available now
（C）I will try to find one for you because it is the peak season and all rooms are sold out
（D）This is the key card and your room number is 830, on the eighth floor
18.In the casino, you can try［ ］machines.You just need to put one coin in and then push the button.答案顯示:【C】
19.I can understand your starting point,［ ］I don’t agree with it.答案顯示:【B】
（A）as soon as（B）although（C）since（D）until
20.If you discover that your baggage is missing, you can go to the baggage service desk of your airline to［ ］your claim.答案顯示:【C】
21.The tour operator will arrange transport and plan your［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
22.Most antibiotics are only available with a［ ］from your doctor.答案顯示:【C】
23.Duty free rules and regulations are［ ］to change without notice.答案顯示:【D】
24.Pickles and sauces such as［ ］and mayonnaise often contain more salt than you think.答案顯示:【B】
25.The company provided free［ ］for the entire group of guests to stay for two nights.答案顯示:【A】
26.Taking photographs is［ ］in many museums and historic places.The no-photos policy is now a worldwide phenomenon.答案顯示:【D】
27.Like many other［ ］animals, sea turtles mistake plastic waste for a viable food source, sometimes causing blockages in their digestive system.答案顯示:【B】
28.The Burj Khalifa is a［ ］in Dubai and has been the tallest building in the world since 2008.答案顯示:【C】
29.At an airport, a［ ］is a moving surface from which passengers can collect their luggage.答案顯示:【D】
30.Every passenger should［ ］up for the roller-coaster ride and keep arms and legs inside the vehicle at all times.答案顯示:【A】
31.If you want to buy some old pieces of china, the town of Petworth is nearby and is stuffed with［ ］shops.答案顯示:【B】
32.Body temperatures can［ ］and become unstable when you are ill.答案顯示:【B】
33.The local residents suggest us to try［ ］around the Greek islands in a traditional fishing boat.答案顯示:【D】
34.Mary bought her parents a new set of kitchen［ ］including bowls, knives, and frying pans.答案顯示:【A】
35.Since traffic［ ］around the airport is expected during the holidays, travelers should leave home early.答案顯示:【C】
36.Do not undertake hard exercise for a few hours after a meal to allow food to［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
37.Dinner features a hot［ ］of chicken, veal, or lamb.After the main course, dessert will be served.答案顯示:【C】
38.Many stores guarantee to［ ］the customers’ money if they are not delighted with their purchase.答案顯示:【B】
39.Many people are［ ］up outside the hall for tickets to the concert featuring a talented pianist.答案顯示:【D】
40.Passengers were asked not to leave their seats when the plane was flying through severe［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
69.A crowd already filled the art［ ］in order to see the famous paintings of Van Gogh.答案顯示:【C】
70.Last night a［ ］was held at Buckingham Palace.All the members of The Royal Family attended the dinner party.答案顯示:【B】
Today, Earth’s population stands at around seven billion, and it is still growing faster.As a result, the imbalance between what nature replenishes
and humans consume will probably continue to grow.So how will so many people live on Earth without exhausting the planet？The key is sustainability—finding new and efficient ways of conserving more and consuming less—so that we do not ultimately exhaust our most valuable resources.
Sustainable communities are cities and towns that encourage residents to protect their local environment in ways that also reduce their impact on the larger global environment.Residents in Mbam, Senegal, for example, use solar ovens to cook food.By using solar energy instead of cutting down trees, people are saving forests for future generations.Communities in other places are using improved public transportation systems to reduce the need for cars.In Curitiba, Brazil, city buses are frequent, convenient, and efficient—so 70 percent of Curitiba’s commuters use them.As a result, the city has little traffic jam and cleaner air.
Another way to prevent depletion of natural resources is through proper forest management.Forest logging—the cutting down of trees—can contribute to water pollution, lead to the destruction of animal habitats, and have other negative effects on the environment.In an effort to preserve forests, several countries have begun creating certified forests.When a forest is certified, the logging is regulated and carried out in a sustainable way.In West Virginia(USA), for example, loggers in certified forests must receive special training to avoid causing soil erosion.Roughly seven percent of the world’s forests are certified.Canada has the largest areas, with almost 300 million acres of certified forests.
71.What is the reading mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The current environmental challenges around the world
（B）Ways to prevent the exhaustion of the earth’s resources
（C）Problems of overpopulation in different countries
（D）The impact of forest logging on the global environment
72.What does the word “replenishes” in the first paragraph mean？答案顯示:【D】
73.Which of the following characteristics of a sustainable community is mentioned in the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Establishing water recycling systems（B）Constructing more bike paths for commuters
（C）Utilizing eco-friendly building materials（D）Using the sun’s energy for domestic cooking
74.What is the purpose of the third paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To suggest a viable approach to reducing the overuse of natural resources
（B）To give an example of the destruction of animal habitats on the planet
（C）To explain the procedures for setting up a forest certification program
（D）To emphasize the importance of conserving vast areas of forests in Canada
75.Which of the following is true about certified forests？答案顯示:【C】
（A）No logging activity would be allowed in the entire certified area.
（B）Only seven percent of the forests on earth have not been certified.
（C）Loggers need to learn how to protect the ground from soil erosion.
（D）Canada is the only country that has successfully created certified forests.
There is a museum for everything these days.The latest museum to open may turn you off your dinner.It is the Disgusting Food Museum, which opened at the end of last year in Malmo, Sweden.Food is so much more than sustenance.Curious foods from exotic cultures have always fascinated people.Unfamiliar foods can be delicious, or they can be more of an acquired taste.The new exhibition allows people to analyze why they love and hate certain foods.It might also lead them to consider alternative food sources.The museum's founder, Dr.Samuel West, a psychologist by day and a museum curator by night, explained why he created the project.He said he was researching the effect of meat consumption and its effect on the environment.This made him think about alternative sources of protein, like insects.Although most people would think eating bugs is gross, Dr.West wanted to make them reconsider the idea.The exhibition invites visitors to explore the world of food and challenge their notions of what is and what is not edible.While many food-related museums of late have mostly just been opportunities for novel selfies, West is adamant that the Disgusting Food Museum is there to help people learn and think critically, not just to pose for photos.
The museum is a 400-square-meter space that will challenge four of our five senses - smell, touch, sight and taste.The displays include food from around the world that some people might think is disgusting.However, people in other parts of the world think this food is totally normal and is a regular part of their diet.The food exhibits include American favorites such as Jell-O salad and world food like fried tarantula, fermented shark, roasted guinea pigs and sheep eyeball juice.Dr.West said that we could all eat any food, but our culture tells us what is tasty and what is not.According to him, what we find disgusting has to be learned—it's purely cultural.
76.What is the reading mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）New findings on alternative foods
（C）Dr.West’s healthy eating advice（B）Opening of a food museum（D）The American food exhibition
77.What does the word “adamant” in the first paragraph mean？答案顯示:【A】
78.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Dr.West？答案顯示:【D】
（A）He studied the impact of insects on the environment.（B）He is a biologist and works in a museum.
（C）He encouraged museum visitors to take selfies and pose photos.
（D）He established the Disgusting Food Museum.
79.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE about the food exhibition？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Visitors can smell, touch, and taste different disgusting foods.
（B）A variety of world food such as fermented shark was on display.
（C）It was held in a 400-square-meter museum in Sweden.
（D）The displays only include food that is not a regular part of everyone’s diet.
80.Which is the best paraphrase of the last sentence in the second paragraph？“What we find disgusting has to be learned—it's purely cultural.” 答案顯示:【B】
（A）People need to appreciate every food culture even it is disgusting.
（B）People learn what food to be disgusted through their own culture.
（C）People tend to be disgusted about different cultural practices.
（D）People learn to change their disgust about food in a new culture.
“We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else…” Barack Obama, inaugural address, 2013
4.It is believed that the［ ］have been living on Austonesian(Southern Asian)Islands for thousands of years.答案顯示:【B】
5.One of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s top officials arrived at the United States where he is expected to help［ ］the groundwork for talks between Kim and US President in Singapore.答案顯示:【A】
In 2010, a South Korean couple was［6］the murder of their daughter through neglect.When their daughter was born, she weighed 2.9 kilograms.Three months later, when she［7］, she weighed 2.4 kilograms.The strangest part was that the parents were playing a game for many hours each day in which they raised a［8］child online.Similarly, in 2014, a young South Korean man who spent much of his time in Internet Cafés was arrested after his two-year-old son starved to death.South Korea has seen exponential growth in computer and Internet use.This has caused many to worry that certain users are［9］unable to control how much time they spend on the Internet.They fear an epidemic of addiction to video game.South Korea is not［10］: many other developed countries have also experienced huge growth in video games and Internet addiction.
（A）charged with（B）changed into（C）chosen from（D）checked out
（A）broke down（B）ran out（C）passed away（D）started over
Until the late 1700s, the economy of England was tightly controlled by the government, which limited the amount of interest that banks could charge, laid down rules about how employers should treat their workers, and set strict standards for how some products should be made.The government set up trade monopolies, giving certain companies the sole right to trade with certain parts of the world, like the English East India Company.［11］Then in the late 1700s, Adam Smith published a book called The Wealth of Nations, which advocated “laissez-faire,” meaning “to let alone” in French.［12］He said individuals should be let alone to make their own economic decisions—what products to make, how to make them, and what to charge for them.［13］People would be motivated by the opportunity to try new ideas and make more money.Society, as a result, would become wealthier.
After Smith’s book was published, the idea of laissez-faire became more and more popular.［14］The new freedom to invent and invest helped spur the Industrial Revolution, creating, as Adam Smith had predicted, vast new wealth.
But it also created the harsh conditions some employers maintained in the factories.These employers were believers in laissez-faire.［15］They say it was none of the government’s business how much their workers were paid or how many hours a day they worked.For obvious reasons, the idea of laissez-faire was more popular among employers than among their workers.
（A）They fought against laws that would make things better for workers.
（B）In the book Smith argued government controls were hurting the economy.
（C）This economic freedom, he believed, would make people more creative and hard-working.
（D）To protect English manufacturers, the government set high tariffs on goods imported from foreigncountries.
（A）They fought against laws that would make things better for workers.
（B）In the book Smith argued government controls were hurting the economy.
（C）This economic freedom, he believed, would make people more creative and hard-working.
（D）To protect English manufacturers, the government set high tariffs on goods imported from foreign countries.
（A）Many of the old laws controlling the economy were abolished.
（B）They fought against laws that would make things better for workers.
（C）In the book Smith argued government controls were hurting the economy.
（D）This economic freedom, he believed, would make people more creative and hard-working.
（A）Many of the old laws controlling the economy were abolished.
（B）They fought against laws that would make things better for workers.
（C）In the book Smith argued government controls were hurting the economy.
（D）This economic freedom, he believed, would make people more creative and hard-working.
（A）Many of the old laws controlling the economy were abolished.
（B）They fought against laws that would make things better for workers.
（C）In the book Smith argued government controls were hurting the economy.
（D）This economic freedom, he believed, would make people more creative and hard-working.
Just as a passport represents national sovereignty—it is one of the defining categories of a claim to statehood—so harmonizing passports is a sign of cooperation.That can be a slow process.It took the nine members of the-then European Community(now the 27-strong European Union)years to settle on the color of the passport cover that its member states now share.In 1976, a year after a uniform passport was first proposed, Britain shuddered at the suggested shade of delicate lilac.Diplomats then spent four years dismissing maroon and then purple before reaching a wine-colored consensus in 1981.
America’s first passport cover, in 1918, was beige, going green three years later.It changed to various shades of red in 1926 and back to green in 1941.Only on the bicentenary in 1976 did it turn blue, matching the shade in the American flag.
The common color was supposed to make European passports instantly recognizable.But since colors cannot be patented, nothing stops others with the same idea.Some countries that hoped to join the EU quickly adopted the right color of passport as a branding exercise.In South America the Andean Community,which once had EU-like aspirations, also favors wine-colored passports.Mercosur and Caricom, two other regional groupings, favor an American-style dark blue.
Countries commonly pick colors that reflect their culture or religion, says Claire Burrows of De La Rue,a British company that has been making passports since 1915.Islamic countries often have green passport covers(though Germany’s passport used to be that color, as are those of members of the Economic Community of West African States).According to Bill Waldron of Holliston, a Tennessee-based firm that prints documents for 65 of the world’s 249 passport-issuing entities, darker colors are popular because they show dirt less, heighten the contrast with the crest and look more official—much as police wear dark uniforms.
Interpol—one of a handful of international organizations with passport-issuing powers—provides evidence for that theory: its new travel document is black.The UN’s passport, like the helmets of its peacekeeping force, is a pacific blue.
Fun-colored passports exist too.But they can sometimes seem a punishment: Sweden and the Netherlands issue emergency travel documents for nationals who have lost their passports.They are pink.
16.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）In 1918, the passport color was beige in the US.
（B）In 1930, the US used burgundy covers for their passports.
（C）From 1941 to 1976, US travelers were issued burgundy passports.
（D）The color of US passport changed to blue as its 200th anniversary was marked.
17.Which of the following countries use the same color for their passports？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Peru and the US（B）The UK and Saudi Arabia.
（C）Spain and Nigeria（D）Liberia and Pakistan.
18.Which of the followings about the meanings of passport colors is NOT mentioned in the passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Representing their culture（B）Emphasizing their national sovereignty.
（C）Reflecting their religion（D）Matching their national flag.
19.According to the passage, why do passports normally come in dark shades？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To show patriotism and respect their own history.（B）To coordinate with passports of other countries.
（C）To look formal in the international arena.（D）To fit in with the multicultural world.
20.What does the word “Interpol” possibly refer to？答案顯示:【A】
（A）International Criminal Police Organization（B）Andean Community of Nations.
（C）Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation（D）Petroleum Exporting Country Organization.
When contemporary women writers write about mother-daughter relationships, they often put an emphasis on forging a connection between them.In their writing, even though mothers and daughters do have ambivalence toward each other, they are often capable of resolving this problem and finally recognizing their bond as mothers and daughters.Yet, when it comes to writing about mother-son relationships, it becomes a completely different story.Most women writers stress the alienation between mothers and sons owing to the fact that they are of different gender.Therefore, when women writers write about their experiences of raising sons, they usually find themselves crossing over into a different territory.Feelings of apprehension and distress arise when mothers discover to their astonishment that their sons have become a total stranger to them especially when the sons have stepped into adulthood.In addition, since mothers are constrained by the society at large to avoid being too close to their sons in fear that they might smother their sons, contemporary women writers have depicted mostly the separation between them but have also unveiled how mothers come to terms with this separation from their sons.
Take the two contemporary novels, Margaret Forster’s Mothers’ Boys and Rosellen Brown’s Before and After, as examples.With a common theme on mother-son relationships, both novels portray a similar incident of a son who is suspected of committing a murder and how this unexpected event has profoundly harmed the mother-son relationships.Coincidently, both novels have an identical scene with a mother-son encounter in a juvenile prison.In this confrontation between mothers and sons, mothers have to their bewilderment come to realize that their sons have become unknown to them.And as these mother-son narratives continue to develop, the mothers and sons in these novels finally separate from each other.The only difference between these novels is their contrast in treating the mother-son relationship.Forster presents the mother as the one who takes up her traditional role by accepting passively this separation from son and waiting patiently until the son returns one day whereas Brown describes a mother who exercises her agency and power to deal with her son’s act of crime.Later, she not only fulfills her social responsibility as a mother but also decides her way of handling the mother-son separation.Despite that the two texts illustrate two conflicting ways of reading and writing mother-son relationships, they also inform us that there exists a powerful reading and writing against the grain.
21.Which field of study is most closely related to this passage？答案顯示:【D】
22.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about the mother-son relationship？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Mothers find it hard to discipline their sons.（B）Sons express less filial piety to their mothers.
（C）Mothers sense great indifference from their sons.（D）Sons have strong anxiety over being mothers’ boys.
23.Why is the mother-son separation a prevailing theme in contemporary women’s writing？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Because mothers are advised to disconnect with their sons.
（B）Because mothers feel obligated to attach themselves to their sons.
（C）Because sons desire to strike a link with their mothers.
（D）Because sons demonstrate resentment against their mothers.
24.How does Brown portray a mother who seems to be more compelling than that of Forster？答案顯示:【B】
（A）She makes a mother more dominant by monitoring everything her son does.
（B）She allows a mother to work out the mother-son relationship on her own terms.
（C）She enables a mother to embrace her selfhood by acting as a professional woman.
（D）She creates a mother who knows how to rely on her knowledge to mold her son.
25.What is the actual meaning of the concluding sentence, “there exists a powerful reading and writing against the grain”？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It indicates that motherhood can be manipulative and nurturing.
（B）It denotes that the social control of motherhood is severe and unexpected.
（C）It argues that mothers have the authority to treat their children differently.
（D）It illustrates that the act of mothering can go beyond the traditional script.
7.My grandfather was known for his［ ］to his friends and associates, always more than willing to help them in whatever way he could.答案顯示:【A】
8.Parents often speak to children about the dangers of dishonesty, but research has shown that kids who know how to［ ］are better adjusted.答案顯示:【B】
9.To avoid other people, the farmer lives a［ ］life in a remote mountain village with only his dog.答案顯示:【A】
10.Some people［ ］a campaign for animal rights to raise funds for shelters.答案顯示:【B】
Can a building be so ugly that people get angry just looking at it？For years, the Old Executive Office Building(the OEOB)in Washington, D.C., received［11］its share of insults.President Warren G.Harding proclaimed that the building was "the worst I ever saw." Mark Twain described it as the "ugliest building in America." At a［12］of ten million dollars over seventeen years of construction, the OEOB was completed in 1888.For many, it was［13］at first sight.The building was used for many purposes over the years and then fell into neglect.
Then one day in 1974, a college student named John W.F.Rogers was working in the mail room of the White House.He was sent to get a chair in one of the OEOB "storerooms." Rogers thought he had entered "the castle of the Sleeping Beauty." "Everything was［14］dust and cobwebs," he recalled, "and yet I saw beauty." Years later, Rogers became the administrator of the building.Once he was［15］, one of the first things he did was to restore the old "storeroom." It is now the grand White House Law Library!
（A）less than（B）not much as（C）up to（D）more than
（A）dressed for（B）covered in（C）filled in（D）wrapped up
（A）in mind（B）in vain（C）in favor（D）in charge
A new study has just discovered that reading has an important impact on people's lifespan.Over the course of the study, the researchers［16］found that the readers lived longer than the non-readers.The readers who read over 3.5 hours a week lived a full 23 months longer than the people who didn't read at all.That extended lifespan applied to all reading participants,［17］"gender, wealth, education or health" factors.That's a 20% reduction in［18］created by a sedentary activity.
The researchers stated, "［19］non-book readers, book readers had a 4-month survival advantage" at the age when 20% of their peers passed away."Further, our analyses demonstrated that any level of book reading gave a significantly stronger survival advantage than reading periodicals.This is a［20］finding, as previous studies did not compare types of reading material; it indicates that book reading rather than reading in general is driving a survival advantage."
（A）on account of（B）referring to（C）regardless of（D）according to
（A）Based on（B）Compared to（C）Judging from（D）Depending on
We've all had nights when we lie awake in bed, unable to quiet our racing thoughts.There are plenty of reasons why sleep may be evading you—maybe you had caffeine too late in the afternoon,［21］, or you've been staring at your laptop screen for hours and haven't given yourself time to relax before bed.These are things to keep in mind for improving future nights of sleep.But what if you've done everything "right" leading up to bedtime, and you still find yourself［22］and turning？
It's very common for people to report being physically tired, but not being able to shut their mind off, especially if they're very worried about something.Worries keep people awake, and they don't have to be［23］worries.It could also be something positive you're planning, like a trip or a big event with a lot of things you have to remember.Spending time during the day or earlier in the evening to sit and［24］those concerns may help, but if it's too late for that, grab a notebook and try physically writing them down in a list for the next day.A recent study found that writing out a to-do list of future tasks helped people fall asleep nine minutes faster than people who wrote about tasks they'd already［25］that day.Researchers think the act of getting them down on paper helps clear the mind and stop rumination, at least temporarily.
Nancy has been to many countries such as England, France, Germany and Australia, but she has never gone to America.Therefore, when she was told that she could attend a business meeting in America, she decided that she wanted to go there and to［26 ］the country.As the meeting was to be held in Chicago, she first took a flight from Taipei to Los Angeles and then waited for a transit flight there.Unfortunately, by the time she arrived in Los Angeles, all the flights to Chicago had been cancelled because of a heavy storm.As Nancy was very［27］about not being able to attend the meeting on time, she asked the people at the check-in counter to help her solve the problem.But nobody could help her as they were all too busy［28］other customers' complaints.As a consequence, she had no choice but to stay in Los Angeles for the night.
Yet, the same thing happened to her the next day.She still had difficulty boarding a flight to Chicago.While she was worried about the possibility of missing the meeting in Chicago, an American sitting beside her suggested that she could, in fact, plan another［29］to get to Chicago.She followed the advice and boarded another airline for Chicago.She flew to Denver first, waiting for a transfer flight to Chicago.But she missed the plane because she wasn't［30］the time difference.She was put on a waiting list and had to wait for the next flight to Chicago.When she finally boarded the plane, she felt greatly relieved.Although it was already late in the evening when she arrived in Chicago, she was happy that she made it to Chicago after all!
（A）look down to（B）have a look at（C）make an example of（D）take away from
（A）bringing up（B）counting on（C）giving away（D）attending to
（A）upset about（B）aware of（C）delighted with（D）surprised by
Artificial intelligence(AI)has been around longer than most people realize.The intent behind much of AI is to free us from mundane repetitive tasks, giving us more time to grow our intellects and businesses, with more interesting, evolving actions.AI offers us that access with speed and accuracy when we need it.
In London, self-driving robots deliver food.In Pasadena, California, a robot named Flippy can cook.Last fall, an autonomous train made its way across the Australian outback for the first time, and Zhuzhou, China,began testing a trackless and driverless train that navigates city streets by means of lines painted on the road.Artificial intelligence is everywhere.And its adoption is rapidly becoming necessary for businesses to stay competitive.
How does this affect human employees？Those low-skilled jobs are most likely to be affected and mostchances of being automated.White collar jobs are also at risk though with AI taking a bigger role in the financialindustry.
But despite all this, the future for human employees may be much brighter than many recent predictions.While AI destroys jobs, it also creates them.And according to a report from the research firm Gartner, artificial intelligence is currently creating more jobs than it destroys.This includes not only the obvious jobs such as software engineers but also low-level jobs such as training AI to recognize objects or human activity and many others.
AI may destroy jobs and it may create them, but it's not always about man versus machine.AI can be at its best when it helps humans to perform jobs.For example, Walmart announced it was beginning tests of shelf scanning robots at 50 locations.These robots are not intended to replace human workers but to make them more efficient.The robots scan the condition of shelves, and workers may focus their time on filling the shelves,replacing items left in the wrong place and fixing problems that the robots notify them of.
31.What does the author try to express in this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）AI will ultimately take over eveything, and then it will be the end of the world.
（B）AI is completely favorable because it saves man power and money.
（C）AI and humans can cooperate in a wonderful way to improve efficiency.
（D）AI will dominate every industry, and people will become unemployed at last.
32.According to the author, what is the situation that AI affects human employees？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Bus drivers may lose working opportunities in the future because of driverless technology.
（B）White collar jobs are irreplaceable because the work content is very professional.
（C）AI can teach people to recognize objects or human activity and many others.
（D）The employment situation is much worse than prediction because AI is everywhere.
33.In the case of Walmart, how does AI help in the process of sale？答案顯示:【B】
（A）AI recognizes customers and takes picture of them.
（B）AI scans the condition of shelves and notify workers to respond to it.
（C）AI makes decisions for the customers who are not sure about what to buy.
（D）AI detects customers' shopping habits and uploads the data to the marketing department.
34.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Since the invention of AI , it's always about man versus machine.
（B）While AI takes away working opportunities, it also creates them.
（C）In China, trackless and driverless trains are running everywhere.
（D）The future for human employees may be more gloomy than many recent predictions.
35.Where does this passage most likely appear？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A pamphlet, Globalization is Evil（B）A magazine, Mass Transportation.
（C）A book, The God's Will（D）A journal, Applied Technology.
Is it true that loneliness causes more misery in the world than any other spiritual condition in life？Generally speaking, it is.Loneliness is a negative emotion that almost everyone suffers from now and then.This solitary feeling may even torture one's soul moment to moment throughout lifetime.Contrary to general belief, loneliness does not necessarily result from the state of being alone.To get over loneliness, it is essential to realize the source of this emotion.
Loneliness must be examined honestly and completely before it can be handled since it is actually a deep-rooted personality habit.To begin with, personal beliefs and memories that support the feeling of loneliness must be discovered and understood.Then, the habitually lonely feeling has to be replaced with more constructive emotions.
You must understand that feeling lonely now and then is not abnormal, and neither is it your fault.Life is sometimes a lonely process, which can somehow provide the energy and motion needed for personal growth and spiritual understanding.In other words, loneliness is a challenge, not a problem.It becomes a problem only when you view yourself as its victim and consider yourself incompetent to find any solution.
Loneliness serves as a signal to get your attention so that you can start to deal with your inner state of being.In fact, loneliness can be your very best friend.You may even need to be thankful that it exists for it stimulates you to develop relationships with other people and pushes you out into the world to look for ways of meeting your interpersonal needs.
36.What is the main purpose of the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To explain the nature of loneliness and to provide some applicable solutions.
（B）To list sources of loneliness and to compare differences between beliefs and memories.
（C）To analyze the physical symptoms of loneliness and to advise some medical treatments.
（D）To emphasize the abnormal aspects of loneliness and their impact on mental health.
37.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Loneliness can remind you to look into your own inner life.
（B）People do not need to blame themselves for their loneliness.
（C）Positive emotions can be used to take the place of loneliness.
（D）Being alone will definitely contribute to the feeling of loneliness.
38.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "incompetent"？答案顯示:【B】
39.What is the author's general attitude while concluding the issue of loneliness？答案顯示:【D】
40.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Sometimes the feeling of loneliness may even last through one's whole life.
（B）Loneliness is not a problem since it has nothing to do with spiritual understanding.
（C）There are quite a few emotional states more miserable than the feeling of loneliness.
（D）It makes no difference whether people are honest or not when they examine their loneliness.
Katsushika Hokusai is a Japanese artist of the Edo period(1603-1868).Born in Edo, modern Tokyo, in 1760,he is best known for the woodblock print series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji.The series, made in the 1830s,depicted Mount Fuji from different locations and in different seasons.He created the series as a response to a domestic travel boom and as a part of a personal obsession with Mount Fuji.Under the Wave off Kanagawa is the most iconic work of the series.Portraying water is not easy, but Hokusai captured its decisive moments.What enabled him to work in this way was his experience of residing in the Sumida area, with all its rivers and canals,and observing the flow of the Sumida River day by day.
Hokusai was born in the Sumida district and lived there for almost 90 years.But he was never in one place for long.He found cleaning distasteful and allowed dirt and grime to build up in his studio.When the place became unbearable, he simply moved out.All told, the artist changed residences 93 times throughout his life.
Constantly seeking to produce better works, Hokusai once commented: "All that I have done before 70 is not worth taking into account.At 75, I will have truly learned the pattern of nature, of animals, of trees and birds.At 80, I shall progress further.At 90, I shall penetrate the mystery of life itself.At 100 I shall be a marvelous artist.When I am 110, each dot and line will possess a life of its own." Hokusai, however, never got to see whether his prediction held true.He died at the age of 88.Prior to his death, he was said to have remarked: "If the son of heaven gives me just another five years, I will become a true artisan."
During Hokusai's life, the Japanese government enforced isolationist policies to prevent foreigners from entering and citizens from leaving.When Japan opened its boarders in the 1850s, Hokusai's works crossed the ocean and influenced many Western artists such as Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gough, and Claude Monet.Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji are particularly famous overseas.The composer Debussy was influenced by Under the Wave off Kanagawa when he composed the symphonic works La Mer in 1905.The painter Henri Riviere was also inspired and created a series of lithographs called the Thirty-six Views of the Eiffle Tower.In 1999 Hokusai was the only Japanese person given a place in Life Magazine's "The 100 Most Important Events and People of the Past 100 Years."
41.According to the passage, what is Hokusai most famous for？答案顯示:【B】
（A）His cooperation with Debussy（B）His landscape prints of Mount Fuji.
（C）His exploration of the mystery of life（D）His interest in travelling throughout Japan.
42.What caused Hokusai to move 93 times？答案顯示:【A】
（A）He did not like cleaning（B）He could not tolerate noise.
（C）He wanted to see different things（D）He had to stay close to Mount Fuji.
43.What is the last paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Hokusai's influence on Western artists.（B）Western painters' obsession with Mount Fuji.
（C）Western artists' interests in collecting Hokusai's works.
（D）The impact of isolationist policies on Hokusai's career.
44.What can be inferred from the passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Hokusai was afraid of getting old（B）Hokusai never stopped seeking perfection.
（C）Hokusai was proud of his own achievement（D）Hokusai believed that water is the source of all life.
45.Which of the following statements about Hokusai is NOT true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）He never left the Sumida area（B）He frequently observed the flow of water.
（C）His works crossed overseas after his death（D）He created Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji at 60.
Solar is the first energy source in the world.It was in use much earlier before humans even learn how to light a fire.Many living things are dependent on solar energy from plants, aquatic life, and the animals.The solar is mostly used in generating light and heat.The solar energy coming down to the planet is affected by the orbital path of the sun and its variations within the galaxy.In addition, it is affected by activity taking place in space and on the sun.It was this energy that is believed to have been responsible for the breaking of ice during the ice age,which creates the separation of lands and sea.
Solar energy is the alternative energy source that is used most widely across the globe.About 70% of the sunlight gets reflected back into the space and we have only 30% of the sunlight to meet up our energy demands.While the sunlight is used for producing solar energy, it is also used for drying clothes, used by plants during the process of photosynthesis, and also used by human beings during winter seasons to make their body warm.
There are two kinds of solar energy, namely, the passive solar energy and the active solar energy.Thepassive solar energy basically uses duration, position, and the intensity of the sun's rays to its advantage in heating a particular area and also in inducing airflow from an area to the next.The active solar energy uses electrical technology and mechanical technology like collection panels in capturing, converting, and storing of energy for future use.
Solar energy does not create any pollution and is widely used by many countries.It is a renewable source of power since the sun will continue to produce sunlight all the years.Solar panels, which are required to harness this energy can be used for a long time and require little or no maintenance.However, solar energy proves to be ineffective in colder regions which don't receive good sunlight.It cannot be used during the night and not all the light from the sun can be trapped by solar panels.Solar energy's advantages are much more than itsdisadvantages, which makes it a viable source of producing alternative energy.
46.Which of the following titles best expresses the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Solar Energy: How It Works and Its Limitations（B）Solar Energy: Its Advantages and Developments.
（C）Solar Energy: Its Past and Current Developments（D）Solar Energy: Why It's Widely Used and Its Future.
47.What is the second paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Why solar energy is widely used（B）The amount of sunlight we can use.
（C）How the sunlight is used on the Earth（D）The energy demands around the world.
48.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Solar energy hasn't been widely used until the past few hundreds of years.
（B）More than 50% of the sunlight can be used to meet up our energy demands.
（C）The passive solar energy proves to be particularly effective in colder regions.
（D）The active solar energy with the help of modern technology can be stored for future use.
49.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true about solar energy？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It doesn't create any pollution（B）It can be used for a long time.
（C）It needs much maintenance work（D）It doesn't work well in colder regions.
50.What does "harness" in the last paragraph mean？答案顯示:【B】
10.Bones are not dead and dry－they are living, and can［ ］themselves if they break.答案顯示:【D】
11.British food has been influenced by many cultures, but the［ ］meal of fried fish and chips is still a popular dish.答案顯示:【C】
12.All［ ］the month of August, Malanie and Andy were together almost every day.答案顯示:【C】
13.But I’m still not sure what［ ］going to do tomorrow.答案顯示:【B】
（A）am I（B）I am（C）will I（D）I will
14.It’s not nice to laugh［ ］people in trouble.答案顯示:【B】
15.Rose tried her best to get her daughter［ ］the medicine.答案顯示:【D】
16.Six years later, Andy has paid off the money he owed.Moreover, he is able to help［ ］for his parents’ expenses.答案顯示:【A】
（A）pay（B）paid（C）paying（D）to be paying
17.John: I failed in my final exam.答案顯示:【D】
John: I think so, too.
（A）Congratulations! You had a wonderful holiday（B）I studied very hard
（C）Sorry for being late（D）You should study harder next time
18.Jane: The weather is so fine.Let’s have a walk in the park.答案顯示:【A】
Jane: I agree.Nobody wants to get a tan.
（A）We’d better put on some sunscreen lotion（B）We’d prepare for the rainy day
（C）We should wear more clothes（D）We can take our dog with us
19.Joyce: I heard you had a car accident last week.答案顯示:【A】
Maria: Yes, but［ ］.
Somebody came out of a side road without looking.
（A）it wasn’t my fault（B）it wasn’t my idea（C）I did what I could（D）I meant to do it
20.Clerk: I have just been with the company for only one week.答案顯示:【B】
Boss: I know you are new here.But you must try your best to［ ］so that people will work with you.
（A）mix up（B）blend in（C）show off（D）kick off
21.A: Hello, is this Star Department store？答案顯示:【D】
B: No, I am afraid you have the wrong number.
A: Is this nine-two-one, double three-two-one？
B: No.This is six-two-one, double three-two-one.
（A）This is great（B）May I speak to the manager？（C）You can say that again（D）Oh, I am sorry.
22.My e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org［ ］.it again! 答案顯示:【D】
24.When I was a child, my father［ ］me a story at night before bedtime.答案顯示:【A】
（A）used to read（B）was used to have read（C）used to have read（D）was used to read
25.One-sixth of our Spanish club has［ ］in Mexico.That is why they always feel comfortable when they are there.答案顯示:【B】
The 12-day Taipei Summer Universiade ended with a festive closing ceremony at the Taipei Municipal Stadium featuring diverse cultural performances.The ceremony showcased a modern［26］contemporary Taiwanese and international music, integrating local musical instruments with modern dance performances,［27］indie rock, pop,electronic and Aboriginal music.［28］, the prologue began at 6:30 pm with "Indie Formosa"--10 songs combining influences from Taiwanese, Hakka and Aboriginal cultures,［29］by six groups with diverse music styles, one or two groups at a time.Athletes from around the world danced and played with audience members--handing out candy,taking photographs with them and making silly gestures--who［30］loudly for each national team, but stood and roared when Taiwan's team entered.
Halloween is just around the corner.When I［31］in the U.S., I always made sure I had lots of candy during Halloween.That’s because on Halloween night all the neighborhood kids would put on scary［32］and go trick-or-treating from house to house.They would knock on the door and［33］, “Trick or treat？” You would then have to put candy,［34］chocolate, in their bags.After a night of trick-or-treating most kids would［35 ］a bagful of different types of candies that would take weeks to eat.
（A）live（B）have lived（C）was living（D）had lived
（A）provide for（B）care about（C）look forward to（D）end up with
Forming a habit of making a to-do list every day can help us manage our time better.And if this is done in a more effective way, it can even enable us to have a successful life.Many famous people throughout the history all［36］themselves to making a to-do list that works out for them.Thomas Edison, one of the great inventors in human history, made a daily to-do list by recording in great details his ideas of invention.Many useful products that he eventually created all came from his to-do lists.Another more［37］example is the ex-CEO of Apple, Mr.Steve Jobs.Jobs did his to-do list in a more simple way.He only wrote down key words in the list by focusing particularly on the challenges Apple was facing.Many of the unsolved problems mentioned in his lists became later Apple's great strength and［38］points which other companies cannot yet achieve.Richard Branson, the English businessman and inventor who［39］the Virgin group, puts down his ideas for his future business plans in the list.In order to fulfill his business dreams, Branson also includes in his lists the names of people who can help him complete his business projects.［40］what they have done with their to-do lists, these successful people have helped improve human life to a great degree.
（A）looks for（B）checks out（C）puts on（D）sets up
（A）In case of（B）In spite of（C）Because of（D）On behalf of
Tammy is a teacher in a kindergarten.Every morning, she needs to arrive at 7:30 a.m.in order to get her classroom ready for her students.Before her class begins at 9:00 a.m., she must attend to her students who arrive earlier.At 8:30 a.m.when most students arrive in class, she has to let them［41］their morning snacks first to make sure that they do not get hungry while having their morning classes.After the class starts, her students make her very busy for the rest of the day.They learn new things and play games.But［42］those students are all very young children, they do not always pay attention to her.Sometimes, they fight, shout or cry.Tammy still needs to remain patient to all of them.
Especially in the beginning of a new semester when more and more new students come to her class, Tammy becomes much busier［43］before because she has to take more care of the new ones to let them get used to the new learning environment.And if there are too many new students, she will certainly need another teacher to help her.Teaching while also caring for those very young children makes her feel very［44］by the end of the day.However, even after school or over the weekends, she still needs to attend meetings and plan new lessons.Teaching in a kindergarten requires a lot of hard work from her.It also［45］much of her time, energy and patience.But Tammy loves her job as a kindergarten teacher and she finds it satisfying when she sees many of her students grow because of her teaching.
（A）having（B）have（C）to have（D）have had
These days so many marriages end in divorce that our sacred vows no longer ring with truth.“Happily ever after” and “Till death do us part” are expressions that seem on the way to becoming obsolete.Why has it become so hard for couples to stay together？What goes wrong？What has happened to us that close to one-half of all marriage are destined for the divorce courts？How could we have created a society in which 42 percent of our children will grow up in single-parent homes？If statistics could only measure loneliness, regret, pain, loss of self-confidence and fear of the future, the number would be beyond quantifying.
Even though each broken marriage is unique, we can still find the common perils, the common causes of despair.Each marriage has crisis points, and each marriage tests endurance, the capacity for both intimacy and change.Outside pressures(such as job loss, illness, infertility, trouble with a child, care of aging parents and all the other plagues of life)hit marriage the way hurricanes blast our shores.Some marriages survive these storms, and others don’t.
Marriages fail, however, not simply because of the outside weather, but because the inner climate becomes too hot or too cold, too turbulent or too stupefying.Marriage takes some kind of sacrifice, not dreadful self-sacrifice of the soul, but some level of compromise.Marriage requires sexual, financial, and emotional discipline.A man and a woman cannot follow every impulse; they cannot allow themselves to stop growing or changing.
Divorce is not an evil act.Sometimes it provides salvation for people who have grown hopelessly apart and were frozen in patterns of pain and mutual unhappiness.Divorce can be, despite its initial devastation, like the first cut of the surgeon’s knife, a step toward new health and a good life.
46.What is the focus of this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Marriage.（B）Divorce rates.（C）Causes of divorce.（D）People’s right to divorce.
47.According to this passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Marriages do not fail for no reasons.（B）Marriages always fail.
（C）Outside pressures cause divorce more easily than inner pressures.
（D）All people divorce for the same reasons.
48.What is the central idea of the last paragraph？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Married people should never divorce.（B）Divorce can be helpful sometimes.
（C）Married people should divorce for a better life.（D）Divorce is always bad to married couples.
49.According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To maintain a marriage, the couple should stick to their own value systems.
（B）To maintain a marriage, compromise is necessary.
（C）Married people should not stop growing or unchanging.（D）Each marriage tests endurance.
50.What is the meaning of the word “sacrifice” in the third paragraph？答案顯示:【D】
（A）for a couple to offend each other（B）for a couple to reject each other’s wants
（C）for a couple to emphasize their own self-esteem（D）for a couple to compromise with each other
4.Often war causes more problems than it solves.Frequently it leaves a［ ］of hate, starvation and homelessness among the refugees it creates.答案顯示:【A】
Hackers around the world are getting better at stealing passwords.A hacker is a person who uses a computer to gain information without permission.Now, some computer scientists are trying to stop hackers［5］passwords.
The U.S.Military’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, DARPA, is responsible for the creation of the Internet.The agency is supporting research projects that will［6］passwords a thing of the past.One project is called Active Authentication.Scientists working on the project want to use a person’s individual qualities to protect electronic devices like wireless phones against hackers.［7］, the movement of a person’s hands when they use a wireless phone can be read by sensors.The phone can remember those signs and observe them.The phone locks when someone［8］the owner tries to use it.Other teams of scientists are trying to teach computers and smart phone show to recognize a person’s writing style.The devices will know the words a person uses,［9］and the kinds of errors they make.In another project, the owner of a device says a phrase instead of typing a password.Sensors identify the sound and way that a user says words.
DARPA says the projects have had very good results.Some of the largest computer and smart phone manufacturers have expressed interest in using them in new devices.
（A）by used not（B）by not using（C）by not used（D）by using not
（A）For example（B）By all means（C）Let alone（D）As soon as
（A）as well as（B）other than（C）away from（D）such as
（A）do they make sentences（B）what they make sentences
（C）how do they make sentences（D）how they make sentences
Stonehenge is a mysterious collection of large stones located in the south of England.Experts have many different theories about［10］.However, since nobody really knows for sure, it has remained a mystery throughout the ages.The stones themselves are very large.Some are up to five meters tall and weigh 25.tons.They are arranged quite close together in a circular pattern.One of Stonehenge’s biggest mysteries is how people without modern machinery moved those stones.
Since Stonehenge is a prehistoric structure that is close to 5,000 years old, there are no records to tell us about it.Over the centuries, many people have speculated about［11］.One theory for its purpose says that［12］.Ancient scientists may have used it to study events concerning the sun and the stars.There are many people who feel that this idea is most likely.Another theory states that Stonehenge was a religious site where special ceremonies were conducted.Much debate has occurred regarding these and other theories, but the fact is that we may never know the true story.
These days, Stonehenge is one of the most famous tourist sites in all of Great Britain.［13］, it attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world each year.In England, it is recognized as a national treasure and even has special status and protection from the United Nations.
［14］with other sites around the world, including the pyramids of Egypt and the Great Wall of China.So,if you are planning a trip to the UK, be sure you do not miss out on one of the planet’s greatest wonders and mysteries.
（A）how and why Stonehenge came to be（B）where Stonehenge should be found
（C）how many tourists visit Stonehenge（D）whether Stonehenge exists
（A）how large the structure of Stonehenge could be（B）what the purpose of Stonehenge might have been
（C）why many wonders in the world remain undiscovered（D）why it has become an international tourist site
（A）Stonehenge was assembled by American scientists（B）Stonehenge was mainly built for economical reasons
（C）Stonehenge was set up without high technology（D）Stonehenge was some kind of astronomical device
（A）Due to the huge expense of its rennovation（B）Due to its close relation with Egyptian pyramids
（C）Because of its distance from the Chinese Great Wall
（D）Because of its age and the mystery surrounding it
（A）It is always recommended as a spa resort（B）It is ranked in cultural and historical significance
（C）It is valued for political study（D）It is marked as the best place for a culinary trip
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.Trade treaties increase freedom to trade and do not result in loss of sovereignty.However, most governments still impose some protectionist policies that are intended to support local employment, such as applying tariffs to imports or subsidies to exports.Governments may also restrict exports of natural resources.Other trade barriers include import quotas, taxes, and non-tariff barriers, such as regulatory legislation.
Take the United States as an example.There is a growing rhetoric about imposing tariffs and limiting freedom to trade internationally.It reflects a resurgence of old arguments that stay alive in large part because the benefits of free international trade are often diffuse and hard to see, while the benefits of shielding specific groups from foreign competition are often immediate and visible.This illusion fuels the common perception that free trade isdetrimental to the U.S.economy.It also tips the scales in favor of special interests seeking protection from foreign competition, which results in thousands of tariffs, quotas, and other barriers imposed to trade.
However, restrictions on foreign trade all too often harm the very people they aim to protect, i.e., American consumers and producers.Trade restrictions limit the choices of what Americans can buy; they also drive up the prices of everything from clothing and groceries to the materials manufacturers use to make everyday products.Lower-income Americans generally bear a disproportionate share of these costs.Not only do they spend more of their income on consumption goods, many of the goods they consume are subject to higher tariffs than more expensive goods of the same type.
There is a broad consensus among economists that protectionism has a negative effect on economic growth and economic welfare, while free trade and the reduction of trade barriers to trade has a positive effect on economic growth.However, they also point out that liberalization of trade can cause significant and unequally distributed losses and the economic dislocation of workers in import-competing sectors.
15.Which of the following is the best title for this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Free Trade: Better Safe than Sorry（B）Free Trade: Addressing Key Myths
（C）Free Trade: Taking U.S.As an Example（D）Free Trade: Two Sides of the Same Coin
16.What is the third paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Consequences of trade restrictions in the U.S.（B）Protection of American consumers and producers.
（C）Increasing prices of everyday products in the U.S.（D）Limited purchase choices of American consumers.
17.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The benefits of free international trade are often immediate and visible.（B）Lower-income people suffer more from tariffs than higher-income people.
（C）Governments may stop imposing trade barriers to limit exports of natural resources.（D）A nation's signing of free trade agreement may result in loss of its sovereignty.
18.What does detrimental mean in this article？答案顯示:【B】
19.Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude toward free trade？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Cynical and distrustful（B）Objective and analytical.
（C）Confident and committing（D）Optimistic and encouraging.
A thin magnetic stripe is all that stands between Americans’ credit-card information and the bad guys.And they’ve been working hard to break in.Banks, law enforcement and technology companies are all trying to thwart a network of hackers who are swiping account numbers, names and other crucial data used in identity theft.More than 100 million accounts at Target, Neiman Marcus and Michaels stores were all affected in recent attacks, starting November 2013.
Cards are increasingly vulnerable to attacks in store transactions.Hackers scoop up massive troves of credit-, debit- or prepaid-card numbers using malware inserted surreptitiously into the retailers’ checkout systems.Hackers then sold the data to a second group of criminals operating in shadowy corners of the web.Not long after, the stolen data was showing up on counterfeit cards and being used for online purchases.
The solution could cost as little as $2 extra for every piece of plastic issued.The fix is a security technology used heavily outside the U.S.While American credit cards use the 40-year-old magstripe technology to process transactions, much of the rest of the world uses smarter cards with the EMV(short for Europay, MasterCard, Visa), a technology that employs a chip embedded in the card plus a customer PIN to authenticate every transaction on the spot.If a purchaser fails to punch in the correct PIN at the checkout, the transaction gets rejected.
The cost of a magstripe card is in the dollar range.A chip-and-PIN card currently costs close to $3.Multiple $3 by 5 billion cards in circulation in the U.S.Then consider that there’s an estimated $12.4 billion in card fraud on a global basis.With 44% of that in the U.S., American credit-card fraud amounts to $5.5 billion annually.Card issuers find that absorbing the liability for even big hacks like the Target one is still cheaper than replacing all that plastic.
That leaves American retailers pretty much alone the world over in relying on magstripe technology,and leaves consumers vulnerable.Ironically enough, the historical reason the U.S.has stuck with magstripe is the once superior technology.The nation’s cheap, ultra-reliable wired networks made credit-card authentication over the phone frictionless.In France, card companies created EMV partly because the telephone monopoly was so maddeningly inefficient and expensive.The workaround allowed transactions to be verified locally and securely.
20.Who are the bad guys mentioned in Paragraph 1？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Bank robbers（B）Burglars who break into houses
（C）Account hackers（D）Pickpockets who stole credit cards
21.Which of the following may the word plastic in Paragraph 3 refer to？答案顯示:【A】
（A）A credit card（B）An ID card（C）A membership card（D）A report card
22.According to this passage, what is the major reason why hackers steal people’s credit card data？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To sell them for money（B）To make counterfeit cards themselves
（C）To use them as a trophy and show off（D）To use the cards for online shopping themselves
23.Which of the following is true about EMV cards, compared with the traditional ones？答案顯示:【D】
（A）They cost less（B）They have a long history
（C）They are easy to break in（D）They are more widely used
24.Why haven’t big banks in the U.S.adopted the more secure technology？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The cost for new cards is higher than the liability old cards may cause.
（B）Credit-card frauds in the U.S.are pretty low, causing little liability.
（C）The new technology is far from perfect, and may cause many problems.
（D）Big hacks like the Target one are very rare.
25.Why did France give up on magstripe technology for credit card authentication？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The telephone network did not cover most of France.
（B）The EMV technology at that time was more advanced.
（C）The phone call for credit card authentication was inefficient and costly.
（D）As a tradition, France wanted a system different from that in the U.S.
10.Making people believe that they are buying a product, then accepting payment but not providing a product is［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
The police engage in too many high-speed chases, many of which are unnecessary.A(n)［11］is more［12］to occur when people drive too fast.Officers should［13］the severity of a suspect’s violation before a pursuit.［14］criminals should not be chased if it poses a［15］to others.
16-20 閱讀測驗: 請根據題意，選擇一個最適當的答案。
It is not always understood that the term physical evidence embraces any and all objects, living or inanimate.A knife, gun, signature, or burglar tool is immediately recognized as physical evidence.Less often is it considered that dust, microscopic fragments of all types, even an odor, may equally be physical evidence and often the most important of all.It is well established
that the most useful types of physical evidence are generally microscopic in dimensions, that is, not noticeable by the eye and, therefore, most likely to be overlooked by the criminal and by the investigator.For this reason, microscopic evidence persists for months or years after all other evidence has been removed and found inconclusive.Naturally, there are limitations to the time of collecting microscopic evidence as it may be lost or decayed.The exercise of judgment as to the possibility or profit of delayed action in collecting the evidence is a field in which the expert investigator should judge.
16.The one of the following which the above passage does NOT
consider to be physical evidence is a.答案顯示:【A】
（A）riminal thought（B）minute speck of dust（C）raw onion smell（D）typewritten note
17.According to the above passage, the rechecking of the scene of a crime.答案顯示:【C】
（A）s useless when performed years after the occurrence of the crime
（B）is advisable chiefly in crimes involving physical violence
（C）may turn up microscopic evidence of value
（D）hould be delayed if the microscopic evidence is not subject to decay or loss
18.According to the above passage, the criminal investigator should.答案顯示:【D】
（A）ive most of his attention to weapons used in the commission of the crime
（B）ignore microscopic evidence until a request is received from the laboratory
（C）immediately search for microscopic evidence and ignore the more visible objects
（D）ealize that microscopic evidence can be easily overlooked
19.According to the above passage,.答案顯示:【C】
（A）delay in collecting evidence must definitely diminish its value to the investigator
（B）microscopic evidence exists for longer periods of time than other physical evidence
（C）microscopic evidence is generally the most useful type of physical evidence
（D）very evidence is likely to be overlooked by the criminal and by the investigator
20.As used in the passage, the phrase well established
most nearly means.答案顯示:【B】
The prevalence of social media has triggered many new, oftenanonymous, forms of violence that take place exclusively online.Cyber-bullying generally involves using the Internet to threaten, harm, orsocially exclude others.The most frequent form of bullying is writing amean comment on someone's photo or posts on social media sites.
42.Policewomen are often found to be more capable of talking their way through difficult situations or listening to［ ］of domestic violence.答案顯示:【A】
43.Although prosecutors and judges regard criminals’ confessions as important, police investigators should also search for［ ］by resorting to scientific methods.答案顯示:【B】
44.The police cannot arrest someone just because they highly［ ］someone might be a criminal.答案顯示:【C】
45.Surveillance camera databases are becoming［ ］tools for the police to solve criminal problems.答案顯示:【B】
46.Helen, a 16-year-old girl, was walking her dog at 6 in the morning in a park when she was［ ］.Someone called to threaten to kill her if the ransom was not paid.答案顯示:【B】
47.At his second trial, Syed, then 19, was［ ］of first-degree murder, and sentenced to life in prison plus 30 years.答案顯示:【C】
48.Some police officers have suffered post-［ ］stress disorder symptoms after a disaster rescue operation and seeing too many corpses.答案顯示:【D】
49.Generally, police officers take an［ ］at the beginning of their careers, which affirms their standards of integrity, bravery and honor.答案顯示:【A】
50.Becoming a police officer doesn’t rely heavily on formal education; in fact, a high school［ ］is often the minimum formal education required.答案顯示:【C】
(CNN Business)Tesla is selling its cars with the option of “full self-driving capability,” a feature that’s drawing criticism from experts on self-driving technology.Experts say Tesla’s full self-driving feature is really a “partial” self-driving feature that handles minor driving tasks such as keeping pace with other cars on a highway and still requires diligent［51］oversight.To most autonomous vehicle experts, “full self-driving”
means a car in which a person could safely fall asleep［52］the wheel and the steering wheel and pedals aren’t even needed.They say the general public doesn’t understand this, and misperceptions abound.A 2018 study found that 71% of drivers believed they could purchase a self-driving car today, despite no fully autonomous vehicles being available for sale.Experts warn that this lack of understanding could be deadly as humans may put too much［53］in systems like Tesla’s, leading to crashes.Part of the problem, according to experts, is that governing bodies haven’t［54］a definition for self-driving vehicles.Some experts tell CNN Business that the government needs to step in to prevent businesses from misleading and confusing［55］.One says, “Tesla’s use of this term is totally irresponsible.”
“Forensic science” means applying scientific methods and processes to solving crimes.Forensic science has become an integral part of many criminal cases and convictions.The extraordinary innovations and advancements in forensic science have allowed it to become a highly developed science that involves a number of disciplines.The field of forensic science draws from a number of scientific branches, including physics, chemistry, and biology, with its focus being on the recognition, identification, and evaluation of physical evidence.These scientific experts use microscopic examining techniques, complex instruments, mathematical principles, scientific principles, and reference literature to analyze evidence as to identify both class and individual characteristics.In the past decade, they have started using laser scanners, drones and photogrammetry to obtain 3D point clouds of accidents or crime scenes.Reconstruction of an accident scene on a highway using drones involves data acquisition time of only 10-20 minutes and can be performed without shutting down traffic.The majority of forensic scientists perform their jobs within the confines of the forensic laboratory or morgue; their work may also take them outside of the laboratory and to the crime scenes, where they observe the scene and collect evidence.Forensic scientists may work for local, state and federal law enforcement agencies and government, private laboratories, and hospitals.They may also serve as independent forensic science consultants.
56.Which of the following evaluations best shows the standing of forensic science？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It is a technology too complicated for the police to employ.
（B）It is the only technology the police use to solve crimes.
（C）It is nowadays helping the police a lot in solving crimes.
（D）It is used to observe criminals’ behavior.
57.Which of the following best describes forensic science？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is an outdated study of science.（B）It is a new field of study not yet well-developed.
（C）It is an old science just newly innovated.（D）It is a science that integrates many fields of study.
58.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Reconstruction of an accident scene on a highway has to shut down traffic.
（B）Using drones to reconstruct an accident scene takes too much time.
（C）Reconstruction of an accident scene on a highway uses drones.
（D）Using drones to reconstruct an accident scene may frighten drivers on a highway.
59.Which of the following statements is true about forensic scientists？答案顯示:【C】
（A）They only work in the laboratories to analyze evidence.
（B）They do not need to visit the crime scenes to collect evidence.
（C）They are not confined to laboratories to examine evidence.
（D）They use high technology to play 3-D computer games.
60＊According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The contribution of forensic science is becoming much greater.
（B）Forensic scientists only work for government agencies.
（C）The contribution of forensic science exceeds scientific research.
（D）One possible career path for a forensic scientist is to become an independent consultant.
50.The concept of “［ ］” in trauma care during Emergency Medical Services originated to address those patients with massive internal bleeding.答案顯示:【A】
（A）Scoop and Run（B）Stay and Play（C）Stay and Run（D）Scoop and Play
Historically, physicists created a graphical representation detailing the three elements of fire(firetriangle).In recent years, one more point has been added,［51］the fire tetrahedron.The fourelements needed to［52］combustion are: fuel, oxygen, heat and a chemical chain reaction.To extinguish a fire, it is［53］to remove one or more of the four components of combustion.Removing any of these components of the fire tetrahedron will stop the other elements from interacting and not allow combustion to［54］.Firefighters work on limiting［55］(fuel that is in jeopardy of being ignited by nearby flame or from radiant heat), containing and extinguishing fire and then overhauling charred and burned debris from the affected areas as well as extinguishing all hidden fires to prevent a rekindle.
Mark Finney at the US Forest Service and his colleagues sometimes do the unthinkable.They go out into the bush and start a fire.But they’re not arsonists and these fires aren’t sprawling or highly destructive.They’re controlled burns of real vegetation that give scientists a better understanding of how flames leap from one branch to another.Studying that can help predict how real wildfires may spread.
Among the measurements Finney and his team take include the amount of time that flames spend burning in one area, how quickly they propagate through vegetation and what kind of heat exchange is going on as they do so.These experiments have taken place in New Zealand.The burn areas are cordoned off by barriers that stop the fire getting out of control.
“We have drones that fly over and give us a view of what’s going on from the air, we have cameras that are protected by an aluminum and insulation housing that allow you to put them inside the fire,” he says.“It usually takes a day or more to set up all the instruments and of course you have to have the weather conditions cooperating.”
It’s all part of a modern human quest – to know what makes fire tick.A supposedly crucial moment in the history of human evolution is the “discovery” of fire.But fire has been a natural occurrence on Earth since long before our ancestors took their first steps.And today, far from being something under our control, fire often takes the form of a man-made disaster.In the US, well over 80% of wildfires are started, usually accidentally, by people.
This year, like last year, many parts of the planet have experienced very hot and dry summers, sharply raising the chance of wildfires taking hold once ignited.
Woodlands have blazed in Greece, Sweden, and Siberia among other hotspots.The southwestern US state of California has just recorded its largest wildfire on record.
What if we’d known when and where these fires would start？Or how they would wax and wane？If we had such knowledge, we’d surely be better able to protect the towns and communities that are at risk from destruction.
Finney hopes that data from his experiments will improve the existing models that are used to project wildfire spread.Some of those models are too simplistic, he explains.
56.Which of the following is the most appropriate title for this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The Discovery of Fire by Humans.（B）The Rise and Fall of Wildfires.
（C）The Quest to Predict and Stop the Spread of Wildfires.（D）The Models of Predicting and Stopping Wildfires.
57.How does Finney find some of the existing models used to project wildfires spread？答案顯示:【D】
58.What does the phrase “wax and wane” mean in this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To appear and then disappear again（B）To grow stronger and then weaker again
（C）To stop and then start again（D）To die and become alive again
59.Why do Finney and his colleagues start a fire on purpose？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To better understand how fire spreads（B）To understand why fire is a man-made disaster
（C）To see how drones work in a wildfire（D）To see how cameras are protected by an aluminum in a fire
60.Which of the following statements is TRUE？答案顯示:【D】
（A）This history of fire is as old as human history.（B）Humans know exactly how wildfires work.
（C）Over 80% of wildfires in the US are started by humans on purpose.
（D）The fire started by Finney is controlled and hence not destructive.
一、Please translate the following paragraph into Chinese（15分）
As Taiwan’s maritime guardians, we must be fully prepared to carry outour duties.Before we handle, for example, the “admiralty disputes,” weshould be familiar with five external standards: 1)principles orregulations of Taiwan Coast Guard operations, 2)relevant precedentswhich have happened since the past, 3)market prices which can be usedas a measuring tool, 4)the objective “third-party intervention,” such asmediation and arbitration, and 5)the professional testimony on admiraltydisputes.No preparation, no disputes settlement.
二、Please translate the following paragraph into English（10分）
Marine police often inspect boats to ensure they are［54］with regulations.In some parts of the country, the marine police are also responsible for［55］smuggling operations and arresting criminals.
56.Apply pressure firmly and for a long time, until bleeding stops or［ ］arrive.答案顯示:【A】
There is perhaps no single substance so vital to life yet so often taken for granted in modern times as salt.Throughout history, salt has played pivotal roles in human health as an agent of both nutrition and food preservation.Salt is so important, in fact, that in the past access to it could determine the success or failure of a population.Many of the earliest cities were founded and thrived specifically due to their proximity to a natural salt source.
The ancient world was made up of regions where salt was abundant and others where it was not; therefore, salt was one of the original motivators for trade.Given the weight of the commodity, it was most easily transported by boat.Evidence has been uncovered of a Mayan salt production center in Guatemala located next to a principal riverine trading route.The marine salt trade in the Mediterranean region is well documented, and Marco Polo noted during his visit to China that salt was shipped from the coast up the Yangtze River in great quantities.
The high value of salt provided great power to those who controlled its distribution, and many of history’s great cities owed their affluence to it.Venice, for example, gained prominence partly as a result of the salt gathered in its lagoons.By 1350, Venice had secured a monopoly, and all salt produced in the Adriatic region had to pass through Venice, where its price was marked up substantially before it could be sold.The wealth derived from this trade helped fuel the artistic and scientific innovations of the Italian Renaissance.The role salt has played throughout history is impressive.Columbus’s voyage of discovery to the New World was financed by salt production in Southern Spain.France’s territorial expansions under Napoleon were largely paid for by a tax charged on salt purchases, and the State of New York used a similar tax to fund the creation of its 363-mile Erie Canal.
57.What is the passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The value of naturally occurring salt today（B）The decrease of our need for salt over time
（C）Salt’s impact on civilizations throughout history（D）The possible uses of salt in the future
58.What did the Chinese have in common with the ancient Mayans？答案顯示:【A】
（A）They utilized river routes to ship salt.（B）They produced salt in coastal areas.
（C）They became powerful with salt money.（D）They invited foreigners to inspect their salt trade.
59.The word commodity
in the passage is closest in meaning to‧答案顯示:【C】
60.What can be inferred about the salt sold under Venice's monopoly？答案顯示:【A】
（A）It was much more expensive than before.（B）It was distributed far beyond the Adriatic region.
（C）It was of a poorer quality than before.（D）It was produced primarily in the lagoons near Venice.
39.Illegal possession of firearms, ammunitions and weapons constitutes a［ ］in Taiwan.答案顯示:【B】
40.Police officers could quickly retrieve the required criminal images from the Cloud Image Retrieval System to［ ］a criminal case as soon as possible.答案顯示:【D】
On April 22, 2019(Sunday), close to 1,000 Uber drivers protested in front of the Presidential Office against the government’s proposed regulation to limit Uber’s business activities.In［41］of the protest, Uber also terminated its service for six hours on the same day.In February, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications（MOTC）announced a draft amendment on Article 103-1 of “Regulations for Automobile Transportation Operators,” otherwise known as the “Uber Clause,” calling for stricter rules that would essentially force Uber out of business.The amendment, if passed on April 26, would require Uber to［42］customers by a minimum of one hour in any given trip, regardless of distance.［43］, the rental car drivers working with Uber would have to return to their vehicle to the rental shop after every ride.According to Uber Taiwan, the amendment will［44］at least 3 million riders and 10,000 Uber drivers.［45］will have to pay for an hour-long fare even if the trip only lasts 10 minutes.Waiting time will also increase significantly since every driver will have to return the vehicle to its “garage.”
Police career is a profession that demands higher ethical standards than others.It is often said that police officers are like living in a transparent fish tank, being watched all the time.The majority of police officers are dedicated and hard-working, serving the people and doing the right things.All police officers have ideals: integrity and honesty,justice and courage.Yet, sometimes, we heard stories of bad cops doing bad things—bribery, misuse of force, abuse of authority, etc.These are the black sheep that hurt the entire profession and violate police code of ethics.Police officers should never permit personal feelings, prejudices, political beliefs, aspirations, animosities or friendships to influence their decisions.The following Law Enforcement Oath of Honor is recommended by the International Association of Chiefs of Police（IACP）as a symbolic statement of commitment to ethical behavior：
On my honor, I will never betray my badge, my integrity, my character, or the public trust.I will always have the courage to hold myself and others accountable for our actions.I will always uphold my community and the agency I serve.
The Oath of Honor’s brevity allows it to be constantly referred to and reinforced during conversations and ceremonies.It is strongly recommended by the IACP that all agencies adopt the Law Enforcement Oath of Honor.
46.Which of the following statements correctly translates the sentence “police officers are like living in a transparent fish tank”？答案顯示:【B】
（A）They are treated as valuable golden fish.（B）They are being watched all the time.
（C）They are living in a self-enclosed space.（D）They are highly respected by the public.
47.Which of the following should police officers have to influence their decisions？答案顯示:【B】
48.What does it mean when some police are referred to as the black sheep to the entire profession？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Bad cops are considered a disgrace to the whole group of police officers.
（B）Good cops are as rare as a black sheep in a group of white sheep.
（C）Bad cops are outstanding for being unique.（D）Good cops should tolerate bad cops for being black sheep.
49.What is the benefit of the brevity of the Law Enforcement Oath of Honor recommended by IACP？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Police officers can be reminded of it frequently.（B）Police officers might easily replace it.
（C）Police officers can remove it from their desks.（D）Police officers can sing it during ceremonies.
50.According to the passage, which of the following is true about the police career？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It necessitates higher authority than others（B）It establishes its own special system of rules.
（C）It demands more respect from the general public（D）It requires ethical standards higher than others.
A forest fire in southwestern China turned deadly over the weekend when winds changed unexpectedly, trapping firefighters and local officials.The bodies of 30 people who could not［36］were found on Monday, officials announced, even as the fire continued to burn out of control.
［37］those who died were the chief of a regional forestry bureau in Sichuan Province, and his deputy, the state media reported.The officials had traveled to the scene of the fire, which broke out on Saturday in a remote location at［38］nearing 13,000 feet, and they had not been heard from［39］.
“A huge［40］was formed in an instant,” the Ministry of Emergency Management said in a statement announcing the deaths.
The death toll appeared to be the largest for firefighters in China since a devastating blaze at a chemical plant in Tianjin killed more than 100 in 2015.
請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題
Bees and France have a long history together.In the 1800s, Napoleon Bonaparte chose the bee as a symbol of France.In the same century, in 1865, the beekeeping school of Luxembourg Gardens in Paris was started.At that time there were around 2,000 beehives in the city.After that the numbers went down for some time, but beekeeping has become popular again recently.Now there are over 700 hives in Paris.Some of these hives are actually on the roofs of famous Parisian buildings such as Notre Dame, the Opéra Garnier, and the Grand Palais.Others are kept on the roofs of famous hotels and restaurants such as the Mandarin-Oriental.Down below in the kitchens, chefs use the unique honey to make tasty desserts.
The most amazing part of the bees and their honey is not even where they live.It is the amount, the quality, and the flavor of the honey.First, city bees make three to five times more honey than country bees.This may be because there are no pesticides in the parks and gardens in Paris.Rural French beekeepers lose up to 40 percent of their hives each year because of disease, pesticides, and other causes.However, urban beekeepers lose less than five percent.“That’s interesting,” you might be thinking, “but isn’t there a lot of pollution in Paris?” In fact, the pollution does not seem to affect the honey.Parisian honey was tested for 30 kinds of pollution, and none was found.As for the taste, Parisian bees have many different kinds of flowers and exotic plants to choose from.In the countryside, however, there is usually only one type of plant.The flowers in Paris give the honey a special taste like cherry or bubblegum.Although the honey is popular, it is quite expensive.
Beekeepers in Paris face some small problems.For instance, if there are too many hives in one area, the bees might not have enough food.Therefore, beekeepers must work together and spread out their hives.Another problem is bees in restaurants.One beekeeper had to remove his hives from the roof of a restaurant after his bees started drinking from the flower vases.However, most problems can be avoided if beekeepers are responsible.
41.According to the passage, how many beehives are there in Paris now？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Over 700（B）1800s（C）1900s（D）Around 2000
42.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT the most amazing feature of Parisian bees and their honey？答案顯示:【C】
43.What does the word “exotic” mean in this passage？答案顯示:【D】
44.Which of the following statements is TRUE？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Parisian bees make less honey than country bees（B）Parisian bees are affected by urban pollution.
（C）Parisian honey is tastier than rural honey（D）Bees have no problem finding food in Paris.
45.Which of the following titles best describes this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The Bee Is a Symbol of France（B）Beehives on Rooftops of Paris
（C）Parisian Honey Is Expensive（D）Problems of Beekeeping in Paris
Since occupants of an office building can be expected to be familiar with their environment, have less delay in starting their evacuation, and are generally more mobile and able bodied, they will likely take less time to reach protected exits.Therefore, an office building smoke control system might be limited to active systems to protect its stairways and passive means to protect floor-to-floor smoke spread.If, however, the same office building has high occupant loads per floor or the building includes assembly or dining at the top floor(s), or there is a simultaneous evacuation of numerous floors resulting in longer evacuation times due to queuing, the additional analysis may be necessary to determine whether additional active or passive smoke control measures are necessary.
46.Why do the staff in the office buildings have more available time in starting their evacuation？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Because they are younger（B）Because they know where they are
（C）Because they have frequent fire drills（D）Because the detection and alarm systems activate normally
47.Which of the following is NOT the possible path for floor-to-floor smoke spread in office buildings？答案顯示:【C】
33.Marine pollution occurs when［ ］result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial,agricultural, and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms.答案顯示:【C】
34.Cruise ship Royal Princess is ready to leave.All［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
35.During crime investigation, the investigator will［ ］the suspect, and interview victim or witness.答案顯示:【B】
36.Ship［ ］is the structural impact between two ships or one ship and a floating or still object such as an iceberg.答案顯示:【D】
37.The arrester must have to believe that the arrestee has committed a felony.答案顯示:【A】
（A）reasonable cause（B）random choice（C）rational choice（D）reluctant cause
38.The ship is equipped with a(n)［ ］with folding boom and rescue basket to lift people who are saved at sea.答案顯示:【B】
39.Connection is so important, but it is so often overlooked and there are few resources［ ］to teach people how to foster real connection in their lives.答案顯示:【A】
40.Global warming is rapidly changing the climate at［ ］rates and creates even more extreme weather.答案顯示:【A】
41.At age six, I ran away with my sister to escape the Rwandan massacre.We spent seven years as［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
42.A Taiwanese man held hostage with his fishing［ ］by Somali pirates for four-and-a-half years was released.答案顯示:【B】
43.The primary objective of rescue measures in response to a multimodal accident shall be to［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
（A）cut down cost（B）maximize the interest（C）save human lives（D）save the commodity
44.A Coast Guard officer in Guam pleaded guilty to using his position to help［ ］thousands of pounds of marijuana.答案顯示:【A】
45.Maritime Safety Authority［ ］the ship for spilling oil waste in the local seaport.答案顯示:【C】
請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題
A［46］aircraft from the Australian Maritime Safety Agency was searching for the missing ferry heading for the island republic of Kiribati last week.Local［47］also confirmed this week that 88 people were on board the ferry.Earlier reports［48］50 people on board.Seven passengers were saved on January 28 after being spotted in a［49］dinghy by a New Zealand Air Force Orion patrol plane.The plane［50］a nearby fishing vessel to pick up the survivors, according to Sandra Ford, a spokeswoman of the New Zealand Rescue Coordination Center.
28.Jenny believed that it was her［ ］, not a mere coincidence, that she had come all the way to this faraway place to meet and marry her husband.答案顯示:【A】
In June of 1991, the Economist magazine reported that “a pair of Nike sports shoes that sells for $150 in the United States is made by Indonesian women paid the［29］of 58 cents a day.” The British weekly noted that［30］women on the line seemed glad for their jobs, the Indonesian government manpower minister had admitted that the nation’s official minimum［31］was below what was needed to make a living.
請依下文回答第 32 題至第 35 題
In many American cities public transportation is a political issue.So many people live in these cities that it is impossible for them all to drive cars.Besides, many of them cannot afford cars.Many people want to ride fast subways and clean buses,［32］nobody wants to pay for them.This is a problem for city politicians, who want to be elected and reelected.Some cities pay for part of the cost of public transportation from taxes.However, the costs［33］as the price of fuel increases, and the politicians do not want to increase taxes.The rest of the cost has to come from fares that the passengers pay.
The fare system［34］from city to city.In some, such as New York, every passenger pays the same amount［35］he or she takes a short ride or a long one.In other cities, such as Washington, there is a system of zones.A passenger who only wants to go a short distance pays one amount.A passenger who goes through more zones pays more.
In all systems, passengers complain that politicians let fares get too high.Other people complain that politicians let taxes get too high.Everybody blames the politicians.
（A）get up（B）give up（C）turn up（D）go up
（A）not only（B）no matter（C）whether（D）if
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題
Television is a major source of news for many people.Media outlets such as TV broadcasting companies［36］professional journalists to supply them with news stories.So, what makes a good journalist? First, a good journalist should get a lot of information about an event or situation.To do this, a journalist usually interviews［37］people.This way, s/he can tell the whole story, and not just one side, or opinion of it.Besides, a good journalist is［38］a breaking news story as quickly as possible.This means the journalist can report the story as soon as possible.In fact, professional journalists often［39］pride in being the first to report a story.A journalist’s job can be very interesting and exciting because s/he often gets to travel around the world.However, it is important to point out that a journalist’s job can also be very dangerous.Reporting a breaking news story often means being in place where there are wars, earthquakes, or tsunamis.［40］the situation around them is crucial for journalists in order to avoid getting hurt or killed.Being a good journalist requires a lot of hard work, an ability to evaluate information carefully, a willingness to take risks.
（A）rely on（B）pick up（C）take over（D）point out
（A）a herd of（B）a scope of（C）a big bunch of（D）a wide range of
（A）behind the scene（B）on the scene of（C）for the scene of（D）under the scene
（A）Beware（B）Beware of（C）Become aware（D）Being aware of
請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題
Do you DIY, upcycle or craft? If so, come get free materials from the Spokane City Center this Saturday on April 22.Let's celebrate the Earth Day by saving things from going to the dump!
If your sewing machine never gets tucked away, your toolbox, glue and scissors are always ready for the next project, or you're just looking for some creative inspiration, we have you all covered.
We have collected expired and unwanted material samples for reuse and creative upcycling by educators, artists,DIY-ers, and crafters.Some of the things you might find include fabric, carpet, wall covering, wood, tile, stone, glass,rubber, and much more.Crafting with children is always fun, so there will be free activities for the kids too, such as bead crafts, clay modeling, collage, etc.Come join us!
The event goes from 9 am to 2 pm at FloForm, 5320 E.Sprague Ave., Spokane, WA.
NOTE: If you want first dibs, you've got to register by 5 pm this Wednesday to get in the door 30 minutes early.It's free, so what are you waiting for? Don't forget, the event is also BYOB — bring your own bag or box to carry your finds home.
41.What is the main purpose of this message？答案顯示:【D】
（A）To ask people to clean up the trash in the city together.
（B）To support artists' new projects with waste materials.
（C）To persuade people to make good use of sewing machines and scissors.
（D）To encourage people to save materials from going to the landfills.
42.What should the participants do in order to get the best free materials？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To bring your own bag or box.（B）To join the children's activities.
（C）To sign up before 5 pm on Wednesday.（D）To wait in line at 9:30 am on Saturday.
43.Which of the following is NOT likely to be available for people to take away in this activity？答案顯示:【A】
44.Which of the following can be the best title for this message？答案顯示:【B】
（A）DIY and Save the Earth（B）Get Free Materials This Saturday
（C）Recycle and Earn Money（D）Craft Ideas from Designers
45.What does the word "upcycle" mean in the passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To update the recent information（B）To upgrade the usage of the material.
（C）To uphold the education for children（D）To upload a cyclist's picture to a website.
請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題
London is one of the top travel destinations in the world, but for a first time visitor, navigating this large city can be overwhelming.Using an Oyster card is an easy way to save time and money if you are planning to use public transportation in London.An Oyster card is a blue credit-card-sized contactless smartcard that can be used on every form of public transportation within London, including public bus, underground, railway, and some river boat services.
The Oyster card was first issued on June 30, 2003.The name was decided after a lengthy discussion.Two other proposed names were “Pulse” and “Gem.” “Oyster” was chosen because it sounded like a fresh name that was not directly linked to transportation; also, the hard shell of an oyster and the concealed pearl symbolize security and value.But perhaps the best reason is William Shakespeare’s quote “ The world is your oyster,” which means one has the ability and freedom to do anything or go anywhere.So far more than 60 million cards have been issued and over 85% of rail and bus travel in London is paid by using an Oyster card.The card never expires.It can be used after any length of time.Besides, deposits can be refunded on return of the card.
The best reason to get an Oyster card is cost savings and convenience.It is cheaper to travel in London with this card than it is to purchase individual paper tickets for each trip.The card allows 40 people to pass through a ticket gate per minute, 15 more than with paper tickets, and also makes boarding a bus three times faster.For London Underground and the railway system, passengers have to touch the card on an electronic reader when entering and leaving the transport system.The reader will show either a green or a red light.The former indicates that you have sufficient credit for your journey while the latter indicates you do not have enough credit and you have to purchase more credit before you can continue your journey.For the public bus service, which has fixed price, passengers only need to touch the reader at the start of the journey when boarding.If you touch the reader again when you get off the bus, you will be charged an additional fare.
46.Which of the following is the passage most likely to be taken from？答案顯示:【A】
（A）A city guidebook（B）A technology magazine.
（C）A travel safety report（D）An instruction book for bus drivers.
47.Which of the following is the best definition of the word "expire" in the passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To make efforts（B）To receive money（C）To come to an end（D）To remain unknown.
48.What does a passenger have to do when taking the bus with an Oyster card？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To touch the reader only once（B）To wait for the green light to show.
（C）To show the card to the bus driver（D）To pay the fare when getting off the bus.
49.According to the passage, in what way is an Oyster card a better choice than a paper ticket？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It prevents passengers from being charged twice.（B）The electronic ticket is more environmentally friendly.
（C）It can save the time passengers pass through the gate.
（D）The more a passenger travels, the more refunds he or she can get.
50.Which of the following statements about the Oyster card is correct？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The card cannot be returned.（B）The name “Oyster” is associated with efficiency.
（C）The pink smartcard is the same size as a credit card.
（D）The name of the card was inspired by a Shakespeare’s quote.
History has shown that languages attached to power, wealth, and prestige have spread at the expense of those viewed less favorably.Therefore, as the power attached to Mandarin Chinese or Hindi grows, so too will the use of these languages in the global arena.While we do not deny a future shift in world power, it is unlikely that these languages will replace English immediately since the trade-off between languages is not a zero- sum game.
American courts depend on the ability of the jurors, not the judges, to determine the accuracy of the eyewitness’s testimony.Do you think this jury system will work in Taiwan？State your reasons to agree or disagree with this system.
1.The scandals are creating political headaches for the new mayor, who has seen his support rate［ ］.答案顯示:【B】
2.With this simple［ ］digital luggage scale, travelers can know their luggage weight before checking in.答案顯示:【B】
3.We hung the pots and pans and other kitchen［ ］on hooks by the stove.答案顯示:【B】
4.John’s parents were traders, buying and selling corn and other［ ］products.答案顯示:【C】
Child custody disputes present problems from a variety of perspectives.Although most disputes are［11］out of court, high divorce rates and conflicts between unmarried parentsmake custody contests one of the most frequent sources of［12］in the United States.Thus,custody disputes are expensive from the perspective of public interest.The current standard of［13］custody according to children’s “best interests” is a vague principle which, from the perspective of judges, makes custody disputes almost impossible to decide.Fears about losing your children, legalexpenses, public embarrassment, and the［14］of a court battle are some of the many problemswith custody disputes from the perspective of parents.Finally, from the perspective of children, a custodydispute［15］perhaps the worst thing about divorce: Getting caught, or put, in the middle of a warbetween your parents.
In an article entitled “The Lure of Technologies Past,” Nick Bilton says: “What I’ve come torealize is that while the new thing gets people excited, the old thing often doesn’t go away.And if itdoes, it takes a very long time to meet its demise.” Indeed, the old thing dies hard.Just take a look atfilm cameras.One would think they have been［16］by the digital camera, but millions of peoplestill use them.And while Polaroid, the instant film camera, has filed for bankruptcy, the company ismaking a［17］.One of Polaroid’s largest growing［18］, surprisingly, is teenagers who wanttangible photos but do not want to wait.
Other cases in point are vinyl records, print books and newspapers.According to the RecordingIndustry Association of America, 13 million vinyl records were sold in 2014, the highest count in 25.years.About 55 million newspapers still land on doorsteps every morning.And More than 571million print books were sold in the United States in 2014.
So why does old technology［19］and, in some cases, undergo a revival？For someconsumers, it’s about［20］(e.g., film cameras and record players), while for others, it’s aboutfamiliarity(e.g., newspapers and print books).
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題：
During a transabdominal ultrasound, a conductive gel is placed on the abdomen, and a hand-held wand which［21］sound waves is moved in a systematic pattern in an effort to examine the internal structures.This test requires a［22］bladder so that the organs in question are lifted out of the pelvis as the bladder fills.The patient may be asked to drink two to three glasses of water starting an hour［23］the test.This method works best for more advanced pregnancies when the fetus is well developed.The physician may have a vaginal scan performed during the first trimester to make sure the pregnancy is within the uterus and to rule out an ectopic pregnancy.It is also possible to visualize the fetal heartbeat and movement, and, thus, rule out a miscarriage.The vaginal scan can also determine if there is more than one pregnancy within the uterus.During the remainder of the pregnancy, scans may be used to look for problems,［24］the age and development of the fetus, check out its position within the uterus, and, between 16 and 20 weeks, determine the fetal sex.There is no risk to the woman or her developing fetus with ultrasound, and it is not uncomfortable.Ultrasound examinations aid doctors in establishing an accurate［25］date.The estimated date of delivery can now be predicted within two to four days if the initial ultrasound is performed early in pregnancy.
（A）inferior to（B）superior to（C）prior to（D）posterior to
請依下文回答第 26 題至第 30 題：
Extending health coverage to illegal immigrants is sound policy.The inclusion of the illegal-immigrant population may lower costs in numerous ways, including lower insurance premiums, lower emergency medical expenditures, and a switch from expensive late-stage treatments to cost-effective preventative and ambulatory care.Coverage will obviously benefit illegal immigrants, but the entire US population will also reap the rewards of a broader risk pool comprising individuals with comparatively low medical expenditures and usage trends.Extending coverage could also have important public health benefits.Ensuring treatment, especially of infectious disease, protects the health of the population as a whole, and this is particularly important considering the ease of travel and access to different parts of the globe.The public health is also served by prompt diagnosis and treatment of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Allowing illegal immigrants to stay and pretending they’re not here doesn’t work for anyone.Prohibiting inclusion of illegal immigrants in the formal healthcare system and at the same time extending piecemeal benefits, emergency rooms, and some patchwork of state and local governments is a poor way to address the intractable problem of ever increasing health care costs.The federal government should meet this challenge head-on in the form of health coverage, recognizing the benefits that could accrue to it by instituting necessary health insurance reforms.Even if immigration reform does materialize, nothing will have been lost by providing coverage in the interim.As the illegal immigrant population declines, for instance, because of fewer economic opportunities in the United States or absorption into the lawful immigrant category, the system has enough fluidity to respond.Further tweaks may be necessary, but incremental improvement is a characteristic of any public benefits scheme.What is not acceptable is to tacitly ignore the problem while setting up additional barriers to coverage.
26.What is the first paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Reasons why the health care costs are rapidly increasing.
（B）Potential benefits of providing health insurance coverage to illegal immigrants.
（C）Reasons why illegal immigrants should not be included in national health insurance plans.
（D）How health care costs may decrease due to inclusion of illegal immigrants in national health insurance plans.
27.Which of the following arguments is supported by the author of the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Given the ease of travel nowadays, including illegal immigrants in health insurance can reduce the spread of infectious diseases.
（B）Illegal immigrants should be excluded from the health care system before being sent back to their countries of origin.
（C）Excluding illegal immigrants from the health care insurance is an effective way to lower the nation’s health care costs.
（D）It is necessary to design more rules to keep illegal immigrants from using expensive medical services in the country.
28.What does the author mean by “Further tweaks may be necessary” in the second paragraph？答案顯示:【B】
（A）More research may be needed to understand the issue further.
（B）Some policy modifications may be needed in the future.
（C）More funds may be needed to implement the policy.
（D）Some health care benefits of the public may need to be further reduced.
29.What is the author’s opinion about the federal government’s role in health insurance？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The health insurance should be handled by the private sector.
（B）Providing public health care to illegal immigrants is the local government’s business.
（C）The federal government should reform the public health insurance to make it accessible to illegal immigrants.
（D）The proposed health insurance reform should wait until the immigration reform is completed.
30＊According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true if health insurance isprovided to illegal immigrants？答案顯示: ◣C或D◥
（A）The health insurance premiums will decrease.
（B）More immigrants will have access to preventive medical treatments.
（C）There will be more infectious diseases in the country.
（D）More immigrants will end up in emergency rooms with critical illness.
請依下文回答第 31 題至第 35 題：
People become vegetarians for many reasons, including health, religious convictions, concerns about animal welfare or the use of antibiotics and hormones in livestock, or a desire to eat in a way that avoids excessive use of environmental resources.Becoming a vegetarian has become more appealing and accessible, thanks to the year-round availability of fresh produce, more vegetarian dining options, and the growing culinary influence of cultures with largely plant-based diets.
Approximately six to eight million adults in the United States eat no meat, fish, or poultry.Several million more have eliminated red meat but still eat chicken or fish.About two million have become vegans, forgoing not only animal flesh but also animal-based products such as milk, cheese, eggs, and gelatin.
Traditionally, research into vegetarianism focused mainly on potential nutritional deficiencies, but in recent years, the pendulum has swung the other way, and studies are confirming the health benefits of meat-free eating.Nowadays, plant-based eating is recognized as not only nutritionally sufficient but also as a way to reduce the risk for many chronic illnesses.According to the American Dietetic Association, “appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases.”
You can get many of the health benefits of being vegetarian without going all the way.For example, a Mediterranean eating pattern — known to be associated with longer life and reduced risk of several chronic illnesses — features an emphasis on plant foods with a sparing use of meat.Even if you don’t want to become a complete vegetarian, you can steer your diet in that direction with a few simple substitutions, such as plant-based sources of protein — beans or tofu, for example — or fish instead of meat a couple of times a week.Only you can decide whether a vegetarian diet is right for you.
31.What is the best title of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The Environmental Impact of Vegetarianism.（B）The Health Benefits of Plant-based Diets.
（C）The Social Challenges of Being Vegans.（D）The Popularity of Meat-free Products.
32.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as a cause of the rise in vegan eating？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The steady supply of fruit and vegetables.（B）The influence of cultures with plant-based eating.
（C）The protection of animal welfare and resources.（D）The wide availability of dietary supplements.
33.Which of the following is closest in meaning to “forgoing” in the second paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
34.What is the purpose of the third paragraph？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To explain why previous research produced negative results about vegetarianism.
（B）To provide scientific evidence supporting the health effects of vegan diets.
（C）To reveal the increase in the number of vegans in the American society.
（D）To show how plant-based eating can be associated with certain chronic illness.
35.What is the main idea of the last paragraph？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Converting to a Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk of chronic illness.
（B）Going vegan has become a way of showing personal freedom.
（C）Adopting a partial vegetarian diet can still make people healthy.
（D）Foods like tofu and beans provide a good source of protein for vegans.
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題：
One of the biggest ideas to hit the political world in recent years is that politics is increasingly defined by the division between open and closed, rather than left and right.Openness means support for both economic openness(welcoming immigration and free trade) and the cultural sort(embracing ethnic and sexual minorities).Closedness means the opposite.
The most obvious problem with the open-closed theory is that the divide is so slippery.Few people support entirely open societies—it would be unreasonable to allow Ebola victims to cross borders unimpeded.By the same token, few people advocate becoming a hermit kingdom like North Korea.Nor are open and closed necessarily opposites.Having a strong border can make people more open, by giving them a sense that they can manage openness.Historically, most of the world’s great centers of commerce have been walled cities.Constantinople, the crossroads between east and west, boasted not just a formidable wall but an outer and inner harbor.
There is a better explanation of political polarization than the open-closed split.It is the gap between exam-passers and exam-flunkers.Qualifications grant access to a world that is protected from the downside of globalization.You can get a job with a superstar company that has constructed moats and drawbridges to protect itself, or with a middle-class guild that provides job security, or with the state bureaucracy.Failing exams casts you down into an unpredictable world of cut-throat competition.
Exam-passers combine a common ability to manage the downside of globalization with a common outlook that binds them together and legitimizes their disdain for rival tribes.Exam-flunkers, meanwhile, are united by anger at the elitists who claim to be open as long as their jobs are protected.They are increasingly willing to bring the system crashing down.Talking about open v closed is a double error.It obscures the deeper forces dividing the world, and spares winners by playing down the legitimate concerns of losers.
36.What is the main purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To argue against the open-closed theory and offer a better explanation.
（B）To show evidence that open and closed are not necessarily opposites.
（C）To criticize the division between left and right that defines politics.
（D）To make evident that political polarization is not a new phenomenon.
37.Why does the author use the phrase “by the same token” in Paragraph 2？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To imply that the example given before is to offer an opposite view.
（B）To introduce an instance which is true for the same reason that was given previously.
（C）To add another case which is more important than what was said and to correct it.
（D）To indicate that what is said is partly true in spite of the thing that has happened.
38.Why does the gap between exam-passers and exam-flunkers offer a better explanation of political polarization than the open-closed split？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It allows access to a world that is protected from the disadvantage of globalization.
（B）It guarantees jobs with superstar companies that have measures to protect themselves.
（C）It reveals the deeper forces dividing the worlds and expresses the concerns of losers.
（D）It provides a middle-class organization that offers security and the state bureaucracy.
39.Why does the author mention “Constantinople” in Paragraph 2？答案顯示:【D】
（A）To imply that having a strong border gives people a sense that they can be more open.
（B）To make readers doubt the boast the city once made of having a formidable wall.
（C）To suggest that the world’s great center of commerce was the crossroads and the harbor.
（D）To question whether a walled city necessarily means closedness.
40.According to the last two paragraphs, which of the following statements is true about people failing exams？答案顯示:【A】
（A）United by anger at the elitists, they are eager to change the existing system.
（B）They play down the legitimate concerns of losers and spare winners.
（C）With a common outlook, they legitimize their disdain for rival tribes.
（D）They are willing to be more open as long as their jobs are protected.
一、翻譯：中譯英：Please translate the following passage into English（20分）
英譯中：Please translate the following passage into Chinese（15分）
Visitors may tour the park on their own or take a guided tour.Those wanting their own “Big Cat Adventure,” can purchase a “treat bag” and go with a zookeeper to hand-feed a lion or a tiger.Adventurers don’t need to worry.These cats never bite the hand that feeds them.
Do you agree or disagree with the following saying? “No pains, no gains.” Please write a short and well-organized essay in about 250 words to support your answer with reasons and specific examples.
1.The company has not yet received an invitation to attend the event,［ ］is to be held from May 2 to May 5.答案顯示:【C】
2.The government is to sign an［ ］with U.S.government for preventing the criminals from travelling to Taiwan.答案顯示:【A】
3.［ ］of heart attack include chest pain, cold sweating and nausea, developing into trouble breathing and loss of consciousness in the most serious cases.答案顯示:【B】
4.Many citizens view the rapid influx of immigrants with anxiety, worrying that the nation might fail to［ ］the streams of new arrivals pouring in annually.答案顯示:【C】
For United States Government personnel abroad to host a banquet, round tables of six or more persons allow more flexibility than rectangular ones.Often it is more convenient to［11］at two or more tables of six or more persons.The advantage of this arrangement is that it affords more places of honor as the host and hostess can each have a co-hostess and cohost at their［12］tables.At seated meals, foreign guests should have precedence［13］Americans of comparable rank with the exception of an American Ambassador.American officials present on such occasions should understand that it is［14］to cede one’s rank to a representative of another country.They should forget precedence among themselves and be prepared to be seated in any way that will make conversation easier and will take language abilities into account.To avoid any misunderstanding, it would be well for the host or hostess to inform in advance any guest, whether American or foreign, who are not seated according to protocol, of the reason for this［15］from the norm.When a high official is a guest, they should obtain his prior permission.
Since the 1980s, immigration has drastically increased, making the city more ethnically and linguistically diverse.More than half of the people in Vancouver do not speak English as their first language.Almost 30% of the city’s inhabitants are of Chinese heritage.In the 1980s, an influx of immigrants from Hong Kong in anticipation of the transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China, combined with an increase in immigrants from mainland China and previous immigrants from Taiwan, established in Vancouver one of the highest concentrations of ethnic Chinese residents in North America.This arrival of Asian immigrants continued a tradition of immigration from around the world that had established Vancouver as the second-most popular destination for immigrants in Canada after Toronto.Other significant Asian ethnic groups in Vancouver are Filipino, Japanese, Korean, as well as sizeable communities of Vietnamese, Indonesians, and Cambodians.
Despite increases in Latin American immigration to Vancouver in the 1980s and '90s, recent immigration has been comparatively low, and African immigration has been similarly stagnant.The black population of Vancouver is rather scant in comparison to other Canadian major cities.The neighborhood of Strathcona was the core of the city’s Jewish community.Hogan’s Alley, a small area adjacent to Chinatown, just off Main Street at Prior, was once home to a significant black community.
Prior to the Hong Kong diaspora of the 1990s, the largest non-British ethnic groups in the city were Irish and German, followed by Scandinavian, Italian, Ukrainian and Chinese.From the mid-1950s until the 1980s, many Portuguese immigrants came to Vancouver and the city had the third-largest Portuguese population in Canada in 2001.Eastern Europeans began immigrating after the Soviet takeover of Eastern Europe after World War II.Greek immigration increased in the late 1960s and early '70s, with most settling in the Kitsilano area.
16.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Demographics in Vancouver（B）Languages in Vancouver.
（C）How to immigrate to Vancouver（D）How to make a living in Vancouver.
17.According to the first paragraph, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Since the 1980s, immigration has declined in Vancouver.
（B）Half of the people in Vancouver do not speak English as their first language.
（C）More than half of the city’s inhabitants are of Eastern Europe heritage.
（D）An influx of immigrants from Taiwan became the most numerous ethnic Chinese residents inVancouver.
18.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Immigrants from around the world established Toronto as the most popular destination in Canada.
（B）There was a larger black population in Vancouver than in other Canadian major cities.
（C）The neighborhood of Strathcona was the center of the city’s Jewish community.
（D）Hogan’s Alley was once home to a significant black community.
19.When was a Polish family most likely to immigrate to Vancouver？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Before World War I（B）Since the 1980s.（C）After World War I（D）After World War II.
一、Claim construction plays a core role in determination of patent infringement.According to the judicial decisions made by the Taiwan Intellectual Property Court, there are two significant sources of evidence–intrinsic evidence and extrinsic evidence–to support claim construction in the cases of patent infringement.If you were a judge in a case of patent infringement, what your opinion would be about the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic evidence when claim construction is undertaken.（30 分）
二、Please translate the following opinion of the Supreme AdministrativeCourt in English:（20分）
1.According to the TRIPs Agreement, which of the following statements is correct ？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Members of the WTO are obligated to exclude from patentability diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical methods for the treatment of humans or animals.
（B）With regard to conditions on patent applicants, Members of the WTO must require an applicant for a patent to provide information concerning the applicant’s corresponding foreign applications and grants.
（C）In patent infringement civil proceedings, if the subject matter of a patent is a process for obtaining a product, the judicial authorities of Members of the WTO shall have the authority to order the defendant to prove that the process to obtain an identical product is different from the patented process.
（D）Members of the WTO may exclude from patentability inventions, the prevention within their territory of the commercial exploitation of which is necessary to protect ordre public or morality, as long as the exploitation is prohibited by their law.
2.Which of the following descriptions regarding the priority claim under the R.O.C.Patent Act is incorrect？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Where an applicant has first applied for a patent in a foreign country that is a member of the World Trade Organization(hereinafter the “WTO”), the applicant may claim priority in respect of an R.O.C.patent application for the same invention if the R.O.C.patent application for the same invention is filed within twelve months after the filing date of the said first patent application.
（B）For a patent application filed with priority, examination on its patentability shall be based on the actual filing date of this patent application, not on the priority date.
（C）Where an applicant claims two or more priorities in respect of a patent application, the twelve months period referred to in Article 28, para.1 of the R.O.C.Patent Act shall be on the basis of the earliest priority date.
（D）If a foreign applicant is a citizen of a non-member of the WTO and whose home country does not mutually recognize priority with the R.O.C., but the applicant has domicile or business establishment in any member of the WTO or in the territory of a reciprocal country, the applicant shall also be entitled to claim priority.
3.Which of the following statements with regard to patent licensing under the R.O.C.Patent Act is correct？答案顯示:【B】
（A）An exclusive license for a patent is not valid until it is recorded with the Specific Patent Agency.
（B）An exclusive licensee of a patent has the right to grant sub-license to a third party to exploit the licensed patent unless otherwise agreed by the parties.
（C）An exclusive licensee does not have the right to exclude the patentee from exploiting the patented invention.
（D）The sub-licensing contract granted by a non-exclusive licensee is not valid until it is recorded with the Specific Patent Agency.
4.Which of the following statements regarding the right to apply for a patent is correct？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Unlike patent right itself, the right to apply for a patent is not inheritable.
（B）If there is no agreement providing otherwise, where an invention is made by an employee in the course of performing his/her duties, the right to apply for a patent thereof shall be vested in the employee.
（C）Where a right to apply for a patent is jointly owned, the patent application related thereto could be filed by each joint owner individually.
（D）Where the right to apply for a patent is jointly owned, the right to apply for the patent shall not be assigned or abandoned without the consent of all joint owners.
5.According to Article 34 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, which of the following statements about “proof burden of process patents” is incorrect？答案顯示:【A】
（A）For the purposes of civil proceedings with respect to the infringement of the rights of the owner,if the subject matter of a patent is a process for obtaining a product, the judicial authorities shall have the authority to order the plaintiff to prove that the process to obtain an identical product is different from the patented process.
（B）Any identical product when produced without the consent of the patent owner shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be deemed to have been obtained by the patented process if the product so obtained is new.
（C）Any identical product when produced without the consent of the patent owner shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be deemed to have been obtained by the patented process if there is a substantial likelihood that the identical product was made by the process and the owner of the patent has been unable through reasonable efforts to determine the process actually used.
（D）In the adduction of proof to the contrary, the legitimate interests of defendants in protecting their manufacturing and business secrets shall be considered.
6.According to Article 3 of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, which of the following statements about “the international application” is incorrect？答案顯示:【B】
（A）An international application shall contain a request, a description, one or more claims, one or more drawings, and an abstract.
（B）The abstract serves the purpose of interpreting the scope of the protection sought.
（C）The international application shall be in a prescribed language.
（D）The international application shall comply with the prescribed requirement of unity of invention.
7.Which of the following is not one of the inventive step inquiries？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The scope of the prior art.（B）The level of ordinary skill in the pertinent art.
（C）Differences between the prior art and the allegedly infringing product at issue.
（D）The content of the prior art.
8.According to Article 37 of the R.O.C.Patent Act, which of the following statements about “early publication of patent application” is correct？答案顯示:【C】
（A）After receiving application documents and determining through examination that they conform to the stipulated formality requirements and contain no elements that may be deemed unsuitable for laying open, the Specific Patent Agency shall lay open the patent application for invention,twelve(12)months after its application.（B）The Specific Patent Agency may delay the laying-open of a patent application upon the request of the applicant.
（C）If a patent application for invention is withdrawn within fifteen(15)months after its filing date,it shall not be laid open.
（D）If a patent application for invention involves national defense secrets or any other secrets pertaining to national security, it shall be laid open.
9.Which of the following is not among the grounds for granting compulsory licenses under Article 87 of the R.O.C.Patent Act？答案顯示:【D】
（A）National emergency or other circumstances of extreme urgency.
（B）Where a later invention patent cannot be exploited without infringing upon a prior invention patent, and where the later invention patent involves an important technical advancement of considerable economic significance in relation to the prior invention patent.
（C）Where a patented invention is to be exploited non-commercially for the enhancement of public interest.
（D）Where a patentee has committed acts restricting competition or has committed unfair competition acts, to be determined by the Specific Patent Agency.
10.Which of the following statements regarding patent remedies is correct？答案顯示:【C】
（A）A patentee of an invention patent may demand a person who infringes to stop only when it is proven that the infringement occurs due to intentional act or negligence.
（B）A non-exclusive licensee may claim for damages in case an infringement of invention patent occurs due to intentional act or negligence.
（C）The patentee can freely choose any one of the three available methods of calculation of damages under Article 97, para.1 of the R.O.C.Patent Act.
（D）The damages, if calculated based on the profit earned by the infringer as a result of patent infringement under Article 97, para.1, sub-para.2 of the R.O.C.Patent Act, the right to claim damages shall become extinguished if not exercised within fifteen(15)years after the patentee has become aware of the damages and the person liable for damages.
11.［ ］may be a defense to patent infringement when an accused infringer proves that a patentee unreasonably and inexcusably delayed filing an infringement suit to the material prejudice of the accused infringer.答案顯示:【D】
（A）Patent misuse（B）Illegal conduct（C）Invalidity of the patent（D）Laches
12.According to Article 17 of the R.O.C.Patent Act, which of the following statements about “delay and reinstatement” is correct？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Where a person filing a patent application or undergoing other proceedings in connection with patent-related matters has failed to comply within a statutory or specified time period, the application filed or the proceeding initiated shall be accepted.
（B）If the delay of not acting within a specified time period has been remedied before the dismissal decision is served by the Specific Patent Agency, such an application or proceeding shall be denied.
（C）If the delay of a statutory time period is caused by natural calamities or other causes not attributable to the applicant, the applicant may, within thirty(30)days after cessation of such cause, file a written request with the Specific Patent Agency stating the causes for delay and requesting reinstatement.
（D）An application for reinstatement shall be accepted if the delay has exceeded one(1)year after the expiration of the statutory time period.
13.According to Article 108 of the R.O.C.Patent Act, which of the following statements about “conversion of application for utility model” is correct？答案顯示:【A】
（A）When a patent application originally filed for invention is converted into a patent application for utility model, the filing date of the original patent application shall be deemed to be the filing date of the converted patent application.
（B）A request for patent conversion shall be made after a written decision allowing the original patent application is served.
（C）A request for patent conversion shall not be made if six(6)months have passed after the date on which a written decision rejecting the original patent application for invention or design is served.
（D）A converted patent application shall extend beyond the scope of content disclosed in the description, claims, or drawings of the original patent application as filed.70150|70650
14.According to Article 30 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, which of the following statements about “exceptions to rights conferred” is incorrect？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Members may provide broad exceptions to the exclusive rights conferred by a patent.
（B）Exceptions to patent rights shall not unreasonably conflict with a normal exploitation of the patent.
（C）Exceptions to patent rights shall not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the patent owner.（D）Exceptions to patent rights shall take account of the legitimate interests of third parties.
15.According to Article 31 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, which of the following statements about “other use without authorization of the right holder” is incorrect？答案顯示:【C】
（A）If other use without authorization of the right holder’s individual merits is considered, the law of a WTO member shall allow for other use of the subject matter of a patent without theauthorization of the right holder.
（B）In the case of a national emergency, other circumstances of extreme urgency, or public noncommercial use, the requirement that “prior to use without authorization of the right holder,the proposed user has made efforts to obtain authorization from the right holder on reasonable commercial terms and conditions and that such efforts have not been successful within a reasonable period of time” may be waived by the law of a WTO member.
（C）In situations of national emergency or other circumstances of extreme urgency, the proposed user shall not notify the right holder.
（D）In the case of public noncommercial use, where the government, without making a patent search, knows that a valid patent is or will be used by or for the government, the right holder shall be informed promptly.
16.According to Articles 4bis and 4ter of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, which of the following statements is incorrect？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Patents applied for in the various countries of the Union by nationals of countries of the Union shall be independent of patents obtained for the same invention in other countries, whether members of the Union or not.（B）Patents applied for during the period of priority are independent, both as regards the grounds for nullity and forfeiture, and as regards their normal duration.
（C）Patents obtained with the benefit of priority shall, in the various countries of the Union, have a duration equal to that which they would have had they been applied for or granted without the benefit of priority.（D）The inventor has no right to be mentioned as such in the patent.
17.In the U.S.Supreme Court case, Impression Products, Inc.v.Lexmark Int’l, Inc., the Court held that, “We conclude that a patentee’s decision to sell a product exhausts all of its patent rights in that item, regardless of any restrictions the patentee purports to impose or the location of the sale.”According to this case holding, which of the following types of exhaustion doctrines is emphasized in this case and the U.S.Patent Act？答案顯示:【B】
（A）National exhaustion（B）International exhaustion（C）Regional exhaustion（D）Doctrine of equivalents
18.A claim with［ ］element shall be construed to cover the corresponding structure, material, or acts described in the specification and equivalents thereof.答案顯示:【A】
19.According to Article 8 of the R.O.C.Patent Act, which of the following statements about an “invention irrelevant to the performance of duties” is correct？答案顯示:【B】
（A）When an invention made by an employee has no connection to the course of performing his/her duties, the right to apply for a patent and the patent right of such an invention shall be vested in the party as mutually agreed upon in an agreement between both parties.
（B）If an employee’s invention is made through the utilization of the employer’s resources or experiences, the employer may, after paying the employee a reasonable remuneration, exploitthe invention concerned in the enterprise.
（C）After the completion of an invention that has no connection to the course of an employee’s performing his/her duties, the employee shall give the employer an oral notice regarding such an event.If necessary, the employee shall also inform the employer of the creative process.
（D）If the employer fails to raise any objection to the employee within twelve(12)months after receiving the employee’s oral notice, the employer could still claim that such an invention was made by the said employee in the course of performing his/her duties.
20.According to Article 14 of the R.O.C.Patent Act, which of the following statements about “an inheritance or assignment of the right to apply for a patent” is correct？答案顯示:【D】
（A）In the case of an inheritance of the right to apply for a patent, the successor shall have locus standi against any third party even if the patent application was not filed in the name of the successor at the time of filing.
（B）In the case of an assignment of the right to apply for a patent, the assignee shall have locus standi against any third party even though no request has been filed thereafter with the Specific Patent Agency to alter the recordation of the applicant.
（C）In the case of an assignment of the right to apply for a patent, the assignee shall have locus standi against any third party even if the patent application was not filed in the name of theassignee at the time of filing.
（D）Whether for assignment or inheritance, a request that has been filed thereafter with the SpecificPatent Agency to alter the recordation of the applicant shall be accompanied by documents of proof.
21.Article 22, para.2 of the R.O.C.Patent Act provides: “An invention that is without the circumstances prescribed in the subparagraphs of the preceding paragraph but can be easily made by a person ordinarily skilled in the art based on prior art shall not be patented.” Which requirement for patent is contained in this provision？答案顯示:【A】
22.Which of the following statements regarding patent exhaustion is correct？答案顯示:【A】
（A）After the sale of a patented product made under consent of the patentee, the patent rights concerning sale and use to that product are exhausted.
（B）The R.O.C.Patent Act does not provide any specific rules regarding patent exhaustion doctrine.
（C）The buyer of the patented product must have purchased the product in the territory of R.O.C.in order for the patent rights to that product to be exhausted.
（D）The patent exhaustion is limited to act of using the product only.It does not extend to the act of reselling the product.
23.For computer generated icons(Icons)and graphic user interface(GUI)applied to an article, an application may also be filed pursuant to the R.O.C.Patent Act for obtaining a(n)［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）design patent（B）invention patent（C）utility model patent（D）plant variety right
24.Article 22, para.1 of the R.O.C.Patent Act provides: “An invention which is industrially applicable may be granted a patent upon application in accordance with this Act....” The term “industrially applicable” refers to which of the following patent requirement？答案顯示:【D】
Diplomacy has been utilized for centuries and continues to be the main way for states to conduct their international affairs.Towards preventing violent conflict, states can use diplomacy to undertake mediation, facilitation,fact-finding, consultations, and monitoring, among other initiatives.Due to the growing cost of conflict in the 21st century, governments appear to be becoming less inclined to respond with large-scale military interventions,thereby in principle at least increasing the space for preventive diplomacy.
Read the following statement by Joseph S.Nye Jr.: “Soft power is the abilityto affect others to obtain the outcomes one wants through attraction rather than coercion or payment.A country’s soft power rests on its resources of culture, values, and policies.A smart power strategy combines hard and soft power resources.
”Then write a well-organized essay of about 350 words to comment on Nye’ssaying.
You are encouraged to give examples to discuss how Taiwan’s soft powercan play a part in the international arena of world politics and diplomacy.
1.Acupuncture is used to treat a variety of［ ］such as anxiety, depression, back pain, high blood pressure, stress, and arthritis.答案顯示:【A】
2.Many people feel disgusted at the full［ ］of the crimes in the newspaper.答案顯示:【A】
3.Many writers, artists, and other people who create the stories of superheroes believe that these characters［ ］our deepest hopes and fears.答案顯示:【C】
4＊Being bothered for months by phone calls and text messages from her boss on weekends, Wendy finally decided to speak［ ］concerning the issue of contacting staff after work.答案顯示: ◣B或C◥
請依下文回答第 8 題至第 11 題：
Bottle gourds had already conquered much of the globe before 1492.Yet how they got to the Americas remained unknown.Researchers discovered via DNA analysis their pre-Columbian samples were more closely linked to African relatives than to Asian ones.Furthermore, a computer model of Atlantic Ocean currents confirmed that a bottle gourd traveling from West Africa could make it to North or South America in nine months.Yet one mystery remains: why wild bottle gourds disappeared in the Americas? Perhaps some animals that might have spread the seeds went extinct, so did wild bottle gourds.
8.Which statement about the bottle gourds is TRUE？答案顯示:【B】
（A）They were ubiquitous（B）They traveled from Africa.
（C）They went extinct before 1492（D）They went to the Americas with Columbus.
9.How did researchers confirm the origins of the American bottle gourds？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Through artifacts found in the Americas.（B）Through flight routes between continents.
（C）Through genetic analysis and study of ocean current models
.（D）Through written records of North American Indian tribes.
10.What is yet unknown about the bottle gourds？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Their ancient lineage（B）Their connection with the ocean.
（C）Their later absence in the Americas（D）Their strange shape.
11.How did scientists explain the extinction of the bottle gourds？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Their seed carriers disappeared（B）They evolved into a different species.
（C）The ocean currents changed route（D）They lost their original habitat.
If you have been on a roller coaster, you’ll remember the adrenaline rushing through your veins as you dashed down the track at lightening speed.［12］But, these fairground favorites actually have a long,colorful history that can be traced back to 15th century Russia.
In some languages, the word “roller coaster” translates as “Russian mountain.” That’s because the first roller coasters were mountains.［13］Guides would take rides up as high as 24 meters, and then slide down with them on small sleds.By the 18th century, St.Petersburg had caught on to the trend.Around the city, the ice slides were lined with colorful lanterns, enabling rides to be taken at night.Next, the pastime arrived in France, where the roller coaster was adapted to consist of wheeled carriages that traveled over metal tracks laid on steep wood slopes.
［14］In 1895, the first vertical loop was incorporated into “The Flip Flap” in Brooklyn.One prominent omission, though, was seatbelts.The first Golden Age of roller coasters, having spread to many countries, came to an end with the Great Depression.［15］Built to the hair-raising dimensions we are familiar with today, it gave rise to a second generation of gravity-defying amusement rides.
Today, New Jersey’s “Kingda Ka” is the tallest, fastest roller coaster on the planet; it accelerates to 128 mph in just 3.5 seconds! So, don’t go off the tracks: buckle up, and get ready to scream!
（A）Roller coasters continued to develop as their popularity grew.
（B）They finally made their comeback in the 1970s, when “The Racer” was erected in Ohio.
（C）In the winter, wooden hills were constructed, fashioned like half-tube slides and packed with ice.
（D）Many people think roller coasters are a recent invention designed to satisfy modern thrillseekers.
（A）Roller coasters continued to develop as their popularity grew.
（B）They finally made their comeback in the 1970s, when “The Racer” was erected in Ohio.
（C）In the winter, wooden hills were constructed, fashioned like half-tube slides and packed with ice.
（D）Many people think roller coasters are a recent invention designed to satisfy modern thrillseekers.
（A）Roller coasters continued to develop as their popularity grew.
（B）They finally made their comeback in the 1970s, when “The Racer” was erected in Ohio.
（C）In the winter, wooden hills were constructed, fashioned like half-tube slides and packed with ice.
（D）Many people think roller coasters are a recent invention designed to satisfy modern thrillseekers.
（A）Roller coasters continued to develop as their popularity grew.
（B）They finally made their comeback in the 1970s, when “The Racer” was erected in Ohio.
（C）In the winter, wooden hills were constructed, fashioned like half-tube slides and packed with ice.
（D）Many people think roller coasters are a recent invention designed to satisfy modern thrillseekers.
請依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題：
Schizophrenia is a complex, chronic, and severe brain that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions, and relate to others.Nowadays it affects approximately 1% of all adults globally.The word schizophrenia comes from the Greek word skhizein meaning “to split” and the Greek word phren meaning “heart, mind.” The Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler(1857-1939), coined the term Schizophrenie in 1908.
However, schizophrenia does not imply a “split personality” or “multiple personality disorder”—a condition with which it has been confused in public perception.Experts say schizophrenia is probably many illnesses masquerading as one.Research indicates that schizophrenia is likely to be the result of faulty neuronal development in the brain of the fetus, which later in life emerges as a full-blown illness.As of today there is no physical or laboratory test that can absolutely diagnose schizophrenia.Clinical diagnosis of schizophrenia is based on a person’s observed behavior and self-reported experiences.
Symptoms of schizophrenia typically come on gradually, beginning in young adulthood and lasting a long time, and they may vary, depending on the individual.Some may hear voices that are not there.Some may be convinced that others are reading their minds, controlling how they think, or plotting against them.This can distress patients severely and persistently, making them demotivated, withdrawn, and frantic.Others may find it hard to make sense of what the patients are talking about.In some cases, they may spend hours completely still, without talking.On other occasions they may seem fine, until they start explaining what they are truly thinking.
The effects of schizophrenia reach far beyond the patient.Families, friends, and society are affected too.A sizable proportion of people with schizophrenia have to rely on others, for they are unable to hold a job or care for themselves.
16.Which of the following titles best expresses the main idea of the passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Schizophrenia: Lost in the Sea of One’s Multiple Personalities.
（B）Schizophrenia: Affected by Faulty Neuronal Development.
（C）Schizophrenia: Caught Up between Reality and Illusion.
（D）Schizophrenia: Tied Down with Failure to Manage One’s Own Life.
17.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE about schizophrenia？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Its patients mostly share common symptoms.（B）It is a special case of split personality disorder.
（C）Its patients mostly can manage their own daily life.
（D）It cannot be objectively diagnosed using medical tests.
18.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a symptom of schizophrenia？答案顯示:【C】
（A）False beliefs（B）Hearing voices.（C）Increasing memory loss（D）Reduced social engagement.
19.What does masquerading mean in the second paragraph？答案顯示:【B】
20.According to the passage, which of the following do we most likely hear from a schizophrenic patient？答案顯示:【A】
（A）I am afraid that my next-door neighbors are spying on me.
（B）I believe that all my problems come from my imagination.
（C）I would like to go with my husband to friends’ dinner parties.
（D）I think that I need to try harder to make my dreams come true.
Negotiation is highly situational; what is effective in one context can be disastrous in another.The question of whether negotiation and bargaining will be effective as a tool in conflict resolution is also very much connected to its context.
William Zartman, Professor Emeritus of Johns Hopkins University,postulates that we need a push and a pull in order to start any negotiation process and to create an outcome.The push is the “mutual hurting stalemate”(MHS): a status quo that is painful for all the involved parties, to the extent that they prefer a change, through negotiation, over the situation into which they are locked.At the same time there should be a perceived way out of the deadlock: the pull in the form of a “mutual enticing opportunity”(MEO).
We should note here that not everything is negotiable, but in cases where there are structural problems instead of situational problems to be solved, we might at least hope for mutual respect, such as the(in)famous “Peaceful Coexistence” at the time of the Cold War, which might be called a “mutual beneficial stalemate”(MBS) – beneficial and satisfactory as it ensures a peaceful situation in such a way that the major powers can use the stand-off to control their own “allies.”
Moreover, it has been suggested that it is the pre-negotiations period which “enables parties to move from conflicting perceptions and behaviors to co-operative perceptions and behaviors.” Indeed, pre-negotiations are a necessary prerequisite for successful diplomatic negotiations; “not just a definitional construct but a preparatory phase without which the negotiation would not have taken place,” Zartman cautioned.
9.Good teaching methodology can［ ］students’ creative potential in learning.答案顯示:【D】
10.The［ ］rate of a country usually reflects the prevalence of its education.答案顯示:【A】
請依下文回答第 11 題至第 15 題：
Do you often feel that “If anything can go wrong, it will go wrong”? If yes, then you are living under the influence of Murphy’s Law.
Many people interpret this law as a pessimistic view of life.［11］the theory is a message of hope, a call to excellence.In 1949, the US Air Force was running a test to study the human tolerance for G-forces during rapid deceleration.Engineer Edward A.Murphy designed a special harness that had 16 sensors, each of which could be installed in two ways.At the end of one crucial experiment, it was found that the sensors provided a zero reading.Murphy’s assistant had installed all of them［12］, with each sensor wired backwards.In a voice like thunder, the［13］engineer complained, “If there are two or more ways to do something and one of those results in a catastrophe, then someone will do it that way!” This is the original form of Murphy’s Law.Later Murphy［14］the sensors so that they could be installed in only one way.
As Murphy’s Law spread across the world, it was taken as a principle［15］pessimism.Murphy was unhappy with this misinterpretation.The optimistic law aims to crystallize a principle: one should always assume the worst scenario when designing objects and minimize human error.
（A）No wonder（B）In fact（C）For one thing（D）At least
（A）rather than（B）based on（C）apart from（D）regardless of
請依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題：
A corporation, TSheets, recently conducted a study of how many days of paid time off employees are earning and just how many days these employees are not taking.There’s a pretty big difference between these numbers – they’ve［16］that over 573 million vacation days go unused.
When we work for a company that actually provides paid time off, it really doesn’t make good personal sense to abandon taking advantage of that particular benefit.As a matter of fact, skipping vacations can lead to［17］on your health and well-being.
So, speaking of vacation days, how long is long enough? The consensus opinion is that even a 4-night vacation is enough to lower stress and increase well-being that［18］weeks after your return to the job.Once upon a time, folks counted down the days to Fridays at 5 when they could spend the next two days［19］the things in life that were not work-related in the least.How many 2-day weekends free from work-related tasks, thoughts, or worries are you taking these days? If you are on-call or have a Smartphone or tablet or other noose of communication, you probably don’t have “time” to stop the work-related time clock even when you’re［20］the clock officially.If you can give yourself a full 4-day holiday from work, you’re going to do a fairly good job getting work out of your system.
At 20, Sarah was shy but lived a normal life.Then, when her marriage broke up a year later, she suddenly believed she was extremely ugly.“Sometimes I’d lie in bed all day because I couldn’t face the mirrors in the bathroom,” she says.“If I did go out, I’d cover my face with my hands.If I saw myself in a mirror, I’d burst into tears and run home.” After spending $35,000 in three years on cosmetic surgery, Sarah saw a television program about body dysmorphic disorder(BDD) and recognized the symptoms.She saw Dr.David Veale, an expert in BDD, and had two months in hospital and two months of daily therapy.Today, she is coping with her condition.
BDD is an illness characterized by distorted body image—sufferers are affected by small or imagined defects in their appearance.“It’s still underdiagnosed,” says Veale.“That’s dangerous as there’s a high rate of suicide with it.” The condition affects one in 100 people, and some experts believe the number of sufferers is growing fast, thanks to the increasing emphasis on physical perfection in society and the media.It often starts in teenage years and can be triggered by stress, extreme teasing, or sexual abuse.
It affects as many men as women, particularly those who are sensitive, perfectionist or work in an artistic field.It can take the form of a general feeling of ugliness or can focus on a particular body part, most commonly the face.Sufferers may do everything they can to hide their “flaw” and can develop obsessive rituals such as checking their appearance, adjusting their hair, or measuring the hated body part.They can become addicted to cosmetic surgery or weightlifting.
Once established, BDD causes a change in the brain chemistry, particularly of the neurotransmitter serotonin, which regulates happiness and satisfaction.The most effective treatment seems to be a combination of cognitive therapy and a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drug, such as Prozac
21.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Medical treatments of BDD（B）How to deal with BDD.
（C）Obsession with feeling ugly（D）Sarah and her unhappy marriage.
22.Which of the following is true about Sarah？答案顯示:【B】
（A）She has been shy and unhappy since childhood.（B）She recognized her problem accidentally.
（C）She went to see Dr.David Veale at the age of 21.（D）She recovered from BDD in two months.
23.Why is the word “flaw” in the third paragraph put in quotation marks(“ ”)？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To emphasize the idea of physical imperfection.
（B）To indicate that the defect may be imagined rather than real.
（C）To show how BDD causes a change in the brain chemistry.
（D）To explain why people with BDD develop obsessive rituals.
24.What is a person affected by BDD least likely to do？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Think that their whole body is ugly.（B）Turn to excessive exercise to look fit.
（C）Look in the mirror frequently to see how they look.（D）Measure the body part that they find adorable.
25.Which of the following statements about BDD is NOT true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Men and women alike suffer from it.（B）The media may play a part in causing it.
（C）It is fatal because there is no effective way to cure it.
（D）Artists are more likely to be affected by it than other people.
We are taking steps to ensure that there will not be a reduction in ourcontrol over our security standards.To this end, the UK will operate aseparate UK-only inbound cargo regime, which will mirror the EUscheme.To ensure that we do not put any barriers in place tointernational trade, we intend to grant UK-ACC3 designations for cargoflying into the UK from third(non-EU)countries immediately followingBrexit.
Write an English composition of no more than 250 words on thefollowing topic:
Freedom of Speech and the Internet
1＊In the past years, the country has experienced what some scientists call “the new normal climatological conditions,” which are marked with frequent［ ］storms, flooding, droughts andwildfires.答案顯示: ◣A或D◥
3.One of the things that preoccupies test designers and teachers alike is［ ］has been called the washback or backwash effect.答案顯示:【D】
4.Experts say that a person who works at an untidy desk spends about one-and-a-half hours a day［ ］things.答案顯示:【B】
5.The refugees were［ ］back to their country of origin because they had no legal right to stay here.答案顯示:【D】
6.An agreement between the two countries has been reached so the USA government will soon［ ］the Columbian hijacker from Bogota for trial in America.答案顯示:【C】
7.The United Nations refugee agency said 68.5 million people are now［ ］due to war, violence,and persecution, with Colombia, Syria and Democratic Republic of Congo making up the largest numbers.答案顯示:【A】
11.The US administration worked to reunite hundreds of migrant families whose separation on the Mexico border drew worldwide condemnation and forced the government to［ ］its “zero-tolerance” immigration policy.答案顯示:【D】
（A）abide by（B）stand by（C）endorse（D）ease
12.Shootings in US communities and even in high schools have raised international concerns on［ ］violence since many of the crimes were done by armed high school students.答案顯示:【A】
13.After a series of volcanic explosions occurred on Saturday morning, firefighters went door-to-doo rto urge residents to［ ］right away.答案顯示:【D】
14.In Italy, discontented railway workers began a slowdown that sparked nationwide［ ］of train service.This chaos caused hundreds of passageners to change their vacation plans.答案顯示:【A】
15.This is a non-smoking campus.Smoking in any part of the campus is［ ］and liable to a maximum fine of NT$10,000.答案顯示:【B】
請依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題：
A young woman, wearing a traditional full-length Amish dress and white bonnet, stepped away from a farmer’s market, opened her palm and revealed a smartphone.She began to scroll through screens, seemingly［16］to the activity around her.
Not far away, a man in his late 60s with a silvery beard, wide-brimmed straw hat and suspenders adjusted the settings on a computer-driven crosscut saw.He was soon cutting pieces for gazebos that are sold［17］and delivered around the country.
The Amish have not given up on horse-drawn buggies.Their rigid［18］from many kinds of technology has left parts of their lifestyle［19］since the 19th century: no cars, TVs or connections to electric utilities, for example.
But computers and cellphones are［20］into some Amish communities, pushing them—sometimes willingly, often not—into the 21st century.
（A）bumping（B）crashing（C）making their way（D）feeling their way
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題：
If you spend most of your days sitting at school, work, at a computer or stretched out on a couch at home, you may be taking up to two years off your life.It is common knowledge that a sedentary lifestyle［21］the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer and obesity, and can result in premature death.Many people think they can compensate for sitting around by walking, playing sports or going to the gym.［22］, this might not be so.A new study just published in the journal “Annals of Internal Medicine” suggests the effect on our longevity from sitting for long periods of time cannot be［23］through exercise.Even 60 minutes of daily exercise may not be enough.
The study is from Dr.David Alter and his colleagues at Toronto University.Dr.Alter and his team analysed 47 studies that tracked different groups of people,［24］kept notes on how long they sat down each day and how much they exercised.They found that the most sedentary groups had a 24% increased chance of dying during the course of the study than the least sedentary［25］.This remained the case even though those who sat a lot also did 60 minutes of daily exercise.
請依下文回答第 26 題至第 30 題：
More than half of India’s population lives in villages.Gandhi had said, “the real India lives in villages.” Rustic simplicity and natural beauty is emblematic of Indian culture and heritage.
Lives of most people in villages mostly depend on agriculture.Some people earn their living from animal husbandry and agro-based cottage industries.Most of the villagers are farmers.They are hardworking, unassuming and generous.When farmers plough their fields in the morning sun, the chirping of birds that accompanies the movement of the oxen seems to hum a melody of hard work.Farmers are innocent by nature unlike some of their urban counterparts who lose their inner goodness in the cut-throat world of materialism in cities.
Life in urban India is marked by wide-ranging disparity.There are residents who have unlimited means of enjoyment but some people are so poor that they have to live in slums.Economic inequality,pollution and garbage are the bane of urban existence.People also have to face lack of adequate water supply.Yet people want to live in cities because they get facilities for good education, healthcare,transport and so many modes of comforts and entertainment.There are also good opportunities for employment in cities unlike villages where very few people are gainfully employed.
City life is a boon in many ways, but on the other hand it is also a curse.Every year the population of cities is growing by leaps and bounds, increasing pressure on their infrastructure and reducing life to a dehumanised rat race.
Thus, life in villages and in cities presents two contrasting pictures.There are positive as well as negative aspects to the both and it is up to the individuals to make the most of it irrespective of the rural or urban setting that one lives in.
26.What is the word “emblematic” closest in meaning to？答案顯示:【D】
27.In which section is this passage most likely found？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Health（B）Indian Art（C）Life Style（D）Travel
28.What is implied about urban India in the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）People have a less tendency to consider material possessions.
（B）There is no need to worry about water supply because of adequate rainfall.
（C）The population increases at a slow pace due to a dehumanised rat race.
（D）People are deprived of positive human qualities by the pressure of urban life.
29.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）People in villages have an inclination to materialism.
（B）People in urban India have higher educational standards.
（C）There are more problems in the villages than those in the city.
（D）People in villages yearn for living in the countryside.
30.According to the passage, who is most likely to live in the rural area？答案顯示:【A】
（A）A wealthy planter wearing rags that loves working in his orchard every morning.
（B）An entrepreneur that does trade with a merchant owning Nigeria’s 2nd Largest Rice Farm.
（C）A hardworking dentist who specializes in treating the tissues around the teeth.
（D）A retired high school teacher who lives in a small chalet with an extensive area of lawn.
請依下文回答第 31 題至第 35 題：
Mada’in Saleh was known as Hegra by the Nabataean people who carved its magnificent tombs into the golden Quweira sandstone outcrops.They were also known for their incredible familiarity with the desert and their ability to fade into it to evade enemy tribes.Their system of hidden cisterns
dug deep in the interior provided water for their livestock and their people.The real cause of the success of the Nabataeans, however, was control over much of the spice trade.Many spices from southern Arabia were brought up to the north along trade routes to be purchased by people around the Mediterranean and in the Near East.
The details on the entrance portals and the smooth surfaces of its 111 tomb façades reflect the great skills of the masons of the Nabataeans’ time.The splendor of the natural setting here must have reminded the Nabataeans of their capital, Petra.It is no wonder that they chose this very spot to build their second city, Hegra, because it was a crossroads where the major north-south incense route intersected a road from the Red Sea to the Persian Gulf.
The ruins of the town of Hegra lie on the plain some distance from their tombs.The buildings, still for the most part unexcavated, were made of unimpressive sun-dried mudbrick.What is known about Hegra comes primarily from the tombs, the many inscriptions carved into their façades, and references found elsewhere.The tomb façades are finely carved and fairly uniform in their style.A portal in the center of the façade provides the entrance to the tomb.Inside are recesses carved into the walls where the bodies of the deceased were placed.
31.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）How the Nabataeans sold spices in ancient times.
（B）How the ruins of Hegra reveal the Nabataeans’ lives.
（C）How people made a living in the desert.（D）How the Nabataeans carved their tombs.
32.According to the passage, what is Mada’in Saleh？答案顯示:【A】
（A）An ancient city（B）An ancient tomb（C）A tribe（D）A capital.
33.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The inside and outside of the Nabataean people’s tombs were both finely carved.
（B）The ruins of the town of Hegra are close to Petra.
（C）The Nabataeans excelled in the spice trade only.
（D）The Nabataeans knew how to use desert to avoid enemies.
34.From which of the following sources do we learn about people’s lives in Hegra at that time？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The spices they sold（B）Their enemies.
（C）People who live there now（D）The words carved in the tombs.
35.Which of the following best replaces the word “cistern” in the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）A tank for storing water（B）A place for raising animals.
（C）A tomb found in desert（D）A language spoken by the Nabataeans.
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題：
A recent report issued by the British Parliament’s Home Affairs Committee has strongly criticized the government’s mistreatment of the Windrush generation because many of their rights have been rejected without reasons.The so-called Windrush generation is referred to those immigrants who migrated to the UK from Commonwealth nations after World War II.Yet, despite being legal immigrants for decades, those people were treated unreasonably as illegal ones.A lot of them have become unemployed, homeless, and even been deprived of their access to pensions, social security and health care.Further, the report indicates that this occurrence was caused by the implementation of various policies that makes the Home Office undergo several cultural and legislative transformations.This transition has let the ministry become inflexible and bureaucratic.
Moreover, the report also reveals that people from the Windrush generation feel obligated to follow procedures that are, in fact, meant to cheat and trick them.And significant resources for support like legal assistance and the right of appeal have all been eliminated.People like them are being ensnared
by policies that are aimed for attacking illegal immigrants.The report eventually advises that the government needs to attentively interrogate the Windrush case and discover the reasons why the policies have foundered in order to ensure that there is no recurrence of similar things in the future.The report also reminds the Home Office of the lesson learned from this Windrush scandal.
36.What is the main purpose of this report issued by the British Parliament’s Home Affairs Committee？答案顯示:【D】
（A）To inform people of the malfunction of the Windrush generation.
（B）To remind the Home Office of the dangers involved in the scandal.
（C）To instruct the Home Office how to redress the financial imbalance.
（D）To suggest the Home Office attends to the Windrush issue.
37.According to the passage, which of the following statements about the Windrush case can be inferred？答案顯示:【A】
（A）It uncovers how the government’s wrong policies could have a devastating effect on immigrants.
（B）It showcases the anxiety and agony of the illegal immigrants who have been treated unequally.
（C）It downplays the likely racial discrimination against immigrants who are alien and non-white.
（D）It unravels the various ways in which the Windrush generation was fairly treated.
38.What is the consequence of the implementation of the government’s policies on immigration affairs？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The government has regarded the Windrush generation as illegal immigrants.
（B）The government has been investigated by the parliament.
（C）The government has become stiff and commanding.
（D）The government has become receptive to criticism.
39.Which of the following words is closest in meaning to “ensnared” in Paragraph 2？答案顯示:【A】
40.What is the author’s attitude towards the Windrush generation？答案顯示:【D】
1.To［ ］your level of competency in speaking a foreign language, you need to practice it every day.答案顯示:【D】
2.The body reacts to high levels of mercury, which have been linked to many［ ］such as muscle pain, hair loss, birth defects, and muscle fatigue.答案顯示:【D】
3.Hundreds of monkeys are［ ］free throughout the campus, approaching people and expecting to be fed.答案顯示:【B】
4.Nowadays, those who possess better knowledge in technologies will have higher chance to be employed, because their［ ］in the field will help companies to meet future needs.答案顯示:【A】
5.About ten years ago, Roger came across the of［ ］his life; he was bankrupted, divorced and was diagnosed with cancer.答案顯示:【A】
You may believe that you have forgotten the mother tongue you spoke as a child, but your brain hasn't.That “forgotten” first language may well influence［6］goes on in your brain when you speak English or Japanese today.Researchers from McGill University and the Montreal Neurological Institute describe their discovery that even brief, early［7］to a language influences how the brain processes sounds from a second language later in life -- even when the first language learned is［8］spoken.It is an important finding because it tells scientists not only how the brain becomes wired for language, but also how that hardwiring can change and［9］over time in response to new language environments.The researchers believe that their findings speak to the unique and［10］influence of early language experience on later brain organization.The information may also be important for creating educational practices geared to different types of learners.
（A）no longer（B）no sooner（C）frequently（D）lately
Communication is of basic importance within science itself.I think we would all agree that free communication is essential for progress in science,［11］there have been problems at the frontier with technology because in the world of commerce you cannot reveal everything you are doing.These frontier problems have been［12］in recent times; in many fields, my own of molecular biology［13］, the old openness has to some extent disappeared.Some of my younger colleagues do not want to talk in public about their work, because they think that if they speak about their own “secret,” somebody else will［14］it and make money out of it.Of course, this is only a partial view: science is also for the benefit of mankind.But the process of［15］knowledge from the academic world, with its tradition of openness, to the world of technology and commerce does present difficulties that have still not been resolved.In my view they are very serious problems.
The concept of money laundering regulations goes back to ancient times and is intertwined with the development of money and banking.Money laundering is first seen with individuals hiding wealth from the government to avoid taxation or confiscation or a combination of both.Nowadays it has evolved into a complex and highly technical process of transforming profits from illegal activities into［16］“legitimate”assets without raising the suspicion of law enforcement agencies.After money has been suitably laundered or “cleaned,” it can be used in the mainstream economy for accumulation of wealth, such as acquisitions of properties, or otherwise spent.
Many governments around the world have become increasingly［17］in their efforts to combat money laundering by passing anti-money-laundering regulations.These regulations require financial institutions to have systems in place to detect and report suspected money-laundering activities.Accordingly,law enforcement agencies of many jurisdictions have set up sophisticated systems in an effort to detect suspicious transactions or activities, and many have set up international cooperative arrangements to assist each other in these［18］.
However, the use of the Internet allows money launderers to easily［19］detection.The rise of online banking institutions, anonymous online payment services, peer-to-peer transfers using mobile phones, and the use of virtual currencies such as Bitcoin have made detecting the illegal transfer of money even more difficult.Money can also be laundered through online auctions and sales, gambling websites, and even virtual gaming sites, where ill-gotten money is converted into gaming currency, then transferred back into real,usable, and［20］“clean” money.
As money launderers attempt to keep one step ahead of law enforcement, international organizations and governments are continuing their team effort to find new ways to detect them.
Culture is a word that everyone is familiar with, but its precise meaning can be elusive.A useful definition by noted social scientist Geert Hofstede is that culture consists of shared mental programs that condition individuals’ responses to their environment.There are three levels involved in the mental programing: The deepest level--human nature--is based on common biological reactions, such as sex, drive,hunger and territoriality that all members of the human race have in common, even though they come from different cultures.The middle level--culture--is based on common experiences that we share with a particular group of our fellows.Cultural values, attitudes and assumptions about proper behavior give us something in common with a definable group of others, but not with all of them.The group may be a very large one, such
as a national population, i.e.Japanese culture; or a very small one, i.e.the culture of the committee of a local parent-teacher association.The shallowest level--personality--is based on the specific genetic makeup and personal experiences that make each of us a unique individual.For example, we may be sociable or introverted, aggressive or submissive, and emotional or stable.We all have many behaviors and understandings that are quite different from those of others, even though we come from the same culture.Culture also has the following basic characteristics.First, culture is mental programming that a group has in common that is not normally available to people outside the group.Second, the mental programing of a group is learned by its members over long periods as they interact with the environment and with each other.Third, the mental programming involved is strong.People have a hard time escaping their culture even when they want to.Fourth, culture is not random as it is a system of values, attitudes, beliefs, and meanings that are related to each other and to the context.Last, much of culture is concealed.Besides immediate surface behaviors, such as body language, and physical artifacts like art, culture also involves the underlying values, social structures, and ways of thinking.
21.What is the main purpose of the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To explain what culture means.（B）To describe how culture may develop.
（C）To explicate what values culture may have.（D）To discuss what potential effects culture may exert.
22.Which of the following words is closest in meaning to “concealed” in the passage？答案顯示:【B】
23.According to the passage, which of the following may NOT be true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The middle level of mental programing is specific to groups.
（B）The deepest level of mental programing is universal and biological.
（C）The shallowest level of mental programing is shared by all individuals of the same culture.
（D）The surface features of individuals’ behaviors are often manifestations of mental programing.
24.According to the passage, which of the following is correct about the features of culture？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Culture is largely manifest.（B）Culture is learned and enduring.
（C）Culture exerts mild influence on behavior.（D）Culture is a random assortment of customs and behaviors.
25.According to the passage, why may it be insufficient to observe only social behaviors if one wants to fully understand cultures？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Because social behaviors are transient.（B）Because social behaviors are too versatile.
（C）Because social behaviors are not observable.
（D）Because social behaviors only portray a small portion of cultures.
57.Located in the northeast part of Chiayi County in Taiwan, Alishan is home to some of Taiwan’s most astonishing natural［ ］and landscapes.答案顯示:【B】
58.Nature［ ］are established to protect iconic, special, and endangered species of plants and animals.答案顯示:【C】
59.One of the most famous traditional arts in Taiwan is glove［ ］.Even though the dummies have no obvious expressions on their wooden heads, professional performers use their hands and voices to embody them with the lively appearance of human actions and emotions.答案顯示:【C】
60.One tip for dealing with difficult customers is to put your emotions aside when listening to their［ ］or concerns and sincerely thank them for sharing.答案顯示:【A】
Five Swedish designers have worked with artisans in Taiwan to explore different lacquer techniques, and presented their works in an exhibition –“A New Layer.” The exhibition shows contemporary objects made with an ancient technique.Lacquer has been used in East Asia for over 7000 years and encompasses a variety of techniques and applications.The title “A New Layer” refers to how the lacquer is applied in several layers until the desired surface sheen occurs.
Historically, China and Japan have been the primary regions for the development of the lacquer art form.Artisans have not only mastered a single method, but developed a variety of ways in which the coating is used, both as a functional and a decorative material.Despite the long history of craftsmanship, it is not tied to tradition but is constantly changing.
Taiwan is a geographical and cultural crossroads for China and Japan but also a region with influences from Southeast Asia and Polynesia.This variegated culture is visible in Taiwan's craft traditions and has significantly colored the material that appears in “A New Layer.” The exhibition shows a broad palette of materials such as ceramics, wood, metal, wicker bamboo, fabric, pearl and stone, all of it accompanied by lacquer work applied on the objects in various ways.
“A New Layer” is a collaboration between the designers Carina Seth Andersson, Matti Klenell, Stina Löfgren, Gabriella Gustafson, Mattias Ståhlbom, National Taiwan Craft Research and Development Institute(NTCRI)and the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities.
71.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）the beauty of traditional Swedish art（B）the news about an exhibition
（C）the history of lacquer art（D）the conflict between eastern and western cultures
72.What does the title “A New Layer” refer to？答案顯示:【A】
（A）how the lacquer is put on in several coatings（B）how the lacquer is painted by several artisans
（C）how the lacquer is hidden in several regions（D）how the lacquer is approved by several institutes
73.Who collaborates to present the exhibition “A New Layer”？答案顯示:【D】
（A）people in China and Japan［ ］（B）people in Southeast Asia and Polynesia
（C）people in Sweden only［ ］（D）people in Sweden and Taiwan
74.According to the passage, which of the following statement is true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Lacquer has been used in East Europe for more than 7000 years.
（B）Lacquer is originated in both Sweden and Taiwan.
（C）Japan is one of the main regions for the development of the lacquer art form.
（D）There is only one single application possible for lacquer.
75.Where is this passage most likely from？答案顯示:【B】
（A）a research journal（B）a news report（C）a science fiction（D）a recipe book
If there is one main characteristics of the modern world that make our lives different from our grandparents’, it is probably speed.We are always on the move, and we don’t have much patience with slow systems of transportation.We want to get there, and we want to do it fast! Car makers, airline owners, and the planners of mass transit systems all share a common goal.They are trying to provide us with faster and faster ways to reach our destinations.
Nonetheless, many of us actually want to slow down.Although we complain when our plane isn’t on schedule or when we have to wait in a traffic jam, we also complain about always being in a hurry.Every once in a while, we think of the sound of a train whistle – clear and high in the air – we feel sad.There is a strong sense of nostalgia for other places and other times, when life was slower and, perhaps, better.
Why does a train whistle bring on a feeling of nostalgia？Perhaps it’s because many of us remember a favorite novel or movie that took place on a train, and the story told of danger and excitement.There’s a sense of romance about a train that simply doesn’t exist on a modern jet plane.Several railroad companies are taking advantage of the nostalgia for train travel: They are offering unique tours for travelers who aren’t in a hurry and who enjoy the romance of the past.
76.What is the main purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）to compare the transportation in the past and the present
（B）to give an overall look at modern transportation systems
（C）to explain why train travel becomes an option for travelers
（D）to show why people prefer fast systems of transportation
77.According to the passage, what is one main characteristics of the modern world？答案顯示:【A】
80.According to the passage, which of the following statement is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Most people want to travel on trains because they are fast.
（B）There is a sense of romance about a modern jet plane.
（C）Airlines offer tours for those who aren’t in a rush and enjoy the love of the past.
（D）Many exciting stories in books and in movies happened on trains.
13.A couple grieving over the death of their son in a traffic accident blamed his death on the driver′s lack of driver training and launched a public campaign calling for［ ］education for new drivers.答案顯示:【D】
14.We headed to the countryside, rich with gorgeous hills and lakes.The scenery there was［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
17.Firms that are less productive will go out of business.This creates an［ ］for firms to be as productive as possible.答案顯示:【A】
18.We ordered two［ ］, chicken wings and Mozzarella sticks, salad and soup before the main dish.答案顯示:【C】
19.When travelling with delicate or breakable objects, you′d better declare them as［ ］.The airline will put stickers on the boxes or bags and take special care of them.答案顯示:【D】
20.It was a［ ］night for travelers at Miami International Airport.Thousands of inbound passengers were stuck behind customs screening stations for hours due to a computer failure.答案顯示:【B】
21.One of the most common problems for hotel guests is when the neighbors in［ ］rooms are noisy.Speaking to the hotel staff to ask for another room is something that can be successful, particularly earlier in the night when not all rooms may be taken.答案顯示:【C】
22.There are many different types of scenery in the park.The best way to see them is to go［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）on foot（B）in good hands（C）by all means（D）off the hook
23.New research suggests that our memory can be improved when we give our brain the chance for a complete recharge with no［ ］from interventions such as checking emails or surfing the web on a smartphone.答案顯示:【C】
24.As flying becomes increasingly time-consuming and less attractive, a new London-to-Amsterdam rail route could［ ］passengers from the skies.答案顯示:【B】
25.Staying safe when skiing or snowboarding in the mountains is crucial and an important part of that is being［ ］of the risk of avalanche.答案顯示:【A】
26.A simple “Please,” “Thank you,” and “I’m sorry” in the local language［ ］a long way when you are on a trip.答案顯示:【B】
27.A medical emergency can cost you a lot of money.It is suggested that you buy travel［ ］before you start your trip.答案顯示:【C】
28.Gansu’s［ ］landscapes include the Gobi Desert, the Yellow River, numerous mountain formations, and remnants of the Silk Road and the Great Wall of China.答案顯示:【D】
29.Many of Niseko's resorts offer winter adventure seekers the option to explore off trail skiing.The backcountry can be［ ］through special gates around the resorts or experienced on guided tours and helicopter tours.答案顯示:【C】
30.If you've chosen a［ ］holiday, you'll probably have to get around on your own using taxis, buses, subways - or the tube if you're traveling to London.答案顯示:【B】
42.HOTEL CLERK: The Four Seasons Hotel.How can I help you？答案顯示:【B】
JOHN: Hello, My name is Mr.Wong.I'd like to reserve a room.Do you have any［ ］room from March 10th to March 13th？
（A）void［ ］（B）available［ ］（C）unavailable［ ］（D）vague
43.Receptionist: Yes, How can I help you？答案顯示:【B】
Tourist: I am looking for a room that would be nice for a romantic weekend.What would you［ ］？
44.William: Excuse me.I am sorry to trouble you, but could you tell me how I can get to the train station？答案顯示:【A】
Kate: Yes, no problem.It is that way.Keep walking straight ahead.After you pass the library, you have to turn left.Then［ ］your first right and it is across from the bus station.You cannot miss it!
45.Tom: I would like to［ ］my flight.Airline: Can I have your name, please？Tom: My name is David T.Jackson.答案顯示:【B】
46.You shall never leave your luggage［ ］at all in the airport.答案顯示:【C】
47.While many people avoid garlic in their food for fear of smelling of it, Romanians have a cult-like［ ］for the plant.It is thought that garlic can protect people and homes from evil spirits.答案顯示:【A】
48.From quality luxury lodges to back-to-nature camping, the selection of［ ］in New Zealand is varied and plentiful.答案顯示:【D】
49.Mount Mayon, the Philippines’ most active volcano, violently［ ］around midday on Monday, leaving a gigantic ash column in the sky and lava fragments crashing down on surrounding villages.答案顯示:【B】
50.Rumors stemming from Apple analysts suggest that a［ ］in orders means iPhone X production may cease as early as this summer, which would be the first time Apple has discontinued an iPhone before unveiling a new model.答案顯示:【D】
51.The tiny Pacific island of Palmerston is one of the most［ ］islands in the world.The journey takes nine days from Tahiti, and is long and dangerous.However, it is well worth it.答案顯示:【D】
52.Teens looking to drive can start a driver's education course as soon as they turn 14 years old - but they must wait until they are 15 years of age to be［ ］for a learner license in Texas.答案顯示:【A】
53.A: I just got invited to my boss’s house for dinner! What do you do when you are invited to someone’s house here？答案顯示:【C】
B: Well, it’s the［ ］to bring a small gift.
54.When you go out on a date for dinner, it is acceptable to share the［ ］.答案顯示:【B】
55.People［ ］23 billions cups of coffee in coffee shops or stores in the UK every year.答案顯示:【A】
56.In order to run a［ ］restaurant, you need to get a talented chef.答案顯示:【D】
57.A: We should not have invited my wife’s boss to the dinner party yesterday.He kept talking and didn’t leave until two o’clock in the morning.B: He should not have stayed so late.That was really［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
68.There was a permanent［ ］of tourist hotels in this country because more and more hoteliers and innkeepers expand investment during all these years.答案顯示:【D】
69.While more firefighters poured in to［ ］the effort, the desperate firefighting finally brought forth a glimmer of hope on the fifth day.答案顯示:【A】
70.Uber drivers will now be forced to take a six-hour［ ］after a total of 12 hours of driving time.Drivers will not be able to accept new riders during that rest period.答案顯示:【C】
First there were selfies.Then there were selfie sticks.Now comes a new phase: selfie booths, which some stores are providing as a sort of next-generation photo kiosks.In the age of ubiquitous social media, these booths and rooms seem to be the latest way to attract customers and build a brand.
At several stores of the optical company Warby Parker, customers unsure if those spectacle frames really fit them can jump into the on-site selfie booth, snap off some images and email them to friends and family for a second opinion.At Doomie′s, a vegetarian restaurant in Toronto, there is a dedicated selfie room where persons stand in front of a mirror, take a photo and post it to social media, often with a caption like ″just emerged from my food coma.″
When they were planning the restaurant, Doomie′s owners wanted clever ways to promote it and differentiate it.They noticed younger people always want something on Facebook or the like.The restaurant had an unused basement room, so they painted the floor white and had the walls prepared in cartoons.Now at least half the restaurant′s first-timers under the age of 35 visit the selfie room.On evenings when there is a wait for the table, patrons sometimes pass the time posing and posting.
When the restaurant was launched, it was covered by CBC and other news outlets just for the selfie room, and it was a hot talking point on social media.The selfie room surely helps Doomie′s business.
While places like Doomie's in Toronto are setting aside designated areas for people to take pictures with their own smartphones, other businesses are installing booths designed to take superior selfies.Selfie lovers know that pictures taken in specially lit booths come out far better than a cellphone snapshot.
71.What might be the best title for the passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Draw Cartoon on Wall and Make Your Place More Playful（B）Why Is Selfie Popular Among Young People
（C）Step Into Our Selfie Booth and Help Us Build Our Brand（D）How to Make Better Selfies without Light
72.According to the passage, where is Doomie′s selfie room located？答案顯示:【B】
（A）On the second floor.（C）On the street.（B）In the basement.（D）On Facebook.
73.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）More than one news outlet covered the story of Doomie′s selfie room.
（B）Young people don′t visit Doomie′s selfie room.
（C）Selfie booths came before selfie sticks.（D）The floor of Doomie′s selfie room is painted black.
74.What business is Warby Parker in？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Fashion wear.（B）Food and beverage.（C）Athletic shoes.（D）Eyeglasses.
75.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Adding a selfie booth in your business can be a clever way to promote business.
（B）Doomie′s seats all clients waiting for a table in the selfie room.
（C）Most CBC reporters are vegetarians.（D）Doomie′s is located in a theme park for little kids.
Anthropologists tell us that each of us walks around inside “bubbles of personal space.” The size of the bubble represents our personal territory, territorial imperative, or “personal buffer zone.” We neither like nor tolerate it when someone invades our bubble.As we travel to different places around the world, we learn that some cultural bubbles are larger or smaller than others.The American “bubble” extends about 12 to 15 inches, and so we may stand a combined 24 to 30 inches apart.Scientists point out this just happens to be an arm’s length away.One could stretch out his arm and put his thumb in the other person’s ear.
Orientals, and especially the Japanese, stand even farther apart, anthropologist George Renwick adds.When it comes to ordinary business or social situations, they have the largest bubbles of all.However, in their own public settings, where crowding is impossible to avoid, they accept body contact or just seem to ignore it, “touching without feeling.”
Latins and Middle Easterners, on the other hand, stand much closer than Americans.They may stand, literally, toe-to-toe.They may even place a hand on the other’s forearm or elbow, or even finger the lapel of the other person.
However, touch codes are changing all over the world.In the United States, politicians have learned the value of touch.They frequently give two-handed handshakes, casually touch the elbow of another, or lightly touch the back of the person standing next to them.“Pressing flesh” has become a byword on political campaigns.Also, Japanese managers posted in the U.S.factories are steeling themselves and learning to accept finger-crunching handshakes, back patting, and maybe even a friendly arm around the shoulders for the softball team photo.
76.What does “bubble” mean in the passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）the balloon in public settings
（C）the physical distance between people
（B）the toy for social situations（D）the territory of anthropologists
77.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Japanese people tend to stand far apart from each other.（B）Japanese people like to have large bubbles.
（C）Japanese people like crowded situations so that they can touch others.
（D）Japanese would attack people when their territory get invaded.
78.According to the passage, what kind of people may have the smallest “bubbles”？答案顯示:【B】
79.What does “pressing flesh” mean？答案顯示:【D】
（A）pushing people（C）making friends（B）talking to people（D）shaking hands with people
80.According to paragraph 4, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Latins start to keep farther apart from each other.
（B）Japanese sales may pat people on the back when in U.S.
（C）American politicians use firm, strong handshakes to connect to people.
（D）Japanese may put their arms around athletes’ shoulders when taking photos.
Trends come and go, and desserts are no exception.Today the egg tart is in, and perhaps tomorrow, donuts will be all the rage.However, some desserts can always withstand the test of time, and remain as popular as ever.This is definitely the case with macaroons.
Write an essay of about 250~300 words to describe the low birth rate situation in Taiwan.Your essay should include the seriousness and the influences of the situation ,and the coping strategies you would recommend to the government.
1.The American diplomatic doctrine has always meant to advance multiple goals, a doctrine that seeks to achieve the highest possible level of［ ］of one's enemies, while simultaneously enjoying the warmest reception from one's allies.答案顯示:【A】
5.My grandmother is a friendly woman who likes to［ ］to new neighbors by making cookies for them.答案顯示:【C】
（A）break down（B）end up（C）reach out（D）set back
6.El Nino has helped［ ］drought in many parts of the world, leaving millions hungry.答案顯示:【A】
7.People suffering from economic recession will migrate from the country to the city, mostly attracted by the［ ］of work.答案顯示:【D】
Every summer, in the city of Pamplona, Spain, there is a very special festival.It is called the Running of the Bulls.This very dangerous［8］takes place every morning between the 7th and 14th of July for eight days.At 8 a.m.,someone fires a rocket.When people hear it, they open the doors of the corral in which the bulls are kept.The bulls run through the streets toward the bull ring, the［9］where bullfights take place.When the bulls start running, hundreds of people run in the streets in front of them.Many of them are［10］, and some are tourists.In the last 80 years, at least 14 people have died.
Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases.［11］would include particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breathing difficulties during sleep, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of［12］dietary calories, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness.［13］to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited.The primary treatment for obesity is dieting and physical exercise.［14］, or in case of failure, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption.In severe cases, surgery is performed or an intragastric balloon is placed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length,［15］earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
（A）To supply this（B）To support this（C）To implement this（D）To supplement this
（A）resulting from（B）as a consequence of（C）resisting（D）leading to
Price elasticity of demand(PED)is a measure used in economics to show the relationship between a change in the quantity demanded of a particular good or service and a change in its price.More［16］, it gives the percentage change in quantity demanded in response to a one percent change in price.
PED is often used when discussing price sensitivity in economics.In general, the demand for a good is said to be elastic, or［17］price changes,when its PED is greater than one.That is, changes in price have a relatively large effect on the quantity of a good demanded.［18］, the demand for a good is said to be inelastic when the PED is less than one.In such cases, a large change in price is accompanied by a small amount of change in quantity demanded.
Price elasticities are almost always negative, although analysts tend to ignore the sign even though this can lead to ambiguity.According to the law of demand, when price goes up, demand goes down and vice versa.Thus, only goods which do not［19］the law of demand, such as Veblen goods for their exclusive nature and appeal as a status symbol, have a positive PED.
A firm’s revenue is maximized when price is set so that the PED is exactly one.Therefore, knowing PED helps the firm decide whether to raise, lower, or［20］price, which would require the firm to charge consumers different prices for the same product.Typically, if demand is elastic, revenue is gained by reducing price, but if demand is inelastic, revenue is gained by raising price.
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
Kraken, a 17-year-old rollercoaster at SeaWorld Orlando, an amusement park in Florida, reopened recently after several months of refurbishment.That, in itself, is unusual.The normal fate of old rides is demolition and replacement by new ones offering fresh thrills.More unusual still is that Kraken, though it had not undergone any physical upgrade during its refurbishment, had customers queuing eagerly to get on it as though it were a brand new offering.
SeaWorld Orlando is the latest in a string of parks to turn to virtual reality(VR) to recycle rollercoasters of days past.In the case of Kraken, the rider wears a headset that takes him on an underwater journey which matches the coaster’s movements, dodging prehistoric sea creatures such as pliosaurs, careering down into an underwater canyon,and straining to escape the clutches of the terrible, tentacled monster after which the ride is named.
Building a new ride is pricy, even for a big attraction like SeaWorld.For small parks, with low budgets, it can be an existential bet.VR, though, has given parks an opportunity to breathe new life into old rides, saving money as they do so.Adding VR to a rollercoaster does, however, present challenges beyond those involved when the headset wearer is either stationary or using his own muscles to move around.Matching what is seen with the sensation of movement is crucial.Get it wrong and the result is nausea.Yet, when executed properly, the pairing of rollercoasters and VR, two things that can both, by themselves, be nauseating experiences, actually helps reduce the risk of sickness.
The VR augmentation of rides is unlikely to remain limited to rollercoasters.Six Flags, one of the world’s biggest amusement-park companies, is experimenting with adding VR to drop towers—devices in which the rider experiences several seconds of free-fall before being decelerated for a safe landing.Park visitors, then, should expect to don more headsets when they strap in for their favorite rides.
21.Which of following statements about Kraken can we infer from the first paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Kraken is endowed with a new purpose even without any structural change.
（B）Kraken is an attracation which can not be easily found in a typical traditional amusement park.
（C）Kraken reopened because it is the only rollercoaster in the amusement park.
（D）Kraken has better potential for a longer life because it offers free tickets.
22.According to the passage, where does the name "Kraken" come from？答案顯示:【B】
23.According to the passage, which of the following can reduce the risk of sickness when riding Kraken？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The coaster's creating his own nauseating experiences.
（B）The coaster's remaining seated still and not moving around.
（C）The coaster's movements matching with the headset's image.
（D）The coaster's keeping his headset firmly on his head.
24.What does the word "pricy" mean in the third paragraph？答案顯示:【D】
25.What does the third paragraph suggest about adding VR to a rollercoaster？答案顯示:【A】
（A）VR can revive a rollercoaster but it calls for challenges as well.
（B）VR paves the way for the survival of small amusement parks.
（C）VR, when executed properly, increases the rollercoaster’s sensation.
（D）VR has become a trend for a big amusement park like SeaWorld.
The Slow Food movement was initiated when a European journalist, Carlo Petrini, saw that a fast-food restaurant had opened in a beautiful square in Rome.He thought it was tragic that many people today live too［11］to sit down for a proper meal and only eat［12］fast food.He decided that he has to try to do something about it,［13］he started the Slow Food movement.［14］he didn't succeed in banning that fast-food restaurant, Slow Food has become a global organization and now has more than 80,000 members in 100 countries.
Slow Food also encourages people to eat local and regional food, to use local shops and markets, to eat out in small family restaurants, and to cook［15］traditional recipes.As member Jon Winge says, "I think it's such acool idea.You support the people who produce beautiful products for you.”
When a melting glacier released its hold on a 4,000-year-old corpse in September, it was quite rightly called one of the most important archaeological findings of the century.［16］by a German couple hiking at 10,500 feet inthe Italian Tyrol near the Austrian border, the partially freeze-dried body still wore remnants of leather garments and boots that had been［17］with straw for insulation.At his side was a bronze ax of a type［18］in southerncentral Europe around 2000 B.C.On his expedition he had carried an all-purpose stone knife, a wooden back-pack, a bow and a quiver, a small bag［19］a flint lighter and kindling, and an arrow repair kit in a leather pouch.Such everyday gear gives an unprecedented perspective on life in early Bronze Age Europe.“The most exciting thing is thatwe genuinely appear to be looking at a man who had some kind of［20］in the course of a perfectly ordinary trip,” says archaeologist Ian Kinnes of the British Museum.“These are not artifacts placed in a grave, but the fellow’s own possessions.”
Scientists in the United States are planning to create lie-detection software for emails and text messages.The new software is being developed by a team led by Jeff Hancock at Cornell University in New York State."We asked people to come into the labs and write lies and we had other people come in and write the truth," says Hancock."Using this method, we've developed a database of tens of thousands of emails.”
The scientists have analyzed the data and identified a number of methods to predict whether or not a person is lying.One of the most important methods is the length of a message.Lying emails have, on average, 28% more words than truthful messages.Another method is the overuse of sense words, such as "see," "feel," and "touch." "When you're lying, you want the other person to believe you, so you give more details," says Hancock.
Liars also tend to use pronouns like "we" and "they" rather than "I" as a way of distancing themselves from a lie because they feel guilty."People often use negative emotional words too, because they feel uncomfortable when they're lying," says Hancock."So they will use terms like "sad," "angry," "unhappy" and "stressed."
Previous research has shown that up to one third of communications at work involve lying of some sort.The most common workplace lie is pretending to be sick to avoid going to work.
But Peter Collett, a psychologist who has written a book on lying, is skeptical about Hancock's work."You can see if somebody is lying by looking at their body language, how fast they talk, and how they speak," he says."How can a computer program see all this？They've clearly done a lot of research, but with emails all you have is words."
21.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）New Computer Software to Catch Lying Emails（B）New Computer Software to Analyze Vocabulary
（C）New Computer Software to Warn People Not to Lie（D）New Computer Software to Help Conduct Research
22.Which of the following statements is true about Hancock's experiment？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The same group of people were asked to come into the labs to write both lies and the truth.
（B）The scientists are developing some methods to detect if a person is lying in emails.
（C）The scientists took advantage of previous database of numerous emails.
（D）His experiment found around 28% of communications at work were lies.
23.According to the passage, which of the following signs could appear in lying emails？答案顯示:【D】
（A）fewer pronouns in a message（B）being poorly written with grammatical errors
（C）containing an unexpected zip file（D）more words in a message
24.Why does the psychologist Peter Collett disagree on Hancock's method？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Because he believes that body language can detect lies.
（B）Because he is unconvinced that computers can detect lies.
（C）Because his published book proves Hancock's experiment wrong.
（D）Because he doubts that the speed of talking can be a better indicator.
25.According to Hancock, which of the following words is NOT likely to be found in a lying email？答案顯示:【D】
Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology.Electronic technology includes［26］and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites.Examples of cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and［27］pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles.Kids who are being cyberbullied are often bullied in person as well.Additionally, kids who are cyberbullied have a［28］time getting away from the harm.Cyberbullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone.
Cyberbullying messages and images can be posted anonymously and［29］quickly to a very wide audience.It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source.Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult after they have been posted or sent.
Cell phones and computers themselves are not to blame for cyberbullying.Social media sites can be used for［30］activities, like connecting kids with friends and family, helping students with school, and for entertainment.But these tools can also be used to hurt other people.Whether done in person or through technology, the effects of bullying are similar.
When people talk about Concorde, they tend to describe it the way one might describe Princess Diana: charming, elegant, and classic.The retired supersonic passenger airliner, still［31］a remarkable achievement of the engineering, first entered service in 1976.It had the most powerful and efficient engines at supersonic speeds.During flight, it would stretch between 6 and 10 inches from its normal length,［32］the heating of the airframe.A special white paint was thus used to help reflect and radiate the heat.
Concorde used to fly regularly from London and Paris to New York and Washington.It flew these routes in［33］half the time of other airlines.A trip from London to New York with Concorde took nearly three hours and thirty minutes as opposed to eight hours with Boeing 777 or Airbus 330.That is to say, it was not［34］for business people to take a day trip to New York and return home in London before pubs closed.With only 20 aircraft built,［35］, Concorde was not a success in terms of economic profit.After the aircraft’s only crash in 2000 and the 911 terrorist attack in 2001, Concorde was retired in 2003, bringing to an end the era of supersonic passenger transportation.
（A）thought up（B）regarded as（C）consisted of（D）identified with
The Pathways Programs offer clear paths to Federal internships for students from high school through post-graduate school and to careers for recent graduates, and provide meaningful training and career development opportunities for individuals who are at the beginning of their Federal service.As a student or recent graduate, you can begin your career in the Federal government by choosing the path that best describes you and where you are in your academics:
1.Internship Program: This program is for current students enrolled in a wide variety of educational institutions from high school to graduate level, with paid opportunities to work in agencies and explore Federal careers while still in school.
2.Recent Graduates Program: This program is for individuals who have recently graduated from qualifying educational institutions or programs and seek a dynamic, career development program with training and mentorship.To be eligible, applicants must apply within two years of degree or certificate completion(except for veterans precluded from doing so due to their military service obligation, who will have up to six years to apply).
3.Presidential Management Fellows Program: For more than three decades, the PMF Program has been the Federal government’s premier leadership development program for advanced degree candidates.This program is now for individuals who have received a qualifying advanced degree within the preceding two years.For additional information on the Pathways Programs overall, please visit http://www.opm.gov/HiringReform/Pathways/.
40.Which of the following groups can apply for the Recent Graduates Program up to six years？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Students who are currently working part-time.
（B）Students who are currently studying at a graduate program.
（C）Graduates who cannot apply because of their military service duties.
（D）Graduates who have applied within two years of degree completion.
Marianne Moore(1887-1972)once said that her writing could be called poetry only because there was no other name for it.Indeed her poems appear to be extremely compressed essays that happen to be printed in jagged lines onthe page.Her subjects were varied: animals, laborers, artists, and the craft of poetry.From her general reading came quotations that she found striking or insightful.She included these in her poems, scrupulously enclosed in quotationmarks and sometimes identified in footnotes.Of this practice, she wrote, “‘Why the many quotation marks？’ I am asked...when a thing has been said so well that it could not be said better, why paraphrase it？Hence my writing is, if not a cabinet of fossils, a kind of collection of flies in amber.” Close observation and consentration on detail are themethods of her poetry.
Marianne Moore grew up in Kirkwood, Missouri, near St.Louis.After graduation from Bryn Mawr College in 1909, she taught commercial subjects at the Indian school in Carlisle, Pennsylvannia.Later, she became a librarian inNew York City.During the 1920’s, she was editor of The Dial, an important literary magazine of the period.She lived quietly all her life, mostly in Brooklyn, New York.She spent a lot of time at the Bronx Zoo, fascinated by animals.Her admiration of the Brooklyn Dodgers—before the team moved to Los Angeles—was widely known.
Her first book of poems was published in London in 1921 by a group of friends associated with the imagist movement.From that time on, her poetry has been read with interest by succeeding generations of poets and readers.In 1952, she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her Collected Poems.She wrote that she did not write poetry “for moneyor fame.To earn a living is needful, but it can be done in routine ways.One writes because one has a burning desire to objectify what is indispensable to one’s happiness to express....”
41.According to this passage, which of the following is NOT a subject in Moore's writing？答案顯示:【B】
42.What does Moore refer to as "flies in amber"？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Concentration on details.（B）Quotations in her poetry.
（C）Poetry in the twentieth century.（D）A common image in her poetry.
43.According to the passage, which of the following jobs was not held by Moore？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The use of quotations in poetry.（B）Essayists and poets of the 1920’s.
（C）Marianne Moore’s life and work.（D）The influence of the imagism on Marianne Moore.
45.According to the passage, which of the following can be inferred about Moore’s poems？答案顯示:【C】
（A）They tend to be subjective.（B）They were all published in The Dial.
（C）They do not use traditional verse forms.（D）They are better known in Europe than in the US.
Are you interested in making a French omelet？Below are some steps you may follow:First, whisk together the eggs until just mixed, then season.Lay out any fillings by the hob.Second, heat a pan over a medium-high flame and add the butter and “swirl” to coat.When the foam begins to die down, pour in the eggs.Theyshould sizzle.Third, shake the pan to distribute the eggs evenly, then leave for 20 seconds until they begin to bubble.Add any filling such as onion, corn, mushrooms, etc.Next, use a fork to draw in the sides of the eggs to the centerwhile shaking the pan to redistribute the liquid to the edges.The omelet is done when still slightly runny in the middle.Finally, take off the heat, and fold two edges into the middle.Shake the pan so they roll together, then tilt it and turn your omelet on to a warm plate(you can tidy it up before serving if you like).Season with salt and pepper, and then eatimmediately!
What’s your favorite omelet recipe, and are you a stirrer or a shaker？And can these delicate French omelets ever compete with a whopping British half moon, oozing with cheese, and served with chips？
46.What is the best title for this passage? 答案顯示:【A】
（A）The butter should be put into a pan after the pan is heated.
（A）How to Make a French Omelet（B）How to Use Instruments to Make Omelets
（C）How to Distribute Eggs When Making an Omelet
（D）How to Distinguish French Omelets from British Half Moons
47.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The butter should be put into a pan after the pan is heated.
（B）We should season the eggs before whisking them together.
（C）We should leave the omelet for 20 seconds before we eat it.
（D）The omelet is undone if it is still slightly runny in the middle.
48.Which of the following ingredients is NOT mentioned in the passage? 答案顯示:【C】
49.What does the word “swirl” mean？答案顯示:【B】
50.Who is most likely to be the author of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
27.Mimi: I want strawberry ice-cream, Dad.Father: Well, it’s［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
You can order it later, but you must eat something else first.
Mimi:...OK! Then I’ll have beef noodles.
28.Vicky: Why is Jack laughing so loud？［ ］答案顯示:【C】
Oliver: Oh, nothing.
（A）Is it so sad？Who cares？（B）What’s so funny？（C）Let it be（D）
29.Penny: You look really unhappy.What’s wrong？答案顯示:【A】
Penny: You should go and see a doctor.
（A）I have a cold I（B）finished my homework（C）I just got my midterm grade（D）I’m very happy
30.I went shopping, but I didn’t buy［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
Saffron is known as the most expensive spice in the world.Prices vary depending on the quality as well as species.High-quality saffron can sell for as much as $ 6,000 per pound.The value of saffron results from its rarity and the intense labor［31］to harvest it.It takes 80,000 flowers to produce a pound of saffron.The harvest time is in autumn, and the process has to be carried out by hand.
The history of saffron traces back to 4,000 years ago in Iran,［32］the spice was commonly used in the cuisines for the royal family.In the tenth century the cultivation of saffron was introduced to Spain by the Arabs.It is said that saffron was brought to Great Britain during the middle age by a pilgrim who hid a bulb of saffron in his stick and travelled from Middle East to Walden, a town 18 miles south of Cambridge.［33］the town’s favorable soil and climate, saffron was widely grown there and gave prosperity to the town.Today most saffron comes from Iran, India,Turkey, Spain, Morocco, and Greece, among which Iran is responsible for 90% of the production worldwide.
From ancient times saffron has been used in cooking and medicine.It is regarded as a(n)［34］ingredient for many regional specialties, including Spanish paella, Italian risotto, Saudi-Arabian coffee and tea, Indian curry, and Swedish saffron bread.Furthermore, this spice is used to treat diabetes, asthma, cough, kidney disorders, and skin diseases.It is also believed to be able to［35］the level of blood cholesterol and to prevent cancer.
（A）needed（B）needing（C）is needed（D）has needed
（A）Thanks to（B）Despite that C）Were it not for（D）When it comes to
Lawrence R.Herkimer(October 14, 1925 – July 1, 2015)was an American innovator in the field of cheerleading.He created the widely used Herkie cheerleading jump, which was named after him, and received a patent for the pom-pom, which has become a staple of cheerleading.Herkimer was known as the grandfather of modern cheerleading and often called Mr.Cheerleader.
Herkimer had been a scholarship student and head cheerleader at Southern Methodist University in Dallas.As a cheerleader, he developed what became known as the Herkie by accident while intending to perform a split jump.The move features one arm extended straight up in the air and the other on one’s hip, with one leg extended straight out, and the other bent back.At Southern Methodist, he formed a national organization for cheerleaders and created a cheerleading-oriented magazine called Megaphone.
After graduating from Southern Methodist in 1948, Herkimer started his first cheerleading camp at Sam Houston State Teachers College with 52 girls and one boy with $600 borrowed from a friend of his father-in-law’s.By the following year, enrollment had grown to 350 participants.Shortly thereafter, he was making more money from his summer programs than he was teaching the remainder of the year at Southern Methodist, so he gave up teaching and took up the cheerleading business full time.His camps had as many as 1,500 instructors teaching tens of thousands of students nationwide each summer, and his Cheerleader Supply Company was successfully retailing skirts and sweaters for cheerleading squads.
As part of an effort to provide a visually appealing device for cheerleaders, given the advent of color television, Herkimer created the pom-pon with a hidden handle and was granted patent $3,560,313 by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in 1971.He chose the name “Pom pon” after hearing that the word “pompom” had vulgar meanings in other languages.
While cheerleading at scholastic sports events dates back to the 19th century, Herkimer boasted that he took it “from the raccoon coat and pennant to greater heights,” especially after World War II, when more women began enrolling in the nation’s colleges.“I feel we have a recession-proof business,” he said in 1990.“If times get bad, a father would sell the boat before he would tell his daughter she can’t have pompons and her cheerleading sweater.” By the time he sold his various cheerleading enterprises in 1986 for an estimated $20 million, he was considered the undisputed pacesetter of the cheerleading business.
36.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Herkimer’s success as a college teacher.（B）Herkimer’s contributions to cheerleading.
（C）How Herkimer made cheerleading into an annual event.
（D）How Herkimer built a million-dollar cheerleading organization.
37.How many people attended Herkimer’s cheerleading camp in 1948？答案顯示:【B】
38.According to the passage, which of the following was NOT created by Lawrence R.Herkimer？答案顯示:【D】
40.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Before World War II, women were not allowed to join cheerleading squads.
（B）Herkimer was teaching at a university when he started his cheerleading camp.
（C）When performing the Herkie jump, one has to put his two arms up in the air.
（D）Herkimer used “pom-pon” instead of “pom-pom” due to some TV producers.
One azure morning in December, Laura Cozzolino arrived at her corner cafe in central Naples and ordered her usual: a dense espresso, which arrived steaming hot on the dark marble counter.She lingered over the aroma, and then knocked it back in two quick sips.But instead of paying for one coffee, she paid for two, leaving the receipt for the other — a caffè sospeso, or suspended coffee — with the bartender for a stranger to enjoy.
The suspended coffee is a Neapolitan tradition that boomed during World War II and has found a revival in recent years during hard economic times.From Naples, by word of mouth and via the Internet, the gesture has spread throughout Italy and around the world, to coffee bars as far-flung as Sweden and Brazil.In some places in Italy, the generosity now extends to the suspended pizza or sandwich, or even books.
Naples is a city well known for its grit, beauty, chaos and crime.Despite those things, or perhaps because of them, its people are also famous for their solidarity in the face of hardship.With its rich diversity of neighborhoods, coffee bars in Naples hold a special place as gathering points for all: senators, families with grandchildren, street artists, businessmen and beggars.
No one here seems to know precisely when or how the suspended coffee began.But that it started here speaks to the small kindnesses that Italians are known for — and also of the special place that coffee occupies in the culture.In a time of hardship, Italians can lack many things, but their coffee is not one of them.So it may be the most common item left at many cafes, as a gift, for people too poor to pay.
“Coffee consumption predated the unification of Italy by more than 200 years, so the rituals and traditions around it are very ancient,” Andrea Illy, chairman of Illy, said in a phone interview.“In Naples, coffee is a world in itself, both culturally and socially.Coffee is a ritual carried out in solidarity.” That solidarity is spreading.In 2010, an ensemble of small Italian cultural festivals gave form to the tradition of generosity by creating the Suspended Coffee Network.
The purpose was to weather the severe cuts to the state cultural budgets by organizing and promoting their own activities together.But it also started solidarity initiatives for those in need.Encouraging a donated coffee was one of them.Now, across Italy, the bars that have joined the network display the suspended coffee label — a black and brown sticker with a white espresso cup — in their windows.
“To me,” said a bartender, “The philosophy of the suspended coffee is that you are happy today, and you give a coffee to the world, as a present.”
41.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）A heartwarming tradition and its practice..（B）A recipe for making good coffee.
（C）The folklore and geography of a city（D）A moral lesson about generosity.
42.What is true about Laura Cozzolino in the cafe？答案顯示:【B】
（A）She examined the color of the expresso and gave it back to the bartender.
（B）She relished the wonderful smell of the expresso and drank it quickly.
（C）She associated the expresso with something else and lost in her memory.
（D）She felt energetic and knocked on the counter twice.
43.What does the word “weather” in the passage mean？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To recover from a serious damage.（B）To manage through a difficult situation.
（C）To prevent something from happening.（D）To result in a disaster.
44.According to the passage, why is coffee so important to people in Naples ？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Coffee is very difficult to get during hard times.
（B）Coffee is a cultural and social ritual bringing people together.
（C）Coffee is necessary when they eat pizza and sandwich.
（D）Coffee has made all people in Naples equal, rich or poor.
45.According to the passage, which of the following statements about “suspended coffee” is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is mostly on the house; therefore, it’s free.（B）It is available in every coffee shop in Naples.
（C）It is deposited by the customer to save trouble next time.（D）It is coffee donated for strangers.
Umbilical cord blood was once discarded as waste material but is now known to be a useful source of blood stem cells.After a baby is born, cord blood is left in the umbilical cord and placenta.It is easy to collect, with no risk to the mother or baby.It contains haematopoietic(blood)stem cells: rare cells normally found in the bone marrow.Haematopoietic stem cells(HSCs)can make every type of cell in the blood – red cells, white cells and platelets.They have been used for many years in bone marrow transplants to treat blood diseases.
Cord blood is used to treat children with cancerous blood disorders such as leukemia, or genetic blood diseases like Fanconi anemia.The cord blood is transplanted into the patient, where the HSCs can make new, healthy blood cells to replace those damaged by the patient’s disease or by a medical treatment such as chemotherapy for cancer.In this way, cord blood offers a useful alternative to bone marrow transplants for some patients.It also seems to be less likely than bone marrow to cause immune rejection or complications such as Graft versus Host Disease.
However, cord blood transplants also have limitations.Treatment of adults with cord blood has so far proved to be very challenging, despite some successes.Cord blood can also only be used to treat blood diseases.No therapies for non-blood-related diseases have yet been developed using HSCs from either cord blood or adult bone marrow.A major limitation of cord blood transplantation is that the blood obtained from a single umbilical cord does not contain as many haematopoeitic stem cells as a bone marrow donation.A transplant containing too few HSCs may fail or could lead to slow formation of new blood in the body in the early days after transplantation.This has been partially overcome by transplanting blood from two umbilical cords into larger children and adults.Some researchers have also tried to increase the total number of HSCs obtained from each umbilical cord by collecting additional blood from the placenta.Much research is focused on trying to increase the number of HSCs that can be obtained from one cord blood sample by growing and multiplying the cells in the laboratory.This is known as “ex vivo expansion”.Several preliminary clinical trials using this technique are underway.The results so far are mixed: some results suggest that ex vivo expansion reduces the time taken for new blood cells to appear in the body after transplantation; however, adult patients still appear to need blood from two umbilical cords.Neither solution is entirely satisfactory.
46.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Cord blood is a panacea that can cure all diseases.
（B）Cord blood has a good application but it also has limitations.
（C）Cord blood treatment is only applicable to children.
（D）Cord blood is much easier and safer to collect than bone marrow.
47.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the feature of umbilical cord blood？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is collected during the delivery process.（C）It can cure children’s blood-related diseases.
（B）It causes less immune rejection than bone marrow.（D）It is the by-product of chemotherapy for cancer.
48.According to the author, what is the main problem about the cord blood transplants on adult patients？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Adults tend to have stronger immune rejection complications.
（B）HSCs in cord blood is inadequate for the treatment of adults.
（C）A baby’s cord blood is effective only for his or her parents.
（D）HSCs in cord blood will be killed in “ex vivo expansion.”
49.When the scientists apply the cord blood treatment to adults patients, which of the following procedure is true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）They use only part of the cord blood.（B）They collect all blood cells from the womb.
（C）They cultivate stem cells in the laboratory.
（D）They give up on test on chemotherapy for cancer.
50.Where is the passage most likely taken from？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Fashion magazine（B）Journal of Physics（C）Popular Science Column（D）Sightseeing booklet
10.The journalist visited a cheap hostel mainly for homeless people; it was filthy and the whole place［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
11.When the photographer［ ］the picture by making the legs longer, the model in the photo would look taller.答案顯示:【A】
12.Many Olympic athletes feel eternity the moment they win the gold［ ］since they will be winners for a lifetime.答案顯示:【A】
Many Americans have sought the office of president of the United States and have deliberately shaped their lives to that end.John Quincy Adams’ parents prepared him for the presidency from boyhood.But although Adams achieved his goal of becoming president, his term in the White House was［13］by his two other political careers－as America’s greatest diplomat and as its greatest defender of human freedom in the U.S.House of Representatives.
During Adams’ years in the House of Representatives, the stormy issue of slavery faced the U.S.At heart Adams was an abolitionist: he wished to［14］slavery.But he was politically prudent, and did not say so publicly.He became a leader of the anti-slavery forces in Congress but limited his efforts to constitutional means.He sought to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.He opposed its expansion into the territories of the United States.And he［15］the right of petition to Congress for abolition of slavery.
“Old Man Eloquent,”［16］Adams was called, opposed the war with Mexico that followed the annexation of Texas,which was originally part of Mexico, in 1845.He considered it an unjust war.While［17］the award of swords of honor to the American generals who had won the war, Adams collapsed on the floor of the House.He died two days later in the Capitol.
While Gross Domestic Product(GDP), the economist’s term for the total value of goods and services produced by a country every year, indicates a nation’s wealth, Gross National Happiness(GNH) reflects the happiness of a nation.Guided by the “four pillars of Gross National Happiness”－sustainable development, environmental protection,cultural preservation, and good government－Bhutan has pulled itself out of terrible poverty without exploiting its natural resources.
The country went through a series of reformation.Among the reforms of 1999, Bhutan granted its citizens access to TV－the last country on earth to do so.Some Bhutanese started to go online in the same year.Next came the daring final step of its experiment: the move to democracy.In 2006, abolishing much of his own power, the king set up a democratic government, betting his country’s future on its success.
Now, nearly three quarters of the country is still forested, with more than 25 percent designated as national parks and other protected areas－among the highest percentages in the world.Rates of illiteracy and infant mortality have fallen dramatically, and the economy is booming.Despite upcoming challenges, Bhutan seems to be a nation with high GNH.
18.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It’s about how Bhutan pulled itself out of poverty.
（B）It’s about the challenges Bhutan has faced while going for democracy.
（C）It establishes Bhutan as a high GNH nation.
（D）It compares and contrasts similarities and differences between GDP and GNH.
19.How does GNH differ from GDP？答案顯示:【B】
（A）GNH boosts a country’s economy and wealth, but GDP does not.
（B）GNH measures the happiness of a nation while GDP measures its wealth.
（C）GNH stands for Gross National Harvest, but GDP means Gross Domestic Product.
（D）GNH measures the total value of goods and services produced by a nation, but GDP measures the opposite.
20.Which of the following is NOT one of the four pillars of GNH？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Good government（B）Exploitation of nature（C）Preservation of culture（D）Protection of the environment
21.What was the final step of the series of reforms in Bhutan in 2006？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To go for democracy（B）To boost its economy with the service industry
（C）To strive for sustainable cultural preservation（D）To grant its citizens access to TV and the Internet
22.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT one of the benefits brought by the reforms in Bhutan？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Rates of infant mortality and illiteracy have decreased significantly.
（B）Bhutanese are allowed private ownership of luxury TV sets.
（C）Bhutanese citizens were granted access to the Internet.
（D）The country developed booming economy without exploiting its natural resources.
請依下文回答第 23 題至第 25 題
It is hard to imagine that the aches and pains that most people know as flu could mutate into a superflu that might kill tens of millions of people within two years.And yet, if superflu strikes－as it has done three times in the past century－that is what may well happen.In the global influenza pandemic of 1918, 25-50 million people died.Many scientists believe that another influenza pandemic is inevitable some time soon.These concerns might be little more than another background worry if it were not for the fact that there is currently a strain of bird flu in widespread circulation to which humans have no natural immunity.This strain has killed more than 60 people so far, about half the number infected.Small pockets of human-to-human transmission have already been seen, and health officials are worried that the widespread geographical extent of bird flu means that it is not a question of if a strain emerges that can be transmitted easily between humans, but when.Worried scientists have finally managed to catch the attention of politicians.Last week, the United Nations General Assembly announced a new international partnership to address avian and pandemic influenza.World health ministers will meet in Canada next month to discuss how to pool resources, boost surveillance and improve the capacity to contain and respond to an outbreak.The World Health Organization(WHO) wants more governments to draw up preparedness plans and agree on how they will co-ordinate their responses.One leading concern is the scarcity of flu vaccine.Although the WHO’s new global stockpile of anti-viral drugs is a good first line of defence, the only sure way of protecting billions of people against superflu is to vaccinate them.Few people would have natural immunity.It could also take six months from the appearance of the first superflu strain to produce a vaccine.In that time, large numbers of people would be likely to die.Anti-viral drugs rushed to the location of any outbreak might delay its spread by a month.But, even with such a delay, the world is woefully unprepared for a pandemic.Its entire capacity for flu vaccine production is only 300 million shots a year.Yet in the case of superflu, several billion people would need vaccination－and they may need two shots at higher doses.While most people only need one shot of vaccine against chicken pox or measles to have life-long immunity, flu is different.The vaccine must be produced each year from scratch because, each year, the influenza virus changes.The race to prepare for the next strain of superflu is “both a sprint and a marathon.”
23.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Humans do not have natural immunity to bird flu.
（B）International cooperation is optional in dealing with the deadly threat of bird flu.
（C）It is urgent for humans to prepare well for the global influenza pandemic.
（D）More research should be done on the history of the global influenza pandemic.
24.According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）More vaccine is needed to prepare the world for an influenza pandemic.
（B）Scientists are most worried about a shortage of effective vaccine against the flu.
（C）The global influenza pandemic had claimed lives of many people in history.
（D）Vaccine against the influenza pandemic can be produced prior to its outbreak.
25.According to this passage, which of the following is the primary carrier of avian influenza？答案顯示:【A】
請依下文回答第 12 題至第 16 題
Childbirth for a woman in the Roman world was closely scrutinized.From the moment of conception to the
feeding and［12］stages, a barrage of advice was offered to expectant mothers, some of it based on the
theories of respected medical practitioners, some of it［13］in superstitious quackery.Prior to Baby Tiberius’s arrival, Livia herself was said to have employed various old wives’ techniques to try to［14］the birth of a son,including incubating a hen’s egg by cupping it in her hands and keeping it warm in the folds of her dress, where it would［15］hatch into a proud-combed cock chick in supposed premonition of a baby boy.The more pragmatic,［16］equally unscientific advice of medical experts like Soranus recommended that the best time for conception was toward the end of menstruation and after a light meal and a massage.
請依下文回答第 17 題至第 20 題
Visitors to art museums are often overwhelmed by the number of works on display, and by what they take to be their own culpable inability to concentrate on more than a few of these works.In fact such a reaction is altogether reasonable.Art history has totally failed to come to terms with the problems of the relationship between the outstanding work and the average work of the European tradition.The notion of Genius is not in itself an adequate answer.Consequently the confusion remains on the walls of the galleries.Third-rate works surround an outstanding work without any recognition—let alone explanation—of what fundamentally differentiate them.The art of any culture will show a wide differential of talent.But in no other culture is the difference between
‘masterpiece’ and average work so large as in the tradition of the oil painting.In this tradition the difference is not just a question of skill or imagination, but also of morale.The average work was a work produced more or less cynically:that is to say the values it was nominally expressing were less meaningful to the painter than the finishing of the commission or the selling of his product.Hack work is not the result of either clumsiness or provincialism; it is the result of the market making more insistence demands than the art.The period of the oil painting corresponds with the rise of the open art market.And it is in this contradiction between art and market that the explanations must be sought for what amounts to the contrast, the antagonism existing between the exceptional work and the average.
17.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The European tradition of oil paintings displayed in museums.
（B）The problem in distinguishing outstanding and average works of art.
（C）The irresponsibility of gallery and museum employees.
（D）The inability of museum visitors to appreciate arts.
18.According to the author, which is NOT a reason for the proliferation of average work in the tradition of oil painting？答案顯示:【D】
（A）the demand of art market（B）the commission of patrons
（C）the desire of the painter to sell his product（D）the clumsiness of the painter
19.According to the author, which of the following is NOT a method to differentiate masterpieces from averageworks in the tradition of oil painting？答案顯示:【B】
（A）by analyzing the contradiction between art and market
（B）by examining the hidden notion of a genius
（C）by checking the imagination of the painter（D）by studying the skill of the painter
20.According to the passage, what is the reason for the existence of hack work？答案顯示:【D】
（A）provincialism（B）morale of the artists（C）the quality of art（D）market demands
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
The skin is an organ, just like the brain, the heart and the stomach, and since it’s an external organ, it’s the mostvisible one.The skin has important functions.First of all, skin helps protect us from extreme temperatures, damaging sunlight, and harmful chemicals.It also contains elements that help the body fight off infection.In addition, the skin manufactures vitamin D which helps the body use sunlight to build healthy bones.The rich supply of nerves just under the surface of the skin provides another important function---the ability to sense changes in temperature and feel when something touches the body.This sense of touch helps the brain know what is happening in the outside world.At the same time, skin allows parts of the body to move freely.
The skin is made up of three layers.The outer layer, called the ‘epidermis’, contains a tough material called ‘keratin’ which is also found in the hair and nails.This strong covering is crucial in protecting the body.The epidermis is constantly growing as the mature outer part is rubbed off and new skin grows to replace it.As new skin takes five weeks to reach the surface, the outermost layer is actually all dead skin.This protective coating varies in thickness on different parts of the body.For example, it is ten times thicker on the soles of the feet compared to the skin around the eyes since it needs to protect us from constant impact with the ground while walking.
The layer of skin below the epidermis is called the ‘dermis’.The way it is constructed gives the skin its strength and also allows it to stretch when necessary.In addition, the rich blood flow through this layer helps the body regulate its temperature by increasing blood flow to the skin to allow heat to escape when it’s hot outside, or by decreasing blood flow to raise the body’s temperature when it’s cold.
Under the dermis is another layer called the ‘subcutis’.It includes a sheet of fat which serves as a reserve supply of energy in case the body experiences a food shortage.The fat also protects the body from sudden changes in heat and cold, and defends the body against injury from knocks and falls.The skin is a truly amazing organ, one which both connects us with and protects us from the outside world.
21.What is the purpose of the article？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To describe how the epidermis functions.（B）To explain the importance of keeping the skin healthy.
（C）To describe the functions of the various layers of the skin.
（D）To show how people use the skin to express themselves to the world.
22.According to the article, what is NOT the physical function of the skin？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To make people look attractive.（B）To sense changes in the environment.
（C）To produce vitamin D for healthy bones.（D）To allow parts of the body to move freely.
23.In Paragraph Two, what does the underlined word “soles” mean？答案顯示:【A】
24.In Paragraph Two, what does the underlined word “it” refer to？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The epidermis（B）The new skin.（C）The mature outer part（D）The surface of the body.
25.According to the article, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）When there is more blood flow to the skin, the body temperature will not change.
（B）The protective coating of the epidermis can be different depending on the parts of the body.
（C）The fat in the inner most layer of skin defends the body against injury from knocks and falls.
（D）The skin is an external organ which connects us and protects us from the outside world.
6.The terrible car accident has resulted in a［ ］injury to the famous pianist’s hands and she will not be able to play the piano again.答案顯示:【C】
7.With climate change looming over us, a growing number of species are［ ］and nearing extinction.答案顯示:【A】
The Council of Agriculture’s(COA)system for tracing farm products to their points of origin was instituted in 2007.The system has increased food safety by enhancing［8］.Besides, it has also spurred participating farmers［9］more environmentally friendly means of cultivation.In 2013, the COA introduced［10］rules for certifying and labeling organic products.Growers who do no thave their produce certified are［11］from labeling their produce as “organic.”［12］, many farmers who utilize organic growing practices but have not received certification have begun referring to their produce as “toxin-free.”Consumers many enjoy more safe food nowadays.
As the light shines through the arched windows on all sides of the main hall, New York’s Grand Central Terminal looks like a cathedral.It certainly doesn’t resemble anything as［13］as a train station.［14］, there aren’t any trains to be seen(its 44 platforms are all underground).The hall is an awe-inspiring sight.Visitors stop, stand, and stare.They gaze open-mouthed and speechless and［15］at its size.They experience the kind of silent wonder more often found in a historic church or monument.
The hall is enormous – 470 feet long and 125 feet wide.At both ends there are marble steps, modeled［16］the staircase in the Paris Opera House.In the middle there is a four-sided brass clock on top of an information booth, a popular meeting point.Balconies with huge, square columns run on either side.But it is the height of the ceiling, as high as a 12-story building, which takes your［17］away.The vast, blue-green ceiling is decorated with lights that depict all the stars of the zodiac with the heavens behind.
（A）In brief（B）In a nutshell（C）To conclude（D）To start with
（A）after（B）before（C）next to（D）in front of
請依下文回答第 18 題至第 20 題
In China, the battle to control information is largely waged online.The Communist Party blocks most foreign social media, routinely censors dissenting views and punishes those who repeatedly speak out.It employs around 2m people to police the Internet and bombard users with positive messages about the regime.Yet criticism of the party still bubbles up.Even as the authorities try to tighten controls, netizens devise new ways of airing their views more freely.Zhihu, a question-and-answer site on which people mostly ponder mundane topics such as fitness or films, has emerged as a surprising springboard for political discussion.
Internet users everywhere migrate between social-media platforms as preferences change.But in China a site’s popularity is determined as much by users’ pursuit of freedom as it is by their love of fashion.Weibo, a Twitter-like microblogging site, gained a colossal following after it was launched in 2009(Twitter itself is blocked).Many users relished the opportunity to air sensitive views and link up with like-minded people.It has since been eclipsed by the rise of WeChat, a messaging app which the authorities find less threatening, and so censor less.
Zhihu, meaning “Do you know?” in classical Chinese, started in 2011 as a copycat of Quora, an American site.It is now China’s most popular question-and-answer portal, with 100m monthly active users(compared with Weibo’s 261m and WeChat’s 800m).It has evaded some of the strictures suffered by other forums because it is neither a news site nor a means of exchanging salacious videos(a new preoccupation for regulators, who recently called for 24-hour monitoring of live-streaming sites).Zhihu targets young urban professionals, who in China tend to be more willing than others to comment on sensitive topics.In January Zhihu users expressed doubts about the reliability of a televised confession made by a bookseller from Hong Kong, Gui Minhai, who is being detained by Chinese police for selling gossipy books about the country’s leaders.
18.According to the passage, who are more willing to comment on sensitive topics in China？答案顯示:【D】
19.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Zhihu？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It was launched in 2009（B）It has 261 million monthly users.
（C）It is a Twitter-like microblogging site（D）It triggers political discussion.
20.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Zhihu means “Do you know” in Classical Chinese.（B）WeChat has the most monthly users in China.
（C）China employs around 3 million people to police the Internet.（D）Twitter is blocked in China.
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
Heifer International, based in Little Rock, Arkansas, is a nonprofit organization working to eradicate poverty and hunger through sustainable, values-based holistic community development.Heifer distributes livestock such as goats,bees, and water buffalo, along with agricultural and values-based training, to families in need around the world as a means of providing self-sufficiency.Recipients must agree to “pass on the gift” by sharing animal offspring, as well as the skills and knowledge of animal husbandry and agricultural training with other impoverished families.
Heifer International began as Heifers for Relief in 1944.Its founder, an Ohio farmer named Dan West, was a Church of the Brethren relief worker during the Spanish Civil War.His mission was to provide relief, but he soon discovered the meager single cup of milk rationed to the weary refugees once a day was not enough.In 1938, while West was ladling out milk to hungry refugee children, he suddenly had a thought: What if they had not a cup, but a cow? That teach-a-man-to-fish philosophy is what drove West to found Heifer International.
Heifer International empowers families to turn hunger and poverty into hope and prosperity, but its approach is more than just giving them a handout.Heifer links communities and helps bring sustainable agriculture and commerce to areas with a long history of poverty.Heifer animals provide partners with both food and reliable income, as agricultural products such as milk, eggs, and honey can be traded or sold at market.When many families gain this new sustainable income, it brings new opportunities for building schools, creating agricultural cooperatives, forming community savings, and funding small businesses.
Passing on the gift, the core of Heifer’s model enables families to share the training they receive and pass on the first female offspring of their livestock to another family.This extends the impact of the original gift, allowing a once impoverished family to become donors and full participants in improving their communities.
21.What is the main purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To encourage people to become animal donors（B）To describe an effective way of creating income.
（C）To introduce a successful charitable organization（D）To challenge the idea of helping poor communities.
22.What is the third paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Heifer’s focusing on areas with a long history of poverty.
（B）New business fundings loaned by Heifer to boost job opportunities.
（C）Suitable agricultural and commercial products selected by Heifer.
（D）Heifer’s unique approach to help poor families improve their lives.
23.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Heifer International？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It donates money to poor families across the world.（B）It helps poor families buy and raise suitable animals.（C）It enables poor families to live in a self-sufficient way.
（D）It trains poor families how to gain success in business.
24.What does meager mean in the second paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
1.Anyone who committed a homicide shall be punished in accordance with the［ ］Code.答案顯示:【B】
2.At trial, the judge decided to dismiss the complaint and［ ］the defendant.答案顯示:【A】
3.The［ ］in charge of the jail said that two inmates broke out of the jail last night.They are now working with the police to find out the whereabouts of the two inmates.答案顯示:【B】
4.The drug dealer agreed to［ ］against the drug ring leader in exchange for a reduced penalty.答案顯示:【B】
5.Domestic violence in a household is detrimental to the child.答案顯示:【C】
6.The lawyer filed a motion to the court to release the defendant［ ］bail.The judge granted his motion and set the bail at 1 million dollars.答案顯示:【B】
7.“Buckle up.It’s the law.You may be pulled over if you are not properly buckled up,” highway patrol officer said.Highway patrol officer is asking drivers to［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）fasten seat belt（B）speed up（C）keep a safe distance（D）avoid tailgating
8.The murderer was gunned down in the shootout by the police.He was pronounced［ ］on scene.答案顯示:【B】
9.The drug dealer was busted during a SWAT raid.He was found in possession of 2 kilos of heroin, authorities said Wednesday.答案顯示:【A】
10.The defense attorney filed a motion to suppress the DNA evidence, claiming that the evidence had been contaminated due to improper chain of custody.答案顯示:【B】
DNA is a powerful investigative tool because no two people have the same DNA.The only exception scientists have found to this is identical twins.The sequence, or order, of the DNA building blocks is different in particular regions of the cell, making each person’s DNA unique.Because of this, DNA evidence collected at the scene of a crime can link a suspect to the crime or can eliminate someone from suspicion.DNA is similar to fingerprints, but has been considered more accurate for the past decade.DNA can also link evidence to a victim by using DNA of relatives if the victim’s body cannot be found.For example, if technicians have a biological sample from the victim, such as a bloodstain found at the crime scene, the DNA taken from that bloodstain can be compared with DNA from the victim’s biological relatives to determine whether the bloodstain came from that particular victim.When a DNA profile developed from evidence at one crime scene is compared with a DNA profile developed from evidence found at another crime scene, the crimes can be linked to each other or to the same suspect, making it possible to link crimes committed at a distance from one another.
Although many forensic scientists had begun to think of DNA as a miracle identifier, in 2009, scientists for the first time found that it was possible to fabricate DNA evidence from a person other than the donor of the blood or the saliva.This means that someone could plant another person’s DNA at a crime scene, causing the person whose DNA was found to be considered a prime suspect in a case.While this does not mean that DNA evidence will no longer be important, it reinforces that solving crimes must continue to rely on more than science to find a guilty party.
11.What is the primary purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）to show that DNA is a powerful investigative tool
（B）to illustrate how the unique characteristics of DNA make different types of comparisons and eliminations possible
（C）to teach the reader that identical twins have the same DNA
（D）to show how laboratory technicians develop DNA profiles
12.All of the following are true EXCEPT‧答案顯示:【B】
（A）everyone, except for identical twins, has different DNA.
（B）the sequence of DNA building blocks is the same in particular regions of the cell, making comparisons possible.
（C）DNA can be used for comparisons or eliminations of offenders from different regions.
（D）DNA from relatives can be used to identify victims.
13.According to the passage, DNA should be collected from a crime scene because‧答案顯示:【C】
（A）it is better than fingerprints.（B）there is DNA left at every crime scene.
（C）it can be used to eliminate potential suspects.（D）DNA is a new investigative tool.
14.Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）DNA can be collected from sources other than blood.
（B）DNA can be collected only from bloodstains.（C）DNA cannot be collected from bloodstains.
（D）DNA can connect crime scenes only if it is taken from bloodstains.
15.The recent scientific finding that DNA evidence can be fabricated is most likely to result in‧答案顯示:【D】
（A）discontinuing any efforts to collect DNA at a crime scene.
（B）the field of forensic science losing its current popularity.
（C）the end of innocent people being freed from prison on the basis of DNA evidence.
（D）renewed efforts to find evidence other than DNA at crime scenes.
Many people confuse education and training, but they are not the same thing.Education is knowledge-based and is defined as a body of academic knowledge that is most often learned in a classroom setting.Training is coaching to become proficient in particular behaviors or actions.Sometimes the two are confused because many training experiences, like a police academy, often involve many hours of classroom instruction.Such institutions combine elements of education and training, but the differences between the two remain.Knowledge is theoretical.Using a law enforcement example, you can study the laws of arrest without ever having to arrest anyone, but you need to be trained in handcuffing techniques if you will be expected to actually take someone into custody.Similarly, you can study laws and court cases pertaining to deadly physical force without ever having to fire a weapon.Training, on the other hand, is skills-based.It covers what you need to do, as much as what you need to know, in order to perform a task or group of tasks.Learning when or why is not the same as learning how.
16.The best title for this passage would be‧答案顯示:【B】
（A）When or Why Is Not the Same As How.（B）Education versus Training.
（C）The Benefits of Studying Case Law.（D）The Importance of Handcuffing Techniques.
17.The main idea of the passage is that‧答案顯示:【A】
（A）ducation and training are different.（B）education and training are the same.
（C）people often confuse education and training.（D）raining is ineffective without the foundation of education.
18.Based on the passage, the activity most likely to be defined as training is‧答案顯示:【C】
（A）tudying for a graduate school entrance exam.
（B）learning the firearms laws.（C）learning how to fire a shotgun.（D）earning a foreign language.
19.Based on the passage, the activity most likely to be defined as education is‧答案顯示:【B】
（A）learning how to drive（B）learning the firearms laws.（C）learning handcuffing techniques（D）studying for the police entrance exam.
20.The word coaching in line 3 of the passage is closest in meaning to‧答案顯示:【D】
（A）escorting（B）accompanying（C）acting（D）guiding and drilling
二、多重選擇題：(每題 3分，共 60分)
21.Only one of the thieves who robbed the jewelry store was caught since his［ ］got away.答案顯示:【ACD】
26.The future of policing［ ］by a number of interrelated factors.答案顯示:【DE】
（A）is going to determine（B）will determine
（C）will be determine（D）will be determined（E）is going to be determined
27.［ ］, Officer Huang is brave.答案顯示:【ACD】
（A）In spite of being a woman（B）In spite of she is a woman
（C）Woman as she is（D）Despite being a woman（E）Though a woman is
28.Take an umbrella when you go to Keelung, for it rains［ ］there.答案顯示:【AB】
（A）most of the time（B）frequently（C）most of times（D）as frequent（E）much time
29.Select the sentences that are written clearly and grammatically correctly.答案顯示:【AC】
（A）Having finished the police report, Officer Chang closed the case.
（B）Having finished the police report, the case was closed.
（C）Officer Chang closed the case after he had finished the police report.
（D）As soon as the police report been finished, the case was closed.
（E）No sooner than the case was closed, Officer Chang had finished the police report.
30.Select the sentences that are written clearly and grammatically correctly.答案顯示:【BE】
（A）Of all the dogs in the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the most bravest.
（B）In the K-9 Corps, Zelda is braver than other dogs.
（C）Of all the dogs in the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the braver.
（D）n the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the more brave dog.（E）Of all the dogs in the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the bravest.
31.The defendant was sentenced to five years in prison.He will be［ ］and serve the jail term.答案顯示:【BCE】
（A）brought the fire under control（B）put up with the fire
（C）put out the fire（D）distinguished the fire（E）extinguished the fire
40.Choose incorrect and illegal driving behaviors from the following descriptions:答案顯示:【ABE】
（A）to leave a child unattended in the vehicle（B）to always drive on a sidewalk
（C）to exercise due care by keeping a safe distance
（D）o respect the right of way（E）o use high occupancy vehicle(HOV)lane whenever you are in a hurry
50.It is dangerous.Do not［ ］the fire scene.答案顯示:【D】
51.The police officer in that case stopped a［ ］car.The limit over there is 60MPH.答案顯示:【D】
The legal doctrine offalse lightaddresses people’s right to not have false or misleading information, which puts them in a false light, made public.In other words, it deals with the invasion of a person’s privacy by disseminating false or misleading information, rather than the gathering of information through invasion of privacy.
Walter leaves his position on the City Council to care for his wife, who has serious health problems.The small town’s local newspaper prints a story about Walter’s resignation, alluding to “anonymous sources” reporting Walter was a little too friendly with the administrative assistants and other women at the office.This led to talk about whether Walter had an affair.Walter, who is certainly friendly with everyone at the office, never had an affair, and is terribly embarrassed and indignant over the incident, and the damage to his reputation.Because the newspaper disclosed information that painted Walter in afalse light, he may choose to file a civil lawsuit under the tort of false light.In this case, the misleading information was published in the town newspaper, intentionally, with reckless disregard for the falsity of the information, in exchange for higher readership.
52.What is the purpose of the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）To demonstrate the power of mass media（B）To describe the personality of the victim.
（C）To analyze how an affair may happen（D）To explain a legal concept.
53.What does false light mean？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Publication of incorrect information（B）Reporting news without permission.
（C）Collection of erotic photos（D）Protecting personal privacy.
54.What does it in the second sentence refer to？答案顯示:【B】
55.According to the passage, which is true about Walter？答案顯示:【A】
（A）He is a caring husband.（B）He loves to share information.（C）He is the most popular person in the office（D）He has been fighting against the newspaper.
Juvenile delinquents are often defined as children between the ages of 10 and 17 who have committed a criminal act.There are two main types of offenders: repeat offenders and age-specific offenders.Repeat offenders are also known as “life-course［56］offenders.” These juvenile delinquents begin offending or showing other signs of antisocial behavior during adolescence.Repeat offenders continue to engage in criminal activities or aggressive behaviors［57］after they enter adulthood.The other type of juvenile delinquent behavior,age-specific offenders, begins during adolescence.［58］the repeat offenders, however, the behaviors of the age-specific offender ends before the minor becomes an adult.The behaviors that a juvenile shows during adolescence are often a good［59］of the type of offender he will become.While age-specific offenders leave their delinquent behavior behind［60］they enter adulthood, they often have more mental health problems,engage in substance abuse, and have greater financial problems than adults who were never delinquent as juveniles.
53.If someone opens a door just before self-extinguishment is achieved, the entire room may turn into flames with fresh air flowing into the hot fire source and mixing with the unburned fuel volatiles.This phenomenon is known as［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
55.No access to a fire scene is［ ］to anyone without prior approval from fire scene investigators.答案顯示:【D】
The Roman emperor Augustus is credited with instituting a corps of fire-fighting watchmen in 24 BC.In that era most cities had watchmen who［56］an alarm at signs of fire.The principal piece of fire-fighting equipment in ancient Rome and into early modern times was the bucket,［57］from hand to hand to deliver water to the fire.
Another important fire-fighting tool was the ax, used to remove the fuel and prevent the［58］of fire as well as to make openings that would allow heat and smoke to escape a burning building.In major blazes long hooks with ropes were used to［59］buildings.When explosives were available, they would be used for this same purpose.
The first modern standards for the operation of a fire department were not established until 1830, in Edinburgh, Scotland.These standards explained, for the first time, what was expected［60］a good fire department.
一、Please translate the following paragraph into Chinese（15分）The Coast Guard is committed to ensure the peace of the coast and territorial waters in Taiwan.In addition to the protection of marine resources and the safety of the nation, the Coast Guard is legally responsible for the following duties:
(一)Law enforcement of the coastal regulation zone
(二)Safety inspection of vessels departing from or arriving in ports
(三)Investigation of smugglings, illegal exit or entry into the country, and other illegal activities on the coast, seas and rivers
(四)Intelligence collection, investigation and resolving of smugglings, illegal infiltration and national security issues
二、Please translate the following paragraph into English（10分）
46.To［ ］planning, coordination and implementation of marine-related policy, as well as to conduct affairs related to waters and coast guarding, marine conservation and marine research, the Executive Yuan establishes the Ocean Affairs of Council.答案顯示:【C】
47.The CGA is in charge of boarding, inspection, and criminal investigation of the Republic of China vessels or foreign vessels subject to international［ ］on the high seas.答案顯示:【D】
48.［ ］is the change in stability of a vessel caused by liquids moving about freely in a tank or hold.答案顯示:【C】
（A）Side effect（B）Free surge effect（C）Free surface effect（D）Cause and effect
49.The CGA works with experts and specialists in marine science,［ ］the agency’s work process, and raises public awareness for marine conservation and sustainability by exploiting the power of social media.答案顯示:【C】
50.The Kaohsiung Marine Bureau thought that if the fishermen were given［ ］for recycling their nets,they would not get rid of them by throwing them in the water, and would instead take them to the recycling zone and benefit from the effort.答案顯示:【B】
The Automatic Identification System(AIS)is a short-range coastal tracking system currently used on ships.It was developed to provide identification and positioning information to both［51］and shore stations.Ships of 300 gross tonnage or more sailing on international voyages, freighter ships of 500 gross tonnage or more sailing in local waters, and all passenger ships［52］size are required by the International Maritime Organization to carry AIS equipment.AIS transponders automatically broadcast information at regular［53 ］.Navigational status data is transmitted every 2 to 180 seconds, depending on a ship’s activity.In addition, voyage related data is broadcast every 6 minutes.These signals are received by AIS transponders installed on other ships or by land-based systems.
The AIS signals have a horizontal range of about 40 nautical miles,［54］that AIS traffic information is only available around coastal zones or in a ship-to-ship zone.AIS communication takes place using two VHF frequencies, 161.975 MHz and 162.025 MHz.Although only one radio channel is necessary, each station transmits and receives over two radio channels to avoid interference problems and to allow channels to be shifted among ships［55］communication loss.
（A）free from（B）irrespective of（C）in contrast to（D）by order of
（A）meant（B）meaning（C）to mean（D）being meant
The International Maritime Organization(IMO)has within its mandate to make trade and travel by sea as safe and secure as possible.To reduce any threats with the potential to［56］maritime security, the Organization develops suitable regulations and guidance through the Maritime Safety Committee and with input from its Facilitation Committee and Legal Committee.
The threat posed by piracy and［57］robbery against ships has been on the IMO’s agenda since the early 1980s.In the late 1990s and the early 2000s, the focus was on the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca and Singapore.More recently, since 2005, the Organization has focused on piracy［58］the coast of Somalia, in the Gulf of Aden and the wider Indian Ocean.Currently, it is implementing a strategy for enhancing maritime security in West and Central Africa,［59］the region’s maritime security agreements.The Organization, with support and cooperation from the shipping industry, has developed and adopted several antipiracy［60］, which have contributed to the mitigation of the negative impact posed by piracy worldwide.
（A）for fear of（B）in line with（C）at the cost of（D）on the way to
The type of activity police investigators engage in and material gathered［41］, depending on whether investigations use the reactive or proactive method.［42］, they all go through similar stages.Every investigation is different and may require a different route through the process, e.g., in some cases the identity of the offender is known［43］and the investigation quickly enters the suspect management phase.［44］,the identity of the offender may never be known or is discovered only after further investigation.When receiving reports, counter staff should ensure that［45］record, retain and reveal all material and pass it to the investigating officer.
（A）Therefore（B）As a result（C）As a matter of fact（D）However
（A）in the end（B）from the outset（C）without doubt（D）out of necessity
（A）At last（B）In others（C）For this（D）Since then
A psychologist suspected that there were subtle cues that were influencing the police questioning process in interviewing eyewitnesses, which causes misremember.She watched videotape after videotape of witness interviews,looking for these cues but she couldn’t see anything.There were so many activities in each interview—all the facial expressions, the different ways the questions were posed, the fluctuating emotions—that she couldn’t detect any patterns.
So she came up with an idea: she made a list of a few elements she would focus on—the questioners’ tone, the facial expressions of the witness, and how close the witness and the questioner were sitting to each other.Then she removed any information that would distract her from those elements.She turned down the volume on the television,so instead of hearing words, all she could detect was the tone of the questioner’s voice.She taped a sheet of paperover the questioner’s face, so all she could see was the witnesses’ expressions.She held a tape measure to the screen to measure their distance from each other.
And once she started studying these specific elements, patterns leapt out.She saw that witnesses who misremembered facts usually were questioned by cops who used a gentle, friendly tone.When witnesses smiled more,or sat closer to the person asking the questions, they were more likely to misremember.
46.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Interviewing eyewitnesses is a job better done by a psychologist.
（B）Police interrogation strategy could be enhanced by using videotapes.
（C）The questioner’s outfit would affect the witness’s remembering ability.
（D）Witnesses tend to misremember less when facing a stern officer.
47.Which of the following is one of the cues that the study in the passage tries to look for？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The eyewitness’s bespectacled face（B）The eyewitness’s muscular motions.
（C）The eyewitness’s habit（D）The eyewitness’s way of posing questions.
48.Which of the following is best to explain the underlined phrase “a tape measure”？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A measurement taped with marks（B）A marked measurement to tape things.
（C）A tape measured with marks（D）A tape marked with measurements.
49.Which of the following is true about witnesses？答案顯示:【B】
（A）They tend to remember things with subtle clues.
（B）They tend to misremember when interviewed casually.
（C）They tend to ignore the obvious but remember the details.
（D）They would be influenced by police interviewing protocol.
50.What is the main idea of the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Witness memory loss（B）Police’s cues to improve witnesses’ memory.
（C）Disremembering process in interviewing witnesses（D）Finding clues of misremembering.
36 Which of the following responses is unsuitable？答案顯示:【B】
Informant: The building is on fire!
Deputy desk:［ ］.
（A）Please stay calm.We will do our best to help you（B）Jump off the building immediately
（C）Evacuate immediately with a wet towel to cover your mouth and nose
（D）We will send a fire engine right away.
37.If you are trapped under debris following an earthquake, shouting can cause you to［ ］dangerous amounts of dust.答案顯示:【A】
38.According to fire dynamics, which of the following terms refers to “the transition to a state of total surface involvement in a fire of combustible material within an enclosure from the growth period to the fully developed stage in fire development”？答案顯示:【B】
Passerby: He has the breathing difficulty.
40.Civilian: Mrs.Lee has labor pains in the abdomen.It seems that she is going to［ ］a baby.Fire department: Ask her to relax and breathe through her mouth.Tell her not to push.Reassure Mrs.Lee.Tell her you have dispatched aid.答案顯示:【C】
41.Civilian: Someone is about to commit suicide by jumping off a building! 答案顯示:【B】
Fire department: We will dispatch［ ］to you right now.
42.During an earthquake, which is WRONG？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Stay away from glass if indoors（B）Do not turn on the air conditioner
（C）Use the elevators（D）Do not use the lifts.
43.According to Regulations for Emergency Medical Services, which of the following patients is NOT included？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Anyone who donates blood or organ(2)（B）Any pregnant woman who is ready for childbirth
（C）Anyone who falls down on the road and can not move due to injury or sickness
（D）Anyone who is in urgent need of medical care due to disaster
44.Do you have any［ ］history like diabetes, hypertension or hearing problems？答案顯示:【C】
45.Be aware of possible tsunamis if you live in coastal areas.These are also known as［ ］sea waves.答案顯示:【C】
46.Which of the following factors is NOT related to Heat Release Rate？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Burning rate（B）Mass loss rate（C）Heat of combustion（D）Detector
Civilian: What should I do if I were in a［47］？
Fireman: You had better cover your mouth and nose with a［48 ］.Take the nearest［49］right away.［50］immediately.
35.Tear gas and expandable baton are［ ］weapons of Taiwan Coast Guard boarding team in law enforcementoperations.答案顯示:【A】
36.During investigation and surveillance, seasoned detectives usually have their own To-Do List, including(1)to obtain any documentary evidence,(2)to check the criminal histories or(3)to link［ ］to other crimes bymodus operandi analysis.答案顯示:【A】
37.The Coast Guard has the authority to［ ］recreational and uninspected passenger vessels from crossing a bar in rough conditions by regulations.答案顯示:【A】
38.On the bridge the watch officer and［ ］personnel should work as a team to ensure safe navigation especially in narrow channel.答案顯示:【A】
39.Large marine protected areas(MPAs)closed to fishing are one component of the solution to the problem of［ ］.MPAs can preserve biodiversity and promote recovery of many species.答案顯示:【A】
45.The marine police discovered that human［ ］on the sea continues to rise at a staggering rate.答案顯示:【A】
R.O.C.Coast Guard is a federal law enforcement agency whose primary mission is similar to that of any major crimes unit, namely, conducting investigations of actual,［46］or suspected ‘general’ criminal activity, and performing search and rescue operations.Importantly, it also engages in maritime-related law enforcement, including but not limited to, preventing illegal migrant or drug smuggling,［47］Taiwan’s jurisdiction waters, assisting in enforcing port and maritime regulations, and safeguarding marine resource.In particular, the last mission is usually not widely known by the general public.For instance, R.O.C.Coast Guard clamps down on illegal trawling to protect fishery resources; in some serious cases, they may even［48］vessels and/or restrain their operation when the regulations of fisheries authorities are violated.Last but not least, R.O.C.Coast Guard also plays a significant–but often overlooked–role in maintaining the［49］of Taiwan’s boundary of administration; it provides a morediplomatic soft power than the country’s naval warfare force and exerts a substantial influence on Taiwan’s foreign policy.Its ongoing and regular［50］nearby the highly disputed Diaoyu Islands is a case in point.
13.A true friend is someone who keeps you［ ］when you are down and who shares your joy in the good times.答案顯示:【D】
14.A NEET(Not in Employment, Education or Training)refers to someone that chooses to［ ］parents instead of looking for a steady job or enrolling in training.答案顯示:【B】
（A）let down（B）live off（C）pick up（D）bring about
15.Jimmy［ ］his courage, walked toward the girl, and asked for her phone number.答案顯示:【C】
（A）stood for（B）took after（C）plucked up（D）saw through
16.The building［ ］when the quake hit and several people were killed.答案顯示:【B】
The imaginative worlds presented in science fiction may not be so far-fetched as readers think they are.［17］Mary Shelly completed Frankenstein in 1818, science fiction has been the precursor of new scientific discoveries and inventions.Robots, organ transplants, space travel, and other scientific inventions［18］considered wild imagination are now realities.Will all those odd-looking species we see in the movie series Star Wars be actually found somewhere in a remote corner of the universe？Will there be［19］one day launching attacks from the skies to destroy human beings or will they knock on our doors to say hello？Will human beings eventually scatter the universe with space colonies？Or can we travel to and fro freely between the past and the future with a time machine？All of these questions are still waiting to be answered with the passing of time.
（A）Even when（B）Ever since（C）Even though（D）Ever after
To be healthy, people need to have a balanced diet.That is why we need to eat a variety of foods to give us the［20 ］carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins we need.
Vegetables, containing a great deal of water, are an excellent［21］of vitamins and minerals.Vegetables alsoprovide fiber, which helps our digestive systems to function properly.Most vegetables contain very little fat.
When vegetables are overcooked, the minerals and vitamins in them are［22］.Vegetables that are［23］or lightly cooked are more nutritious than those that are cooked for a long time.
Barbie dolls have been part of the American culture since they were first sold in 1959.Aimed at six-to-nine-year-old girls, Barbie is made by Mattel.The company has sold more than a billion dolls worldwide.The Barbie line includes Malibu Barbie, Babysitter Barbie, and Wedding Barbie.Every year a new Barbie arrives on the market.But anyone can make a mistake,［24］Mattel shows.The company introduced a［25］of Barbie that they said would be “every mother’s nightmare.” Butterfly Art Barbie came with a butterfly tattoo on its stomach and a set of temporary transfer tattoos for the owner.A Mattel spokesperson said, “Nowadays, tattoos are classed as art.” Although the company acknowledged that the new toy might inspire young girls to want real tattoos, it argued it was only［26］fashion.The spokesperson said, “Ask any cool girl, and she’ll tell you that tattoos are one of the latest fashion crazes.” Mattel was right about one thing.Parents were［27］.And the company took Butterfly Art Barbie off the market.
（A）standing up to（B）letting go of（C）giving up on（D）keeping up with
The beautiful scenery and amazing creatures found below the waves are what draw most divers to the ocean.Some divers take up photography as a hobby.Diving magazines have been known to buy photographs of rare sea life from regular divers.
Above the surface, hired boats take tourists on whale watching trips.Whale watching during the right season allows people to see not only a variety of whale species, but seals and other sea animals as well.Some of the more eager watchers may even travel hundreds of miles to follow the paths of individual whales.Meanwhile, bird watchers work hard to discover new bird species.Serious bird watchers bring along their life lists, in which they record every species of bird that they have seen in the wild.Like whale watchers, “birders” sometimes hop continents on their mission to add new species to their lists.
Collecting parts of animals is a common hobby.While buying or selling ivory is illegal, it can be made into profitable items such as chess sets, piano keys, and jewelry.Animal skins and furs and entire stuffed animals are often found at homes as decorating items.And the hobby of butterfly collecting is one of the oldest in the world.Russian author Vladimir Nabokov was known for his life-long passion for collecting butterflies.The world’s largest collection is found in Costa Rica, a nation with more butterfly species than the entire Africa.
28.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Animal lovers’ efforts to protect rare species.（C）The land and sea animals that people like most.
（B）Making money by watching and selling animals.（D）The popular activities among animal lovers.
29.If you were a butterfly expert, which of the following places would you recommend to a butterfly lover？答案顯示:【C】
30.If you are a regular diver, you would probably.答案顯示:【B】
（A）hire boats and take tourists to watch whales（B）take plenty of pictures and sell them to magazines
（C）track down the paths of individual whales（D）check the life list of sea animals every year
31.Why are some “birders” traveling far away from home？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To watch a larger number of birds（B）To find a greater number of bird species.
（C）To bring along more bird life lists（D）To hop from continent to continent.
Recent researches have shown that how you breathe can tell you how relaxed or how tense you are.So if you want to keep a tranquil mind and not to feel anxious all the time, you should pay attention to your breathing.For example, when you are calm, your breathing is deep and steady.Your breath mainly comes from the stomach, not the chest.But when you are nervous, excited, or under pressure, your breathing changes.It becomes shallow and ragged; that is, it is short and quick.It comes mainly from the chest or throat.Sometimes, when upset, you may even catch yourself holding your breath without knowing it.Or you may exhale more quickly than you inhale.So whenever you want to calm down, try to breathe to a rhythm.Inhale to the count of three; exhale to the count of four.Then get in the habit of checking your breathing from time to time to make sure you stay relaxed and at your best.
32.What is the best title for this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）How to Hold Your Breath（B）Why Your Breathing Changes
（C）The Habit of Checking Your Breathing（D）Breathing and the State of Your Emotion
33.When you feel relaxed, which of the following statements about your breathing is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It is quick and short（B）It is deep and steady.
（C）You exhale more quickly than you inhale（D）Your breath comes mainly from your chest.
34.Which of the following best explains the word “rhythm” in this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A regular movement of body in dancing（B）A regular pattern of sound in poetry.
（C）A regular pattern of sound in music（D）A regular flow of air in breathing.
35.According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true when you are angry？答案顯示:【C】
（A）You may breathe out air faster than you breathe in（B）You may calm down by checking your breathing.
（C）You may inhale more quickly than you exhale（D）You may hold your breath without knowing it.
If you pull on a door handle, the door opens.If you sit on a bed, the springs in the mattress compress and,［36］of the compression, exert an upward force on you.We know from experiences that some sort of force is［37］to do these jobs.There are two basic classes of forces,［38］whether the agent touches the object or not.Contact forces are forces that act on an object by touching it at a point of contact.The majority of forces are contact forces.Long-range forces are forces that act on an object［39］physical contact.Magnetism is an example of a long-range force.You have undoubtedly held a magnet［40］a paper clip and seen the paper clip leap up to the magnet.A coffee cup released from your hand is pulled to the earth by the long-range force of gravity.
（A）as a consequence（B）at the expense（C）on the verge（D）for a change
（A）referring to（B）depending on（C）looking into（D）tearing from
Small businesses are common in many countries and are operated by many young entrepreneurs around the world.Although they don’t have deep pockets to［41］, small businesses have certain advantages over large companies.
First of all, small businesses are easy to start because it doesn’t require a large amount of capital to［42］them.This is particularly helpful to those entering the field of business with limited resources.
Secondly, a small firm can provide dedicated products or services［43］the specific demands of its customers.For example, a small shop can offer custom-made products that are not available in large chain stores.A small business’s ability to meet the true needs of the consumer is much higher than it is with big companies.
Finally, operating a small business allows the owner to［44］of his/her labor.The owner has the sole right tothe profits earned.He is not required to divide it with co-owners(shareholders)as［45］many bigger businesses.A small business’s owner is his own boss.
（A）cut corners（B）weather storm（C）face the music（D）climb the ladder
（A）brought out（B）called upon（C）refrained from（D）tailored to
（A）take the floor（B）pick up speed（C）make both ends meet（D）reap all the fruits
（A）by the name of（B）by the contrary of（C）in the case of（D）for the sake of
El Niño is coming and people in every part of the world are getting worried.El Niño is a mysterious weather pattern.It begins about every four years with a sudden warming of the eastern Pacific Ocean along the equator.
El Niño is caused by changes in air movements.These changes disrupt ocean currents.The warm water in the Pacific Ocean moves south along the west coast of South America.It makes the cold water off the coast of Peru and Ecuador warmer.The warming of the ocean water kills many fish, sea animals, and sea birds.But El Niño’s effects are not limited to the local area.The warming of the ocean affects weather patterns throughout the world.
El Niño is a Spanish term.It means “the male child” and usually refers to the baby Jesus.Fishermen in Peru began calling the strange weather event El Niño because it usually arrived around Christmas time.Today the term El Niño is only used when the weather event is big enough and warm enough to bring worldwide effects.
46.According to this passage, how often does El Niño occur？答案顯示:【C】
（A）every two years（B）every three years（C）every four years（D）every five years
47.According to this passage, where does El Niño occur originally？答案顯示:【B】
48.According to this passage, what does the term El Niño mean in Spanish？答案顯示:【C】
（A）the cold weather（B）the equator（C）the male child（D）the warm water
49.According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Only the Spanish are worried about El Niño.（B）El Niño usually arrives in summer.
（C）El Niño is caused by the cooling of ocean waters.
（D）Today the term El Niño is used only when it has global effects.
50.According to this passage, who first used the term El Niño to refer to the strange weather pattern？答案顯示:【A】
Angel Island is a famous historical site outside of San Francisco.Located in the San Francisco Bay, the island was used as a detention station for especially Asian immigrants and travelers who wanted to gain entry into the mainland of the United States.Between 1910 and 1940, about one million Chinese immigrants were processed at the Immigration Station.Along with Japanese and other Asian immigrants, they were being inspected, disinfected,and detained before they were allowed to enter the mainland.Today, the Angel Island Immigration Station has become a National Historic Landmark in memory of the harsh experience of Asian immigrants to the United States.
Aristotle once said, "Happiness depends upon ourselves." Please write a short essay of about 250 words to illustrate your conception of "happiness."You can give an example, tell a story, or explicate a point.Please make sure that you will give a clear definition of happiness.
1.Illegal immigrants are considered by some to be an economic［ ］on the country because they use services while paying almost no taxes.答案顯示:【A】
2.Most immigrants readily form or join existing cultural, recreational, social or "homeland" associations,where mutual aid and cooperative efforts［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
8.Gender stereotypes are set in children as early as age 6, so it's crucial to introduce an age-［ ］curriculum with regard to gender equality.答案顯示:【B】
9.Love, positivity, health, and family are all ingredients found in the［ ］to happiness.答案顯示:【D】
10.Full-time foreign students are not to［ ］receive a work permit.That is, they are not allowed to work temporarily in this country.答案顯示:【A】
Roger White(2016) assumes that religion is a potential marker of cultural similarity between societies.Two societies that share a common religion or that［11 ］the same dominant religion are likely more culturally similar than are two societies that stick to different religious beliefs.Similar to language, which acts as a representation of culture and a means［12］culture can be transmitted, to the extent that religious views［13 or influence broader attitudes, norms, expectations, and mores, it can be viewed as a［14］that allows culture to be communicated across people and time periods.［15］, the researcher employs two measures off religious distance between parent and host countries as a potential proxy variable for cultural differences.The results obtained from his study support his assumptions.
（A）adhere to（B）agonize（C）deter from（D）disregard
（A）by which（B）even though（C）so as（D）in case
（A）align with（B）conflict with（C）deviate from（D）separate from
In April 1968, Britain was debating the Race Relations Act, which made it illegal to deny a person employment, housing or public services based on race or national origin.The law was intended to protect immigrants from Commonwealth nations, especially former colonies in the Caribbean, India, and Pakistan.The first of these immigrants, 492 Jamaicans, had arrived 20 years earlier.Hundreds of thousands followed."The immigrants were called over," says Sathnam Sanghera, an author whose Sikh parents emigrated from India during that time."There was a labor shortage.There weren't enough people to run the factories after the war." The immigrants were granted British citizenship and helped rebuild Britain after World War II.But they faced racism.Landlords wouldn't rent to them.Some employers turned them away.The Race Relations Act was intended to protect immigrants.
The tension was especially obvious in Wolverhampton, one of the first cities in Britain to experience mass immigration.Enoch Powell, who represented Wolverhampton in Parliament, feared a race war coming because of mass immigration.On April 20, 1968, he took the stage at a Conservative Party event at the Midlands Hotel in Birmingham and gave an incendiary speech that would come to define him — and divide his country.In the speech, Powell warned, "that tragic and intractable phenomenon which we watch with horror on the other side of the Atlantic...is coming upon us here by our own volition and our own neglect."He attacked the bill that outlawed discrimination.He said it was whites who were facing deprivation and that Britain "must be mad, literally mad, as a nation to be permitting" large numbers of immigrants to enter.The Times of London immediately labeled it an "evil speech." Conservative Party leader Edward Heath dismissed Powell from the party leadership.But polls showed a majority of Britons supported Powell.Many protested,saying, "Powell was right." The speech emboldened racists.
16.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Race Relations Act（B）Wolverhampton's mass immigration.
（C）Britain's making immigration laws（D）Anti-immigration in Britain.
17.Which of the following best describes the intention of drafting the Race Relations Act？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To boost population growth of the country.
（B）To welcome commonwealth nationals to become labors in Britain.
（C）To safeguard immigrants from being treated based on race.
（D）To trigger race war in Wolverhampton.
18.What is the main idea of the second paragraph？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Sathnam Sanghera's parents emigrated from India.
（B）Factories did not have enough people after World War II.
（C）Immigrants helped rebuild Britain but faced racism.（D）Details of the Race Relations Act are explained.
19.According to the third paragraph, why did Powell attack the bill？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Immigrants were being mistreated.（B）People neglected immigration laws.
（C）Britain must permit large numbers of immigrants to enter.（D）White people were being discriminated.
20.Which of the following is true about Enoch Powell and his speech？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Powell's speech initiated Britain's immigration laws.
（B）Powell's speech terminated the Race Relations Act.
（C）Powell's political party did not support his racist view.
（D）Powell was right about the prospect of improved race relations.
It is reported that the entrapment felt by the soccer prodigy ran deeper than the overwhelming circumstances that brought about his fit, now widely believed to have been a combination of tension, and a possible reaction to the high dosage of painkiller that had gotten him through the semi-final.
It has been suggested that the war on terror has contributed to the growing abuse of human rights.Do you agree or disagree on the above statement？Write an English essay in NO MORE THAN 200 words to express your standpoint.Be sure to first rebut the other side’s reasons and then use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
1.Please keep your seat belt fastened when seated,［ ］the seat-belt light is not illuminated.答案顯示:【C】
（A）as if（B）despite（C）even if（D）so that
2.I will let you know what our chair says about the project, and in the［ ］I will ask others for their opinions about it as well.答案顯示:【C】
3.With our limited budget, we can only buy an［ ］car that runs well.答案顯示:【C】
6.H5N1 epidemic in 2003 caused many［ ］around the world.Many people died from it.答案顯示:【B】
7.If you want to travel to an English speaking country, you need to overcome the language［ ］between you and English speaking people, so that you won’t havecommunication problems.答案顯示:【B】
8.Scientists have found evidence that certain birth defects are［ ］with certain chemicals in our environment.But often the chemical industry refused to accept the connection between their products and birth defects.答案顯示:【C】
9.The number of households relying on various social［ ］programs to get by has increased significantly since the recent poor economic performance.答案顯示:【D】
10.Without other possible means, he left what little furniture he owned to his landlord［ ］rent.答案顯示:【A】
（A）in lieu of（B）in spite of（C）in favor of（D）in terms of
11.Language ability has traditionally been considered, by language teachers and language testers alike, to［ ］of four skills.答案顯示:【A】
The two great Puritan entrepreneurs of culture in the twentieth century, Walt Disney of Disneyland and Hugh M.Hefner of Playboy, illustrate the［12］of the USA’s middle class from accepting square values to accepting plastic values, which represents wanting to be fashionable and successful without paying the price.If Disney’s attempts to employ technology to create a Middle American utopia resulted in a plastic universe of dancing dolls, animated mermaids, and, finally, an enervated and dehumanized world where technology was the only god, Hefner’s［13］efforts to produce a secular playground were considerably less horrible.
Around the world, people are looking for new, longer-lasting sources of energy.One of these sources is the wind.Using wind turbines to generate electricity creates no air pollution and requires no fuel.Besides, wind is free! Building a turbine or mill costs money, but the wind itself costs nothing.In addition to being free, wind is［14］.We won't run out of wind the way we will run out of coal, oil, or other fuel sources.In fact, the power that wind can create is much greater than the power that the world’s current energy consumption needs.And the power can help people or small communities be［15］.They would rely only on their turbine, not a city power grid.The key to making wind power work seems to be building more and better turbines.If we do that, it seems likely that wind power will be more and more important in our future.y
Discourse is an idealized and formalized version of communicative action.In communicative action participants search for 16］understanding by offering arguments that could command assent.As［17］to strategic action, where participants are primarily interested in bringing about a desired behavioral response, in communicative action participants are interested in bringing about［18］understanding.For example, in strategic action participants often attempt to［19］each other by introducing influences unrelated to the merits of an argument, such as threats, bribes, or coercion.Such inducements can bring about the desired behavior even in situation［20］the other player is not convinced that there are any inherently good reasons to act that way.
The paths of charity may lead us to happiness.［21］.Donating and volunteering bring benefits to those who give.In terms of quantifying “happiness,” spending money on oneself barely moves the needle, but spending on others causes a significant increase.［22］.When people give to a cause they believe in, they become problem solvers, rather than bystanders or victims of circumstances.
（A）Charity depends on one’s profession.（B）Happiness depends on how little we earn and how much we give.
（C）How much we give depends.（D）There is strong evidence that those who are generous end up better off.
（A）Happiness provides an index to our wealth.
（B）It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for the rich to enter the kingdom of God.
（C）Such actions imbue us with “self-efficacy.”
（D）Wealth can solve a host of problems.
Money is an important part of life, and one should learn to manage it wisely.However, it isn’t everything.In a barren desert, a bottle of water is more valuable than a bag of gold, which is actually a burden because of its weight.On a date, a scooter can be more valuable than a BMW because a girl holding tightly to her date on the back of a scooter can have a closer bonding experience than a girl sitting in the passenger seat of a car.Most of the time, the necessity of money has been greatly exaggerated by the society.The value of money depends on the situation.It can be totally useless in one case and incomparably influential in another.The only unchangeable truth is that its utility increases when we share it—life is generous to us when we are generous to others.
We can all become masters of money if we put ourselves in the right frame of mind.When we are poor, we shall ask ourselves, “Why?” There must be a reason.When we see the rich, we should become inspired: What can we learn from them? When we are with the rich, our hearts should be at peace.Be happy for them, and be thankful for your own blessings.When we are rich, a frugal yet generous life is the true sign of good character.Some pinch pennies because they have to, but a wealthy person who wastes nothing and lives a frugal life is truly someone to be admired.
23.What is the passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）How to have a wonderful date without spending too much money.
（B）How do we distinguish between the rich and the poor.
（C）How to recognize the value of money and be a master of it.
（D）How do we get along with the rich and learn something from them.
24.Why does the author mention water and BMW in line 2 and line 4 ？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To contrast the price of daily necessities and luxury products.
（B）To explain why we need to manage money wisely.
（C）To show that the true value of things is determined by the circumstances.
（D）To give examples of expensive and valuable things in daily life.
25.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）We increase the value of the money when we share it.
（B）Being generous is a key to running a successful business.
（C）When we are poor we need to find out the reason for it.
（D）A rich man deserves respect for his frugality.
We lived on Waverly Place, in a warm, clean, two-bedroom flat that sat above a small Chinese bakery specializing in steamed pastries and dim sum.In the early morning, when the alley was still quiet, I could smell fragrant red beans as they were cooked down to a pasty sweetness.By daybreak, our flat was heavy with the odor of fried sesame balls and sweet curdled chicken crescents.From my bed, I would listen as my father got ready for work, then locked the door behind him, one-two-three clicks.At the end of our two-block alley was a small sandlot playground with swings and slides well-shined down the middle with use.The play area was bordered by wood-slat benches where old-country people sat cracking roasted watermelon seeds with their golden teeth and scattering the husks to an impatient gathering of gurgling pigeons.The best playground, however, was the dark alley itself.It was crammed with daily mysteries and adventures.My brothers and I would peer into the medicinal herb-shop,watching old Li dole out onto a stiff sheet of white paper the right amount of insect shells,saffron-colored seeds, and pungent leaves for his ailing customers.It was said that he once cured a woman dying of an ancestral curse that had eluded the best of American doctors.Next to the pharmacy was a printer who specialized in gold-embossed wedding invitations and festive red banners.Farther down the street was Ping Yuen Fish Market.The front window displayed a tank crowded with doomed fish and turtles struggling to gain footing on the slimy green-tiled sides.Inside, the butchers with their bloodstained white smocks deftly gutted the fish while customers cried out their orders and shouted,“Give me your freshest,” to which the butchers always protested, “All are freshest.”
26.What could you smell in the apartment in the morning？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Chicken soup（B）Pastries and sweets（C）Medicinal herbs（D）Fish and seafood.
27.Where did the old people sit cracking roasted watermelon seeds？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Under the red banner in a festival.（B）On the green-tiled ground in the dark alley.
（C）By the wood-slat sideway next to the herb shop.（D）On the benches surrounding the play area.
28.Which of the followings is NOT true according to the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The woman dying of an ancestral curse was cured by American doctors.
（B）The pharmacy was full of saffron-colored seeds and pungent leaves.
（C）The author thought the stores located in the dark alley were exciting.
（D）The apartment was situated above a small Chinese bakery.
29.Which of the followings is the closest in meaning to the phrase “dole out”？答案顯示:【D】
30.Which business type is NOT mentioned in the passage？答案顯示:【C】
Earth is poorly named.The ocean［31］almost three-quarters of the planet.The ocean provides 3 billon people with almost a fifth of their protein, making fish a bigger source of the stuff than beef.Fishing and aquaculture assure the［32］of one in ten of the world’s people.Climate and weather systems depend on the temperature patterns of the ocean and its interactions with the atmosphere.If anything ought to be too big to fail, it is the ocean.
Humans have long［33］that the ocean’s size allowed them to put anything they wanted into it and to take anything they wanted out.Changing temperatures and chemistry, overfishing and pollution have stressed its ecosystems for decades.The ocean stores more than nine-tenths of the heat trapped on Earth by greenhouse-gas emissions.［34］, coral reefs are suffering; scientists expect almost all corals to be gone by 2050.
By the middle of this century the ocean could contain more plastic than fish by weight.Ground down into tiny pieces, it is eaten by fish and then by people.Appetite for fish grows［35］: almost 90% of stocks are fished either at or beyond their sustainable limits.The ocean nurtures humanity.Humanity treats it with contempt.
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題：
In order to determine whether bots can be accurately detected, how bots behave, and how they impact Twitter activity, the researchers divided accounts into categories based on total number of followers, and found that accounts with more than 10 million followers tend to retweet at similar rates to bots.In accounts with fewer followers however, bots tend to retweet far more than humans.These celebrity-level accounts also tweet at roughly the same pace as bots with similar follower numbers,whereas in smaller accounts, bots tweet far more than humans.
Bots, like people, can be malicious or benign.The term “bot” is often associated with spam,offensive content or political infiltration, but many of the most reputable organizations in the world also rely on bots for their social media channels.For example, major news organizations, such as CNN or the BBC, who produce hundreds of pieces of content daily, rely on automation to share the news in the most efficient way.These accounts, while classified as bots, are seen by users as trustworthy sources of information.
“A Twitter user can be a human and still be a spammer, and an account can be operated by a bot and still be benign,” said Zafar Gilani, a PhD student at Cambridge’s Computer Laboratory, who led the research.“We’re interested in seeing how effectively we can detect automated accounts and what effects they have.”
Bots have been on Twitter for the majority of the social network’s existence—it’s been estimated that anywhere between 40% and 60% of all Twitter accounts are bots.Some bots have tens of millions of followers, although the vast majority have less than a thousand—human accounts have a similar distribution.
36.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Twitter-followers are often described as spammers.
（B）Celebrities tweet as often as bots when they have a similar number of followers.
（C）The more followers a twitter account has, the less likely it will be tweeted by humans.
（D）Twitters anywhere can only be bots with more than 10 million followers.
37.Which of the following is true about “bots”？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Bots are a different kind of human-twitters.（B）Bots are often associated with malicious twitters.
（C）Bots rely on humans to execute orders.（D）Bots operated by humans can only be malicious.
38.Which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）CNN or BBC relies on twitters to deliver trustworthy information.
（B）Bots have been on Twitter for some of the celebrities’ existence.
（C）Both human and non-human accounts are possible on Twitter.
（D）Twitter accounts are barely dominated by bots.
39.According to the passage, what could be said of the human accounts and bots？答案顯示:【A】
（A）They have the same distribution in followers.（B）Human twitters are far more benign than bots.
（C）The accounts operated by humans and bots are of equal number.
（D）The vast majority of human twitters are malicious.
40.What can be inferred according to the passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Bots cannot be detected by any means.（B）Celebrity twitter accounts display bot-like behavior.
（C）Bots are hardly used by media channels.（D）Celebrity twitter accounts are seldom benign.
一、The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights(TRIPs)sets down minimum standards for the regulation of intellectual property as applied to nationals of other WTO member nations.There are certain provisions relating to the burden of proof in civil litigation involving patented process.Please elaborate, in about 200 words, on those provisions（30分）
二、Please translate the following provisions into English:
1.Damages by the theory of［ ］may be measured as the difference between the patentee’specuniary condition after the infringement, and what its condition would have been if the infringement had not occurred.答案顯示:【C】
3.Under the identical invention, there are two patent applications filed by the different inventors at different time.Lack of［ ］may be assumed about the later patent application, provided that the earlier patent application was published after the filing date of the later patent application.答案顯示:【A】
4.The person with ordinary skill in the art(PHOSITA)is a legal fiction in patent law, who is presumed to be a skilled practitioner in the relevant field of technology and to have had access to
everything in the prior art.Which of the following is not within the functions of PHOSITA affirmed by patent law？答案顯示:【B】
（A）claim construction（B）damages calculation
（C）determination of inventive step（D）determination of enablement
5.X conceived an invention about the improvement of air duct of a hair dryer.Y didn’t contribute to the aforesaid conception but served as an assistant for X’s administrative affairs.On May 5, 2018,without X’s consent, Y sold the aforesaid conception on the hair dryer to Z for manufacture and marketing of the hair dryers embedded with the aforesaid conception.The aforesaid hair dryers made by Z were put on the market on May 20, 2018.On July 5, 2018, X filed a patent application for the aforesaid conception with Taiwan Intellectual Property Office(TIPO).Unexpectedly, it was found that W actually has filed another patent application in accordance with the identical conception that came from W’s independent invention, on June 5, 2018, and requested the publication on June 20, 2018.If you were an examiner employed by TIPO, which of the following statements is in accord with Taiwan Patent Act?答案顯示:【D】
（A）X and Y are the joint inventors on the aforesaid invention.
（B）The novel requirement of X’s patent application may be satisfied since the filing is within the grace period under Article 22 of Taiwan Patent Act.
（C）The novel requirement of X’s patent application may be satisfied since X may enjoy the interes tof priority to deem the filing date as May 5, 2018.
（D）The novel requirement of X’s patent application may be failed since W has filed and published the patent application, based upon the same invention, respectively, on June 5 and 20, 2018.
6.A Means-Plus-Function claim indicates a limitation in a claim for a combination may be expressed as a means for performing a specified function without the recital of structure, material, or acts in support thereof, and such claim shall be construed to cover the corresponding structure, material,or acts described in the specification and equivalents thereof.If there is no corresponding structure disclosed in the specification, the limitation should be deemed as failure of requirement of［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
7.Which of the following is qualified as subject matter of a patent in accordance to Taiwan PatentAct？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The microbiological process.
（B）The method for treatment of the animal body by surgery practiced on the animal body.
（C）The simple discovery of the sequence or partial sequence of a gene about the human.
（D）The business method.
8.In regard to the grant of the exclusive licensing about the patent, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Under the exclusive licensing, within the licensed field of use, the licensor is entitled to practice the claims without a need to seek permission from the licensee.
（B）The licensee under the exclusive licensing has no standing under patent law to take an action against the infringer, provided that the infringement occurred relates to the licensed field of use.
（C）The registration with Taiwan Intellectual Property Office is necessary under patent law to validate the exclusive licensing.
（D）Unless otherwise stipulated by the agreement, the licensee under the exclusive licensing is entitled to sublicense its original licensed scope to the third party without the consent of the licensor according to patent law.
9.More extensive protection on patent rights than what the TRIPs Agreement has provided is often found in many bilateral or multilateral intellectual property treaties under the WTO system.The phenomena is called as “TRIPs Plus”.What principle admitted by the TRIPs Agreement is the authority to support and justify “TRIPs Plus”？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The principle of national treatment（B）The principle of minimum standards
（C）The principle of the most-favoured-national treatment
（D）The principle of technological “non-discrimination”
10.Like other jurisdictions, the post-grant amendment of invention patent is admitted by Taiwan Patent Act.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The litigation of the patent concerned about infringement won’t influence the request to amend such patent by the patentee in front of Taiwan Intellectual Property Office.
（B）The post-grant amendment may be done in such a way to enlarge the scope of the claims of the original patent within two years from the grant of the original patent.
（C）The post-grant amendment of a patent shall take effect upon the date of approval of the amendment request.
（D）The new matters may be introduced to the request of the post-grant amendment of a patent.
11.On determining the requirement of the inventive step, an examiner found that a reference, as prior art, would lead a person with ordinary skill in the art(PHOSITA)in a direction divergent from the path that was taken in the claim concerned under the patent application.Based upon the aforesaid fact, which of the following is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence supporting the inventive step of the claim concerned.
（B）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence opposing the inventive step of the claim concerned.
（C）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence supporting the novelty of the claim concerned.
（D）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence supporting the enablement of the claim
12.If no marking about the patent certificate number is fixed on the patent product, which of the following legal effects is provided by Taiwan Patent Act when the patent without marking is infringed upon？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The marking about the patent certificate number has nothing to do with the remedy.
（B）The patentee is not entitled to any remedy on the ground that the patent without marking is invalid.
（C）The patentee is not entitled to any remedy on the ground that the patent without marking never shows any public notice to the third parties.
（D）To seek damages, the patentee should prove that the infringer knows or has a reason to know the infringed product protected by the patent.
13.X is among the least developed countries recognized by the United Nations.Since the bird flu has been spreading over the country over six months and the toll of death is astonishingly increasing.In order to import sufficient and affordable medicine to assuage the damage of the pandemic, X plans to negotiate with Taiwanese pharmacy company Y, and asks Y to apply for the compulsory licensing on Patent M registered in Taiwan that embodies the medicine B for treating the aforesaid bird flu.According to the Taiwan Patent Act, which of the following statements is appropriate？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Y is not entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M since the bird flu is not the disease defined in Article 90 of Taiwan Patent Act.
（B）Y is not entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M since the provisions of the compulsory licensing are designed to mainly facilitate the demand in the domestic market.
（C）Y is entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M, provided that X could prove that it has insufficient or no manufacturing capacities in the pharmaceutical.
（D）Y is not entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M unless Y has made efforts to obtain authorization from the patentee concerned on reasonable commercial terms and conditions and such efforts have not been successful within a reasonable period of time.
14.Under which of the following occasions, the final notice of patent examination is in accord with Taiwan Patent Act？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The final note may be issued at any stage of patent examination.
（B）The final note may be issued when the amendment made during the reexamination stage still entails grounds for unpatentability.
（C）The final note may not be issued as soon as the applicant requests the reexamination according to Article 49 of Taiwan Patent Act.
（D）The final note may not be issued as soon as the applicant requests the divisional application according to Article 34 of Taiwan Patent Act.
15.According to Taiwan Patent Act, on the aspects of patent prosecution or patent assertion, the utility model patent may be distinguished from the invention patent.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）An application of utility model patent should be published by Taiwan Intellectual Property Office no latter than 18 months from the filing date.
（B）After finding potential infringing activities, the patentee of the utility model patent is entitled to send the cease and desist letter to the suspected specific party, even though the patentee has not requested a technical evaluation report on the patent concerned.
（C）The provisions on compulsory licensing are not applied mutatis mutandis to the utility model patents.
（D）Subject to the filing date of the original application, an application of utility model patent may be converted to an application of invention patent.
16.Which of the following statements is incorrect？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Where a patentee establishes multiple pledges on the same patent for the purpose of securing
multiple creditors’ rights, the ranks of these pledges shall be determined according to the order of their recordation.
（B）Where a patent right is jointly owned, all joint owners must consent in order to abandon the patent right.
（C）Where a patent right is jointly owned, a joint owner may abandon his share only with the consent of all other joint owners.
（D）Where a patent right has been pledged, the patentee may abandon the patent right only with the consent of the pledgee.
17.Article 26, para.1 of Taiwan Patent Law provides, “The description shall fully disclose the invention in a manner clear and sufficient for it to be understood and carried out by a person ordinary skilled in the art.” Which requirement is contained in this provision？答案顯示:【A】
18.Which of the following is most likely to be granted an invention patent？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A mathematical algorism（B）A law of nature itself
（C）The rules to play a game（D）A mechanism used to register the score of a game
19.According to Taiwan Patent Law, there are several circumstances under which Taiwan Intellectual Property Office may grant compulsory licensing of a patent.These grounds include: 答案顯示:【C】
(1)where a patented invention is to be exploited non-commercially for the enhancement of public interest;
(2)where a later invention or utility model patent cannot be exploited without infringing upon a prior invention or utility model patent, and where the later invention or utility model patent
involves an important technical advancement of considerable economic significance in relation to the prior invention or utility model patent; or
(3)where a patentee has committed acts restricting competition or has committed unfair
competition acts, for which a judgment has been made by a court of law or a decision has been rendered by the Fair Trade Commission of the Executive Yuan.
On what grounds shall a request for compulsory licensing of a patent involving semiconductor technology be based？
20.According to Taiwan Patent Law, the term “the owner of the right to apply for a patent” shall mean an inventor, a utility model creator, a designer, or the assignee or successor thereof.Here the term “successor” means［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
（A）someone who is successful（B）someone who is a predecessor
（C）a successful innovator（D）someone who succeeds to the rights of a former owner
21.According to the TRIPs, which of the following statements is incorrect？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Members may exclude inventions from patentability in order to protect order public or morality.
（B）Members may exclude inventions from patentability whenever the exploitation is prohibited by their law.
（C）Members may exclude inventions from patentability in order to avoid serious prejudice to the environment.
（D）Members may exclude inventions from patentability in order to protect human, animal, plant life or health.
22.Which of the following remedies is often said to be constructed on the basis of a hypothetical negotiation？答案顯示:【C】
（A）permanent injunction（B）temporary restraining order
（C）reasonable royalties（D）accounting of profits
23.Which description of patent rights is incorrect？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The patentee has the right to make, use, or sell the invention.
（B）The patentee has the right to refrain from making, using, or selling the invention.
（C）The patentee is obliged to exploit the invention.
（D）At the expiration of the term of protection, the invention is automatically dedicated to the public.
24.Which of the following is not a limitation on the application of the doctrine of equivalent？答案顯示:【D】
（A）file wrapper estoppel（B）dedication to the public rule(the disclosure-dedication rule)
（C）prosecution history estoppel（D）the long-felt-but-unfulfilled-need doctrine
25.Which of the following is not a step for determining nonobviousness？答案顯示:【B】
（A）a survey of the scope and content of the prior art（B）identifying a specific utility
（C）an examination of the differences between the invention and the prior art
（D）a determination of the level of ordinary skill in the art
107年公務人員特種考試民航人員、國際經濟商務人員考試試題30140 【等別】三等考試【科目】外國文（英文）【考試時間】2小時 【考試別】民航人員考試【類科組】各科別
The meaning of innovation and entrepreneurship, and the policies made to promote them differ across groups of developing countries.On the one hand, there is a small group of countries such as Brazil and Mexico which has achieved a certain stage of capitalistic development that provides an institutional environment for encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship.On the other hand, there is a large group of countries in Africa and Asia as well as in Latin America which lacks the critical level of capital accumulation even for sustainable development, let alone for the growth of innovation and entrepreneurship.
牽涉航空的恐怖主義早已行之有年。歷史上最具戲劇性的恐怖攻擊當屬阿爾蓋 達組織在 2001年9月11日所發動。我們研究恐怖主義和國際民航運作之間的 關係就可以追溯出恐怖主義的發展，以及其戰術的革新。今日雖然恐怖主義從 高度結構性組織轉變到自發性任務導向的基層小組，恐怖份子的首要目標仍然 是航空。
The diplomatic culture of the 21st century is essentially different from that of the previous centuries.For example, the growing participation of celebrity actors and actresses in intergovernmental affairs, and international negotiations.In your opinion, do you agree that the new phenomenon is a plus to facilitate international diplomacy？Why？Or why not？
Write a short essay in English in response to the question above.Few things you need to know before you begin to write the essay.
(1)Provide just ONEargument, and support it with reasons as specifically as possible;
(2)you will post the essay online(Facebook, Blog, or Twitter, etc.), and since your target readers aremost probably from all over the world, write in a way that most people have no difficulty in understanding the main points of your argument;
(3)since people nowadays do not have too much time for long essays, make sure the length of youressay has to be within the limit of 200 words. 【考試別】國際經濟商務人員考試【類科組】國際經濟商務人員英文組
While the tariffs are aimed at hurting China, they are also having an impact on American consumers and businesses that rely on products from China’s factories.Farmers and manufacturers, in particular, have complained that they are bearing the brunt of the trade war as China raises the price on imported soybeans and other agriculture products that it typically buys from farms and on materials and products imported by manufacturers to make machinery, clothes and other products.
經濟學家往往在兩個相互矛盾的觀點之間左右為難：一方面，良好的經濟政策 應該產生有利的結果，因此也應該證明是良好的政治；另一方面，良好經濟政 策的實施往往被視為需要「強大」和「自主」的（而非專制的）領導。智利這個國家在執行自由經濟政策方面可能比任何其他國家都走得更遠，該國的經驗 就是一個很好的例子。
請根據下面的指示，寫出一篇大約 200 字的短文。
Read the excerpt below carefully and think about the assignment that follows.
Sometimes in soccer, an attempt to defend one’s turf results in a score for the opposing team—an “own goal.” There have already been nine such incidents of self-sabotage in the 2018 World Cup, by far the most in the history of the tournament.But you won’t find the most spectacular example of the summer on the pitch in Russia.That distinction goes to Donald Trump’s administration, whose determination to start a trade war with China is, like the best own goals in soccer, muscular in its approach, blind in its aim, and self-injurious in its consequences.
–Derek Thompson.Why Donald Trump’s Trade War Will
Fail.The Atlantic, July 7, 2018.
Assignment:Based on the excerpt, what is an “own goal”？What are the implicit similarities between “the best own goals in soccer” and Donald Trump’s trade war with China？Do you agree with Derek Thompson’s opinion of the trade war？Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
1.In the university, there is a world-renowned degree program in［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
2.People have［ ］for terrorists, and they also have a total lack of respect for nations that give them support.答案顯示:【B】
Some of the most interesting words in English are the actual names of the people first involved in the activities suggested by the meanings of the words.The word boycott, for instance,［3］the case of Sir Charles Boycott(1832-97), a land agent in Ireland whose tenants ostracized him because he refused to lower their rents.Vidkun Quisling’s name quickly became an infamous addition to the English language during World War II.He was a Norwegian politician who［4］his country to the Nazis, and his name, quisling, is now synonymous with traitor.A more common example is Levis.These popular blue jeans［5］Levi Strauss, the man who first manufactured them in San Francisco in 1850.Perhaps the most omnipresent of all is the sandwich, named for the Fourth Earl of Sandwich(1718-92), who created this quick portable meal so that he［6］leave the gambling table to eat.Other words in this unique category include lynch, watt, davenport, and zeppelin.
（A）derives from（B）has taken into（C）was drawn for（D）originated by
（A）are recalled for（B）are named after（C）remembered on（D）called by
（A）was supposed to（B）has supposed to（C）would not have to（D）should not have to
Do you have difficulties getting work done because computer games or online chatting occupy a great deal of your time？Do you value chat-room friends more than real friends because most of your friends are from online contacts？The habits you develop from your computer use may cause significant problems in your life.For instance, feeling irritable or depressed when not using the computer, losing jobs or failing courses due to the lack of productivity on work or school assignments, and finally, feeling socially inept, since you lose the ability to interact with people face to face.
Symptoms, such as obsessively checking e-mail, losing track of time while on the computer, and neglecting family, work, friends, or even personal health and hygiene, are all indications of computer addiction.This addiction can be described as compulsive.
Not all people who spend hours each day on the computer, however, are considered addicted.That is, a person who spends 8 hours or more a day on the computer may not automatically be regarded as a computer addict while another person who spends less than 6 hours a day could suffer from an addition.It is important to note each case is distinct and, therefore, the number of hours spent on the computer is not considered to be the main factor in identifying computer addiction.Rather, the kinds of activities, the level of compulsion, and other ways of using the computer are the real determining factors.
A person who is obsessed with the computer is likely to have the following experiences or feelings: craving for the use of computer excessively; feeling anxious or gloomy when computer time is interrupted; telling lies to hide that you are actually playing games online; and neglecting friends, family, or responsibilities when online.Physical discomfort, such as back and neck aches, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, difficulty focusing your vision, dry eyes, and severe headaches may also be observed.Look out for these signs and get proper treatment, so you will regain control of your life.
7.What does “socially inept” mean？答案顯示:【B】
（A）conducive to companionship with others（C）inclined to associate with others
（B）unable to manage interactions with others（D）willing to engage in activities with others
8＊Which of the following is closest in meaning to “compulsive”？答案顯示:【無】
9.Which of the following is true about identifying computer addiction？答案顯示:【D】
（A）8 hours at a time on the computer.（B）6 hours a day on the computer.
（C）More than 8 hours a day on the computer.
（D）Length of time spent on the computer cannot be considered as the sole factor to identify it.
10.Which of the following is not the consequence of computer addition？答案顯示:【D】
（A）losing track of time（B）having back and neck aches
（C）having problems with relationships（D）having a burning desire to attend courses
Since 1970s, there has been a boom in such “international schools,” which teach in English in non-Anglophone countries, mostly offering British A-levels, American APs and SATs, or the International Baccalaureate.But nowadays international schools increasingly［11］their name.Though their clientele varies from place to place, four-fifths of the pupils they teach around the world are locals.Thirty years ago, just a fifth［12］.The main reason is increased［13］for schooling mostly or entirely in English, both in rich countries and even more from rich parents in developing countries who want their children to be able to go to university in Britain or North America.
This new elite can outspend even very highly paid foreign managers—and multinationals trying to cut costs are ever［14］willing to pay school fees.Locals are more appealing clients, too: their children tend to stay for their entire schooling, unlike “expat brats,” who are always moving on, leaving seats to be filled.And a parent-teacher［15］packed with the local elite is more helpful than one full of foreigners.
Today, Western wedding dresses are usually white.However, white did not become a popular option until 1840, after the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert of Saxe-Coburg.Victoria wore a white gown for the event to incorporate some lace she prized.The official wedding portrait photograph was widely published, and many other brides［16］white in accordance with the Queen’s choice.The tradition continues today in the form of a white wedding, though prior to the Victorian era, a bride was married［17］any color, black being especially popular in Scandinavia.Later, many people assumed that the color white was intended to［18］virginity, though this was not the original intention.The white gown is in fact a symbolic Christening gown.It is a［19］of the white surplice worn in the Western Catholic tradition by members of the clergy, church choirs and servers and the gowns worn by girls celebrating their first communion and at their confirmation and also by women making religious［20］.Jews have gone to great lengths to follow these Western customs, whilst adhering to the laws of Tzniut.Today, the white dress is understood merely as the most traditional and popular choice for weddings.
（A）alluded to（B）caught on（C）moved into（D）opted for
Are you one of those so-called “armchair athletes” who follow your favorite sports team’s every game cheering along but do not physically play the game？Although a recent study suggests that watching sport can make you fitter, it is time to stop staying on the sidelines and［21］.
According to research, viewing other people exercise increases heart rate and other physiological measures as if you were working out yourself.However, if you are truly health［22］, it is even better and more effective to put it into practice.Playing a sport is not only fun but also boosts fitness and improves self-confidence.Learning a new sport can be tough and challenging.［23］your body and mind to follow the rules and specific movements might be a challenge at first, but regular practice will make this easier.For example, swimming has been known to be beneficial to those who suffer from asthma.Swimming improves good lung capacity and learning to swim can help asthmatics develop［24］as well.
The key to finding a sport you like is to try your hand at something you think you might like to do.Since you spend lots of time watching your favorite sports, why not try one of them first.This will increase your appreciation of that particular sport and also give you［25］experience of what your favorite athletes are going through out there.If you feel that it is not for you, then try your next choice.Repeat until you find something that you like.After all, cheering on your favorite team is great, but playing and experiencing some of it yourself is deeply satisfying.
It seemed like a curse.The summer of 821 was wet, cold and yielded a poor harvest.Then winter came.Temperatures plunged.Blizzards smothered towns and villages.The Danube, the Rhine and the Seine – rivers that never froze – froze so hard that the ice covering them could be crossed not just on foot but by horse and cart.Nor did spring bring respite.Terrible hailstorms followed the snow.Plague and famine followed the storms.The next few winters were worse.Fear stalked the land.Paschasius Radbertus, a monk of Corbie, in what is now northern France, wrote that God Himself was angry.Yet it was not God that wrought this destruction, according to Ulf Büntgen of the University of Cambridge, but rather a volcano now called Katla, on what was then an unknown island, now called Iceland.
At the moment Katla, one of Iceland’s largest volcanoes, located near the island’s southern tip, sleeps beneath 700 metres of ice.It has so slept, albeit fitfully, for almost 100 years.Its last eruption big enough to break through the ice was in 1918.A score of such ice-breaking awakenings have been recorded by Icelanders since the first Norsemen settled there in 870.In 821, however, Iceland was not on the Norsemen’s horizon.They were concentrating their activities on the lootable monasteries and villages of coastal Europe.There is thus no man-made record of what Katla was up to then.But Dr.Büntgen thinks he has found a naturalone.A memorandum of an eruption that coincides with the events described by Radbertus is, he believes, written in a prehistoric forest.
Large volcanic eruptions can affect the weather.In particular they eject sulphur dioxide, which reacts with atmospheric gases to form sulphate aerosols that reflect sunlight back into the space, cooling the air beneath.That is well known.So the suspicion that what happened in the early 820s was precipitated by such an eruption has been around for a long time.
26.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the winter of 821 in Europe in the first paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
（A）It was the coldest one in the early 820s.
（B）The big rivers – the Danube, the Rhine and the Seine – froze.
（C）The next spring did not make things better.
（D）It subsequently brought fear among people.
27.In the 820s, what would NOT be recognized by Paschasius Radbertus, a monk of Corbie？答案顯示:【D】
（A）God Himself wrought the destruction.（C）Hailstorms followed the snow.
（B）Plague and famine followed the storms.（D）The bad weather was caused by a volcano.
28.What can we know about the volcano Katla from this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It has not erupted for 200 years.（B）It is located near Iceland’s southern tip.
（C）It lies underneath 700 metres of sea water.（D）It has not erupted since the Icelanders’ settlement in 870.
29.What does “one” in the second paragraph refer to？答案顯示:【C】
（A）an activity（B）a monastery（C）a record（D）a village
30.According to this passage, which piece of information is NOT true about volcanic eruptions？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The ejected sulphur dioxide would react with atmospheric gases.
（B）Once sulphate aerosols are formed, they would reflect sunlight back into space.
（C）After the eruption, the air beneath sulphate aerosols might become hotter.
（D）Large volcanic eruptions can affect the weather.
Experiments that go according to plan can be useful.But the biggest scientific advances often emerge from those that do not.Such is the case with a study just reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.When they began it, Hector DeLuca of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and his colleagues had been intending to examine the effects of ultraviolet(UV)light on mice suffering from a rodent version of multiple sclerosis(MS).By the project’s end, however, they had in their hands two substances which may prove valuable drugs against the illness.
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease.This means it is caused by a victim’s immune system turning on and destroying parts of his own body.In the case of MS the targets of these attacks, which may continue for years, are the fatty sheaths that insulate nerve cells and thus help nervous impulses to propagate.People suffering from MS are often weakened, and sometimes physically disabled by it, and may also become blind.
What drives the immune system to behave in this way remains mysterious, but in the 1970s researchers uncovered a promising clue when they noticed that MS is rarer near the equator than it is at high latitudes.The first hypothesis proposed to explain this observation was that vitamin D(a substance created by sunlight’s action on precursor molecules in the skin)might be helping to prevent MS.That made sense, since those living in the tropics receive more sunlight than those in temperate zones.Sadly, follow-up experiments failed to support the notion.Those experiments did, though, lead Dr.DeLuca to discover that the preventive effect is associated with a particular sort of sunlight—UV with a wavelength of between 300 and 315 nanometres(billionths of a metre).His latest experiment was intended to dig deeper into this observation, by using this type of light to irradiate mice that had been injected with chemicals known to cause the rodent equivalent of MS.
31.According to the passage, what can we know of Dr.DeLuca’s project？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It aims to treat MS patients at high latitudes.
（B）It leads to results different from the team’s expectation.
（C）It involves vitamin D’s effect on UV prevention.
（D）It involves mice suffering from the effects of ultraviolet(UV)light.
32.Which of the following is NOT true about MS(multiple sclerosis)？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is an autoimmune disease.（B）People suffering from it are sometimes physically disabled by it.
（C）People suffering from it may become blind.（D）The targets of MS attacks are the nerve cells.
33.What led to the 1970s’ hypothesis that vitamin D might be helping to prevent MS？答案顯示:【A】
（A）MS is rarer near the equator than it is at high latitudes.
（B）Those living in the tropics receive more sunlight than those in temperate zones.
（C）The follow-up experiments supported the notion.
（D）A particular sort of sunlight was discovered.
34.What does “Proceedings” mean in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences？答案顯示:【C】
（A）a series of scientific experiments（B）a record of legal documents
（C）a record of academic findings（D）a series of economic reports
35.What is the unintended result of Dr.DeLuca’s experiment？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It ruled out the helpfulness of vitamin D.（B）It turned out they had focused on the wrong sort of sunlight.
（C）It could not determine the effects of UV light on mice suffering from MS.
（D）It found that two substances might prove valuable drugs against MS.
By about age 12, students who feel threatened by mathematics start to avoid math courses, do poorly in the few math classes they do take, and earn low scores on math-achievement tests.Some scientists have theorized that kids having little math aptitude in the first place justifiably dread grappling with numbers.However, it is not that simple, at least for college students, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Psychology.According to the study, people’s intrusive worries about math temporarily disrupt mental processes needed for doing arithmetic and drag down math competence, report Mark H.Ashcraft and Elizabeth P.Kirk, both psychologists at Cleveland(Ohio)State University.Math anxiety exerts this effect by making it difficult to hold new information in mind while simultaneously manipulating it, the researchers hold.Psychologists regard this capacity, known as working memory, as crucial for dealing with numbers.“Math anxiety soaks up working memory resources and makes it harder to learn mathematics, probably beginning in middle school,” Ashcraft says.
36.What did psychologists Ashcraft and Kirk report？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Doing poorly in math tends not to cause math anxiety.
（B）College students learn math differently from 12-year-olds.
（C）Worrying about math makes it harder to do math.
（D）Students should take harder math classes starting in middle school.
37.Which of the following describes the process of remembering new information while using it？答案顯示:【D】
38.What theory does the Ashcraft and Kirk study challenge？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Math anxiety improves math performance.
（B）Math anxiety is a result of low math aptitude.
（C）Starting to study math at a young age improves math performance.
（D）The more math aptitude one has, the less working memory is needed.
39.What is the purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）to report a study about math anxiety（B）to describe how to teach math better
（C）to praise the way math is taught（D）to dispute the work of Ashcraft and Kirk
40.What can be inferred from this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Students who have math anxiety should not be forced to take math classes after middle school.
（B）Math aptitude can be accurately determined before middle school.
（C）Students should learn math as much as possible whether they like it or not.
（D）Students usually do not feel threatened by math before the age of 12.
The allure of President Barack Obama as a cover star went far beyond his vocation.He has appeared on more magazines than most supermodels, straddling such a diversity of titles, from political and literary journals to hip-hop monthlies and comic books.One Obama cover that stirred heated contention when he was in office was published by New York Magazine in 2009.The president’s face was graffitied with words such as socialist, impostor, Muslim, and HATE.The cover was severely criticized for its malevolent depiction of the new president; the magazine maintained that the words used reflected not their views, but those of a section of Obama’s dissenters.During his eight-year tenure, the press presented Obama as feminist, communist, fashion model, Jew, the messiah, Superman, and even Muslim terrorist.This bizarre kaleidoscope of characterizations reflected a sense of confusion about what Obama stood for and the impossible scope of expectations heaped upon him.
「棒球」在臺灣意味著什麼？答案是汗水和國族認同。在球場裡觀看球賽，每個觀眾好像都知道與參賽球隊有關的各種混和中文和英文的加油口號，而且知道配合口號的舞蹈動作。在這裡，看球變成一種令人暈眩的多語經歷及一場激烈的有氧運動。在臺灣的國族身分建構中，這項運動有著根深蒂固的地位。臺灣的棒球並不是從美國引進的，而是來自日本。棒球的歷史就像這個島嶼走向民主的進程一樣洶湧澎湃。從 1969年到 1996年，臺灣曾在世界少棒聯盟稱霸，28次打入決賽、17 次奪冠。新臺幣伍佰元紙鈔上就印著一支棒球隊，向取得傲人戰績的少棒隊致敬。當臺灣在國際外交的發展愈形艱困之際，棒球是臺灣強大的軟實力工具之一，也是臺灣獲得國際認可的途徑。
American civil rights activist, W.E.B.Du Bois, once said, “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line: the relation of the darker to the lighter races of men in Asia and Africa, in America and the islands of the sea.” The “color line” here refers to the racial segregation that existed in the United States after the abolition of slavery.In your opinion, what is it that segregates people in the world in the 21st century？How does it divide, discriminate and alienate people？Is it possible to spot a silver lining in this segregation？If so, what can be done？Express your ideas by using a real case and write an essay of no more than 350 words with an introductory paragraph, a main body containing 3 to 5 major points and a conclusion.
Inventions, creations, technological advancements when protected take the form of copyrights, patents,
trademarks or trade secrets.These［1］properties are assets of business enterprises, as they are essential for the success of businesses.［2］, it is necessary to encourage their growth and also provide legal protection against misuse, theft, etc.
Copyright law gives authors and artists the right to control the reproduction and performance of their works.
The period of protection varies in each country.By and large, protection is［3］to authors for their life plus 50 years, and for photographic works of applied art for 25 years.
Patents provide［4］right to manufacture or use an invention for a specific period of time.Patent laws are primarily territorial.However, there are a couple of international agreements to provide patent protection like the
European Patent Convention and the Patent Co-operation Treaty.Lack of a universally accepted patent law hinders introduction of a product on a global basis.
Trademark is any work, name, symbol, or device or any combination［5］adopted and used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify his goods and distinguish them from those manufactured or sold by others.
The news media are hungry for new findings, and reporters often latch onto ideas from the scientific laboratories before they have been fully tested.Also, a reporter who lacks a strong understanding of science may misunderstand or misreport complex scientific principles.To tell the truth, sometimes scientists also get excited about their findings, and leak them to the press before they have been through a rigorous review by the scientists’ peers.As a result, the public is often exposed to late-breaking nutrition news stories before the findings are fully confirmed.Then, when the hypothesis being tested fails to hold up to a later challenge, consumers feel betrayed by what is simply the normal course of science at work.
Sometimes media sensationalism overrates the importance of even true, replicated findings.For example, the media eagerly report that oat products lower blood cholesterol, a lipid indicative of heart disease risk.Although the reports are true, they often fail to mention that eating a nutritious diet that is low in certain fats is still the major step toward lowering blood cholesterol.
Today, oat bran’s cholesterol-lowering effect is established, and labels on food packages can proclaim that a diet high in oats may reduce the risk of heart disease.The whole process of discovery, challenge, and vindication took almost 10 years of research.Some other lines of research have taken much longer.In science, a single finding almost never makes a crucial difference to our knowledge as a whole, but like each individual frame in a movie, it contributes a little to the big picture.Many such frames are needed to tell the whole story.
6.What is the main reason for inconsistent nutrition news reports？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Reporters generally lack fundamental knowledge in nutrition science.
（B）The news media report research findings too soon before they are confirmed.
（C）Nutrition researchers do not agree upon which findings to report from their labs.
（D）Nutrition research lacks integrity in its methodology.
7.Which of the following is NOT true about oats？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A diet rich in oats can significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks.
（B）Scientists have studied the nutrition value of oats for nearly a decade.
（C）The importance of oats in controlling blood cholesterol was once overrated.
（D）The early report about the cholesterol-lowering effect of oats has not been confirmed by later studies.
8.Which of the following is the most likely advice the author may offer to consumers？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Do not take early news reports on nutrition too seriously; wait and see.
（B）Do not trust news reports on nutrition; read the original research papers.
（C）Eat oats every day and you’d be safe.
（D）Watch nutrition related movies to get the whole picture.
9.What does the phrase “each individual frame in a movie” in the final paragraph refer to in scientific research？答案顯示:【A】
（A）one individual study on a topic（B）the whole picture of nutrition science
（C）the whole story of oats（D）an individual news reporter
10.Which of the following best serves as the title of the article？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Improvement of Nutrition Research Methods Needed
（B）More Scientific Training Needed for Nutrition Reporters
（C）Can We Trust the Media to Deliver Nutrition News？
（D）Can Oat Bran Really Lower Cholesterol？
If Jane Austen’s work is perceived as quintessentially British, it has found resonance across the world.In The Genius of Jane Austen, Paula Byrne writes that Austen is seen as having a particular affinity with Chinese culture,where “manners matter” as they did in Georgian England.There have been more than 50 written versions of Pride and Prejudice in China alone.This may be because the term “marriage market” in China is more than a turn of phrase.In Shanghai, parents of unmarried children flock to a weekly event described as “match.com meets farmers’ market” where they scout for prospective in-laws.Chinese women still seek to marry property-owning men more educated than themselves.Ms.Byrne notes that Ang Lee, a Taiwanese director, was considered a perfect fit for Sense and Sensibility(1995)because his previous films had explored “family conflicts in the context of traditional Chinese values.”
It is the subcontinent, however, that has embraced her books most enthusiastically, with Austen societies established in both India and Pakistan.The economic and social position of women, their reputation and eligibility are all themes that are easy to adapt to different cultural contexts, but there are also specifics that resonate in Indian and Pakistani society, such as the importance of familial bonds, the preference given to male inheritance, the dowry system and the “marrying off” of young women by overzealous mothers and aunts.
Laaleen Khan, the founder of the Pakistani branch, has noted that South Asian society has its share of “disapproving Lady Catherine de Bourgh-esque society aunties, rakish Wickhams and Willoughbys, pretentious Mrs.Eltons and holier-than thou Mr.Collins types.”
This is the key to Austen’s transformation from little known spinster-scribbler to literary superstar.Western
readers may no longer empathize with the urgency that surrounds marriage or the idea that a relationship can be stopped in its tracks by monetary circumstance.But everyone has encountered a flirty, shallow Isabella Thorpe or a suave but seedy Henry Crawford.Two hundred years on, Austen’s sniping observations of human vanity and folly still hit the mark.
11.What is the main idea of the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Jane Austen’s works have long-lasting appeal worldwide.
（B）Jane Austen’s creativity is formidable and adaptable.
（C）Jane Austen inspires people’s transformation from rags to riches.
（D）Jane Austen’s ideas have a special meaning for women.
12.What does the word “prospective” in the first paragraph mean？答案顯示:【B】
13.What does the phrase “hit the mark” in the final paragraph mean？答案顯示:【C】
（A）to be solemn（B）to be vigorous（C）to be accurate（D）to be eloquent
14.According to Ms.Byrne, why is Ang Lee, the Taiwanese director, a perfect fit for Austen’s novels？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Lee has a natural liking and understanding of Jane Austen’s works.
（B）Lee represents a man of manners like those in Georgian England.
（C）Lee demonstrates a sense of Chinese culture in Sense and Sensibility.
（D）Lee deals with themes similar to Austen’s works in previous films.
15.Why are a number of characters in Austen’s novels cited in the last two paragraphs？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Their types can be found in societies across the world.
（B）They are the ones that have been adapted into screens.
（C）Their names are renowned in Indian and Pakistani societies.
（D）They embody the economic and social positions of women.
Offshore investment is the keeping of money in a jurisdiction other than one’s home nation.Offshore jurisdictions are a commonly accepted means of reducing the taxes levied in most countries to both large and small-scale investors alike.Locations favored by investors for low rates of tax are known as offshore financial centers(OFCs)or, sometimes, as tax havens.These include well-known centers such as Switzerland, Bermuda,
and the Cayman Islands.
The level of regulatory standards and transparency differs widely among OFCs.Poorly regulated offshore domiciles have served historically as havens for tax evasion, money laundering, or to conceal or protect illegally acquired money from law enforcement in the investor’s country.However, the modern, well-regulated offshore centers allow legitimate investors to take advantage of higher rates of return or lower rates of tax on that return offered by operating via such domiciles.
Supporters of OFCs argue that offshore centers improve the flow of capital and facilitate international business transactions.These centers are widely used and are accessible to anyone who can meet the minimum investment amount or pay the obligatory fees required to open such an entity.According to finance experts, more than half of the world’s assets and investments are held in offshore jurisdictions and many well-recognized companies have investment opportunities in offshore locales.
Business operations of offshore investment are less costly and regulated than those offered in the investor’s country – or “onshore.” Payment of less tax is the main driving force behind most offshore activities.Often, taxes levied by an investor’s home country are critical to the profitability of any given investment.Using offshore-domiciled special purpose mechanisms, an investor may reduce the amount of tax payable, allowing the investor to achieve greater profitability overall.Moreover, offshore investment is less regulated than onshore investment, and the behavior of the offshore investment provider, be he a banker, fund manager, trustee, or stock-broker, is freer than it could be in a more regulated environment.
16.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）to recruit potential offshore investment partners（B）to introduce offshore investment and its benefits
（C）to promote well-known offshore investment centers
（D）to compare offshore investment and onshore investment
17.What is the last paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
18.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE about offshore investment centers？答案顯示:【D】
（A）They set different minimum investment amounts to enlarge their investor bases.
（B）They promote their business based on the flexibility of their regulatory standards.
（C）They ensure the short-term as well as long-term profitability of a given investment.
（D）They allow investors to conduct investment activities in a more profitable fashion.
19.What does “accessible” mean in this article？答案顯示:【A】
Turkey has initiated a dispute complaint with the World Trade Organization(WTO)against the United States for imposing additional tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Turkey.The WTO says Turkey requested dispute consultations on Monday on claims that the doubling of duties on steel and aluminum was inconsistent with international trade rules.The US has doubled the tariffs in response to Turkey's rejection of a request to release an American pastor detained for the past 2 years for alleged involvement in an abortive military coup.Turkey has retaliated by imposing tariffs on American products.As the rift deepens between the two North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO)allies, anxiety is rising over Turkey's economic uncertainty.
Intimacy is key in a world of connections where individuals negotiate complex networks of friendship, try to reach［5］, and avoid the appearance of superiority.However, in a world of status, independence is key, because a primary means of establishing status is to tell others what to do, and taking orders is a［6］of low status.［7］all humans need both intimacy and independence, women tend to focus on the first, and men on the second.It is as if their lifeblood ran in different directions.
9.Be sure to be［ ］at the interview.It gives a very good first impression.答案顯示:【D】
Lateness is often overlooked as an endearing cultural trait in Latin America.Weddings, funerals, meals, and business meetings rarely begin on time.It is even considered rude to be on time for a party.But Peru’s government says it’s not too late for an attitude［10］.It has announced a campaign to fight lateness, saying it reflects a negative attitude toward work and hurts national productivity.But the government still has not［11］how to get 27 million Peruvians to keep an eye on their watches.It says the details will come “tomorrow, tomorrow,” and it’s considering ringing church bells and sounding sirens.The campaign, scheduled to begin along with the academic year,［12］to urge schools, businesses, and government institutions to end their generations-old custom of arriving “Peruvian time,”which usually means an hour late.
Some Peruvians, like Alicia Lorenzo, 49, cannot afford to be late.She said she arrives at 6 a.m.“on the dot” every day to open the snack kiosk she has run for 30 years to be able to receive scheduled deliveries and have items to sell.Asked［13］she believes the punctuality campaign will work, she said, “It depends on the government.They have to set the example.”
Because athletes and coaches are focused on winning no matter what the cost is, cheating has become more common in sports.Of course, there are rules to penalize cheating, so players and coaches have come up with ingenious ways to get around the rules.Getting a competitive edge, even unfairly, is seen as a “strategy” rather than cheating.Illegal acts are now even being accepted as part of the game.They have found loopholes in rules that allow them to cheat in order to get an advantage over opponents.This kind of cheating is called “normative cheating.” One example of this kind of cheating is when a player pretends to be fouled in order to get a free foul shot during a game.Or a team might set the heat very high in the opponent’s locker room to make players on that team sluggish during the game.Some sports have also encouraged hitting or tackling other players very hard to make those players drop the ball or poorly execute a play.
The “winning-at-all-costs” philosophy of sports today has had an adverse effect on athletes.Recent research has shown that participation in sports actually blocks the normal development of moral reasoning in athletes.In a study of 10,000 athletes in both high school and college, it was found that athletes in general scored lower on tests of moral development than non-athletes.Additionally, male athletes scored lower than female ones.And worst of all, the longer athletes participated in sports, the lower their moral reasoning scores on the test.
14.What is the passage mainly about？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The cause and effect of cheating in sports.（B）Penalty rules against cheating.
（C）How to win a competition.（D）Moral reasoning scores of athletes.
15.What does “normative cheating” in the first paragraph mean？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Cheating by normal people.（B）Cheating by breaking the rules.
（C）Cheating that is easily noticed by the opponents.（D）Cheating that creates an advantage within the rules.
16.Which of the following is an example of normative cheating？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To hit a referee so hard that he can’t do his job well.
（B）To act as if you have been hit illegally by an opponent.
（C）To lock the opponents in their locker room.（D）To attack an opponent and be noticed by the referee.
17.What does “adverse” in the second paragraph mean？答案顯示:【B】
18.What was the major finding of the study of 10,000 athletes？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Athletes see themselvesas more morally conscious.
（B）Male athletes have a stronger sense of morality than female ones.
（C）Athletes have difficulty judging what is morally right or wrong.
（D）Longer participation in sports makes people morally strong.
I just looked in the mirror, and I saw an overweight woman looking back at me.Who is she？Is that really me？I am sad to say I am one of the many Americans who do not do enough physical activity.Physical activity includes doing things like housework and walking the dog.It also includes doing exercise, such as playing tennis and going to the gym.A government report says that only 1 in 10 Americans does a lot of physical exercise.3 in 10 Americans do very little and 4 in 10 Americans do no activity at all.I am one of the Americans who do very little physical activity.
We have to make more time to work our bodies.Because most Americans don’t do enough physical activity, theyare in danger of having health problems.We are gaining weight because of too little physical activity.We also eat too many high-calorie foods.That’s a horrible fact.
We really have to get up and get busy! I’m not a couch potato, but my friend Joey is.His idea of exercise is sitting on the sofa, lifting soda cans and potato chips to his mouth while watching other people exercise on TV.I’m not that bad, but I’ve decided Joey and I are going to change.
19.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The crisis of a middle-aged woman（B）The importance of physical exercise.
（C）Too many couch potatoes in America（D）The danger of having health problems.
20.Which of the following is NOT physical exercise？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Doing online shopping.（B）Going to the gym.（C）Walking the dog.（D）Playing table tennis.
21.According to the government report, which group does the author belong to？答案顯示:【C】
（A）1 in10.Americans（B）2 in 10 Americans.（C）3 in 10 Americans.（D）4 in 10 Americans.
22.According to his idea of exercise, which of the following is NOT what Joey probably does？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Lying on the couch.（B）Putting snacks into his mouth.
（C）Exercising while watching TV.（D）Watching sports programs on TV.
23.Which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Most Americans are in danger of having health problems.
（B）Joey, like the other 40% of Americans, does no exercise at all.
（C）People become overweight because of too little physical activity.
（D）Joey is a couch potato because he likes to eat a lot of potato chips.
24.The countries have agreed on strengthening co-operation in order to［ ］the economic crisis by joint effort.答案顯示:【B】
25.According to the witness, two guys in their early twenties［ ］the old lady trying to rob her of her handbag.答案顯示:【C】