《英文測驗題庫彙編04》107年(共22單元 & 755題)::答案顯示::
。03(106-103年) 65單元 & 2,230題。02(103-100年) 82單元 & 2,890題。01(99~91年) 84單元& 4,030題
1.The traveling office［ ］10 locations to offer people multiple choices to enjoy the magnificent sunsets in a relaxing way.答案顯示:【C】
2.Be prepared to［ ］your country, because many foreigners will expect you to know a lot about history and culture in your home country.答案顯示:【C】
3.Birdwatchers in Taiwan are eager to see spoonbills and［ ］photographs.答案顯示:【A】
4.Your flight could be［ ］for many reasons, such as terrible weather, mechanical issues with the aircraft, and many other reasons.答案顯示:【A】
5.National Taichung Theater was［ ］by the internationally acclaimed Japanese architect, Toyo Ito.答案顯示:【B】
6.One of the most［ ］things about Taiwan is the overwhelming friendliness of its people.答案顯示:【A】
7.In hotel terminology,［ ］rooms refer to those which provide two beds.答案顯示:【D】
8.Tour guides will meet guests from all over the globe and all walks of life, so the best guides need to be［ ］to cultural differences.答案顯示:【D】
9.Taiwan has some［ ］fruit that you are not going to see anywhere else, such as pink guava, wax apples, and “Buddha’s head.”答案顯示:【C】
10.Always keep one backup credit card and bank card with you in case of［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
11.A tour guide needs to be people-friendly,［ ］about travel, and able to work in stressful circumstances.答案顯示:【D】
12.Most people［ ］using both verbal and nonverbal communications, so paying attention to facial expressions can help you read a situation.答案顯示:【B】
13.Wang Ye and Matsu are two of the most common gods according to folk belief in Taiwan, but the rituals of［ ］these gods differ.答案顯示:【C】
14.Many historical stores and buildings have been［ ］into fantastic restaurants.答案顯示:【A】
15.He always keeps promises and never breaks his［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
16.You can［ ］a little before deciding what to buy.答案顯示:【D】
（A）fall apart（B）look out（C）pass out（D）shop around
17.The hot［ ］at Guanziling are located on the side of Zhentou Mountain in southern Taiwan, and due to subterranean rocks, their water is abundant in minerals.答案顯示:【C】
18.Along the routes, you will［ ］a number of famous temples.答案顯示:【D】
（A）bend over（B）give in（C）hand in（D）pass by
19.The forest resource in Taiwan［ ］up to around 58 percent of the size of the island.答案顯示:【A】
20.You will have to plan where the tour goes and what is seen by the passengers if you are in［ ］of the tour.答案顯示:【B】
21.No trip to Kaohsiung is complete without［ ］the city’s night markets a visit.答案顯示:【C】
22.Bubble tea has been popular in Taiwan, and the city is［ ］tea stores.答案顯示:【B】
（A）carried out（B）filled with（C）looked around（D）passed on
23.Pineapple cake, one of Taiwan's best food souvenirs, is［ ］pineapples or winter melon.答案顯示:【C】
（A）fed up（B）held on（C）made with（D）paid off
24.Many people have tried to［ ］bad habits at some point in their lives.答案顯示:【D】
（A）sum up（B）queue up（C）get up（D）give up
25.Is the luggage yours or［ ］？答案顯示:【B】
26.Taiwan allows visa-free entry for certain passport holders.To be approved for visa-free entry, the passport should have at least six months of［ ］remaining.答案顯示:【C】
27.Hualien is a small city, but even［ ］, it attracts many tourists.答案顯示:【D】
28.Miaoli offers a wide［ ］of classic souvenirs ranging from wood craft, Tung blossom art, and Hakka cuisine.答案顯示:【C】
29.A: There are a lot of good restaurants near National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts.B: Great! How can we［ ］the Museum from here？答案顯示:【C】
（A）arrive in（B）come at（C）get to（D）depart at
30.A: What time do we have to［ ］tomorrow？答案顯示:【A】 B: We will have to leave our room by 9 in the morning.
（A）check out（B）check in（C）check it（D）check off
Tourist: I am on a business trip.
（A）How do you like your trip（B）How long is the business
（C）What do you do（D）What is the purpose of your visit
32.A: How long does it take to walk through the National Palace Museum？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Around four hours（B）At 2:00 PM
（C）It's $30 per hour（D）It's right there, next to that park
33.A: Where are we headed now？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Let’s break it down（B）Let’s get a head start
（C）We are going to the airport（D）We are headed off at the airport
34.A: Do you know where the nearest washroom is？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It’s my pleasure to be here（B）It’s right around the corner
（C）No, I don’t have the process（D）Yes, I have the authority
35.A: Are we allowed to take pictures once we get inside the museum？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Yes, you can frame your own pictures there（B）No, no local museums are displaying pictures
（C）Pictures in the museum are not allowed to touch（D）Taking pictures inside the museum is prohibited
36.A: What do you do in your spare time？答案顯示:【B】
（A）I’ll have a ham sandwich（B）I go hiking with friends
（C）You really love pasta a lot（D）You shouldn’t swim alone
37.A: Are you going to drive all the way to Taitung？答案顯示:【A】
（A）No, we’ll stop by in Kaoshiung for a night（B）No, we’re going to take the highway
（C）Yes, it’s a beautiful sightseeing spot（D）Yes, it’s on my way to Taitung
38.Would you mind［ ］around here for a few minutes？答案顯示:【B】
（A）waited（B）waiting（C）of wait（D）to wait
39.I didn’t know what time［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）the bus would get there（B）would the bus get there
（C）the bus is getting there（D）is the bus getting there
40.All the tour group members are［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
（A）on upstairs（B）in upstairs（C）at upstairs（D）upstairs
41.Even if I［ ］drive the tour bus, I wouldn’t.Let’s wait for the driver.答案顯示:【C】
42.Let’s call it a day,［ ］？答案顯示:【A】
（A）shall we（B）will you（C）isn’t it（D）won’t you
43.One of the issues that come up in the modern life is people using their electronic devices while walking.When they do so, it is very difficult to be［ ］of what is going on around them.答案顯示:【C】
44.The bus service is unavailable［ ］eight o’clock on Monday morning.答案顯示:【B】
45.The city government legislated an increase in fines for those who do not［ ］their seat belts.The new rule becomes effective next month.答案顯示:【D】
46.If all of us travel to Penghu［ ］ferry as opposed to flying, we could save up to 10,000 dollars.答案顯示:【C】
47.This website introduces the best travel planning apps which could help you plan your［ ］, and make sure your tickets and connections are all lined up.答案顯示:【B】
48.The store adjacent to the hotel is a convenience store which provides a range of everyday items such as［ ］, snacks, or drinks.答案顯示:【A】
49.One［ ］between a turtle and a tortoise is that tortoises live only on land.答案顯示:【A】
50.A person whose job is to translate information from one language to another is called an［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
51.When the athlete［ ］one of his greatest performances, he received a standing ovation from the audience.答案顯示:【B】
（A）referred to（B）pulled off（C）pulled over（D）handed in
52.The Michelin Guide Taipei, also known as the bible for global fine［ ］, will be available in Taiwan in the first quarter of 2018.答案顯示:【C】
53.Some people spent years saving up money［ ］to take a long-term dream trip.答案顯示:【A】
（A）in order（B）in tune（C）on duty（D）on top
54.The National Palace Museum provides a special children’s audio guide to allow children to learn more about the［ ］on display.答案顯示:【B】
55.The museum audio guide is available in several languages, such as English, Japanese and Spanish, at a cost of NT$150 per［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
56.Even though a rising population and booming economy have brought great benefits to Southeast Asian countries, the major problem of traffic［ ］has resulted, leading to pollution and delays.答案顯示:【B】
57.Located in the northeast part of Chiayi County in Taiwan, Alishan is home to some of Taiwan’s most astonishing natural［ ］and landscapes.答案顯示:【B】
58.Nature［ ］are established to protect iconic, special, and endangered species of plants and animals.答案顯示:【C】
59.One of the most famous traditional arts in Taiwan is glove［ ］.Even though the dummies have no obvious expressions on their wooden heads, professional performers use their hands and voices to embody them with the lively appearance of human actions and emotions.答案顯示:【C】
60.One tip for dealing with difficult customers is to put your emotions aside when listening to their［ ］or concerns and sincerely thank them for sharing.答案顯示:【A】
61.Violators will be［ ］for eating or drinking on Taipei MRT trains or platforms.答案顯示:【A】
62.If you want to pay with a credit card, you can directly［ ］the card on the device.答案顯示:【D】
63.This historical site was largely rebuilt［ ］the years of 1990 and 1995.答案顯示:【C】
64.The Hakka town of Meinong in southern Taiwan is famous for its［ ］, which not only provide shelter from the sun but also symbolize good fortune.答案顯示:【A】
（A）oil paper umbrellas（B）Chinese knots（C）scented sachets（D）calligraphy
65.Due to increased competition from foreign travel agencies, local travel agencies were forced to［ ］the prices of package tours to attract tourists.答案顯示:【B】
66.This building is renowned for its［ ］design.For example, people with injuries or in wheelchairs can use the elevator to reach the observatory.答案顯示:【D】
67.If you want to use the hotel［ ］service, you need to fill out the attached card indicating which items of clothing have been placed in the bag.答案顯示:【A】
68.［ ］is considered not just a form of writing, but rather is viewed as the most appreciated visual form of all Chinese art.答案顯示:【B】
69.Please take the free［ ］, which begins its route at North Park Station, so that we can keep the air in the park as clean and pure as possible.答案顯示:【D】
70.The meal only costs NT$200 but the receipt shows NT$ 250.I think I was［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
Five Swedish designers have worked with artisans in Taiwan to explore different lacquer techniques, and presented their works in an exhibition –“A New Layer.” The exhibition shows contemporary objects made with an ancient technique.Lacquer has been used in East Asia for over 7000 years and encompasses a variety of techniques and applications.The title “A New Layer” refers to how the lacquer is applied in several layers until the desired surface sheen occurs.
Historically, China and Japan have been the primary regions for the development of the lacquer art form.Artisans have not only mastered a single method, but developed a variety of ways in which the coating is used, both as a functional and a decorative material.Despite the long history of craftsmanship, it is not tied to tradition but is constantly changing.
Taiwan is a geographical and cultural crossroads for China and Japan but also a region with influences from Southeast Asia and Polynesia.This variegated culture is visible in Taiwan's craft traditions and has significantly colored the material that appears in “A New Layer.” The exhibition shows a broad palette of materials such as ceramics, wood, metal, wicker bamboo, fabric, pearl and stone, all of it accompanied by lacquer work applied on the objects in various ways.
“A New Layer” is a collaboration between the designers Carina Seth Andersson, Matti Klenell, Stina Löfgren, Gabriella Gustafson, Mattias Ståhlbom, National Taiwan Craft Research and Development Institute(NTCRI)and the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities.
71.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）the beauty of traditional Swedish art（B）the news about an exhibition
（C）the history of lacquer art（D）the conflict between eastern and western cultures
72.What does the title “A New Layer” refer to？答案顯示:【A】
（A）how the lacquer is put on in several coatings（B）how the lacquer is painted by several artisans
（C）how the lacquer is hidden in several regions（D）how the lacquer is approved by several institutes
73.Who collaborates to present the exhibition “A New Layer”？答案顯示:【D】
（A）people in China and Japan［ ］（B）people in Southeast Asia and Polynesia
（C）people in Sweden only［ ］（D）people in Sweden and Taiwan
74.According to the passage, which of the following statement is true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Lacquer has been used in East Europe for more than 7000 years.
（B）Lacquer is originated in both Sweden and Taiwan.
（C）Japan is one of the main regions for the development of the lacquer art form.
（D）There is only one single application possible for lacquer.
75.Where is this passage most likely from？答案顯示:【B】
（A）a research journal（B）a news report（C）a science fiction（D）a recipe book
If there is one main characteristics of the modern world that make our lives different from our grandparents’, it is probably speed.We are always on the move, and we don’t have much patience with slow systems of transportation.We want to get there, and we want to do it fast! Car makers, airline owners, and the planners of mass transit systems all share a common goal.They are trying to provide us with faster and faster ways to reach our destinations.
Nonetheless, many of us actually want to slow down.Although we complain when our plane isn’t on schedule or when we have to wait in a traffic jam, we also complain about always being in a hurry.Every once in a while, we think of the sound of a train whistle – clear and high in the air – we feel sad.There is a strong sense of nostalgia for other places and other times, when life was slower and, perhaps, better.
Why does a train whistle bring on a feeling of nostalgia？Perhaps it’s because many of us remember a favorite novel or movie that took place on a train, and the story told of danger and excitement.There’s a sense of romance about a train that simply doesn’t exist on a modern jet plane.Several railroad companies are taking advantage of the nostalgia for train travel: They are offering unique tours for travelers who aren’t in a hurry and who enjoy the romance of the past.
76.What is the main purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）to compare the transportation in the past and the present
（B）to give an overall look at modern transportation systems
（C）to explain why train travel becomes an option for travelers
（D）to show why people prefer fast systems of transportation
77.According to the passage, what is one main characteristics of the modern world？答案顯示:【A】
（A）fast pace（B）bold move（C）major delay（D）much patience
78.According to the passage, what is the possible reason for the love of train travel？答案顯示:【B】
（A）train schedules（B）fond memories（C）high speed（D）luxurious facilities
79.Which is closest in meaning to the word “nostalgia” in the second paragraph？答案顯示:【D】
80.According to the passage, which of the following statement is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Most people want to travel on trains because they are fast.
（B）There is a sense of romance about a modern jet plane.
（C）Airlines offer tours for those who aren’t in a rush and enjoy the love of the past.
（D）Many exciting stories in books and in movies happened on trains.
1.I enjoyed my vacation in San Francisco.I was most［ ］by the beautiful scenes along the Pacific Coast Highway.答案顯示:【B】
2.It is very kind of you to give me a［ ］to the airport.答案顯示:【C】
3.The flu is sending people to hospitals almost everywhere in the country.Several hospitals have set up large tents outside their emergency departments to［ ］and treat flu patients.答案顯示:【A】
4.Climate［ ］has become human′s great damaging equalizer, leaving no part of the planet safe from the harm we do.答案顯示:【B】
5.When it comes to cancer［ ］, it is well known that we should avoid eating too many sweets and fast foods and spending too much time on the couch.答案顯示:【D】
（A）enhancement［ ］（B）upgrade［ ］（C）nutrition［ ］（D）prevention
6.She is such a lovely,［ ］, and passionate lady that everyone likes to chat with her.答案顯示:【A】
（A）honest［ ］（B）honor［ ］（C）honesty［ ］（D）honestly
7.Many people think［ ］time is when the plane takes off.Actually it is when the flight is scheduled to leave the gate.答案顯示:【C】
8.The police have not［ ］that the man in the car accident is indeed the suspect of the bank rubbery case.答案顯示:【D】
9.Tourists must have［ ］passport before they apply for visas.答案顯示:【B】
10.John dragged the injured woman out of the kitchen while Jack used a fire［ ］to fight the fire.答案顯示:【C】
11.It was only a four-hour drive to cross the desert and reach the costal city, but we ran out of gas before we could reach the［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
12.On August 31, 2017, Britain paid tribute to Princess Diana on the twentieth［ ］of her death.She died in a high-speed car crash in Paris on August 31, 1997.答案顯示:【B】
13.A couple grieving over the death of their son in a traffic accident blamed his death on the driver′s lack of driver training and launched a public campaign calling for［ ］education for new drivers.答案顯示:【D】
14.We headed to the countryside, rich with gorgeous hills and lakes.The scenery there was［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
15.One advice for traveler is plan your［ ］ahead of time, but also prepare to be flexible.答案顯示:【D】
16.The［ ］date for a medicine is the last date that the manufacturer guarantees the medicine is safe or effective.答案顯示:【B】
（A）extension［ ］（B）expiration［ ］（C）expatriation［ ］（D）exportation
17.Firms that are less productive will go out of business.This creates an［ ］for firms to be as productive as possible.答案顯示:【A】
18.We ordered two［ ］, chicken wings and Mozzarella sticks, salad and soup before the main dish.答案顯示:【C】
19.When travelling with delicate or breakable objects, you′d better declare them as［ ］.The airline will put stickers on the boxes or bags and take special care of them.答案顯示:【D】
20.It was a［ ］night for travelers at Miami International Airport.Thousands of inbound passengers were stuck behind customs screening stations for hours due to a computer failure.答案顯示:【B】
21.One of the most common problems for hotel guests is when the neighbors in［ ］rooms are noisy.Speaking to the hotel staff to ask for another room is something that can be successful, particularly earlier in the night when not all rooms may be taken.答案顯示:【C】
22.There are many different types of scenery in the park.The best way to see them is to go［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）on foot（B）in good hands（C）by all means（D）off the hook
23.New research suggests that our memory can be improved when we give our brain the chance for a complete recharge with no［ ］from interventions such as checking emails or surfing the web on a smartphone.答案顯示:【C】
24.As flying becomes increasingly time-consuming and less attractive, a new London-to-Amsterdam rail route could［ ］passengers from the skies.答案顯示:【B】
25.Staying safe when skiing or snowboarding in the mountains is crucial and an important part of that is being［ ］of the risk of avalanche.答案顯示:【A】
26.A simple “Please,” “Thank you,” and “I’m sorry” in the local language［ ］a long way when you are on a trip.答案顯示:【B】
27.A medical emergency can cost you a lot of money.It is suggested that you buy travel［ ］before you start your trip.答案顯示:【C】
28.Gansu’s［ ］landscapes include the Gobi Desert, the Yellow River, numerous mountain formations, and remnants of the Silk Road and the Great Wall of China.答案顯示:【D】
29.Many of Niseko's resorts offer winter adventure seekers the option to explore off trail skiing.The backcountry can be［ ］through special gates around the resorts or experienced on guided tours and helicopter tours.答案顯示:【C】
30.If you've chosen a［ ］holiday, you'll probably have to get around on your own using taxis, buses, subways - or the tube if you're traveling to London.答案顯示:【B】
31.If you are traveling across a body of water, you might make a ferry crossing.You'll have to go to a［ ］and board before you set sail.答案顯示:【C】
32.Global Blue Tax Free shopping brings you additional savings on［ ］at over 300,000 store across the world’s best shopping districts.答案顯示:【D】
33.My car isn’t［ ］.There is always something wrong with it.答案顯示:【D】
（A）unusual［ ］（B）expensive［ ］（C）uncomfortable［ ］（D）reliable
34.Hawaiian Airlines is proud to offer you a taste of the islands even before you land! You’ll enjoy a wide array of［ ］drinks to make your flight as enjoyable as possible.答案顯示:【D】
35.Weddings can be expensive.In this week's News Report you can hear about a way to［ ］the cost of your wedding by 50%.答案顯示:【A】
36.As more and more people were taking time away from studies and careers to travel and work overseas, there was increased［ ］for organized travel programs.答案顯示:【B】
37.We are a private travel and transport agency specializing in customized trips, day［ ］and hiking in Morocco.答案顯示:【D】
（A）excellence［ ］（B）expansions［ ］（C）evacuation［ ］（D）excursions
38.There is a big problem with my timetable.I have got two meetings［ ］at the same time.答案顯示:【B】
39.I can’t open the window in my room.It seems to be［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
（A）stroke［ ］（B）strike［ ］（C）stick［ ］（D）stuck
40.We're not paying together.We are on separate［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
41.(In a hotel)Tom calls the front desk: How to set the［ ］for the safe in my room？I would like to leave my computer in the safe while I’m going out.答案顯示:【A】
42.HOTEL CLERK: The Four Seasons Hotel.How can I help you？答案顯示:【B】
JOHN: Hello, My name is Mr.Wong.I'd like to reserve a room.Do you have any［ ］room from March 10th to March 13th？
（A）void［ ］（B）available［ ］（C）unavailable［ ］（D）vague
43.Receptionist: Yes, How can I help you？答案顯示:【B】
Tourist: I am looking for a room that would be nice for a romantic weekend.What would you［ ］？
44.William: Excuse me.I am sorry to trouble you, but could you tell me how I can get to the train station？答案顯示:【A】
Kate: Yes, no problem.It is that way.Keep walking straight ahead.After you pass the library, you have to turn left.Then［ ］your first right and it is across from the bus station.You cannot miss it!
45.Tom: I would like to［ ］my flight.Airline: Can I have your name, please？Tom: My name is David T.Jackson.答案顯示:【B】
46.You shall never leave your luggage［ ］at all in the airport.答案顯示:【C】
47.While many people avoid garlic in their food for fear of smelling of it, Romanians have a cult-like［ ］for the plant.It is thought that garlic can protect people and homes from evil spirits.答案顯示:【A】
48.From quality luxury lodges to back-to-nature camping, the selection of［ ］in New Zealand is varied and plentiful.答案顯示:【D】
（A）monument［ ］（B）longitude［ ］（C）tournament（D）accommodation
49.Mount Mayon, the Philippines’ most active volcano, violently［ ］around midday on Monday, leaving a gigantic ash column in the sky and lava fragments crashing down on surrounding villages.答案顯示:【B】
50.Rumors stemming from Apple analysts suggest that a［ ］in orders means iPhone X production may cease as early as this summer, which would be the first time Apple has discontinued an iPhone before unveiling a new model.答案顯示:【D】
51.The tiny Pacific island of Palmerston is one of the most［ ］islands in the world.The journey takes nine days from Tahiti, and is long and dangerous.However, it is well worth it.答案顯示:【D】
52.Teens looking to drive can start a driver's education course as soon as they turn 14 years old - but they must wait until they are 15 years of age to be［ ］for a learner license in Texas.答案顯示:【A】
53.A: I just got invited to my boss’s house for dinner! What do you do when you are invited to someone’s house here？答案顯示:【C】
B: Well, it’s the［ ］to bring a small gift.
54.When you go out on a date for dinner, it is acceptable to share the［ ］.答案顯示:【B】
55.People［ ］23 billions cups of coffee in coffee shops or stores in the UK every year.答案顯示:【A】
56.In order to run a［ ］restaurant, you need to get a talented chef.答案顯示:【D】
57.A: We should not have invited my wife’s boss to the dinner party yesterday.He kept talking and didn’t leave until two o’clock in the morning.B: He should not have stayed so late.That was really［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
58.Sending text message over the phone is a very［ ］way to communicate.It is faster and easier than calling.答案顯示:【B】
59.Sometimes companies have to［ ］their products from the market because of faults.答案顯示:【A】
60.When you are traveling, try to avoid［ ］into bank accounts or entering any passwords while using free public WIFI at a place like an airport.答案顯示:【C】
61.We learn to be［ ］to foreign cultures and do not judge carelessly other customs.答案顯示:【C】
62.A study points out that when you are in a plane, the sun’s rays are much more harmful, and you face an increased［ ］of skin damage, skin ageing, and skin cancer.答案顯示:【B】
63.Many airlines operate overbooking policies because a small number of passengers having made their bookings, do not［ ］up for their flights.答案顯示:【D】
64.In dense cities where huge numbers of people are moving in generally the same［ ］, there is no alternative to the fixed route bus or train, because nothing else fits in the limited space.答案顯示:【B】
65.Earthquakes are not［ ］for residents in Japan but the 7.1-magnitude quake, one of the strongest in recent years, came as a shock.答案顯示:【D】
66.Software developers［ ］AI technology into their products and use it to deal with the complicated job of big-data sorting and analysis.答案顯示:【D】
67.All businesses face competition.Your business competitor could offer a substitute or similar product that makes your own［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
68.There was a permanent［ ］of tourist hotels in this country because more and more hoteliers and innkeepers expand investment during all these years.答案顯示:【D】
69.While more firefighters poured in to［ ］the effort, the desperate firefighting finally brought forth a glimmer of hope on the fifth day.答案顯示:【A】
70.Uber drivers will now be forced to take a six-hour［ ］after a total of 12 hours of driving time.Drivers will not be able to accept new riders during that rest period.答案顯示:【C】
First there were selfies.Then there were selfie sticks.Now comes a new phase: selfie booths, which some stores are providing as a sort of next-generation photo kiosks.In the age of ubiquitous social media, these booths and rooms seem to be the latest way to attract customers and build a brand.
At several stores of the optical company Warby Parker, customers unsure if those spectacle frames really fit them can jump into the on-site selfie booth, snap off some images and email them to friends and family for a second opinion.At Doomie′s, a vegetarian restaurant in Toronto, there is a dedicated selfie room where persons stand in front of a mirror, take a photo and post it to social media, often with a caption like ″just emerged from my food coma.″
When they were planning the restaurant, Doomie′s owners wanted clever ways to promote it and differentiate it.They noticed younger people always want something on Facebook or the like.The restaurant had an unused basement room, so they painted the floor white and had the walls prepared in cartoons.Now at least half the restaurant′s first-timers under the age of 35 visit the selfie room.On evenings when there is a wait for the table, patrons sometimes pass the time posing and posting.
When the restaurant was launched, it was covered by CBC and other news outlets just for the selfie room, and it was a hot talking point on social media.The selfie room surely helps Doomie′s business.
While places like Doomie's in Toronto are setting aside designated areas for people to take pictures with their own smartphones, other businesses are installing booths designed to take superior selfies.Selfie lovers know that pictures taken in specially lit booths come out far better than a cellphone snapshot.
71.What might be the best title for the passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Draw Cartoon on Wall and Make Your Place More Playful（B）Why Is Selfie Popular Among Young People
（C）Step Into Our Selfie Booth and Help Us Build Our Brand（D）How to Make Better Selfies without Light
72.According to the passage, where is Doomie′s selfie room located？答案顯示:【B】
（A）On the second floor.（C）On the street.（B）In the basement.（D）On Facebook.
73.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）More than one news outlet covered the story of Doomie′s selfie room.
（B）Young people don′t visit Doomie′s selfie room.
（C）Selfie booths came before selfie sticks.（D）The floor of Doomie′s selfie room is painted black.
74.What business is Warby Parker in？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Fashion wear.（B）Food and beverage.（C）Athletic shoes.（D）Eyeglasses.
75.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Adding a selfie booth in your business can be a clever way to promote business.
（B）Doomie′s seats all clients waiting for a table in the selfie room.
（C）Most CBC reporters are vegetarians.（D）Doomie′s is located in a theme park for little kids.
Anthropologists tell us that each of us walks around inside “bubbles of personal space.” The size of the bubble represents our personal territory, territorial imperative, or “personal buffer zone.” We neither like nor tolerate it when someone invades our bubble.As we travel to different places around the world, we learn that some cultural bubbles are larger or smaller than others.The American “bubble” extends about 12 to 15 inches, and so we may stand a combined 24 to 30 inches apart.Scientists point out this just happens to be an arm’s length away.One could stretch out his arm and put his thumb in the other person’s ear.
Orientals, and especially the Japanese, stand even farther apart, anthropologist George Renwick adds.When it comes to ordinary business or social situations, they have the largest bubbles of all.However, in their own public settings, where crowding is impossible to avoid, they accept body contact or just seem to ignore it, “touching without feeling.”
Latins and Middle Easterners, on the other hand, stand much closer than Americans.They may stand, literally, toe-to-toe.They may even place a hand on the other’s forearm or elbow, or even finger the lapel of the other person.
However, touch codes are changing all over the world.In the United States, politicians have learned the value of touch.They frequently give two-handed handshakes, casually touch the elbow of another, or lightly touch the back of the person standing next to them.“Pressing flesh” has become a byword on political campaigns.Also, Japanese managers posted in the U.S.factories are steeling themselves and learning to accept finger-crunching handshakes, back patting, and maybe even a friendly arm around the shoulders for the softball team photo.
76.What does “bubble” mean in the passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）the balloon in public settings
（C）the physical distance between people
（B）the toy for social situations（D）the territory of anthropologists
77.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Japanese people tend to stand far apart from each other.（B）Japanese people like to have large bubbles.
（C）Japanese people like crowded situations so that they can touch others.
（D）Japanese would attack people when their territory get invaded.
78.According to the passage, what kind of people may have the smallest “bubbles”？答案顯示:【B】
79.What does “pressing flesh” mean？答案顯示:【D】
（A）pushing people（C）making friends（B）talking to people（D）shaking hands with people
80.According to paragraph 4, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Latins start to keep farther apart from each other.
（B）Japanese sales may pat people on the back when in U.S.
（C）American politicians use firm, strong handshakes to connect to people.
（D）Japanese may put their arms around athletes’ shoulders when taking photos.
Trends come and go, and desserts are no exception.Today the egg tart is in, and perhaps tomorrow, donuts will be all the rage.However, some desserts can always withstand the test of time, and remain as popular as ever.This is definitely the case with macaroons.
Write an essay of about 250~300 words to describe the low birth rate situation in Taiwan.Your essay should include the seriousness and the influences of the situation ,and the coping strategies you would recommend to the government.
1.The American diplomatic doctrine has always meant to advance multiple goals, a doctrine that seeks to achieve the highest possible level of［ ］of one's enemies, while simultaneously enjoying the warmest reception from one's allies.答案顯示:【A】
2.Rooftop gardens have many［ ］effects on urban neighborhoods.答案顯示:【B】
3.Low-income families cannot［ ］the luxurious products displayed in the department store.答案顯示:【B】
4.The producer believed that big names in the show business could lift his TV show’s poor rating, so he decided to invite as many［ ］as he could to join the show.答案顯示:【A】
5.My grandmother is a friendly woman who likes to［ ］to new neighbors by making cookies for them.答案顯示:【C】
（A）break down（B）end up（C）reach out（D）set back
6.El Nino has helped［ ］drought in many parts of the world, leaving millions hungry.答案顯示:【A】
7.People suffering from economic recession will migrate from the country to the city, mostly attracted by the［ ］of work.答案顯示:【D】
Every summer, in the city of Pamplona, Spain, there is a very special festival.It is called the Running of the Bulls.This very dangerous［8］takes place every morning between the 7th and 14th of July for eight days.At 8 a.m.,someone fires a rocket.When people hear it, they open the doors of the corral in which the bulls are kept.The bulls run through the streets toward the bull ring, the［9］where bullfights take place.When the bulls start running, hundreds of people run in the streets in front of them.Many of them are［10］, and some are tourists.In the last 80 years, at least 14 people have died.
Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases.［11］would include particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breathing difficulties during sleep, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of［12］dietary calories, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness.［13］to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited.The primary treatment for obesity is dieting and physical exercise.［14］, or in case of failure, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption.In severe cases, surgery is performed or an intragastric balloon is placed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length,［15］earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
（A）To supply this（B）To support this（C）To implement this（D）To supplement this
（A）resulting from（B）as a consequence of（C）resisting（D）leading to
Price elasticity of demand(PED)is a measure used in economics to show the relationship between a change in the quantity demanded of a particular good or service and a change in its price.More［16］, it gives the percentage change in quantity demanded in response to a one percent change in price.
PED is often used when discussing price sensitivity in economics.In general, the demand for a good is said to be elastic, or［17］price changes,when its PED is greater than one.That is, changes in price have a relatively large effect on the quantity of a good demanded.［18］, the demand for a good is said to be inelastic when the PED is less than one.In such cases, a large change in price is accompanied by a small amount of change in quantity demanded.
Price elasticities are almost always negative, although analysts tend to ignore the sign even though this can lead to ambiguity.According to the law of demand, when price goes up, demand goes down and vice versa.Thus, only goods which do not［19］the law of demand, such as Veblen goods for their exclusive nature and appeal as a status symbol, have a positive PED.
A firm’s revenue is maximized when price is set so that the PED is exactly one.Therefore, knowing PED helps the firm decide whether to raise, lower, or［20］price, which would require the firm to charge consumers different prices for the same product.Typically, if demand is elastic, revenue is gained by reducing price, but if demand is inelastic, revenue is gained by raising price.
（A）regardless of（B）diverted from（C）responsive to（D）suspicious of
（A）conform to（B）specialize in（C）touch upon（D）wear away
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
Kraken, a 17-year-old rollercoaster at SeaWorld Orlando, an amusement park in Florida, reopened recently after several months of refurbishment.That, in itself, is unusual.The normal fate of old rides is demolition and replacement by new ones offering fresh thrills.More unusual still is that Kraken, though it had not undergone any physical upgrade during its refurbishment, had customers queuing eagerly to get on it as though it were a brand new offering.
SeaWorld Orlando is the latest in a string of parks to turn to virtual reality(VR) to recycle rollercoasters of days past.In the case of Kraken, the rider wears a headset that takes him on an underwater journey which matches the coaster’s movements, dodging prehistoric sea creatures such as pliosaurs, careering down into an underwater canyon,and straining to escape the clutches of the terrible, tentacled monster after which the ride is named.
Building a new ride is pricy, even for a big attraction like SeaWorld.For small parks, with low budgets, it can be an existential bet.VR, though, has given parks an opportunity to breathe new life into old rides, saving money as they do so.Adding VR to a rollercoaster does, however, present challenges beyond those involved when the headset wearer is either stationary or using his own muscles to move around.Matching what is seen with the sensation of movement is crucial.Get it wrong and the result is nausea.Yet, when executed properly, the pairing of rollercoasters and VR, two things that can both, by themselves, be nauseating experiences, actually helps reduce the risk of sickness.
The VR augmentation of rides is unlikely to remain limited to rollercoasters.Six Flags, one of the world’s biggest amusement-park companies, is experimenting with adding VR to drop towers—devices in which the rider experiences several seconds of free-fall before being decelerated for a safe landing.Park visitors, then, should expect to don more headsets when they strap in for their favorite rides.
21.Which of following statements about Kraken can we infer from the first paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Kraken is endowed with a new purpose even without any structural change.
（B）Kraken is an attracation which can not be easily found in a typical traditional amusement park.
（C）Kraken reopened because it is the only rollercoaster in the amusement park.
（D）Kraken has better potential for a longer life because it offers free tickets.
22.According to the passage, where does the name "Kraken" come from？答案顯示:【B】
（A）An underwater canyon.（B）A tentacled monster.（C）A rollercoaster designer.（D）A 17-year-old Floridian.
23.According to the passage, which of the following can reduce the risk of sickness when riding Kraken？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The coaster's creating his own nauseating experiences.
（B）The coaster's remaining seated still and not moving around.
（C）The coaster's movements matching with the headset's image.
（D）The coaster's keeping his headset firmly on his head.
24.What does the word "pricy" mean in the third paragraph？答案顯示:【D】
25.What does the third paragraph suggest about adding VR to a rollercoaster？答案顯示:【A】
（A）VR can revive a rollercoaster but it calls for challenges as well.
（B）VR paves the way for the survival of small amusement parks.
（C）VR, when executed properly, increases the rollercoaster’s sensation.
（D）VR has become a trend for a big amusement park like SeaWorld.
1.The police have tried to bring him to［ ］, but his slick lawyers always get the case thrown out of court.答案顯示:【D】
2.Many people are hooked on horror movies; they love to be scared［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）out of their wits（B）with ease（C）in line（D）at their loss
3.［ ］you rather go to the movie with us or stay at home tonight？答案顯示:【B】
4.It is generally believed that examinations are not the only means of［ ］a student's ability.答案顯示:【D】
5.The manager demands a［ ］reply from his coworkers when he sends them a message because he hates to wait.答案顯示:【C】
6.The doctor［ ］some painkillers for my backache after a thorough checkup.答案顯示:【A】
7.Lack of financial resources, the political activists had no choice but using a low-tech［ ］form to publish their newspapers.答案顯示:【A】
8.The UN Security Council called for an immediate and［ ］humanitarian cease-fire in the Gaze war between Israel and Hamas.答案顯示:【D】
9.Each February, people flock to Japan for the Snow Festival in order to see the hundreds of ice［ ］and statues carved by ice artists.答案顯示:【B】
10.Russia faces more［ ］from the European Union over the Ukraine crisis, but the action likely will hurt EU economies.答案顯示:【D】
The Slow Food movement was initiated when a European journalist, Carlo Petrini, saw that a fast-food restaurant had opened in a beautiful square in Rome.He thought it was tragic that many people today live too［11］to sit down for a proper meal and only eat［12］fast food.He decided that he has to try to do something about it,［13］he started the Slow Food movement.［14］he didn't succeed in banning that fast-food restaurant, Slow Food has become a global organization and now has more than 80,000 members in 100 countries.
Slow Food also encourages people to eat local and regional food, to use local shops and markets, to eat out in small family restaurants, and to cook［15］traditional recipes.As member Jon Winge says, "I think it's such acool idea.You support the people who produce beautiful products for you.”
When a melting glacier released its hold on a 4,000-year-old corpse in September, it was quite rightly called one of the most important archaeological findings of the century.［16］by a German couple hiking at 10,500 feet inthe Italian Tyrol near the Austrian border, the partially freeze-dried body still wore remnants of leather garments and boots that had been［17］with straw for insulation.At his side was a bronze ax of a type［18］in southerncentral Europe around 2000 B.C.On his expedition he had carried an all-purpose stone knife, a wooden back-pack, a bow and a quiver, a small bag［19］a flint lighter and kindling, and an arrow repair kit in a leather pouch.Such everyday gear gives an unprecedented perspective on life in early Bronze Age Europe.“The most exciting thing is thatwe genuinely appear to be looking at a man who had some kind of［20］in the course of a perfectly ordinary trip,” says archaeologist Ian Kinnes of the British Museum.“These are not artifacts placed in a grave, but the fellow’s own possessions.”
Scientists in the United States are planning to create lie-detection software for emails and text messages.The new software is being developed by a team led by Jeff Hancock at Cornell University in New York State."We asked people to come into the labs and write lies and we had other people come in and write the truth," says Hancock."Using this method, we've developed a database of tens of thousands of emails.”
The scientists have analyzed the data and identified a number of methods to predict whether or not a person is lying.One of the most important methods is the length of a message.Lying emails have, on average, 28% more words than truthful messages.Another method is the overuse of sense words, such as "see," "feel," and "touch." "When you're lying, you want the other person to believe you, so you give more details," says Hancock.
Liars also tend to use pronouns like "we" and "they" rather than "I" as a way of distancing themselves from a lie because they feel guilty."People often use negative emotional words too, because they feel uncomfortable when they're lying," says Hancock."So they will use terms like "sad," "angry," "unhappy" and "stressed."
Previous research has shown that up to one third of communications at work involve lying of some sort.The most common workplace lie is pretending to be sick to avoid going to work.
But Peter Collett, a psychologist who has written a book on lying, is skeptical about Hancock's work."You can see if somebody is lying by looking at their body language, how fast they talk, and how they speak," he says."How can a computer program see all this？They've clearly done a lot of research, but with emails all you have is words."
21.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）New Computer Software to Catch Lying Emails（B）New Computer Software to Analyze Vocabulary
（C）New Computer Software to Warn People Not to Lie（D）New Computer Software to Help Conduct Research
22.Which of the following statements is true about Hancock's experiment？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The same group of people were asked to come into the labs to write both lies and the truth.
（B）The scientists are developing some methods to detect if a person is lying in emails.
（C）The scientists took advantage of previous database of numerous emails.
（D）His experiment found around 28% of communications at work were lies.
23.According to the passage, which of the following signs could appear in lying emails？答案顯示:【D】
（A）fewer pronouns in a message（B）being poorly written with grammatical errors
（C）containing an unexpected zip file（D）more words in a message
24.Why does the psychologist Peter Collett disagree on Hancock's method？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Because he believes that body language can detect lies.
（B）Because he is unconvinced that computers can detect lies.
（C）Because his published book proves Hancock's experiment wrong.
（D）Because he doubts that the speed of talking can be a better indicator.
25.According to Hancock, which of the following words is NOT likely to be found in a lying email？答案顯示:【D】
Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place using electronic technology.Electronic technology includes［26］and equipment such as cell phones, computers, and tablets as well as communication tools including social media sites, text messages, chat, and websites.Examples of cyberbullying include mean text messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and［27］pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles.Kids who are being cyberbullied are often bullied in person as well.Additionally, kids who are cyberbullied have a［28］time getting away from the harm.Cyberbullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone.
Cyberbullying messages and images can be posted anonymously and［29］quickly to a very wide audience.It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source.Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult after they have been posted or sent.
Cell phones and computers themselves are not to blame for cyberbullying.Social media sites can be used for［30］activities, like connecting kids with friends and family, helping students with school, and for entertainment.But these tools can also be used to hurt other people.Whether done in person or through technology, the effects of bullying are similar.
When people talk about Concorde, they tend to describe it the way one might describe Princess Diana: charming, elegant, and classic.The retired supersonic passenger airliner, still［31］a remarkable achievement of the engineering, first entered service in 1976.It had the most powerful and efficient engines at supersonic speeds.During flight, it would stretch between 6 and 10 inches from its normal length,［32］the heating of the airframe.A special white paint was thus used to help reflect and radiate the heat.
Concorde used to fly regularly from London and Paris to New York and Washington.It flew these routes in［33］half the time of other airlines.A trip from London to New York with Concorde took nearly three hours and thirty minutes as opposed to eight hours with Boeing 777 or Airbus 330.That is to say, it was not［34］for business people to take a day trip to New York and return home in London before pubs closed.With only 20 aircraft built,［35］, Concorde was not a success in terms of economic profit.After the aircraft’s only crash in 2000 and the 911 terrorist attack in 2001, Concorde was retired in 2003, bringing to an end the era of supersonic passenger transportation.
（A）thought up（B）regarded as（C）consisted of（D）identified with
（A）as for（B）due to（C）instead of（D）aside from
（A）less than（B）much less（C）much more（D）more than
The Pathways Programs offer clear paths to Federal internships for students from high school through post-graduate school and to careers for recent graduates, and provide meaningful training and career development opportunities for individuals who are at the beginning of their Federal service.As a student or recent graduate, you can begin your career in the Federal government by choosing the path that best describes you and where you are in your academics:
1.Internship Program: This program is for current students enrolled in a wide variety of educational institutions from high school to graduate level, with paid opportunities to work in agencies and explore Federal careers while still in school.
2.Recent Graduates Program: This program is for individuals who have recently graduated from qualifying educational institutions or programs and seek a dynamic, career development program with training and mentorship.To be eligible, applicants must apply within two years of degree or certificate completion(except for veterans precluded from doing so due to their military service obligation, who will have up to six years to apply).
3.Presidential Management Fellows Program: For more than three decades, the PMF Program has been the Federal government’s premier leadership development program for advanced degree candidates.This program is now for individuals who have received a qualifying advanced degree within the preceding two years.For additional information on the Pathways Programs overall, please visit http://www.opm.gov/HiringReform/Pathways/.
36.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Degree counseling.（B）Job opportunities.（C）Graduate programs.（D）Leadership training.
37.What is the mission of the "Pathways Programs"？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To help students find cycling routes.（B）To prepare students to work for the government.
（C）To advise students who want to explore the world.（D）To give students tips for finding jobs in the society.
38.Where can one find further information about the Pathways Programs？答案顯示:【C】
（A）At a local news agency.（B）At a local tourist information center.
（C）At the official website of the government.（D）At the official website of a university research program.
39.Which program can high school students apply for？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The Internship Program.（B）The Hiring Reform Program.
（C）The Recent Graduates Program.（D）The Presidential Management Fellows Program.
40.Which of the following groups can apply for the Recent Graduates Program up to six years？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Students who are currently working part-time.
（B）Students who are currently studying at a graduate program.
（C）Graduates who cannot apply because of their military service duties.
（D）Graduates who have applied within two years of degree completion.
Marianne Moore(1887-1972)once said that her writing could be called poetry only because there was no other name for it.Indeed her poems appear to be extremely compressed essays that happen to be printed in jagged lines onthe page.Her subjects were varied: animals, laborers, artists, and the craft of poetry.From her general reading came quotations that she found striking or insightful.She included these in her poems, scrupulously enclosed in quotationmarks and sometimes identified in footnotes.Of this practice, she wrote, “‘Why the many quotation marks？’ I am asked...when a thing has been said so well that it could not be said better, why paraphrase it？Hence my writing is, if not a cabinet of fossils, a kind of collection of flies in amber.” Close observation and consentration on detail are themethods of her poetry.
Marianne Moore grew up in Kirkwood, Missouri, near St.Louis.After graduation from Bryn Mawr College in 1909, she taught commercial subjects at the Indian school in Carlisle, Pennsylvannia.Later, she became a librarian inNew York City.During the 1920’s, she was editor of The Dial, an important literary magazine of the period.She lived quietly all her life, mostly in Brooklyn, New York.She spent a lot of time at the Bronx Zoo, fascinated by animals.Her admiration of the Brooklyn Dodgers—before the team moved to Los Angeles—was widely known.
Her first book of poems was published in London in 1921 by a group of friends associated with the imagist movement.From that time on, her poetry has been read with interest by succeeding generations of poets and readers.In 1952, she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her Collected Poems.She wrote that she did not write poetry “for moneyor fame.To earn a living is needful, but it can be done in routine ways.One writes because one has a burning desire to objectify what is indispensable to one’s happiness to express....”
41.According to this passage, which of the following is NOT a subject in Moore's writing？答案顯示:【B】
42.What does Moore refer to as "flies in amber"？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Concentration on details.（B）Quotations in her poetry.
（C）Poetry in the twentieth century.（D）A common image in her poetry.
43.According to the passage, which of the following jobs was not held by Moore？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Teacher.（B）Librarian.（C）Magazine editor.（D）Commercial artist.
44.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The use of quotations in poetry.（B）Essayists and poets of the 1920’s.
（C）Marianne Moore’s life and work.（D）The influence of the imagism on Marianne Moore.
45.According to the passage, which of the following can be inferred about Moore’s poems？答案顯示:【C】
（A）They tend to be subjective.（B）They were all published in The Dial.
（C）They do not use traditional verse forms.（D）They are better known in Europe than in the US.
Are you interested in making a French omelet？Below are some steps you may follow:First, whisk together the eggs until just mixed, then season.Lay out any fillings by the hob.Second, heat a pan over a medium-high flame and add the butter and “swirl” to coat.When the foam begins to die down, pour in the eggs.Theyshould sizzle.Third, shake the pan to distribute the eggs evenly, then leave for 20 seconds until they begin to bubble.Add any filling such as onion, corn, mushrooms, etc.Next, use a fork to draw in the sides of the eggs to the centerwhile shaking the pan to redistribute the liquid to the edges.The omelet is done when still slightly runny in the middle.Finally, take off the heat, and fold two edges into the middle.Shake the pan so they roll together, then tilt it and turn your omelet on to a warm plate(you can tidy it up before serving if you like).Season with salt and pepper, and then eatimmediately!
What’s your favorite omelet recipe, and are you a stirrer or a shaker？And can these delicate French omelets ever compete with a whopping British half moon, oozing with cheese, and served with chips？
46.What is the best title for this passage? 答案顯示:【A】
（A）The butter should be put into a pan after the pan is heated.
（A）How to Make a French Omelet（B）How to Use Instruments to Make Omelets
（C）How to Distribute Eggs When Making an Omelet
（D）How to Distinguish French Omelets from British Half Moons
47.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The butter should be put into a pan after the pan is heated.
（B）We should season the eggs before whisking them together.
（C）We should leave the omelet for 20 seconds before we eat it.
（D）The omelet is undone if it is still slightly runny in the middle.
48.Which of the following ingredients is NOT mentioned in the passage? 答案顯示:【C】
49.What does the word “swirl” mean？答案顯示:【B】
50.Who is most likely to be the author of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）An artist.（B）A gourmet.（C）A politician.（D）An engineer.
1.Eddie’s father has a great［ ］on him because he has set a good example for Eddie to follow.答案顯示:【C】
2.The party last night was fun for the guests, but not for the［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
3.When you［ ］to the conference next week, please give me a call.答案顯示:【A】
（A）come（B）coming（C）will come（D）to come
4.Do you mind［ ］me your book？I forgot to bring mine.答案顯示:【B】
（A）lend（B）lending（C）to lend（D）have lent
5.I quit the job because my boss asked me to do illegal acts and tasks that are against my［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
6.Since my sister had to take the train early tomorrow morning, Mom told her［ ］go to sleep late.答案顯示:【D】
（A）not（B）do not（C）to not（D）not to
7.If you borrow a book from the library, you can’t make any mark or［ ］the word with pencil.答案顯示:【D】
8.［ ］buy concert tickets, we waited in line for two hours.答案顯示:【A】
（A）In order to（B）In addition to（C）As well as（D）As soon as
9.Some people are afraid of needles and［ ］blood testing all together.答案顯示:【C】
10.Alex does not like wet weather, which is why he hates summer because it usually rains［ ］in the afternoon.答案顯示:【D】
11.The［ ］we had yesterday was quite unusual because we had to answer the questions by drawing pictures.答案顯示:【B】
12.When you walk down to the waterfall, you need to pay attention to the［ ］wet path.答案顯示:【C】
13.The students and their parents held a demonstration to protest against the increase of university［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
14.There are so many interesting books on the shelf and I don’t know which one to［ ］from.答案顯示:【D】
15.It is very［ ］to leave a baby unattended in a car under the sun.答案顯示:【A】
16.We should［ ］trash at all times to keep our school clean.答案顯示:【B】
（A）give in（B）pick up（C）figure out（D）turn up
17.Many［ ］come into being when someone is looking for a faster, easier, or better way of doing something.They are results of years of planning and hard work.答案顯示:【D】
18.In Tom’s opinion,［ ］deprive students of the freedom to express themselves and make them look not only similar but dull.答案顯示:【D】
19.Whenever we make a［ ］, we should try to correct it.答案顯示:【B】
20.Our boss is very［ ］and nasty, so nobody likes him.答案顯示:【A】
21.Although he has to travel a lot, Franz earns a good living by playing the trumpet in a famous［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
22.Daphne and Eric［ ］married eight years ago.They have lived a happy life.答案顯示:【D】
（A）had got（B）have got（C）would get（D）got
23.This hotel in the suburb is recently renovated.In fact, staying in this hotel is［ ］comfortable than staying in a small and old one downtown.答案顯示:【C】
24.This story is［ ］interesting nor exciting.答案顯示:【C】
25.It suddenly［ ］to Mr.Smith that his son might have made up excuses to avoid school.答案顯示:【B】
26.Online shopping is significantly on the rise, due to the［ ］of e-commerce year by year.答案顯示:【D】
27.Mimi: I want strawberry ice-cream, Dad.Father: Well, it’s［ ］.答案顯示:【A】 You can order it later, but you must eat something else first.
Mimi:...OK! Then I’ll have beef noodles.
28.Vicky: Why is Jack laughing so loud？［ ］答案顯示:【C】 Oliver: Oh, nothing.
（A）Is it so sad？Who cares？（B）What’s so funny？（C）Let it be（D）
29.Penny: You look really unhappy.What’s wrong？答案顯示:【A】 Tom:［ ］.
Penny: You should go and see a doctor.
（A）I have a cold I（B）finished my homework（C）I just got my midterm grade（D）I’m very happy
30.I went shopping, but I didn’t buy［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
Saffron is known as the most expensive spice in the world.Prices vary depending on the quality as well as species.High-quality saffron can sell for as much as $ 6,000 per pound.The value of saffron results from its rarity and the intense labor［31］to harvest it.It takes 80,000 flowers to produce a pound of saffron.The harvest time is in autumn, and the process has to be carried out by hand.
The history of saffron traces back to 4,000 years ago in Iran,［32］the spice was commonly used in the cuisines for the royal family.In the tenth century the cultivation of saffron was introduced to Spain by the Arabs.It is said that saffron was brought to Great Britain during the middle age by a pilgrim who hid a bulb of saffron in his stick and travelled from Middle East to Walden, a town 18 miles south of Cambridge.［33］the town’s favorable soil and climate, saffron was widely grown there and gave prosperity to the town.Today most saffron comes from Iran, India,Turkey, Spain, Morocco, and Greece, among which Iran is responsible for 90% of the production worldwide.
From ancient times saffron has been used in cooking and medicine.It is regarded as a(n)［34］ingredient for many regional specialties, including Spanish paella, Italian risotto, Saudi-Arabian coffee and tea, Indian curry, and Swedish saffron bread.Furthermore, this spice is used to treat diabetes, asthma, cough, kidney disorders, and skin diseases.It is also believed to be able to［35］the level of blood cholesterol and to prevent cancer.
（A）needed（B）needing（C）is needed（D）has needed
（A）Thanks to（B）Despite that C）Were it not for（D）When it comes to
Lawrence R.Herkimer(October 14, 1925 – July 1, 2015)was an American innovator in the field of cheerleading.He created the widely used Herkie cheerleading jump, which was named after him, and received a patent for the pom-pom, which has become a staple of cheerleading.Herkimer was known as the grandfather of modern cheerleading and often called Mr.Cheerleader.
Herkimer had been a scholarship student and head cheerleader at Southern Methodist University in Dallas.As a cheerleader, he developed what became known as the Herkie by accident while intending to perform a split jump.The move features one arm extended straight up in the air and the other on one’s hip, with one leg extended straight out, and the other bent back.At Southern Methodist, he formed a national organization for cheerleaders and created a cheerleading-oriented magazine called Megaphone.
After graduating from Southern Methodist in 1948, Herkimer started his first cheerleading camp at Sam Houston State Teachers College with 52 girls and one boy with $600 borrowed from a friend of his father-in-law’s.By the following year, enrollment had grown to 350 participants.Shortly thereafter, he was making more money from his summer programs than he was teaching the remainder of the year at Southern Methodist, so he gave up teaching and took up the cheerleading business full time.His camps had as many as 1,500 instructors teaching tens of thousands of students nationwide each summer, and his Cheerleader Supply Company was successfully retailing skirts and sweaters for cheerleading squads.
As part of an effort to provide a visually appealing device for cheerleaders, given the advent of color television, Herkimer created the pom-pon with a hidden handle and was granted patent $3,560,313 by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in 1971.He chose the name “Pom pon” after hearing that the word “pompom” had vulgar meanings in other languages.
While cheerleading at scholastic sports events dates back to the 19th century, Herkimer boasted that he took it “from the raccoon coat and pennant to greater heights,” especially after World War II, when more women began enrolling in the nation’s colleges.“I feel we have a recession-proof business,” he said in 1990.“If times get bad, a father would sell the boat before he would tell his daughter she can’t have pompons and her cheerleading sweater.” By the time he sold his various cheerleading enterprises in 1986 for an estimated $20 million, he was considered the undisputed pacesetter of the cheerleading business.
36.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Herkimer’s success as a college teacher.（B）Herkimer’s contributions to cheerleading.
（C）How Herkimer made cheerleading into an annual event.
（D）How Herkimer built a million-dollar cheerleading organization.
37.How many people attended Herkimer’s cheerleading camp in 1948？答案顯示:【B】
38.According to the passage, which of the following was NOT created by Lawrence R.Herkimer？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Megaphone（B）Pom-pom（C）The Herkie jump（D）The cheerleader skirt
39.What did Herkimer try to describe by using the phrase “from the raccoon coat to pennant to greater heights”？答案顯示:【D】
（A）His pompom patent.（B）His cheerleading jumps.
（C）His cheerleading profits.（D）His contribution to cheerleading.
40.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Before World War II, women were not allowed to join cheerleading squads.
（B）Herkimer was teaching at a university when he started his cheerleading camp.
（C）When performing the Herkie jump, one has to put his two arms up in the air.
（D）Herkimer used “pom-pon” instead of “pom-pom” due to some TV producers.
One azure morning in December, Laura Cozzolino arrived at her corner cafe in central Naples and ordered her usual: a dense espresso, which arrived steaming hot on the dark marble counter.She lingered over the aroma, and then knocked it back in two quick sips.But instead of paying for one coffee, she paid for two, leaving the receipt for the other — a caffè sospeso, or suspended coffee — with the bartender for a stranger to enjoy.
The suspended coffee is a Neapolitan tradition that boomed during World War II and has found a revival in recent years during hard economic times.From Naples, by word of mouth and via the Internet, the gesture has spread throughout Italy and around the world, to coffee bars as far-flung as Sweden and Brazil.In some places in Italy, the generosity now extends to the suspended pizza or sandwich, or even books.
Naples is a city well known for its grit, beauty, chaos and crime.Despite those things, or perhaps because of them, its people are also famous for their solidarity in the face of hardship.With its rich diversity of neighborhoods, coffee bars in Naples hold a special place as gathering points for all: senators, families with grandchildren, street artists, businessmen and beggars.
No one here seems to know precisely when or how the suspended coffee began.But that it started here speaks to the small kindnesses that Italians are known for — and also of the special place that coffee occupies in the culture.In a time of hardship, Italians can lack many things, but their coffee is not one of them.So it may be the most common item left at many cafes, as a gift, for people too poor to pay.
“Coffee consumption predated the unification of Italy by more than 200 years, so the rituals and traditions around it are very ancient,” Andrea Illy, chairman of Illy, said in a phone interview.“In Naples, coffee is a world in itself, both culturally and socially.Coffee is a ritual carried out in solidarity.” That solidarity is spreading.In 2010, an ensemble of small Italian cultural festivals gave form to the tradition of generosity by creating the Suspended Coffee Network.
The purpose was to weather the severe cuts to the state cultural budgets by organizing and promoting their own activities together.But it also started solidarity initiatives for those in need.Encouraging a donated coffee was one of them.Now, across Italy, the bars that have joined the network display the suspended coffee label — a black and brown sticker with a white espresso cup — in their windows.
“To me,” said a bartender, “The philosophy of the suspended coffee is that you are happy today, and you give a coffee to the world, as a present.”
41.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）A heartwarming tradition and its practice..（B）A recipe for making good coffee.
（C）The folklore and geography of a city（D）A moral lesson about generosity.
42.What is true about Laura Cozzolino in the cafe？答案顯示:【B】
（A）She examined the color of the expresso and gave it back to the bartender.
（B）She relished the wonderful smell of the expresso and drank it quickly.
（C）She associated the expresso with something else and lost in her memory.
（D）She felt energetic and knocked on the counter twice.
43.What does the word “weather” in the passage mean？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To recover from a serious damage.（B）To manage through a difficult situation.
（C）To prevent something from happening.（D）To result in a disaster.
44.According to the passage, why is coffee so important to people in Naples ？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Coffee is very difficult to get during hard times.
（B）Coffee is a cultural and social ritual bringing people together.
（C）Coffee is necessary when they eat pizza and sandwich.
（D）Coffee has made all people in Naples equal, rich or poor.
45.According to the passage, which of the following statements about “suspended coffee” is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is mostly on the house; therefore, it’s free.（B）It is available in every coffee shop in Naples.
（C）It is deposited by the customer to save trouble next time.（D）It is coffee donated for strangers.
Umbilical cord blood was once discarded as waste material but is now known to be a useful source of blood stem cells.After a baby is born, cord blood is left in the umbilical cord and placenta.It is easy to collect, with no risk to the mother or baby.It contains haematopoietic(blood)stem cells: rare cells normally found in the bone marrow.Haematopoietic stem cells(HSCs)can make every type of cell in the blood – red cells, white cells and platelets.They have been used for many years in bone marrow transplants to treat blood diseases.
Cord blood is used to treat children with cancerous blood disorders such as leukemia, or genetic blood diseases like Fanconi anemia.The cord blood is transplanted into the patient, where the HSCs can make new, healthy blood cells to replace those damaged by the patient’s disease or by a medical treatment such as chemotherapy for cancer.In this way, cord blood offers a useful alternative to bone marrow transplants for some patients.It also seems to be less likely than bone marrow to cause immune rejection or complications such as Graft versus Host Disease.
However, cord blood transplants also have limitations.Treatment of adults with cord blood has so far proved to be very challenging, despite some successes.Cord blood can also only be used to treat blood diseases.No therapies for non-blood-related diseases have yet been developed using HSCs from either cord blood or adult bone marrow.A major limitation of cord blood transplantation is that the blood obtained from a single umbilical cord does not contain as many haematopoeitic stem cells as a bone marrow donation.A transplant containing too few HSCs may fail or could lead to slow formation of new blood in the body in the early days after transplantation.This has been partially overcome by transplanting blood from two umbilical cords into larger children and adults.Some researchers have also tried to increase the total number of HSCs obtained from each umbilical cord by collecting additional blood from the placenta.Much research is focused on trying to increase the number of HSCs that can be obtained from one cord blood sample by growing and multiplying the cells in the laboratory.This is known as “ex vivo expansion”.Several preliminary clinical trials using this technique are underway.The results so far are mixed: some results suggest that ex vivo expansion reduces the time taken for new blood cells to appear in the body after transplantation; however, adult patients still appear to need blood from two umbilical cords.Neither solution is entirely satisfactory.
46.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Cord blood is a panacea that can cure all diseases.
（B）Cord blood has a good application but it also has limitations.
（C）Cord blood treatment is only applicable to children.
（D）Cord blood is much easier and safer to collect than bone marrow.
47.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the feature of umbilical cord blood？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is collected during the delivery process.（C）It can cure children’s blood-related diseases.
（B）It causes less immune rejection than bone marrow.（D）It is the by-product of chemotherapy for cancer.
48.According to the author, what is the main problem about the cord blood transplants on adult patients？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Adults tend to have stronger immune rejection complications.
（B）HSCs in cord blood is inadequate for the treatment of adults.
（C）A baby’s cord blood is effective only for his or her parents.
（D）HSCs in cord blood will be killed in “ex vivo expansion.”
49.When the scientists apply the cord blood treatment to adults patients, which of the following procedure is true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）They use only part of the cord blood.（B）They collect all blood cells from the womb.
（C）They cultivate stem cells in the laboratory.
（D）They give up on test on chemotherapy for cancer.
50.Where is the passage most likely taken from？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Fashion magazine（B）Journal of Physics（C）Popular Science Column（D）Sightseeing booklet
1.The idea is that the government has the ability which the private sector doesn’t have to borrow money and［ ］the economy by spending money.答案顯示:【A】
2.For the last five years, Mark has suffered from［ ］back pain despite repeated treatments by different doctors.答案顯示:【A】
3.The cactus［ ］once they were moved into the sun.Since plants need sunlight.答案顯示:【B】
4.In 2002, some obese US teenagers filed a class lawsuit against McDonald’s,［ ］the fast food chain of fattening them up.答案顯示:【C】
5.After a stroke, patients may have a weakened or［ ］arm and leg, which makes it hard for them to carry out regular tasks, such as doing laundry.答案顯示:【C】
6.The public seems to have a rather［ ］attitude toward science.While people enjoy a high-tech lifestyle,people are also worried about the potential danger brought by science and technology.答案顯示:【A】
7.Jane had always claimed she liked this novel a lot.But a while ago, she［ ］herself and said she didn’t like it at all.答案顯示:【C】
8.We do not charge for the city tour; it is［ ］, but for VIP guests only.答案顯示:【D】
9.Women often experience［ ］in the workplace as they earn less than men who do the same work.答案顯示:【B】
10.The journalist visited a cheap hostel mainly for homeless people; it was filthy and the whole place［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
11.When the photographer［ ］the picture by making the legs longer, the model in the photo would look taller.答案顯示:【A】
12.Many Olympic athletes feel eternity the moment they win the gold［ ］since they will be winners for a lifetime.答案顯示:【A】
Many Americans have sought the office of president of the United States and have deliberately shaped their lives to that end.John Quincy Adams’ parents prepared him for the presidency from boyhood.But although Adams achieved his goal of becoming president, his term in the White House was［13］by his two other political careers－as America’s greatest diplomat and as its greatest defender of human freedom in the U.S.House of Representatives.
During Adams’ years in the House of Representatives, the stormy issue of slavery faced the U.S.At heart Adams was an abolitionist: he wished to［14］slavery.But he was politically prudent, and did not say so publicly.He became a leader of the anti-slavery forces in Congress but limited his efforts to constitutional means.He sought to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.He opposed its expansion into the territories of the United States.And he［15］the right of petition to Congress for abolition of slavery.
“Old Man Eloquent,”［16］Adams was called, opposed the war with Mexico that followed the annexation of Texas,which was originally part of Mexico, in 1845.He considered it an unjust war.While［17］the award of swords of honor to the American generals who had won the war, Adams collapsed on the floor of the House.He died two days later in the Capitol.
（A）put effort into（B）do away with（C）live up to（D）march with
While Gross Domestic Product(GDP), the economist’s term for the total value of goods and services produced by a country every year, indicates a nation’s wealth, Gross National Happiness(GNH) reflects the happiness of a nation.Guided by the “four pillars of Gross National Happiness”－sustainable development, environmental protection,cultural preservation, and good government－Bhutan has pulled itself out of terrible poverty without exploiting its natural resources.
The country went through a series of reformation.Among the reforms of 1999, Bhutan granted its citizens access to TV－the last country on earth to do so.Some Bhutanese started to go online in the same year.Next came the daring final step of its experiment: the move to democracy.In 2006, abolishing much of his own power, the king set up a democratic government, betting his country’s future on its success.
Now, nearly three quarters of the country is still forested, with more than 25 percent designated as national parks and other protected areas－among the highest percentages in the world.Rates of illiteracy and infant mortality have fallen dramatically, and the economy is booming.Despite upcoming challenges, Bhutan seems to be a nation with high GNH.
18.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It’s about how Bhutan pulled itself out of poverty.
（B）It’s about the challenges Bhutan has faced while going for democracy.
（C）It establishes Bhutan as a high GNH nation.
（D）It compares and contrasts similarities and differences between GDP and GNH.
19.How does GNH differ from GDP？答案顯示:【B】
（A）GNH boosts a country’s economy and wealth, but GDP does not.
（B）GNH measures the happiness of a nation while GDP measures its wealth.
（C）GNH stands for Gross National Harvest, but GDP means Gross Domestic Product.
（D）GNH measures the total value of goods and services produced by a nation, but GDP measures the opposite.
20.Which of the following is NOT one of the four pillars of GNH？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Good government（B）Exploitation of nature（C）Preservation of culture（D）Protection of the environment
21.What was the final step of the series of reforms in Bhutan in 2006？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To go for democracy（B）To boost its economy with the service industry
（C）To strive for sustainable cultural preservation（D）To grant its citizens access to TV and the Internet
22.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT one of the benefits brought by the reforms in Bhutan？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Rates of infant mortality and illiteracy have decreased significantly.
（B）Bhutanese are allowed private ownership of luxury TV sets.
（C）Bhutanese citizens were granted access to the Internet.
（D）The country developed booming economy without exploiting its natural resources.
請依下文回答第 23 題至第 25 題
It is hard to imagine that the aches and pains that most people know as flu could mutate into a superflu that might kill tens of millions of people within two years.And yet, if superflu strikes－as it has done three times in the past century－that is what may well happen.In the global influenza pandemic of 1918, 25-50 million people died.Many scientists believe that another influenza pandemic is inevitable some time soon.These concerns might be little more than another background worry if it were not for the fact that there is currently a strain of bird flu in widespread circulation to which humans have no natural immunity.This strain has killed more than 60 people so far, about half the number infected.Small pockets of human-to-human transmission have already been seen, and health officials are worried that the widespread geographical extent of bird flu means that it is not a question of if a strain emerges that can be transmitted easily between humans, but when.Worried scientists have finally managed to catch the attention of politicians.Last week, the United Nations General Assembly announced a new international partnership to address avian and pandemic influenza.World health ministers will meet in Canada next month to discuss how to pool resources, boost surveillance and improve the capacity to contain and respond to an outbreak.The World Health Organization(WHO) wants more governments to draw up preparedness plans and agree on how they will co-ordinate their responses.One leading concern is the scarcity of flu vaccine.Although the WHO’s new global stockpile of anti-viral drugs is a good first line of defence, the only sure way of protecting billions of people against superflu is to vaccinate them.Few people would have natural immunity.It could also take six months from the appearance of the first superflu strain to produce a vaccine.In that time, large numbers of people would be likely to die.Anti-viral drugs rushed to the location of any outbreak might delay its spread by a month.But, even with such a delay, the world is woefully unprepared for a pandemic.Its entire capacity for flu vaccine production is only 300 million shots a year.Yet in the case of superflu, several billion people would need vaccination－and they may need two shots at higher doses.While most people only need one shot of vaccine against chicken pox or measles to have life-long immunity, flu is different.The vaccine must be produced each year from scratch because, each year, the influenza virus changes.The race to prepare for the next strain of superflu is “both a sprint and a marathon.”
23.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Humans do not have natural immunity to bird flu.
（B）International cooperation is optional in dealing with the deadly threat of bird flu.
（C）It is urgent for humans to prepare well for the global influenza pandemic.
（D）More research should be done on the history of the global influenza pandemic.
24.According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）More vaccine is needed to prepare the world for an influenza pandemic.
（B）Scientists are most worried about a shortage of effective vaccine against the flu.
（C）The global influenza pandemic had claimed lives of many people in history.
（D）Vaccine against the influenza pandemic can be produced prior to its outbreak.
25.According to this passage, which of the following is the primary carrier of avian influenza？答案顯示:【A】
1.I discover how it feels to walk on spongy fall leaves and to watch early snow［ ］on a strong wind.答案顯示:【B】
（A）burrowing at（B）drifting up（C）dripping to（D）flying to
2.After a quick［ ］of the menu, Mike has decided what he should order for lunch.答案顯示:【C】
3.This company’s main exports are［ ］, including silk, cotton and linen.答案顯示:【C】
4.America’s colleges were deluged with applications.At the most［ ］schools, there can be tens of thousands of applicants for every spot.答案顯示:【D】
5.Despite Victor’s big loss in his investment on the stock market, his brother has stood by him［ ］and shouldered the financial responsibility of the family all by himself.答案顯示:【B】
6.Primary education is［ ］here in Taiwan.All children have to go to elementary schools; otherwise, their parents will be fined.答案顯示:【B】
7.After stopping talking to each other for a whole week, John and Judy finally decided to［ ］and be friends with each other again.答案顯示:【D】
8.Terri is a perfectionist.Sometimes it can be hard to work with him because he’d like to have all the tasks done［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
9.At the flea market, we can find valuable［ ］such as handmade jewelry and household decorations.答案顯示:【A】
10.When you do not have enough sleep and a balanced diet, you may become［ ］to all kinds of diseases.答案顯示:【D】
11.Many animals lost their natural［ ］when many trees in the forests were cut down.答案顯示:【A】
請依下文回答第 12 題至第 16 題
Childbirth for a woman in the Roman world was closely scrutinized.From the moment of conception to the
feeding and［12］stages, a barrage of advice was offered to expectant mothers, some of it based on the
theories of respected medical practitioners, some of it［13］in superstitious quackery.Prior to Baby Tiberius’s arrival, Livia herself was said to have employed various old wives’ techniques to try to［14］the birth of a son,including incubating a hen’s egg by cupping it in her hands and keeping it warm in the folds of her dress, where it would［15］hatch into a proud-combed cock chick in supposed premonition of a baby boy.The more pragmatic,［16］equally unscientific advice of medical experts like Soranus recommended that the best time for conception was toward the end of menstruation and after a light meal and a massage.
請依下文回答第 17 題至第 20 題
Visitors to art museums are often overwhelmed by the number of works on display, and by what they take to be their own culpable inability to concentrate on more than a few of these works.In fact such a reaction is altogether reasonable.Art history has totally failed to come to terms with the problems of the relationship between the outstanding work and the average work of the European tradition.The notion of Genius is not in itself an adequate answer.Consequently the confusion remains on the walls of the galleries.Third-rate works surround an outstanding work without any recognition—let alone explanation—of what fundamentally differentiate them.The art of any culture will show a wide differential of talent.But in no other culture is the difference between
‘masterpiece’ and average work so large as in the tradition of the oil painting.In this tradition the difference is not just a question of skill or imagination, but also of morale.The average work was a work produced more or less cynically:that is to say the values it was nominally expressing were less meaningful to the painter than the finishing of the commission or the selling of his product.Hack work is not the result of either clumsiness or provincialism; it is the result of the market making more insistence demands than the art.The period of the oil painting corresponds with the rise of the open art market.And it is in this contradiction between art and market that the explanations must be sought for what amounts to the contrast, the antagonism existing between the exceptional work and the average.
17.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The European tradition of oil paintings displayed in museums.
（B）The problem in distinguishing outstanding and average works of art.
（C）The irresponsibility of gallery and museum employees.
（D）The inability of museum visitors to appreciate arts.
18.According to the author, which is NOT a reason for the proliferation of average work in the tradition of oil painting？答案顯示:【D】
（A）the demand of art market（B）the commission of patrons
（C）the desire of the painter to sell his product（D）the clumsiness of the painter
19.According to the author, which of the following is NOT a method to differentiate masterpieces from averageworks in the tradition of oil painting？答案顯示:【B】
（A）by analyzing the contradiction between art and market
（B）by examining the hidden notion of a genius
（C）by checking the imagination of the painter（D）by studying the skill of the painter
20.According to the passage, what is the reason for the existence of hack work？答案顯示:【D】
（A）provincialism（B）morale of the artists（C）the quality of art（D）market demands
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
The skin is an organ, just like the brain, the heart and the stomach, and since it’s an external organ, it’s the mostvisible one.The skin has important functions.First of all, skin helps protect us from extreme temperatures, damaging sunlight, and harmful chemicals.It also contains elements that help the body fight off infection.In addition, the skin manufactures vitamin D which helps the body use sunlight to build healthy bones.The rich supply of nerves just under the surface of the skin provides another important function---the ability to sense changes in temperature and feel when something touches the body.This sense of touch helps the brain know what is happening in the outside world.At the same time, skin allows parts of the body to move freely.
The skin is made up of three layers.The outer layer, called the ‘epidermis’, contains a tough material called ‘keratin’ which is also found in the hair and nails.This strong covering is crucial in protecting the body.The epidermis is constantly growing as the mature outer part is rubbed off and new skin grows to replace it.As new skin takes five weeks to reach the surface, the outermost layer is actually all dead skin.This protective coating varies in thickness on different parts of the body.For example, it is ten times thicker on the soles of the feet compared to the skin around the eyes since it needs to protect us from constant impact with the ground while walking.
The layer of skin below the epidermis is called the ‘dermis’.The way it is constructed gives the skin its strength and also allows it to stretch when necessary.In addition, the rich blood flow through this layer helps the body regulate its temperature by increasing blood flow to the skin to allow heat to escape when it’s hot outside, or by decreasing blood flow to raise the body’s temperature when it’s cold.
Under the dermis is another layer called the ‘subcutis’.It includes a sheet of fat which serves as a reserve supply of energy in case the body experiences a food shortage.The fat also protects the body from sudden changes in heat and cold, and defends the body against injury from knocks and falls.The skin is a truly amazing organ, one which both connects us with and protects us from the outside world.
21.What is the purpose of the article？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To describe how the epidermis functions.（B）To explain the importance of keeping the skin healthy.
（C）To describe the functions of the various layers of the skin.
（D）To show how people use the skin to express themselves to the world.
22.According to the article, what is NOT the physical function of the skin？答案顯示:【A】
（A）To make people look attractive.（B）To sense changes in the environment.
（C）To produce vitamin D for healthy bones.（D）To allow parts of the body to move freely.
23.In Paragraph Two, what does the underlined word “soles” mean？答案顯示:【A】
24.In Paragraph Two, what does the underlined word “it” refer to？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The epidermis（B）The new skin.（C）The mature outer part（D）The surface of the body.
25.According to the article, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）When there is more blood flow to the skin, the body temperature will not change.
（B）The protective coating of the epidermis can be different depending on the parts of the body.
（C）The fat in the inner most layer of skin defends the body against injury from knocks and falls.
（D）The skin is an external organ which connects us and protects us from the outside world.
1.After hours of walk in the sun, the young backpacker collapsed and［ ］into unconsciousness.答案顯示:【A】
2.If you don’t see what you want in our online［ ］at the website, please don’t hesitate to contact us directly on the phone.答案顯示:【C】
3.Today, smoking is strictly［ ］in public places in Taiwan, both indoors and outdoors.答案顯示:【B】
4.Being mentally strong means that the athlete must be able to［ ］the intense pressure of competition with its accompanying media coverage.答案顯示:【D】
5.Jenny is a frequent［ ］on game shows.She has a good opportunity to win a lot of money in the national competition.答案顯示:【D】
6.The terrible car accident has resulted in a［ ］injury to the famous pianist’s hands and she will not be able to play the piano again.答案顯示:【C】
7.With climate change looming over us, a growing number of species are［ ］and nearing extinction.答案顯示:【A】
The Council of Agriculture’s(COA)system for tracing farm products to their points of origin was instituted in 2007.The system has increased food safety by enhancing［8］.Besides, it has also spurred participating farmers［9］more environmentally friendly means of cultivation.In 2013, the COA introduced［10］rules for certifying and labeling organic products.Growers who do no thave their produce certified are［11］from labeling their produce as “organic.”［12］, many farmers who utilize organic growing practices but have not received certification have begun referring to their produce as “toxin-free.”Consumers many enjoy more safe food nowadays.
（A）to disable（B）to employ（C）to persuade（D）to subtract
As the light shines through the arched windows on all sides of the main hall, New York’s Grand Central Terminal looks like a cathedral.It certainly doesn’t resemble anything as［13］as a train station.［14］, there aren’t any trains to be seen(its 44 platforms are all underground).The hall is an awe-inspiring sight.Visitors stop, stand, and stare.They gaze open-mouthed and speechless and［15］at its size.They experience the kind of silent wonder more often found in a historic church or monument.
The hall is enormous – 470 feet long and 125 feet wide.At both ends there are marble steps, modeled［16］the staircase in the Paris Opera House.In the middle there is a four-sided brass clock on top of an information booth, a popular meeting point.Balconies with huge, square columns run on either side.But it is the height of the ceiling, as high as a 12-story building, which takes your［17］away.The vast, blue-green ceiling is decorated with lights that depict all the stars of the zodiac with the heavens behind.
（A）In brief（B）In a nutshell（C）To conclude（D）To start with
（A）after（B）before（C）next to（D）in front of
請依下文回答第 18 題至第 20 題
In China, the battle to control information is largely waged online.The Communist Party blocks most foreign social media, routinely censors dissenting views and punishes those who repeatedly speak out.It employs around 2m people to police the Internet and bombard users with positive messages about the regime.Yet criticism of the party still bubbles up.Even as the authorities try to tighten controls, netizens devise new ways of airing their views more freely.Zhihu, a question-and-answer site on which people mostly ponder mundane topics such as fitness or films, has emerged as a surprising springboard for political discussion.
Internet users everywhere migrate between social-media platforms as preferences change.But in China a site’s popularity is determined as much by users’ pursuit of freedom as it is by their love of fashion.Weibo, a Twitter-like microblogging site, gained a colossal following after it was launched in 2009(Twitter itself is blocked).Many users relished the opportunity to air sensitive views and link up with like-minded people.It has since been eclipsed by the rise of WeChat, a messaging app which the authorities find less threatening, and so censor less.
Zhihu, meaning “Do you know?” in classical Chinese, started in 2011 as a copycat of Quora, an American site.It is now China’s most popular question-and-answer portal, with 100m monthly active users(compared with Weibo’s 261m and WeChat’s 800m).It has evaded some of the strictures suffered by other forums because it is neither a news site nor a means of exchanging salacious videos(a new preoccupation for regulators, who recently called for 24-hour monitoring of live-streaming sites).Zhihu targets young urban professionals, who in China tend to be more willing than others to comment on sensitive topics.In January Zhihu users expressed doubts about the reliability of a televised confession made by a bookseller from Hong Kong, Gui Minhai, who is being detained by Chinese police for selling gossipy books about the country’s leaders.
18.According to the passage, who are more willing to comment on sensitive topics in China？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Entrepreneurs（B）Party officials.（C）College students（D）Young urban professionals.
19.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Zhihu？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It was launched in 2009（B）It has 261 million monthly users.
（C）It is a Twitter-like microblogging site（D）It triggers political discussion.
20.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Zhihu means “Do you know” in Classical Chinese.（B）WeChat has the most monthly users in China.
（C）China employs around 3 million people to police the Internet.（D）Twitter is blocked in China.
請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
Heifer International, based in Little Rock, Arkansas, is a nonprofit organization working to eradicate poverty and hunger through sustainable, values-based holistic community development.Heifer distributes livestock such as goats,bees, and water buffalo, along with agricultural and values-based training, to families in need around the world as a means of providing self-sufficiency.Recipients must agree to “pass on the gift” by sharing animal offspring, as well as the skills and knowledge of animal husbandry and agricultural training with other impoverished families.
Heifer International began as Heifers for Relief in 1944.Its founder, an Ohio farmer named Dan West, was a Church of the Brethren relief worker during the Spanish Civil War.His mission was to provide relief, but he soon discovered the meager single cup of milk rationed to the weary refugees once a day was not enough.In 1938, while West was ladling out milk to hungry refugee children, he suddenly had a thought: What if they had not a cup, but a cow? That teach-a-man-to-fish philosophy is what drove West to found Heifer International.
Heifer International empowers families to turn hunger and poverty into hope and prosperity, but its approach is more than just giving them a handout.Heifer links communities and helps bring sustainable agriculture and commerce to areas with a long history of poverty.Heifer animals provide partners with both food and reliable income, as agricultural products such as milk, eggs, and honey can be traded or sold at market.When many families gain this new sustainable income, it brings new opportunities for building schools, creating agricultural cooperatives, forming community savings, and funding small businesses.
Passing on the gift, the core of Heifer’s model enables families to share the training they receive and pass on the first female offspring of their livestock to another family.This extends the impact of the original gift, allowing a once impoverished family to become donors and full participants in improving their communities.
21.What is the main purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To encourage people to become animal donors（B）To describe an effective way of creating income.
（C）To introduce a successful charitable organization（D）To challenge the idea of helping poor communities.
22.What is the third paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Heifer’s focusing on areas with a long history of poverty.
（B）New business fundings loaned by Heifer to boost job opportunities.
（C）Suitable agricultural and commercial products selected by Heifer.
（D）Heifer’s unique approach to help poor families improve their lives.
23.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about Heifer International？答案顯示:【C】
（A）It donates money to poor families across the world.（B）It helps poor families buy and raise suitable animals.（C）It enables poor families to live in a self-sufficient way.
（D）It trains poor families how to gain success in business.
24.What does meager mean in the second paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
25.According to the passage, which of the following sayings best illustrates Heifer International’s founding mission？答案顯示:【B】
（A）A penny saved is a penny earned（B）A good intention goes a long way.
（C）Do in Rome as the Romans do（D）Honesty is the best policy.
一、單一選擇題：(每題 2分，共 40分)
1.Anyone who committed a homicide shall be punished in accordance with the［ ］Code.答案顯示:【B】
2.At trial, the judge decided to dismiss the complaint and［ ］the defendant.答案顯示:【A】
3.The［ ］in charge of the jail said that two inmates broke out of the jail last night.They are now working with the police to find out the whereabouts of the two inmates.答案顯示:【B】
4.The drug dealer agreed to［ ］against the drug ring leader in exchange for a reduced penalty.答案顯示:【B】
5.Domestic violence in a household is detrimental to the child.答案顯示:【C】
6.The lawyer filed a motion to the court to release the defendant［ ］bail.The judge granted his motion and set the bail at 1 million dollars.答案顯示:【B】
7.“Buckle up.It’s the law.You may be pulled over if you are not properly buckled up,” highway patrol officer said.Highway patrol officer is asking drivers to［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
（A）fasten seat belt（B）speed up（C）keep a safe distance（D）avoid tailgating
8.The murderer was gunned down in the shootout by the police.He was pronounced［ ］on scene.答案顯示:【B】
9.The drug dealer was busted during a SWAT raid.He was found in possession of 2 kilos of heroin, authorities said Wednesday.答案顯示:【A】
10.The defense attorney filed a motion to suppress the DNA evidence, claiming that the evidence had been contaminated due to improper chain of custody.答案顯示:【B】
DNA is a powerful investigative tool because no two people have the same DNA.The only exception scientists have found to this is identical twins.The sequence, or order, of the DNA building blocks is different in particular regions of the cell, making each person’s DNA unique.Because of this, DNA evidence collected at the scene of a crime can link a suspect to the crime or can eliminate someone from suspicion.DNA is similar to fingerprints, but has been considered more accurate for the past decade.DNA can also link evidence to a victim by using DNA of relatives if the victim’s body cannot be found.For example, if technicians have a biological sample from the victim, such as a bloodstain found at the crime scene, the DNA taken from that bloodstain can be compared with DNA from the victim’s biological relatives to determine whether the bloodstain came from that particular victim.When a DNA profile developed from evidence at one crime scene is compared with a DNA profile developed from evidence found at another crime scene, the crimes can be linked to each other or to the same suspect, making it possible to link crimes committed at a distance from one another.
Although many forensic scientists had begun to think of DNA as a miracle identifier, in 2009, scientists for the first time found that it was possible to fabricate DNA evidence from a person other than the donor of the blood or the saliva.This means that someone could plant another person’s DNA at a crime scene, causing the person whose DNA was found to be considered a prime suspect in a case.While this does not mean that DNA evidence will no longer be important, it reinforces that solving crimes must continue to rely on more than science to find a guilty party.
11.What is the primary purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）to show that DNA is a powerful investigative tool
（B）to illustrate how the unique characteristics of DNA make different types of comparisons and eliminations possible
（C）to teach the reader that identical twins have the same DNA
（D）to show how laboratory technicians develop DNA profiles
12.All of the following are true EXCEPT‧答案顯示:【B】
（A）everyone, except for identical twins, has different DNA.
（B）the sequence of DNA building blocks is the same in particular regions of the cell, making comparisons possible.
（C）DNA can be used for comparisons or eliminations of offenders from different regions.
（D）DNA from relatives can be used to identify victims.
13.According to the passage, DNA should be collected from a crime scene because‧答案顯示:【C】
（A）it is better than fingerprints.（B）there is DNA left at every crime scene.
（C）it can be used to eliminate potential suspects.（D）DNA is a new investigative tool.
14.Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）DNA can be collected from sources other than blood.
（B）DNA can be collected only from bloodstains.（C）DNA cannot be collected from bloodstains.
（D）DNA can connect crime scenes only if it is taken from bloodstains.
15.The recent scientific finding that DNA evidence can be fabricated is most likely to result in‧答案顯示:【D】
（A）discontinuing any efforts to collect DNA at a crime scene.
（B）the field of forensic science losing its current popularity.
（C）the end of innocent people being freed from prison on the basis of DNA evidence.
（D）renewed efforts to find evidence other than DNA at crime scenes.
Many people confuse education and training, but they are not the same thing.Education is knowledge-based and is defined as a body of academic knowledge that is most often learned in a classroom setting.Training is coaching to become proficient in particular behaviors or actions.Sometimes the two are confused because many training experiences, like a police academy, often involve many hours of classroom instruction.Such institutions combine elements of education and training, but the differences between the two remain.Knowledge is theoretical.Using a law enforcement example, you can study the laws of arrest without ever having to arrest anyone, but you need to be trained in handcuffing techniques if you will be expected to actually take someone into custody.Similarly, you can study laws and court cases pertaining to deadly physical force without ever having to fire a weapon.Training, on the other hand, is skills-based.It covers what you need to do, as much as what you need to know, in order to perform a task or group of tasks.Learning when or why is not the same as learning how.
16.The best title for this passage would be‧答案顯示:【B】
（A）When or Why Is Not the Same As How.（B）Education versus Training.
（C）The Benefits of Studying Case Law.（D）The Importance of Handcuffing Techniques.
17.The main idea of the passage is that‧答案顯示:【A】
（A）ducation and training are different.（B）education and training are the same.
（C）people often confuse education and training.（D）raining is ineffective without the foundation of education.
18.Based on the passage, the activity most likely to be defined as training is‧答案顯示:【C】
（A）tudying for a graduate school entrance exam.
（B）learning the firearms laws.（C）learning how to fire a shotgun.（D）earning a foreign language.
19.Based on the passage, the activity most likely to be defined as education is‧答案顯示:【B】
（A）learning how to drive（B）learning the firearms laws.（C）learning handcuffing techniques（D）studying for the police entrance exam.
20.The word coaching in line 3 of the passage is closest in meaning to‧答案顯示:【D】
（A）escorting（B）accompanying（C）acting（D）guiding and drilling
二、多重選擇題：(每題 3分，共 60分)
21.Only one of the thieves who robbed the jewelry store was caught since his［ ］got away.答案顯示:【ACD】
22.The violent offender was convicted of［ ］for using a baseball bat to strike his victim.答案顯示:【BC】
23.After the riot broke out, officers had to use proper measures to［ ］the angry crowd.答案顯示:【CE】
24.Drunk drivers pose a serious［ ］to others.答案顯示:【BE】
25.Two stowaways were trying to［ ］a bus; but fortunately, they failed at last.答案顯示:【AC】
26.The future of policing［ ］by a number of interrelated factors.答案顯示:【DE】
（A）is going to determine（B）will determine
（C）will be determine（D）will be determined（E）is going to be determined
27.［ ］, Officer Huang is brave.答案顯示:【ACD】
（A）In spite of being a woman（B）In spite of she is a woman
（C）Woman as she is（D）Despite being a woman（E）Though a woman is
28.Take an umbrella when you go to Keelung, for it rains［ ］there.答案顯示:【AB】
（A）most of the time（B）frequently（C）most of times（D）as frequent（E）much time
29.Select the sentences that are written clearly and grammatically correctly.答案顯示:【AC】
（A）Having finished the police report, Officer Chang closed the case.
（B）Having finished the police report, the case was closed.
（C）Officer Chang closed the case after he had finished the police report.
（D）As soon as the police report been finished, the case was closed.
（E）No sooner than the case was closed, Officer Chang had finished the police report.
30.Select the sentences that are written clearly and grammatically correctly.答案顯示:【BE】
（A）Of all the dogs in the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the most bravest.
（B）In the K-9 Corps, Zelda is braver than other dogs.
（C）Of all the dogs in the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the braver.
（D）n the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the more brave dog.（E）Of all the dogs in the K-9 Corps, Zelda is the bravest.
31.The defendant was sentenced to five years in prison.He will be［ ］and serve the jail term.答案顯示:【BCE】
（A）interrogated（B）incarcerated（C）imprisoned（D）put out（E）put behind bars
32.According the the statistics, many sexual abuse cases are［ ］by offenders known to the victims.答案顯示:【CD】
33.Police are［ ］the death of the gang member and urge people to tip off police about the crime.答案顯示:【ABC】
（A）probing into（B）looking into（C）investigating（D）looking forward to（E）breaking into
34.The suspect decided to［ ］the police when he found it impossible to escape.答案顯示:【ABE】
（A）turn himself in to（B）surrender himself to（C）give rise to（D）get away with（E）hand himself in to
35.Drivers should always［ ］the pedestrians at intersection.答案顯示:【BC】
（A）look into（B）look out for（C）watch out for（D）catch up with（E）run away with
36.Patrol officers saw the crime of hit and run and immediately started［ ］the vehicle.答案顯示:【ABD】
（A）pursuing（B）chasing（C）evading（D）running after（E）looking after
37.Police said the fugitive［ ］to the United States to avoid prosecution.His whereabouts is unknown.答案顯示:【ABD】
（A）had fled（B）had absconded（C）had escorted（D）had escaped（E）had revealed
38.Any patrol officer on duty who sees the crime in progress can pursue the suspect and［ ］him into custody.答案顯示:【CE】
39.Firefighters arrived quickly and［ ］within 10 minutes.答案顯示:【ACE】
（A）brought the fire under control（B）put up with the fire
（C）put out the fire（D）distinguished the fire（E）extinguished the fire
40.Choose incorrect and illegal driving behaviors from the following descriptions:答案顯示:【ABE】
（A）to leave a child unattended in the vehicle（B）to always drive on a sidewalk
（C）to exercise due care by keeping a safe distance
（D）o respect the right of way（E）o use high occupancy vehicle(HOV)lane whenever you are in a hurry
41.Officers shall not consume any intoxicating beverage while on［ ］unless authorized by a supervisor.答案顯示:【D】
42.A car driver who causes a car accident may face civil and criminal［ ］, depending on the circumstances.答案顯示:【C】
43.The exception derives from the interests in officer safety and evidence［ ］that are typically implicated in arrest situation.答案顯示:【A】
44.［ ］is a formal written accusation of a crime, which is presented to a court for prosecution against the accused person.答案顯示:【A】
45.A new form of identification relies on DNA, which carries the［ ］information of each person.答案顯示:【B】
46.Officials said that diplomats do not enjoy［ ］from criminal prosecution on charges of visa fraud.答案顯示:【D】
47.The mission of the prison is to protect society by［ ］offenders in the controlled environments of prisons.答案顯示:【B】
48.During the execution of the warrant, officer must prepare an inventory and verify the property［ ］, and may retain a copy.答案顯示:【C】
49.After the 911［ ］attacks in the U.S., the homeland security studies have been initiated.答案顯示:【A】
50.It is dangerous.Do not［ ］the fire scene.答案顯示:【D】
51.The police officer in that case stopped a［ ］car.The limit over there is 60MPH.答案顯示:【D】
The legal doctrine of false light addresses people’s right to not have false or misleading information, which puts them in a false light, made public.In other words, it deals with the invasion of a person’s privacy by disseminating false or misleading information, rather than the gathering of information through invasion of privacy. Walter leaves his position on the City Council to care for his wife, who has serious health problems.The small town’s local newspaper prints a story about Walter’s resignation, alluding to “anonymous sources” reporting Walter was a little too friendly with the administrative assistants and other women at the office.This led to talk about whether Walter had an affair.Walter, who is certainly friendly with everyone at the office, never had an affair, and is terribly embarrassed and indignant over the incident, and the damage to his reputation.Because the newspaper disclosed information that painted Walter in a false light, he may choose to file a civil lawsuit under the tort of false light.In this case, the misleading information was published in the town newspaper, intentionally, with reckless disregard for the falsity of the information, in exchange for higher readership.
52.What is the purpose of the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）To demonstrate the power of mass media（B）To describe the personality of the victim.
（C）To analyze how an affair may happen（D）To explain a legal concept.
53.What does false light mean？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Publication of incorrect information（B）Reporting news without permission.
（C）Collection of erotic photos（D）Protecting personal privacy.
54.What does it in the second sentence refer to？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Misleading information（B）The legal doctrine.（C）People’s right（D）The public.
55.According to the passage, which is true about Walter？答案顯示:【A】
（A）He is a caring husband.（B）He loves to share information.（C）He is the most popular person in the office（D）He has been fighting against the newspaper.
Juvenile delinquents are often defined as children between the ages of 10 and 17 who have committed a criminal act.There are two main types of offenders: repeat offenders and age-specific offenders.Repeat offenders are also known as “life-course［56］offenders.” These juvenile delinquents begin offending or showing other signs of antisocial behavior during adolescence.Repeat offenders continue to engage in criminal activities or aggressive behaviors［57］after they enter adulthood.The other type of juvenile delinquent behavior,age-specific offenders, begins during adolescence.［58］the repeat offenders, however, the behaviors of the age-specific offender ends before the minor becomes an adult.The behaviors that a juvenile shows during adolescence are often a good［59］of the type of offender he will become.While age-specific offenders leave their delinquent behavior behind［60］they enter adulthood, they often have more mental health problems,engage in substance abuse, and have greater financial problems than adults who were never delinquent as juveniles.
41.［ ］many fire fighters working over-time frequently, how to reduce working hours becomes a big issue.答案顯示:【A】
（A）In view of（B）In spite of（C）In case of（D）In place of
42.［ ］other hazardous materials, lighters and matches should be kept out of children’s reach.答案顯示:【A】
43.If a firefighter enters the fire scene without any consideration, he might be［ ］in a room filled with dangers.答案顯示:【B】
44.AED can save a person’s life when he/she is having a heart attack.AED’s D stands for［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
45.［ ］check your personal equipment before entering any building in the fire scene.答案顯示:【D】
（A）Be reduced to（B）Be captured to（C）Be defined to（D）Be sure to
46.［ ］the emergency medical services from fire units, the gas explosion in Kaohsiung might be much more serious.答案顯示:【D】
（A）Now that（B）In light of（C）In addition to（D）But for
47.［ ］should any fireman get into a fire scene all alone, because teamwork is the basic requirement in fire-fighting.答案顯示:【A】
（A）On no account（B）On account of（C）In addition to（D）In case that
48.Fire prevention supervisors are［ ］the fire protection plan.答案顯示:【B】
（A）on charge of（B）in charge of（C）on the charge of（D）in the change of
49.［ ］in a room has been interpreted as thermal instability caused by the heat generation rate increasing faster with temperature than the rate of aggregated heat losses.答案顯示:【B】
50.［ ］reduce the casualties of residential fire, houses should install residential fire alarm detectors.答案顯示:【D】
（A）In addition to（B）Be supposed to（C）Be used to（D）In order to
51.There is no［ ］that brave firemen play very important roles in our life, and they always rescue the injured from fire scenes regardless of personal safety.答案顯示:【B】
52.A fuel-controlled fire can also be described as［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
53.If someone opens a door just before self-extinguishment is achieved, the entire room may turn into flames with fresh air flowing into the hot fire source and mixing with the unburned fuel volatiles.This phenomenon is known as［ ］.答案顯示:【A】
54.After a flashover has occurred in a compartment, the［ ］will develop to produce temperatures of 900–1100 oC.答案顯示:【D】
（A）temperature（B）density（C）specific heat capacity（D）heat release rate
55.No access to a fire scene is［ ］to anyone without prior approval from fire scene investigators.答案顯示:【D】
The Roman emperor Augustus is credited with instituting a corps of fire-fighting watchmen in 24 BC.In that era most cities had watchmen who［56］an alarm at signs of fire.The principal piece of fire-fighting equipment in ancient Rome and into early modern times was the bucket,［57］from hand to hand to deliver water to the fire.
Another important fire-fighting tool was the ax, used to remove the fuel and prevent the［58］of fire as well as to make openings that would allow heat and smoke to escape a burning building.In major blazes long hooks with ropes were used to［59］buildings.When explosives were available, they would be used for this same purpose.
The first modern standards for the operation of a fire department were not established until 1830, in Edinburgh, Scotland.These standards explained, for the first time, what was expected［60］a good fire department.
（A）sent off（B）sounded（C）rang（D）went off
（A）pull down（B）pull out（C）pull in（D）pull off
一、Please translate the following paragraph into Chinese（15分）The Coast Guard is committed to ensure the peace of the coast and territorial waters in Taiwan.In addition to the protection of marine resources and the safety of the nation, the Coast Guard is legally responsible for the following duties:
(一)Law enforcement of the coastal regulation zone
(二)Safety inspection of vessels departing from or arriving in ports
(三)Investigation of smugglings, illegal exit or entry into the country, and other illegal activities on the coast, seas and rivers
(四)Intelligence collection, investigation and resolving of smugglings, illegal infiltration and national security issues
二、Please translate the following paragraph into English（10分）
41.Navigational communications from ships to ships and from ships to shore(or vice versa)should be precise and［ ］so as to avoid confusion and error.答案顯示:【A】
42.Passengers have to go to the assembly station when the emergency alarm is sounded, which consists of seven short blasts and one［ ］blast that lasts several seconds.答案顯示:【C】
43.More than 150 whales became stranded in Hamelin Bay in western Australia.However, rescue operations were hampered by［ ］weather conditions.答案顯示:【A】
44.A major issue facing the government is how to prevent,［ ］, or reduce the impact that major marine pollution incidents can pose on human health, marine ecosystems, and physical assets.答案顯示:【C】
45.When dealing with the ocean oil spill cases, the EPA relies on OILMAP simulation software to predict oil slick dispersal［ ］as quickly as possible.答案顯示:【B】
46.To［ ］planning, coordination and implementation of marine-related policy, as well as to conduct affairs related to waters and coast guarding, marine conservation and marine research, the Executive Yuan establishes the Ocean Affairs of Council.答案顯示:【C】
47.The CGA is in charge of boarding, inspection, and criminal investigation of the Republic of China vessels or foreign vessels subject to international［ ］on the high seas.答案顯示:【D】
48.［ ］is the change in stability of a vessel caused by liquids moving about freely in a tank or hold.答案顯示:【C】
（A）Side effect（B）Free surge effect（C）Free surface effect（D）Cause and effect
49.The CGA works with experts and specialists in marine science,［ ］the agency’s work process, and raises public awareness for marine conservation and sustainability by exploiting the power of social media.答案顯示:【C】
50.The Kaohsiung Marine Bureau thought that if the fishermen were given［ ］for recycling their nets,they would not get rid of them by throwing them in the water, and would instead take them to the recycling zone and benefit from the effort.答案顯示:【B】
The Automatic Identification System(AIS)is a short-range coastal tracking system currently used on ships.It was developed to provide identification and positioning information to both［51］and shore stations.Ships of 300 gross tonnage or more sailing on international voyages, freighter ships of 500 gross tonnage or more sailing in local waters, and all passenger ships［52］size are required by the International Maritime Organization to carry AIS equipment.AIS transponders automatically broadcast information at regular［53 ］.Navigational status data is transmitted every 2 to 180 seconds, depending on a ship’s activity.In addition, voyage related data is broadcast every 6 minutes.These signals are received by AIS transponders installed on other ships or by land-based systems.
The AIS signals have a horizontal range of about 40 nautical miles,［54］that AIS traffic information is only available around coastal zones or in a ship-to-ship zone.AIS communication takes place using two VHF frequencies, 161.975 MHz and 162.025 MHz.Although only one radio channel is necessary, each station transmits and receives over two radio channels to avoid interference problems and to allow channels to be shifted among ships［55］communication loss.
（A）free from（B）irrespective of（C）in contrast to（D）by order of
（A）meant（B）meaning（C）to mean（D）being meant
The International Maritime Organization(IMO)has within its mandate to make trade and travel by sea as safe and secure as possible.To reduce any threats with the potential to［56］maritime security, the Organization develops suitable regulations and guidance through the Maritime Safety Committee and with input from its Facilitation Committee and Legal Committee.
The threat posed by piracy and［57］robbery against ships has been on the IMO’s agenda since the early 1980s.In the late 1990s and the early 2000s, the focus was on the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca and Singapore.More recently, since 2005, the Organization has focused on piracy［58］the coast of Somalia, in the Gulf of Aden and the wider Indian Ocean.Currently, it is implementing a strategy for enhancing maritime security in West and Central Africa,［59］the region’s maritime security agreements.The Organization, with support and cooperation from the shipping industry, has developed and adopted several antipiracy［60］, which have contributed to the mitigation of the negative impact posed by piracy worldwide.
（A）for fear of（B）in line with（C）at the cost of（D）on the way to
26.BAC is primarily used as a measurement of［ ］for legal or medical purposes.答案顯示:【C】
27.Murder and［ ］are the most serious homicides which can result in lengthy prison terms or a death sentence.答案顯示:【B】
28.The likelihood of a crime being［ ］could be reduced by the presence of uniformed officers in marked cars.答案顯示:【A】
29.Drug［ ］target students both as carriers as well as clients.It’s high time for teachers and parents to work
against and eradicate this evil force.答案顯示:【B】
30.Police investigators across the globe are using［ ］from surveillance cameras in their investigations of crimes.答案顯示:【B】
31.Major activities of these criminal gangs include drug trafficking, human smuggling, money［ ］, extortion and kidnapping.答案顯示:【C】
32.Intelligence analysts collect, review and interpret a range of information from overt and［ ］sources, and deliver valuable analysis.答案顯示:【C】
33.On Saturday, Belgian law enforcement units［ ］over 70 youths who smashed shop windows and police vehicles.答案顯示:【D】
（A）will be detained（B）were detained（C）detaining（D）detained
34.To pursue justice, it is important to the［ ］person responsible for the crime.答案顯示:【A】
35.Lock your door immediately upon entering the vehicle.Make this your first action even before you put the key in the［ ］.答案顯示:【B】
36.Don’t wea［ ］r.If you wear them, you won’t hear an approaching car or attacker.答案顯示:【A】
37.A key aspect of police patrol is providing high［ ］for the police force in a neighborhood.答案顯示:【B】
38.In the United States, scholars estimate that somewhere between 42 and 55 percent of suspects confess to a crime during［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
39.Police patrol might have an optimum view of an area and spot［ ］activities or circumstances.答案顯示:【B】
40.One of the main roles of the police is to detect and investigate crimes and help［ ］offenders.答案顯示:【B】
The type of activity police investigators engage in and material gathered［41］, depending on whether investigations use the reactive or proactive method.［42］, they all go through similar stages.Every investigation is different and may require a different route through the process, e.g., in some cases the identity of the offender is known［43］and the investigation quickly enters the suspect management phase.［44］,the identity of the offender may never be known or is discovered only after further investigation.When receiving reports, counter staff should ensure that［45］record, retain and reveal all material and pass it to the investigating officer.
（A）Therefore（B）As a result（C）As a matter of fact（D）However
（A）in the end（B）from the outset（C）without doubt（D）out of necessity
（A）At last（B）In others（C）For this（D）Since then
A psychologist suspected that there were subtle cues that were influencing the police questioning process in interviewing eyewitnesses, which causes misremember.She watched videotape after videotape of witness interviews,looking for these cues but she couldn’t see anything.There were so many activities in each interview—all the facial expressions, the different ways the questions were posed, the fluctuating emotions—that she couldn’t detect any patterns.
So she came up with an idea: she made a list of a few elements she would focus on—the questioners’ tone, the facial expressions of the witness, and how close the witness and the questioner were sitting to each other.Then she removed any information that would distract her from those elements.She turned down the volume on the television,so instead of hearing words, all she could detect was the tone of the questioner’s voice.She taped a sheet of paperover the questioner’s face, so all she could see was the witnesses’ expressions.She held a tape measure to the screen to measure their distance from each other.
And once she started studying these specific elements, patterns leapt out.She saw that witnesses who misremembered facts usually were questioned by cops who used a gentle, friendly tone.When witnesses smiled more,or sat closer to the person asking the questions, they were more likely to misremember.
46.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Interviewing eyewitnesses is a job better done by a psychologist.
（B）Police interrogation strategy could be enhanced by using videotapes.
（C）The questioner’s outfit would affect the witness’s remembering ability.
（D）Witnesses tend to misremember less when facing a stern officer.
47.Which of the following is one of the cues that the study in the passage tries to look for？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The eyewitness’s bespectacled face（B）The eyewitness’s muscular motions.
（C）The eyewitness’s habit（D）The eyewitness’s way of posing questions.
48.Which of the following is best to explain the underlined phrase “a tape measure”？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A measurement taped with marks（B）A marked measurement to tape things.
（C）A tape measured with marks（D）A tape marked with measurements.
49.Which of the following is true about witnesses？答案顯示:【B】
（A）They tend to remember things with subtle clues.
（B）They tend to misremember when interviewed casually.
（C）They tend to ignore the obvious but remember the details.
（D）They would be influenced by police interviewing protocol.
50.What is the main idea of the passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Witness memory loss（B）Police’s cues to improve witnesses’ memory.
（C）Disremembering process in interviewing witnesses（D）Finding clues of misremembering.
26.Do not park in front of fire［ ］; otherwise, firefighters may smash the car windows to feed the hose through your car in an emergency.答案顯示:【A】
27.These function-oriented firefighter squadrons are specialized in rescue in various［ ］, including rescue on land, on water, in the mountains and in the air.答案顯示:【B】
28.The new［ ］surveillance unit is the first in the country to use drones to watch over disaster scenes and provide vital information for the commanders.答案顯示:【A】
29.Because of severe labor shortage, the firefighting department is［ ］new bloods.答案顯示:【D】
30.If you use a gas-fueled water heater, you must keep doors and windows open to improve［ ］and prevent CO poisoning.答案顯示:【B】
31.Smoke is thought to be the main cause of death in fires.If fires can be rapidly［ ］and extinguished, the number of deaths can be greatly reduced.答案顯示:【C】
32.The dry chemical extinguisher sprays the fire with chemicals to［ ］the fire of oxygen and put it out.答案顯示:【C】
33.A frequent request by fire investigators of suspicious fire scenes is the analysis of fire debris for the presence of［ ］liquid residues to find out the cause of the fire.答案顯示:【B】
34 The driver who escaped from the bus that exploded last Friday died from［ ］arising from his burns last night.答案顯示:【D】
35 HIV patients must make their conditions known.If they hide their conditions［ ］, the health of the emergency medical technicians on an ambulance may be endangered.答案顯示:【C】
36 Which of the following responses is unsuitable？答案顯示:【B】
Informant: The building is on fire!
Deputy desk:［ ］.
（A）Please stay calm.We will do our best to help you（B）Jump off the building immediately
（C）Evacuate immediately with a wet towel to cover your mouth and nose
（D）We will send a fire engine right away.
37.If you are trapped under debris following an earthquake, shouting can cause you to［ ］dangerous amounts of dust.答案顯示:【A】
38.According to fire dynamics, which of the following terms refers to “the transition to a state of total surface involvement in a fire of combustible material within an enclosure from the growth period to the fully developed stage in fire development”？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Heat release rate（B）Flashover（C）Ceiling jet（D）Smoke layer height
39.Fireman: What［ ］does he have？答案顯示:【B】
Passerby: He has the breathing difficulty.
40.Civilian: Mrs.Lee has labor pains in the abdomen.It seems that she is going to［ ］a baby.Fire department: Ask her to relax and breathe through her mouth.Tell her not to push.Reassure Mrs.Lee.Tell her you have dispatched aid.答案顯示:【C】
41.Civilian: Someone is about to commit suicide by jumping off a building! 答案顯示:【B】
Fire department: We will dispatch［ ］to you right now.
42.During an earthquake, which is WRONG？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Stay away from glass if indoors（B）Do not turn on the air conditioner
（C）Use the elevators（D）Do not use the lifts.
43.According to Regulations for Emergency Medical Services, which of the following patients is NOT included？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Anyone who donates blood or organ(2)（B）Any pregnant woman who is ready for childbirth
（C）Anyone who falls down on the road and can not move due to injury or sickness
（D）Anyone who is in urgent need of medical care due to disaster
44.Do you have any［ ］history like diabetes, hypertension or hearing problems？答案顯示:【C】
45.Be aware of possible tsunamis if you live in coastal areas.These are also known as［ ］sea waves.答案顯示:【C】
46.Which of the following factors is NOT related to Heat Release Rate？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Burning rate（B）Mass loss rate（C）Heat of combustion（D）Detector
Civilian: What should I do if I were in a［47］？
Fireman: You had better cover your mouth and nose with a［48 ］.Take the nearest［49］right away.［50］immediately.
（A）fire scene（B）sea（C）parking lot（D）television
（A）plastic bottle（B）battery（C）wet towel（D）tooth brush
（A）lift（B）escalator（C）gas station（D）emergency exit
26.Since prosecutors failed to prove that the defendants had committed the crimes they were charged with, they were found “［ ］”of all charges.答案顯示:【A】
（A）not guilty（B）no intension（C）not innocence（D）no willness
27.Ignoring typhoon alarm, the captain made the determination to go ahead with the route as planned, unfortunately,the vessel［ ］during the crossing and he and 10 other people perished.答案顯示:【A】
28.The ferry sent a distress call from its location about 20 kilometers offshore, notifying the authorities that the ship was［ ］badly to one side and taking on water.答案顯示:【A】
29.This vessel was seriously damaged in the course of an ordinary［ ］for which the defendant’s ship was responsible.答案顯示:【A】
30.Laws can always be reinforced by law enforcement agents such as police and court officers in the last［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
31.A new radar［ ］system which monitors Taiwan’s northern territory waters was commissioned last December.答案顯示:【D】
32.Those foreign staffs were［ ］either on the grounds of illegal status or having committed a crime.答案顯示:【B】
33.This device was a high-end maritime receiver that is capable of picking up ship transmissions while continuously［ ］a preset frequency range.答案顯示:【A】
34.Information regarding the safety of vessels was difficult to obtain during the 1960s due to the［ ］of navigational and communication equipment.答案顯示:【C】
35.Tear gas and expandable baton are［ ］weapons of Taiwan Coast Guard boarding team in law enforcementoperations.答案顯示:【A】
36.During investigation and surveillance, seasoned detectives usually have their own To-Do List, including(1)to obtain any documentary evidence,(2)to check the criminal histories or(3)to link［ ］to other crimes bymodus operandi analysis.答案顯示:【A】
37.The Coast Guard has the authority to［ ］recreational and uninspected passenger vessels from crossing a bar in rough conditions by regulations.答案顯示:【A】
38.On the bridge the watch officer and［ ］personnel should work as a team to ensure safe navigation especially in narrow channel.答案顯示:【A】
39.Large marine protected areas(MPAs)closed to fishing are one component of the solution to the problem of［ ］.MPAs can preserve biodiversity and promote recovery of many species.答案顯示:【A】
40.Human-induced overexploitation, ocean acidification and pollution［ ］the integrity of marine ecosystems.答案顯示:【A】
41.The illegal immigrants’ ship was blown on to the rocks and wrecked following disablement in a［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
42.［ ］manipulation of a vessel is defined as operation which disregards the safety or rights of others or endangers the person or property of others.答案顯示:【B】
43.A gas leak on the deck of an unmanned cargo led to the［ ］of 70 passengers.答案顯示:【A】
44.The marine police agents are responsible for the［ ］of illegal drug smugglers.答案顯示:【A】
45.The marine police discovered that human［ ］on the sea continues to rise at a staggering rate.答案顯示:【A】
R.O.C.Coast Guard is a federal law enforcement agency whose primary mission is similar to that of any major crimes unit, namely, conducting investigations of actual,［46］or suspected ‘general’ criminal activity, and performing search and rescue operations.Importantly, it also engages in maritime-related law enforcement, including but not limited to, preventing illegal migrant or drug smuggling,［47］Taiwan’s jurisdiction waters, assisting in enforcing port and maritime regulations, and safeguarding marine resource.In particular, the last mission is usually not widely known by the general public.For instance, R.O.C.Coast Guard clamps down on illegal trawling to protect fishery resources; in some serious cases, they may even［48］vessels and/or restrain their operation when the regulations of fisheries authorities are violated.Last but not least, R.O.C.Coast Guard also plays a significant–but often overlooked–role in maintaining the［49］of Taiwan’s boundary of administration; it provides a morediplomatic soft power than the country’s naval warfare force and exerts a substantial influence on Taiwan’s foreign policy.Its ongoing and regular［50］nearby the highly disputed Diaoyu Islands is a case in point.
1.He dislikes me, and I loathe him.The feeling of resentment between us is［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
2.According to research, children under 12 are not［ ］enough to recognize dangers and risks.That’s why they cannot be left alone without the company of adults.答案顯示:【A】
3.Negotiators must attempt to probe below the［ ］of their opponent’s position to discover underlying needs.答案顯示:【A】
4.No mammal, other than［ ］mammals such as whales, was previously known to travel such great distances to breed.答案顯示:【D】
5.Emily’s father has［ ］of what can be happening as a police official in order to persuade Emily from becoming such one.答案顯示:【A】
（A）not spared her the details（C）belittled her achievement（B）denied her efforts（D）congratulated her
6.Short of fresh food usually happens to many poor families, so eating［ ］, becomes their only choice.答案顯示:【C】
7.After a strong 7.8 earthquake in Ecuador, dozens of［ ］climbed on to the rubble and sift through broken stones to recover whatever belongings remain intact.答案顯示:【C】
8.Education is a priority in Asian countries.Most students face［ ］university entrance exams to be accepted into prestigious universities.答案顯示:【D】
9.In his State of the Union address, President Obama called upon Congress to［ ］federal minimum wage to$9 an hour by 2015, up from the current $7.25.答案顯示:【A】
10.Political leaders keep talking about the future of Europe, yet none seems able to offer a clear［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
11.Pets are a luxury not often seen in Morocco.Animals are kept for their［ ］benefits, as working animals or as sources of food.答案顯示:【D】
12.The boys shuddered at the thought of being caught in any act of［ ］by their harsh teacher.答案顯示:【C】
13.A true friend is someone who keeps you［ ］when you are down and who shares your joy in the good times.答案顯示:【D】
14.A NEET(Not in Employment, Education or Training)refers to someone that chooses to［ ］parents instead of looking for a steady job or enrolling in training.答案顯示:【B】
（A）let down（B）live off（C）pick up（D）bring about
15.Jimmy［ ］his courage, walked toward the girl, and asked for her phone number.答案顯示:【C】
（A）stood for（B）took after（C）plucked up（D）saw through
16.The building［ ］when the quake hit and several people were killed.答案顯示:【B】
The imaginative worlds presented in science fiction may not be so far-fetched as readers think they are.［17］Mary Shelly completed Frankenstein in 1818, science fiction has been the precursor of new scientific discoveries and inventions.Robots, organ transplants, space travel, and other scientific inventions［18］considered wild imagination are now realities.Will all those odd-looking species we see in the movie series Star Wars be actually found somewhere in a remote corner of the universe？Will there be［19］one day launching attacks from the skies to destroy human beings or will they knock on our doors to say hello？Will human beings eventually scatter the universe with space colonies？Or can we travel to and fro freely between the past and the future with a time machine？All of these questions are still waiting to be answered with the passing of time.
（A）Even when（B）Ever since（C）Even though（D）Ever after
To be healthy, people need to have a balanced diet.That is why we need to eat a variety of foods to give us the［20 ］carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins we need.
Vegetables, containing a great deal of water, are an excellent［21］of vitamins and minerals.Vegetables alsoprovide fiber, which helps our digestive systems to function properly.Most vegetables contain very little fat.
When vegetables are overcooked, the minerals and vitamins in them are［22］.Vegetables that are［23］or lightly cooked are more nutritious than those that are cooked for a long time.
Barbie dolls have been part of the American culture since they were first sold in 1959.Aimed at six-to-nine-year-old girls, Barbie is made by Mattel.The company has sold more than a billion dolls worldwide.The Barbie line includes Malibu Barbie, Babysitter Barbie, and Wedding Barbie.Every year a new Barbie arrives on the market.But anyone can make a mistake,［24］Mattel shows.The company introduced a［25］of Barbie that they said would be “every mother’s nightmare.” Butterfly Art Barbie came with a butterfly tattoo on its stomach and a set of temporary transfer tattoos for the owner.A Mattel spokesperson said, “Nowadays, tattoos are classed as art.” Although the company acknowledged that the new toy might inspire young girls to want real tattoos, it argued it was only［26］fashion.The spokesperson said, “Ask any cool girl, and she’ll tell you that tattoos are one of the latest fashion crazes.” Mattel was right about one thing.Parents were［27］.And the company took Butterfly Art Barbie off the market.
（A）standing up to（B）letting go of（C）giving up on（D）keeping up with
The beautiful scenery and amazing creatures found below the waves are what draw most divers to the ocean.Some divers take up photography as a hobby.Diving magazines have been known to buy photographs of rare sea life from regular divers.
Above the surface, hired boats take tourists on whale watching trips.Whale watching during the right season allows people to see not only a variety of whale species, but seals and other sea animals as well.Some of the more eager watchers may even travel hundreds of miles to follow the paths of individual whales.Meanwhile, bird watchers work hard to discover new bird species.Serious bird watchers bring along their life lists, in which they record every species of bird that they have seen in the wild.Like whale watchers, “birders” sometimes hop continents on their mission to add new species to their lists.
Collecting parts of animals is a common hobby.While buying or selling ivory is illegal, it can be made into profitable items such as chess sets, piano keys, and jewelry.Animal skins and furs and entire stuffed animals are often found at homes as decorating items.And the hobby of butterfly collecting is one of the oldest in the world.Russian author Vladimir Nabokov was known for his life-long passion for collecting butterflies.The world’s largest collection is found in Costa Rica, a nation with more butterfly species than the entire Africa.
28.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Animal lovers’ efforts to protect rare species.（C）The land and sea animals that people like most.
（B）Making money by watching and selling animals.（D）The popular activities among animal lovers.
29.If you were a butterfly expert, which of the following places would you recommend to a butterfly lover？答案顯示:【C】
30.If you are a regular diver, you would probably.答案顯示:【B】
（A）hire boats and take tourists to watch whales（B）take plenty of pictures and sell them to magazines
（C）track down the paths of individual whales（D）check the life list of sea animals every year
31.Why are some “birders” traveling far away from home？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To watch a larger number of birds（B）To find a greater number of bird species.
（C）To bring along more bird life lists（D）To hop from continent to continent.
Recent researches have shown that how you breathe can tell you how relaxed or how tense you are.So if you want to keep a tranquil mind and not to feel anxious all the time, you should pay attention to your breathing.For example, when you are calm, your breathing is deep and steady.Your breath mainly comes from the stomach, not the chest.But when you are nervous, excited, or under pressure, your breathing changes.It becomes shallow and ragged; that is, it is short and quick.It comes mainly from the chest or throat.Sometimes, when upset, you may even catch yourself holding your breath without knowing it.Or you may exhale more quickly than you inhale.So whenever you want to calm down, try to breathe to a rhythm.Inhale to the count of three; exhale to the count of four.Then get in the habit of checking your breathing from time to time to make sure you stay relaxed and at your best.
32.What is the best title for this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）How to Hold Your Breath（B）Why Your Breathing Changes
（C）The Habit of Checking Your Breathing（D）Breathing and the State of Your Emotion
33.When you feel relaxed, which of the following statements about your breathing is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It is quick and short（B）It is deep and steady.
（C）You exhale more quickly than you inhale（D）Your breath comes mainly from your chest.
34.Which of the following best explains the word “rhythm” in this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A regular movement of body in dancing（B）A regular pattern of sound in poetry.
（C）A regular pattern of sound in music（D）A regular flow of air in breathing.
35.According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true when you are angry？答案顯示:【C】
（A）You may breathe out air faster than you breathe in（B）You may calm down by checking your breathing.
（C）You may inhale more quickly than you exhale（D）You may hold your breath without knowing it.
If you pull on a door handle, the door opens.If you sit on a bed, the springs in the mattress compress and,［36］of the compression, exert an upward force on you.We know from experiences that some sort of force is［37］to do these jobs.There are two basic classes of forces,［38］whether the agent touches the object or not.Contact forces are forces that act on an object by touching it at a point of contact.The majority of forces are contact forces.Long-range forces are forces that act on an object［39］physical contact.Magnetism is an example of a long-range force.You have undoubtedly held a magnet［40］a paper clip and seen the paper clip leap up to the magnet.A coffee cup released from your hand is pulled to the earth by the long-range force of gravity.
（A）as a consequence（B）at the expense（C）on the verge（D）for a change
（A）referring to（B）depending on（C）looking into（D）tearing from
Small businesses are common in many countries and are operated by many young entrepreneurs around the world.Although they don’t have deep pockets to［41］, small businesses have certain advantages over large companies.
First of all, small businesses are easy to start because it doesn’t require a large amount of capital to［42］them.This is particularly helpful to those entering the field of business with limited resources.
Secondly, a small firm can provide dedicated products or services［43］the specific demands of its customers.For example, a small shop can offer custom-made products that are not available in large chain stores.A small business’s ability to meet the true needs of the consumer is much higher than it is with big companies.
Finally, operating a small business allows the owner to［44］of his/her labor.The owner has the sole right tothe profits earned.He is not required to divide it with co-owners(shareholders)as［45］many bigger businesses.A small business’s owner is his own boss.
（A）cut corners（B）weather storm（C）face the music（D）climb the ladder
（A）brought out（B）called upon（C）refrained from（D）tailored to
（A）take the floor（B）pick up speed（C）make both ends meet（D）reap all the fruits
（A）by the name of（B）by the contrary of（C）in the case of（D）for the sake of
El Niño is coming and people in every part of the world are getting worried.El Niño is a mysterious weather pattern.It begins about every four years with a sudden warming of the eastern Pacific Ocean along the equator.
El Niño is caused by changes in air movements.These changes disrupt ocean currents.The warm water in the Pacific Ocean moves south along the west coast of South America.It makes the cold water off the coast of Peru and Ecuador warmer.The warming of the ocean water kills many fish, sea animals, and sea birds.But El Niño’s effects are not limited to the local area.The warming of the ocean affects weather patterns throughout the world.
El Niño is a Spanish term.It means “the male child” and usually refers to the baby Jesus.Fishermen in Peru began calling the strange weather event El Niño because it usually arrived around Christmas time.Today the term El Niño is only used when the weather event is big enough and warm enough to bring worldwide effects.
46.According to this passage, how often does El Niño occur？答案顯示:【C】
（A）every two years（B）every three years（C）every four years（D）every five years
47.According to this passage, where does El Niño occur originally？答案顯示:【B】
（A）North America（B）South America（C）Spain（D）Belgium
48.According to this passage, what does the term El Niño mean in Spanish？答案顯示:【C】
（A）the cold weather（B）the equator（C）the male child（D）the warm water
49.According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Only the Spanish are worried about El Niño.（B）El Niño usually arrives in summer.
（C）El Niño is caused by the cooling of ocean waters.
（D）Today the term El Niño is used only when it has global effects.
50.According to this passage, who first used the term El Niño to refer to the strange weather pattern？答案顯示:【A】
一、中翻英：（20分）入境隨俗，移民學習當地語言非常重要。美國麻州政府會安排免費的英語教師隨班幫助 15 歲前的移民學童學習英語，義大利政府和教堂合作舉辦免費的義語課程，臺灣各地的社區機構也有政府補助的免費華語課程。整體而言，免費的本國語課程是吸引移民的重要措施。
Angel Island is a famous historical site outside of San Francisco.Located in the San Francisco Bay, the island was used as a detention station for especially Asian immigrants and travelers who wanted to gain entry into the mainland of the United States.Between 1910 and 1940, about one million Chinese immigrants were processed at the Immigration Station.Along with Japanese and other Asian immigrants, they were being inspected, disinfected,and detained before they were allowed to enter the mainland.Today, the Angel Island Immigration Station has become a National Historic Landmark in memory of the harsh experience of Asian immigrants to the United States.
Aristotle once said, "Happiness depends upon ourselves." Please write a short essay of about 250 words to illustrate your conception of "happiness."You can give an example, tell a story, or explicate a point.Please make sure that you will give a clear definition of happiness.
1.Illegal immigrants are considered by some to be an economic［ ］on the country because they use services while paying almost no taxes.答案顯示:【A】
2.Most immigrants readily form or join existing cultural, recreational, social or "homeland" associations,where mutual aid and cooperative efforts［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
3.For countries where dual citizenships are not permitted, the［ ］of original nationality should be required.答案顯示:【A】
4.In many countries, the immigration law puts a ban on employing aliens unless they are lawfully［ ］for permanent residence or authorized to be employed.答案顯示:【A】
5.Tourism operators targeting senior tourists usually provide activities that are not too physically［ ］.答案顯示:【B】
6.A passenger would be deemed a/an［ ］when he/she is interdicted by an immigration officer for attempting to use a stolen passport to board a plane.答案顯示:【D】
7.People who skip or skimp on breakfast are more likely to have signs of plaque in their arteries than those who eat［ ］breakfast.答案顯示:【D】
8.Gender stereotypes are set in children as early as age 6, so it's crucial to introduce an age-［ ］curriculum with regard to gender equality.答案顯示:【B】
9.Love, positivity, health, and family are all ingredients found in the［ ］to happiness.答案顯示:【D】
10.Full-time foreign students are not to［ ］receive a work permit.That is, they are not allowed to work temporarily in this country.答案顯示:【A】
Roger White(2016) assumes that religion is a potential marker of cultural similarity between societies.Two societies that share a common religion or that［11 ］the same dominant religion are likely more culturally similar than are two societies that stick to different religious beliefs.Similar to language, which acts as a representation of culture and a means［12］culture can be transmitted, to the extent that religious views［13 or influence broader attitudes, norms, expectations, and mores, it can be viewed as a［14］that allows culture to be communicated across people and time periods.［15］, the researcher employs two measures off religious distance between parent and host countries as a potential proxy variable for cultural differences.The results obtained from his study support his assumptions.
（A）adhere to（B）agonize（C）deter from（D）disregard
（A）by which（B）even though（C）so as（D）in case
（A）align with（B）conflict with（C）deviate from（D）separate from
In April 1968, Britain was debating the Race Relations Act, which made it illegal to deny a person employment, housing or public services based on race or national origin.The law was intended to protect immigrants from Commonwealth nations, especially former colonies in the Caribbean, India, and Pakistan.The first of these immigrants, 492 Jamaicans, had arrived 20 years earlier.Hundreds of thousands followed."The immigrants were called over," says Sathnam Sanghera, an author whose Sikh parents emigrated from India during that time."There was a labor shortage.There weren't enough people to run the factories after the war." The immigrants were granted British citizenship and helped rebuild Britain after World War II.But they faced racism.Landlords wouldn't rent to them.Some employers turned them away.The Race Relations Act was intended to protect immigrants.
The tension was especially obvious in Wolverhampton, one of the first cities in Britain to experience mass immigration.Enoch Powell, who represented Wolverhampton in Parliament, feared a race war coming because of mass immigration.On April 20, 1968, he took the stage at a Conservative Party event at the Midlands Hotel in Birmingham and gave an incendiary speech that would come to define him — and divide his country.In the speech, Powell warned, "that tragic and intractable phenomenon which we watch with horror on the other side of the Atlantic...is coming upon us here by our own volition and our own neglect."He attacked the bill that outlawed discrimination.He said it was whites who were facing deprivation and that Britain "must be mad, literally mad, as a nation to be permitting" large numbers of immigrants to enter.The Times of London immediately labeled it an "evil speech." Conservative Party leader Edward Heath dismissed Powell from the party leadership.But polls showed a majority of Britons supported Powell.Many protested,saying, "Powell was right." The speech emboldened racists.
16.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Race Relations Act（B）Wolverhampton's mass immigration.
（C）Britain's making immigration laws（D）Anti-immigration in Britain.
17.Which of the following best describes the intention of drafting the Race Relations Act？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To boost population growth of the country.
（B）To welcome commonwealth nationals to become labors in Britain.
（C）To safeguard immigrants from being treated based on race.
（D）To trigger race war in Wolverhampton.
18.What is the main idea of the second paragraph？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Sathnam Sanghera's parents emigrated from India.
（B）Factories did not have enough people after World War II.
（C）Immigrants helped rebuild Britain but faced racism.（D）Details of the Race Relations Act are explained.
19.According to the third paragraph, why did Powell attack the bill？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Immigrants were being mistreated.（B）People neglected immigration laws.
（C）Britain must permit large numbers of immigrants to enter.（D）White people were being discriminated.
20.Which of the following is true about Enoch Powell and his speech？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Powell's speech initiated Britain's immigration laws.
（B）Powell's speech terminated the Race Relations Act.
（C）Powell's political party did not support his racist view.
（D）Powell was right about the prospect of improved race relations.
It is reported that the entrapment felt by the soccer prodigy ran deeper than the overwhelming circumstances that brought about his fit, now widely believed to have been a combination of tension, and a possible reaction to the high dosage of painkiller that had gotten him through the semi-final.
It has been suggested that the war on terror has contributed to the growing abuse of human rights.Do you agree or disagree on the above statement？Write an English essay in NO MORE THAN 200 words to express your standpoint.Be sure to first rebut the other side’s reasons and then use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
1.Please keep your seat belt fastened when seated,［ ］the seat-belt light is not illuminated.答案顯示:【C】
（A）as if（B）despite（C）even if（D）so that
2.I will let you know what our chair says about the project, and in the［ ］I will ask others for their opinions about it as well.答案顯示:【C】
3.With our limited budget, we can only buy an［ ］car that runs well.答案顯示:【C】
4.The United States has returned hundreds of［ ］artifacts stolen from religious sites five hundred years ago to the government of India.答案顯示:【A】
5.The bank requires a written［ ］from their clients in order to prevent fraud or update the information.答案顯示:【D】
6.H5N1 epidemic in 2003 caused many［ ］around the world.Many people died from it.答案顯示:【B】
7.If you want to travel to an English speaking country, you need to overcome the language［ ］between you and English speaking people, so that you won’t havecommunication problems.答案顯示:【B】
8.Scientists have found evidence that certain birth defects are［ ］with certain chemicals in our environment.But often the chemical industry refused to accept the connection between their products and birth defects.答案顯示:【C】
9.The number of households relying on various social［ ］programs to get by has increased significantly since the recent poor economic performance.答案顯示:【D】
10.Without other possible means, he left what little furniture he owned to his landlord［ ］rent.答案顯示:【A】
（A）in lieu of（B）in spite of（C）in favor of（D）in terms of
11.Language ability has traditionally been considered, by language teachers and language testers alike, to［ ］of four skills.答案顯示:【A】
The two great Puritan entrepreneurs of culture in the twentieth century, Walt Disney of Disneyland and Hugh M.Hefner of Playboy, illustrate the［12］of the USA’s middle class from accepting square values to accepting plastic values, which represents wanting to be fashionable and successful without paying the price.If Disney’s attempts to employ technology to create a Middle American utopia resulted in a plastic universe of dancing dolls, animated mermaids, and, finally, an enervated and dehumanized world where technology was the only god, Hefner’s［13］efforts to produce a secular playground were considerably less horrible.
Around the world, people are looking for new, longer-lasting sources of energy.One of these sources is the wind.Using wind turbines to generate electricity creates no air pollution and requires no fuel.Besides, wind is free! Building a turbine or mill costs money, but the wind itself costs nothing.In addition to being free, wind is［14］.We won't run out of wind the way we will run out of coal, oil, or other fuel sources.In fact, the power that wind can create is much greater than the power that the world’s current energy consumption needs.And the power can help people or small communities be［15］.They would rely only on their turbine, not a city power grid.The key to making wind power work seems to be building more and better turbines.If we do that, it seems likely that wind power will be more and more important in our future.y
Discourse is an idealized and formalized version of communicative action.In communicative action participants search for 16］understanding by offering arguments that could command assent.As［17］to strategic action, where participants are primarily interested in bringing about a desired behavioral response, in communicative action participants are interested in bringing about［18］understanding.For example, in strategic action participants often attempt to［19］each other by introducing influences unrelated to the merits of an argument, such as threats, bribes, or coercion.Such inducements can bring about the desired behavior even in situation［20］the other player is not convinced that there are any inherently good reasons to act that way.
The paths of charity may lead us to happiness.［21］.Donating and volunteering bring benefits to those who give.In terms of quantifying “happiness,” spending money on oneself barely moves the needle, but spending on others causes a significant increase.［22］.When people give to a cause they believe in, they become problem solvers, rather than bystanders or victims of circumstances.
（A）Charity depends on one’s profession.（B）Happiness depends on how little we earn and how much we give.
（C）How much we give depends.（D）There is strong evidence that those who are generous end up better off.
（A）Happiness provides an index to our wealth.
（B）It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for the rich to enter the kingdom of God.
（C）Such actions imbue us with “self-efficacy.”
（D）Wealth can solve a host of problems.
Money is an important part of life, and one should learn to manage it wisely.However, it isn’t everything.In a barren desert, a bottle of water is more valuable than a bag of gold, which is actually a burden because of its weight.On a date, a scooter can be more valuable than a BMW because a girl holding tightly to her date on the back of a scooter can have a closer bonding experience than a girl sitting in the passenger seat of a car.Most of the time, the necessity of money has been greatly exaggerated by the society.The value of money depends on the situation.It can be totally useless in one case and incomparably influential in another.The only unchangeable truth is that its utility increases when we share it—life is generous to us when we are generous to others.
We can all become masters of money if we put ourselves in the right frame of mind.When we are poor, we shall ask ourselves, “Why?” There must be a reason.When we see the rich, we should become inspired: What can we learn from them? When we are with the rich, our hearts should be at peace.Be happy for them, and be thankful for your own blessings.When we are rich, a frugal yet generous life is the true sign of good character.Some pinch pennies because they have to, but a wealthy person who wastes nothing and lives a frugal life is truly someone to be admired.
23.What is the passage mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）How to have a wonderful date without spending too much money.
（B）How do we distinguish between the rich and the poor.
（C）How to recognize the value of money and be a master of it.
（D）How do we get along with the rich and learn something from them.
24.Why does the author mention water and BMW in line 2 and line 4 ？答案顯示:【C】
（A）To contrast the price of daily necessities and luxury products.
（B）To explain why we need to manage money wisely.
（C）To show that the true value of things is determined by the circumstances.
（D）To give examples of expensive and valuable things in daily life.
25.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）We increase the value of the money when we share it.
（B）Being generous is a key to running a successful business.
（C）When we are poor we need to find out the reason for it.
（D）A rich man deserves respect for his frugality.
We lived on Waverly Place, in a warm, clean, two-bedroom flat that sat above a small Chinese bakery specializing in steamed pastries and dim sum.In the early morning, when the alley was still quiet, I could smell fragrant red beans as they were cooked down to a pasty sweetness.By daybreak, our flat was heavy with the odor of fried sesame balls and sweet curdled chicken crescents.From my bed, I would listen as my father got ready for work, then locked the door behind him, one-two-three clicks.At the end of our two-block alley was a small sandlot playground with swings and slides well-shined down the middle with use.The play area was bordered by wood-slat benches where old-country people sat cracking roasted watermelon seeds with their golden teeth and scattering the husks to an impatient gathering of gurgling pigeons.The best playground, however, was the dark alley itself.It was crammed with daily mysteries and adventures.My brothers and I would peer into the medicinal herb-shop,watching old Li dole out onto a stiff sheet of white paper the right amount of insect shells,saffron-colored seeds, and pungent leaves for his ailing customers.It was said that he once cured a woman dying of an ancestral curse that had eluded the best of American doctors.Next to the pharmacy was a printer who specialized in gold-embossed wedding invitations and festive red banners.Farther down the street was Ping Yuen Fish Market.The front window displayed a tank crowded with doomed fish and turtles struggling to gain footing on the slimy green-tiled sides.Inside, the butchers with their bloodstained white smocks deftly gutted the fish while customers cried out their orders and shouted,“Give me your freshest,” to which the butchers always protested, “All are freshest.”
26.What could you smell in the apartment in the morning？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Chicken soup（B）Pastries and sweets（C）Medicinal herbs（D）Fish and seafood.
27.Where did the old people sit cracking roasted watermelon seeds？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Under the red banner in a festival.（B）On the green-tiled ground in the dark alley.
（C）By the wood-slat sideway next to the herb shop.（D）On the benches surrounding the play area.
28.Which of the followings is NOT true according to the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The woman dying of an ancestral curse was cured by American doctors.
（B）The pharmacy was full of saffron-colored seeds and pungent leaves.
（C）The author thought the stores located in the dark alley were exciting.
（D）The apartment was situated above a small Chinese bakery.
29.Which of the followings is the closest in meaning to the phrase “dole out”？答案顯示:【D】
30.Which business type is NOT mentioned in the passage？答案顯示:【C】
Earth is poorly named.The ocean［31］almost three-quarters of the planet.The ocean provides 3 billon people with almost a fifth of their protein, making fish a bigger source of the stuff than beef.Fishing and aquaculture assure the［32］of one in ten of the world’s people.Climate and weather systems depend on the temperature patterns of the ocean and its interactions with the atmosphere.If anything ought to be too big to fail, it is the ocean.
Humans have long［33］that the ocean’s size allowed them to put anything they wanted into it and to take anything they wanted out.Changing temperatures and chemistry, overfishing and pollution have stressed its ecosystems for decades.The ocean stores more than nine-tenths of the heat trapped on Earth by greenhouse-gas emissions.［34］, coral reefs are suffering; scientists expect almost all corals to be gone by 2050.
By the middle of this century the ocean could contain more plastic than fish by weight.Ground down into tiny pieces, it is eaten by fish and then by people.Appetite for fish grows［35］: almost 90% of stocks are fished either at or beyond their sustainable limits.The ocean nurtures humanity.Humanity treats it with contempt.
（A）On and off（B）All the same（C）At all costs（D）As a result
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題：
In order to determine whether bots can be accurately detected, how bots behave, and how they impact Twitter activity, the researchers divided accounts into categories based on total number of followers, and found that accounts with more than 10 million followers tend to retweet at similar rates to bots.In accounts with fewer followers however, bots tend to retweet far more than humans.These celebrity-level accounts also tweet at roughly the same pace as bots with similar follower numbers,whereas in smaller accounts, bots tweet far more than humans.
Bots, like people, can be malicious or benign.The term “bot” is often associated with spam,offensive content or political infiltration, but many of the most reputable organizations in the world also rely on bots for their social media channels.For example, major news organizations, such as CNN or the BBC, who produce hundreds of pieces of content daily, rely on automation to share the news in the most efficient way.These accounts, while classified as bots, are seen by users as trustworthy sources of information.
“A Twitter user can be a human and still be a spammer, and an account can be operated by a bot and still be benign,” said Zafar Gilani, a PhD student at Cambridge’s Computer Laboratory, who led the research.“We’re interested in seeing how effectively we can detect automated accounts and what effects they have.”
Bots have been on Twitter for the majority of the social network’s existence—it’s been estimated that anywhere between 40% and 60% of all Twitter accounts are bots.Some bots have tens of millions of followers, although the vast majority have less than a thousand—human accounts have a similar distribution.
36.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Twitter-followers are often described as spammers.
（B）Celebrities tweet as often as bots when they have a similar number of followers.
（C）The more followers a twitter account has, the less likely it will be tweeted by humans.
（D）Twitters anywhere can only be bots with more than 10 million followers.
37.Which of the following is true about “bots”？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Bots are a different kind of human-twitters.（B）Bots are often associated with malicious twitters.
（C）Bots rely on humans to execute orders.（D）Bots operated by humans can only be malicious.
38.Which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）CNN or BBC relies on twitters to deliver trustworthy information.
（B）Bots have been on Twitter for some of the celebrities’ existence.
（C）Both human and non-human accounts are possible on Twitter.
（D）Twitter accounts are barely dominated by bots.
39.According to the passage, what could be said of the human accounts and bots？答案顯示:【A】
（A）They have the same distribution in followers.（B）Human twitters are far more benign than bots.
（C）The accounts operated by humans and bots are of equal number.
（D）The vast majority of human twitters are malicious.
40.What can be inferred according to the passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Bots cannot be detected by any means.（B）Celebrity twitter accounts display bot-like behavior.
（C）Bots are hardly used by media channels.（D）Celebrity twitter accounts are seldom benign.
一、The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs)sets down minimum standards for the regulation of intellectual property as applied to nationals of other WTO member nations.There are certain provisions relating to the burden of proof in civil litigation involving patented process.Please elaborate, in about 200 words, on those provisions（30分）
二、Please translate the following provisions into English:
1.Damages by the theory of ［ ］may be measured as the difference between the patentee’specuniary condition after the infringement, and what its condition would have been if the infringement had not occurred.答案顯示:【C】
（A）reasonable royalty（B）infringer’s profit（C）lost profit（D）compulsory licensing
2.As the inventor’s lexicography, ［ ］sometimes may reveal a special definition given to a claim term by the patentee that differs from the meaning it would otherwise possess.答案顯示:【B】
（A）the dictionary（B）the specification（C）the learned treatise（D）the inventor testimony
3.Under the identical invention, there are two patent applications filed by the different inventors at different time.Lack of ［ ］may be assumed about the later patent application, provided that the earlier patent application was published after the filing date of the later patent application.答案顯示:【A】
4.The person with ordinary skill in the art(PHOSITA)is a legal fiction in patent law, who is presumed to be a skilled practitioner in the relevant field of technology and to have had access to
everything in the prior art.Which of the following is not within the functions of PHOSITA affirmed by patent law？答案顯示:【B】
（A）claim construction（B）damages calculation
（C）determination of inventive step（D）determination of enablement
X conceived an invention about the improvement of air duct of a hair dryer. Y didn’t contribute to the aforesaid conception but served as an assistant for X’s administrative affairs. On May 5, 2018,without X’s consent, Y sold the aforesaid conception on the hair dryer to Z for manufacture and marketing of the hair dryers embedded with the aforesaid conception. The aforesaid hair dryers made by Z were put on the market on May 20, 2018. On July 5, 2018, X filed a patent application for the aforesaid conception with Taiwan Intellectual Property Office (TIPO). Unexpectedly, it was found that W actually has filed another patent application in accordance with the identical conception that came from W’s independent invention, on June 5, 2018, and requested the publication on June 20, 2018. If you were an examiner employed by TIPO, which of the following statements is in accord with Taiwan Patent Act?答案顯示:【D】
（A）X and Y are the joint inventors on the aforesaid invention.
（B）The novel requirement of X’s patent application may be satisfied since the filing is within the grace period under Article 22 of Taiwan Patent Act.
（C）The novel requirement of X’s patent application may be satisfied since X may enjoy the interes tof priority to deem the filing date as May 5, 2018.
（D）The novel requirement of X’s patent application may be failed since W has filed and published the patent application, based upon the same invention, respectively, on June 5 and 20, 2018.
A Means-Plus-Function claim indicates a limitation in a claim for a combination may be expressed as a means for performing a specified function without the recital of structure, material, or acts in support thereof, and such claim shall be construed to cover the corresponding structure, material,or acts described in the specification and equivalents thereof. If there is no corresponding structure disclosed in the specification, the limitation should be deemed as failure of requirement of ［ ］.答案顯示:【D】
7.Which of the following is qualified as subject matter of a patent in accordance to Taiwan PatentAct？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The microbiological process.
（B）The method for treatment of the animal body by surgery practiced on the animal body.
（C）The simple discovery of the sequence or partial sequence of a gene about the human.
（D）The business method.
8.In regard to the grant of the exclusive licensing about the patent, which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Under the exclusive licensing, within the licensed field of use, the licensor is entitled to practice the claims without a need to seek permission from the licensee.
（B）The licensee under the exclusive licensing has no standing under patent law to take an action against the infringer, provided that the infringement occurred relates to the licensed field of use.
（C）The registration with Taiwan Intellectual Property Office is necessary under patent law to validate the exclusive licensing.
（D）Unless otherwise stipulated by the agreement, the licensee under the exclusive licensing is entitled to sublicense its original licensed scope to the third party without the consent of the licensor according to patent law.
9.More extensive protection on patent rights than what the TRIPs Agreement has provided is often found in many bilateral or multilateral intellectual property treaties under the WTO system.The phenomena is called as “TRIPs Plus”.What principle admitted by the TRIPs Agreement is the authority to support and justify “TRIPs Plus”？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The principle of national treatment（B）The principle of minimum standards
（C）The principle of the most-favoured-national treatment
（D）The principle of technological “non-discrimination”
10.Like other jurisdictions, the post-grant amendment of invention patent is admitted by Taiwan Patent Act.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The litigation of the patent concerned about infringement won’t influence the request to amend such patent by the patentee in front of Taiwan Intellectual Property Office.
（B）The post-grant amendment may be done in such a way to enlarge the scope of the claims of the original patent within two years from the grant of the original patent.
（C）The post-grant amendment of a patent shall take effect upon the date of approval of the amendment request.
（D）The new matters may be introduced to the request of the post-grant amendment of a patent.
11.On determining the requirement of the inventive step, an examiner found that a reference, as prior art, would lead a person with ordinary skill in the art(PHOSITA)in a direction divergent from the path that was taken in the claim concerned under the patent application.Based upon the aforesaid fact, which of the following is true？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence supporting the inventive step of the claim concerned.
（B）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence opposing the inventive step of the claim concerned.
（C）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence supporting the novelty of the claim concerned.
（D）The aforesaid fact might be regarded evidence supporting the enablement of the claim
12.If no marking about the patent certificate number is fixed on the patent product, which of the following legal effects is provided by Taiwan Patent Act when the patent without marking is infringed upon？答案顯示:【D】
（A）The marking about the patent certificate number has nothing to do with the remedy.
（B）The patentee is not entitled to any remedy on the ground that the patent without marking is invalid.
（C）The patentee is not entitled to any remedy on the ground that the patent without marking never shows any public notice to the third parties.
（D）To seek damages, the patentee should prove that the infringer knows or has a reason to know the infringed product protected by the patent.
13.X is among the least developed countries recognized by the United Nations.Since the bird flu has been spreading over the country over six months and the toll of death is astonishingly increasing.In order to import sufficient and affordable medicine to assuage the damage of the pandemic, X plans to negotiate with Taiwanese pharmacy company Y, and asks Y to apply for the compulsory licensing on Patent M registered in Taiwan that embodies the medicine B for treating the aforesaid bird flu.According to the Taiwan Patent Act, which of the following statements is appropriate？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Y is not entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M since the bird flu is not the disease defined in Article 90 of Taiwan Patent Act.
（B）Y is not entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M since the provisions of the compulsory licensing are designed to mainly facilitate the demand in the domestic market.
（C）Y is entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M, provided that X could prove that it has insufficient or no manufacturing capacities in the pharmaceutical.
（D）Y is not entitled to request the compulsory licensing on Patent M unless Y has made efforts to obtain authorization from the patentee concerned on reasonable commercial terms and conditions and such efforts have not been successful within a reasonable period of time.
14.Under which of the following occasions, the final notice of patent examination is in accord with Taiwan Patent Act？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The final note may be issued at any stage of patent examination.
（B）The final note may be issued when the amendment made during the reexamination stage still entails grounds for unpatentability.
（C）The final note may not be issued as soon as the applicant requests the reexamination according to Article 49 of Taiwan Patent Act.
（D）The final note may not be issued as soon as the applicant requests the divisional application according to Article 34 of Taiwan Patent Act.
15.According to Taiwan Patent Act, on the aspects of patent prosecution or patent assertion, the utility model patent may be distinguished from the invention patent.Which of the following statements is true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）An application of utility model patent should be published by Taiwan Intellectual Property Office no latter than 18 months from the filing date.
（B）After finding potential infringing activities, the patentee of the utility model patent is entitled to send the cease and desist letter to the suspected specific party, even though the patentee has not requested a technical evaluation report on the patent concerned.
（C）The provisions on compulsory licensing are not applied mutatis mutandis to the utility model patents.
（D）Subject to the filing date of the original application, an application of utility model patent may be converted to an application of invention patent.
16.Which of the following statements is incorrect？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Where a patentee establishes multiple pledges on the same patent for the purpose of securing
multiple creditors’ rights, the ranks of these pledges shall be determined according to the order of their recordation.
（B）Where a patent right is jointly owned, all joint owners must consent in order to abandon the patent right.
（C）Where a patent right is jointly owned, a joint owner may abandon his share only with the consent of all other joint owners.
（D）Where a patent right has been pledged, the patentee may abandon the patent right only with the consent of the pledgee.
17.Article 26, para.1 of Taiwan Patent Law provides, “The description shall fully disclose the invention in a manner clear and sufficient for it to be understood and carried out by a person ordinary skilled in the art.” Which requirement is contained in this provision？答案顯示:【A】
18.Which of the following is most likely to be granted an invention patent？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A mathematical algorism（B）A law of nature itself
（C）The rules to play a game（D）A mechanism used to register the score of a game
19.According to Taiwan Patent Law, there are several circumstances under which Taiwan Intellectual Property Office may grant compulsory licensing of a patent.These grounds include: 答案顯示:【C】 (1)where a patented invention is to be exploited non-commercially for the enhancement of public interest;
(2)where a later invention or utility model patent cannot be exploited without infringing upon a prior invention or utility model patent, and where the later invention or utility model patent
involves an important technical advancement of considerable economic significance in relation to the prior invention or utility model patent; or
(3)where a patentee has committed acts restricting competition or has committed unfair
competition acts, for which a judgment has been made by a court of law or a decision has been rendered by the Fair Trade Commission of the Executive Yuan.
On what grounds shall a request for compulsory licensing of a patent involving semiconductor technology be based？
20.According to Taiwan Patent Law, the term “the owner of the right to apply for a patent” shall mean an inventor, a utility model creator, a designer, or the assignee or successor thereof.Here the term “successor” means［ ］ .答案顯示:【D】
（A）someone who is successful（B）someone who is a predecessor
（C）a successful innovator（D）someone who succeeds to the rights of a former owner
21.According to the TRIPs, which of the following statements is incorrect？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Members may exclude inventions from patentability in order to protect order public or morality.
（B）Members may exclude inventions from patentability whenever the exploitation is prohibited by their law.
（C）Members may exclude inventions from patentability in order to avoid serious prejudice to the environment.
（D）Members may exclude inventions from patentability in order to protect human, animal, plant life or health.
22.Which of the following remedies is often said to be constructed on the basis of a hypothetical negotiation？答案顯示:【C】
（A）permanent injunction（B）temporary restraining order
（C）reasonable royalties（D）accounting of profits
23.Which description of patent rights is incorrect？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The patentee has the right to make, use, or sell the invention.
（B）The patentee has the right to refrain from making, using, or selling the invention.
（C）The patentee is obliged to exploit the invention.
（D）At the expiration of the term of protection, the invention is automatically dedicated to the public.
24.Which of the following is not a limitation on the application of the doctrine of equivalent？答案顯示:【D】
（A）file wrapper estoppel（B）dedication to the public rule(the disclosure-dedication rule)
（C）prosecution history estoppel（D）the long-felt-but-unfulfilled-need doctrine
25.Which of the following is not a step for determining nonobviousness？答案顯示:【B】
（A）a survey of the scope and content of the prior art（B）identifying a specific utility
（C）an examination of the differences between the invention and the prior art
（D）a determination of the level of ordinary skill in the art
The meaning of innovation and entrepreneurship, and the policies made to promote them differ across groups of developing countries.On the one hand, there is a small group of countries such as Brazil and Mexico which has achieved a certain stage of capitalistic development that provides an institutional environment for encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship.On the other hand, there is a large group of countries in Africa and Asia as well as in Latin America which lacks the critical level of capital accumulation even for sustainable development, let alone for the growth of innovation and entrepreneurship.
牽涉航空的恐怖主義早已行之有年。歷史上最具戲劇性的恐怖攻擊當屬阿爾蓋 達組織在 2001年9月11日所發動。我們研究恐怖主義和國際民航運作之間的 關係就可以追溯出恐怖主義的發展，以及其戰術的革新。今日雖然恐怖主義從 高度結構性組織轉變到自發性任務導向的基層小組，恐怖份子的首要目標仍然 是航空。
The diplomatic culture of the 21st century is essentially different from that of the previous centuries.For example, the growing participation of celebrity actors and actresses in intergovernmental affairs, and international negotiations.In your opinion, do you agree that the new phenomenon is a plus to facilitate international diplomacy？Why？Or why not？
Write a short essay in English in response to the question above.Few things you need to know before you begin to write the essay.
(1)Provide just ONEargument, and support it with reasons as specifically as possible;
(2)you will post the essay online(Facebook, Blog, or Twitter, etc.), and since your target readers aremost probably from all over the world, write in a way that most people have no difficulty in understanding the main points of your argument;
(3)since people nowadays do not have too much time for long essays, make sure the length of youressay has to be within the limit of 200 words.
While the tariffs are aimed at hurting China, they are also having an impact on American consumers and businesses that rely on products from China’s factories.Farmers and manufacturers, in particular, have complained that they are bearing the brunt of the trade war as China raises the price on imported soybeans and other agriculture products that it typically buys from farms and on materials and products imported by manufacturers to make machinery, clothes and other products.
經濟學家往往在兩個相互矛盾的觀點之間左右為難：一方面，良好的經濟政策 應該產生有利的結果，因此也應該證明是良好的政治；另一方面，良好經濟政 策的實施往往被視為需要「強大」和「自主」的（而非專制的）領導。智利這個國家在執行自由經濟政策方面可能比任何其他國家都走得更遠，該國的經驗 就是一個很好的例子。
請根據下面的指示，寫出一篇大約 200 字的短文。
Read the excerpt below carefully and think about the assignment that follows.
Assignment:Based on the excerpt, what is an “own goal”？What are the implicit similarities between “the best own goals in soccer” and Donald Trump’s trade war with China？Do you agree with Derek Thompson’s opinion of the trade war？Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations.
Sometimes in soccer, an attempt to defend one’s turf results in a score for the opposing team—an “own goal.” There have already been nine such incidents of self-sabotage in the 2018 World Cup, by far the most in the history of the tournament.But you won’t find the most spectacular example of the summer on the pitch in Russia.That distinction goes to Donald Trump’s administration, whose determination to start a trade war with China is, like the best own goals in soccer, muscular in its approach, blind in its aim, and self-injurious in its consequences.
–Derek Thompson.Why Donald Trump’s Trade War Will
Fail.The Atlantic, July 7, 2018.
1.In the university, there is a world-renowned degree program in［ ］.答案顯示:【C】
2.People have［ ］for terrorists, and they also have a total lack of respect for nations that give them support.答案顯示:【B】
Some of the most interesting words in English are the actual names of the people first involved in the activities suggested by the meanings of the words.The word boycott, for instance,［3］the case of Sir Charles Boycott(1832-97), a land agent in Ireland whose tenants ostracized him because he refused to lower their rents.Vidkun Quisling’s name quickly became an infamous addition to the English language during World War II.He was a Norwegian politician who［4］his country to the Nazis, and his name, quisling, is now synonymous with traitor.A more common example is Levis.These popular blue jeans［5］Levi Strauss, the man who first manufactured them in San Francisco in 1850.Perhaps the most omnipresent of all is the sandwich, named for the Fourth Earl of Sandwich(1718-92), who created this quick portable meal so that he［6］leave the gambling table to eat.Other words in this unique category include lynch, watt, davenport, and zeppelin.
（A）derives from（B）has taken into（C）was drawn for（D）originated by
（A）are recalled for（B）are named after（C）remembered on（D）called by
（A）was supposed to（B）has supposed to（C）would not have to（D）should not have to
Do you have difficulties getting work done because computer games or online chatting occupy a great deal of your time？Do you value chat-room friends more than real friends because most of your friends are from online contacts？The habits you develop from your computer use may cause significant problems in your life.For instance, feeling irritable or depressed when not using the computer, losing jobs or failing courses due to the lack of productivity on work or school assignments, and finally, feeling socially inept, since you lose the ability to interact with people face to face.
Symptoms, such as obsessively checking e-mail, losing track of time while on the computer, and neglecting family, work, friends, or even personal health and hygiene, are all indications of computer addiction.This addiction can be described as compulsive.
Not all people who spend hours each day on the computer, however, are considered addicted.That is, a person who spends 8 hours or more a day on the computer may not automatically be regarded as a computer addict while another person who spends less than 6 hours a day could suffer from an addition.It is important to note each case is distinct and, therefore, the number of hours spent on the computer is not considered to be the main factor in identifying computer addiction.Rather, the kinds of activities, the level of compulsion, and other ways of using the computer are the real determining factors.
A person who is obsessed with the computer is likely to have the following experiences or feelings: craving for the use of computer excessively; feeling anxious or gloomy when computer time is interrupted; telling lies to hide that you are actually playing games online; and neglecting friends, family, or responsibilities when online.Physical discomfort, such as back and neck aches, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, difficulty focusing your vision, dry eyes, and severe headaches may also be observed.Look out for these signs and get proper treatment, so you will regain control of your life.
7.What does “socially inept” mean？答案顯示:【B】
（A）conducive to companionship with others（C）inclined to associate with others
（B）unable to manage interactions with others（D）willing to engage in activities with others
8＊Which of the following is closest in meaning to “compulsive”？答案顯示:【無】
9.Which of the following is true about identifying computer addiction？答案顯示:【D】
（A）8 hours at a time on the computer.（B）6 hours a day on the computer.
（C）More than 8 hours a day on the computer.
（D）Length of time spent on the computer cannot be considered as the sole factor to identify it.
10.Which of the following is not the consequence of computer addition？答案顯示:【D】
（A）losing track of time（B）having back and neck aches
（C）having problems with relationships（D）having a burning desire to attend courses
Since 1970s, there has been a boom in such “international schools,” which teach in English in non-Anglophone countries, mostly offering British A-levels, American APs and SATs, or the International Baccalaureate.But nowadays international schools increasingly［11］their name.Though their clientele varies from place to place, four-fifths of the pupils they teach around the world are locals.Thirty years ago, just a fifth［12］.The main reason is increased［13］for schooling mostly or entirely in English, both in rich countries and even more from rich parents in developing countries who want their children to be able to go to university in Britain or North America.
This new elite can outspend even very highly paid foreign managers—and multinationals trying to cut costs are ever［14］willing to pay school fees.Locals are more appealing clients, too: their children tend to stay for their entire schooling, unlike “expat brats,” who are always moving on, leaving seats to be filled.And a parent-teacher ［15］ packed with the local elite is more helpful than one full of foreigners.
Today, Western wedding dresses are usually white.However, white did not become a popular option until 1840, after the marriage of Queen Victoria to Albert of Saxe-Coburg.Victoria wore a white gown for the event to incorporate some lace she prized.The official wedding portrait photograph was widely published, and many other brides［16］white in accordance with the Queen’s choice.The tradition continues today in the form of a white wedding, though prior to the Victorian era, a bride was married［17］any color, black being especially popular in Scandinavia.Later, many people assumed that the color white was intended to［18］virginity, though this was not the original intention.The white gown is in fact a symbolic Christening gown.It is a［19］of the white surplice worn in the Western Catholic tradition by members of the clergy, church choirs and servers and the gowns worn by girls celebrating their first communion and at their confirmation and also by women making religious［20］.Jews have gone to great lengths to follow these Western customs, whilst adhering to the laws of Tzniut.Today, the white dress is understood merely as the most traditional and popular choice for weddings.
（A）alluded to（B）caught on（C）moved into（D）opted for
Are you one of those so-called “armchair athletes” who follow your favorite sports team’s every game cheering along but do not physically play the game？Although a recent study suggests that watching sport can make you fitter, it is time to stop staying on the sidelines and［21］.
According to research, viewing other people exercise increases heart rate and other physiological measures as if you were working out yourself.However, if you are truly health［22］, it is even better and more effective to put it into practice.Playing a sport is not only fun but also boosts fitness and improves self-confidence.Learning a new sport can be tough and challenging.［23］your body and mind to follow the rules and specific movements might be a challenge at first, but regular practice will make this easier.For example, swimming has been known to be beneficial to those who suffer from asthma.Swimming improves good lung capacity and learning to swim can help asthmatics develop［24］as well.
The key to finding a sport you like is to try your hand at something you think you might like to do.Since you spend lots of time watching your favorite sports, why not try one of them first.This will increase your appreciation of that particular sport and also give you［25］experience of what your favorite athletes are going through out there.If you feel that it is not for you, then try your next choice.Repeat until you find something that you like.After all, cheering on your favorite team is great, but playing and experiencing some of it yourself is deeply satisfying.
It seemed like a curse.The summer of 821 was wet, cold and yielded a poor harvest.Then winter came.Temperatures plunged.Blizzards smothered towns and villages.The Danube, the Rhine and the Seine – rivers that never froze – froze so hard that the ice covering them could be crossed not just on foot but by horse and cart.Nor did spring bring respite.Terrible hailstorms followed the snow.Plague and famine followed the storms.The next few winters were worse.Fear stalked the land.Paschasius Radbertus, a monk of Corbie, in what is now northern France, wrote that God Himself was angry.Yet it was not God that wrought this destruction, according to Ulf Büntgen of the University of Cambridge, but rather a volcano now called Katla, on what was then an unknown island, now called Iceland.
At the moment Katla, one of Iceland’s largest volcanoes, located near the island’s southern tip, sleeps beneath 700 metres of ice.It has so slept, albeit fitfully, for almost 100 years.Its last eruption big enough to break through the ice was in 1918.A score of such ice-breaking awakenings have been recorded by Icelanders since the first Norsemen settled there in 870.In 821, however, Iceland was not on the Norsemen’s horizon.They were concentrating their activities on the lootable monasteries and villages of coastal Europe.There is thus no man-made record of what Katla was up to then.But Dr.Büntgen thinks he has found a natural one.A memorandum of an eruption that coincides with the events described by Radbertus is, he believes, written in a prehistoric forest.
Large volcanic eruptions can affect the weather.In particular they eject sulphur dioxide, which reacts with atmospheric gases to form sulphate aerosols that reflect sunlight back into the space, cooling the air beneath.That is well known.So the suspicion that what happened in the early 820s was precipitated by such an eruption has been around for a long time.
26.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the winter of 821 in Europe in the first paragraph？答案顯示:【A】
（A）It was the coldest one in the early 820s.
（B）The big rivers – the Danube, the Rhine and the Seine – froze.
（C）The next spring did not make things better.
（D）It subsequently brought fear among people.
27.In the 820s, what would NOT be recognized by Paschasius Radbertus, a monk of Corbie？答案顯示:【D】
（A）God Himself wrought the destruction.（C）Hailstorms followed the snow.
（B）Plague and famine followed the storms.（D）The bad weather was caused by a volcano.
28.What can we know about the volcano Katla from this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It has not erupted for 200 years.（B）It is located near Iceland’s southern tip.
（C）It lies underneath 700 metres of sea water.（D）It has not erupted since the Icelanders’ settlement in 870.
29.What does “one” in the second paragraph refer to？答案顯示:【C】
（A）an activity（B）a monastery（C）a record（D）a village
30.According to this passage, which piece of information is NOT true about volcanic eruptions？答案顯示:【C】
（A）The ejected sulphur dioxide would react with atmospheric gases.
（B）Once sulphate aerosols are formed, they would reflect sunlight back into space.
（C）After the eruption, the air beneath sulphate aerosols might become hotter.
（D）Large volcanic eruptions can affect the weather.
Experiments that go according to plan can be useful.But the biggest scientific advances often emerge from those that do not.Such is the case with a study just reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.When they began it, Hector DeLuca of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and his colleagues had been intending to examine the effects of ultraviolet(UV)light on mice suffering from a rodent version of multiple sclerosis(MS).By the project’s end, however, they had in their hands two substances which may prove valuable drugs against the illness.
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease.This means it is caused by a victim’s immune system turning on and destroying parts of his own body.In the case of MS the targets of these attacks, which may continue for years, are the fatty sheaths that insulate nerve cells and thus help nervous impulses to propagate.People suffering from MS are often weakened, and sometimes physically disabled by it, and may also become blind.
What drives the immune system to behave in this way remains mysterious, but in the 1970s researchers uncovered a promising clue when they noticed that MS is rarer near the equator than it is at high latitudes.The first hypothesis proposed to explain this observation was that vitamin D(a substance created by sunlight’s action on precursor molecules in the skin)might be helping to prevent MS.That made sense, since those living in the tropics receive more sunlight than those in temperate zones.Sadly, follow-up experiments failed to support the notion.Those experiments did, though, lead Dr.DeLuca to discover that the preventive effect is associated with a particular sort of sunlight—UV with a wavelength of between 300 and 315 nanometres(billionths of a metre).His latest experiment was intended to dig deeper into this observation, by using this type of light to irradiate mice that had been injected with chemicals known to cause the rodent equivalent of MS.
31.According to the passage, what can we know of Dr.DeLuca’s project？答案顯示:【B】
（A）It aims to treat MS patients at high latitudes.
（B）It leads to results different from the team’s expectation.
（C）It involves vitamin D’s effect on UV prevention.
（D）It involves mice suffering from the effects of ultraviolet(UV)light.
32.Which of the following is NOT true about MS(multiple sclerosis)？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It is an autoimmune disease.（B）People suffering from it are sometimes physically disabled by it.
（C）People suffering from it may become blind.（D）The targets of MS attacks are the nerve cells.
33.What led to the 1970s’ hypothesis that vitamin D might be helping to prevent MS？答案顯示:【A】
（A）MS is rarer near the equator than it is at high latitudes.
（B）Those living in the tropics receive more sunlight than those in temperate zones.
（C）The follow-up experiments supported the notion.
（D）A particular sort of sunlight was discovered.
34.What does “Proceedings” mean in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences？答案顯示:【C】
（A）a series of scientific experiments（B）a record of legal documents
（C）a record of academic findings（D）a series of economic reports
35.What is the unintended result of Dr.DeLuca’s experiment？答案顯示:【D】
（A）It ruled out the helpfulness of vitamin D.（B）It turned out they had focused on the wrong sort of sunlight.
（C）It could not determine the effects of UV light on mice suffering from MS.
（D）It found that two substances might prove valuable drugs against MS.
By about age 12, students who feel threatened by mathematics start to avoid math courses, do poorly in the few math classes they do take, and earn low scores on math-achievement tests.Some scientists have theorized that kids having little math aptitude in the first place justifiably dread grappling with numbers.However, it is not that simple, at least for college students, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Psychology.According to the study, people’s intrusive worries about math temporarily disrupt mental processes needed for doing arithmetic and drag down math competence, report Mark H.Ashcraft and Elizabeth P.Kirk, both psychologists at Cleveland(Ohio)State University.Math anxiety exerts this effect by making it difficult to hold new information in mind while simultaneously manipulating it, the researchers hold.Psychologists regard this capacity, known as working memory, as crucial for dealing with numbers.“Math anxiety soaks up working memory resources and makes it harder to learn mathematics, probably beginning in middle school,” Ashcraft says.
36.What did psychologists Ashcraft and Kirk report？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Doing poorly in math tends not to cause math anxiety.
（B）College students learn math differently from 12-year-olds.
（C）Worrying about math makes it harder to do math.
（D）Students should take harder math classes starting in middle school.
37.Which of the following describes the process of remembering new information while using it？答案顯示:【D】
（A）math anxiety（B）math aptitude（C）disruptive mental process（D）working memory
38.What theory does the Ashcraft and Kirk study challenge？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Math anxiety improves math performance.
（B）Math anxiety is a result of low math aptitude.
（C）Starting to study math at a young age improves math performance.
（D）The more math aptitude one has, the less working memory is needed.
39.What is the purpose of this passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）to report a study about math anxiety（B）to describe how to teach math better
（C）to praise the way math is taught（D）to dispute the work of Ashcraft and Kirk
40.What can be inferred from this passage？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Students who have math anxiety should not be forced to take math classes after middle school.
（B）Math aptitude can be accurately determined before middle school.
（C）Students should learn math as much as possible whether they like it or not.
（D）Students usually do not feel threatened by math before the age of 12.
The allure of President Barack Obama as a cover star went far beyond his vocation.He has appeared on more magazines than most supermodels, straddling such a diversity of titles, from political and literary journals to hip-hop monthlies and comic books.One Obama cover that stirred heated contention when he was in office was published by New York Magazine in 2009.The president’s face was graffitied with words such as socialist, impostor, Muslim, and HATE.The cover was severely criticized for its malevolent depiction of the new president; the magazine maintained that the words used reflected not their views, but those of a section of Obama’s dissenters.During his eight-year tenure, the press presented Obama as feminist, communist, fashion model, Jew, the messiah, Superman, and even Muslim terrorist.This bizarre kaleidoscope of characterizations reflected a sense of confusion about what Obama stood for and the impossible scope of expectations heaped upon him.
「棒球」在臺灣意味著什麼？答案是汗水和國族認同。在球場裡觀看球賽，每個觀眾好像都知道與參賽球隊有關的各種混和中文和英文的加油口號，而且知道配合口號的舞蹈動作。在這裡，看球變成一種令人暈眩的多語經歷及一場激烈的有氧運動。在臺灣的國族身分建構中，這項運動有著根深蒂固的地位。臺灣的棒球並不是從美國引進的，而是來自日本。棒球的歷史就像這個島嶼走向民主的進程一樣洶湧澎湃。從 1969年到 1996年，臺灣曾在世界少棒聯盟稱霸，28次打入決賽、17 次奪冠。新臺幣伍佰元紙鈔上就印著一支棒球隊，向取得傲人戰績的少棒隊致敬。當臺灣在國際外交的發展愈形艱困之際，棒球是臺灣強大的軟實力工具之一，也是臺灣獲得國際認可的途徑。
American civil rights activist, W.E.B.Du Bois, once said, “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line: the relation of the darker to the lighter races of men in Asia and Africa, in America and the islands of the sea.” The “color line” here refers to the racial segregation that existed in the United States after the abolition of slavery.In your opinion, what is it that segregates people in the world in the 21st century？How does it divide, discriminate and alienate people？Is it possible to spot a silver lining in this segregation？If so, what can be done？Express your ideas by using a real case and write an essay of no more than 350 words with an introductory paragraph, a main body containing 3 to 5 major points and a conclusion.
Inventions, creations, technological advancements when protected take the form of copyrights, patents,
trademarks or trade secrets.These［1］properties are assets of business enterprises, as they are essential for the success of businesses.［2］, it is necessary to encourage their growth and also provide legal protection against misuse, theft, etc.
Copyright law gives authors and artists the right to control the reproduction and performance of their works.
The period of protection varies in each country.By and large, protection is［3］to authors for their life plus 50 years, and for photographic works of applied art for 25 years.
Patents provide［4］right to manufacture or use an invention for a specific period of time.Patent laws are primarily territorial.However, there are a couple of international agreements to provide patent protection like the
European Patent Convention and the Patent Co-operation Treaty.Lack of a universally accepted patent law hinders introduction of a product on a global basis.
Trademark is any work, name, symbol, or device or any combination［5］adopted and used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify his goods and distinguish them from those manufactured or sold by others.
The news media are hungry for new findings, and reporters often latch onto ideas from the scientific laboratories before they have been fully tested.Also, a reporter who lacks a strong understanding of science may misunderstand or misreport complex scientific principles.To tell the truth, sometimes scientists also get excited about their findings, and leak them to the press before they have been through a rigorous review by the scientists’ peers.As a result, the public is often exposed to late-breaking nutrition news stories before the findings are fully confirmed.Then, when the hypothesis being tested fails to hold up to a later challenge, consumers feel betrayed by what is simply the normal course of science at work.
Sometimes media sensationalism overrates the importance of even true, replicated findings.For example, the media eagerly report that oat products lower blood cholesterol, a lipid indicative of heart disease risk.Although the reports are true, they often fail to mention that eating a nutritious diet that is low in certain fats is still the major step toward lowering blood cholesterol.
Today, oat bran’s cholesterol-lowering effect is established, and labels on food packages can proclaim that a diet high in oats may reduce the risk of heart disease.The whole process of discovery, challenge, and vindication took almost 10 years of research.Some other lines of research have taken much longer.In science, a single finding almost never makes a crucial difference to our knowledge as a whole, but like each individual frame in a movie, it contributes a little to the big picture.Many such frames are needed to tell the whole story.
6.What is the main reason for inconsistent nutrition news reports？答案顯示:【B】
（A）Reporters generally lack fundamental knowledge in nutrition science.
（B）The news media report research findings too soon before they are confirmed.
（C）Nutrition researchers do not agree upon which findings to report from their labs.
（D）Nutrition research lacks integrity in its methodology.
7.Which of the following is NOT true about oats？答案顯示:【D】
（A）A diet rich in oats can significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks.
（B）Scientists have studied the nutrition value of oats for nearly a decade.
（C）The importance of oats in controlling blood cholesterol was once overrated.
（D）The early report about the cholesterol-lowering effect of oats has not been confirmed by later studies.
8.Which of the following is the most likely advice the author may offer to consumers？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Do not take early news reports on nutrition too seriously; wait and see.
（B）Do not trust news reports on nutrition; read the original research papers.
（C）Eat oats every day and you’d be safe.
（D）Watch nutrition related movies to get the whole picture.
9.What does the phrase “each individual frame in a movie” in the final paragraph refer to in scientific research？答案顯示:【A】
（A）one individual study on a topic（B）the whole picture of nutrition science
（C）the whole story of oats（D）an individual news reporter
10.Which of the following best serves as the title of the article？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Improvement of Nutrition Research Methods Needed
（B）More Scientific Training Needed for Nutrition Reporters
（C）Can We Trust the Media to Deliver Nutrition News？
（D）Can Oat Bran Really Lower Cholesterol？
If Jane Austen’s work is perceived as quintessentially British, it has found resonance across the world.In The Genius of Jane Austen, Paula Byrne writes that Austen is seen as having a particular affinity with Chinese culture,where “manners matter” as they did in Georgian England.There have been more than 50 written versions of Pride and Prejudice in China alone.This may be because the term “marriage market” in China is more than a turn of phrase.In Shanghai, parents of unmarried children flock to a weekly event described as “match.com meets farmers’ market” where they scout for prospective in-laws.Chinese women still seek to marry property-owning men more educated than themselves.Ms.Byrne notes that Ang Lee, a Taiwanese director, was considered a perfect fit for Sense and Sensibility(1995)because his previous films had explored “family conflicts in the context of traditional Chinese values.”
It is the subcontinent, however, that has embraced her books most enthusiastically, with Austen societies established in both India and Pakistan.The economic and social position of women, their reputation and eligibility are all themes that are easy to adapt to different cultural contexts, but there are also specifics that resonate in Indian and Pakistani society, such as the importance of familial bonds, the preference given to male inheritance, the dowry system and the “marrying off” of young women by overzealous mothers and aunts.
Laaleen Khan, the founder of the Pakistani branch, has noted that South Asian society has its share of “disapproving Lady Catherine de Bourgh-esque society aunties, rakish Wickhams and Willoughbys, pretentious Mrs.Eltons and holier-than thou Mr.Collins types.”
This is the key to Austen’s transformation from little known spinster-scribbler to literary superstar.Western
readers may no longer empathize with the urgency that surrounds marriage or the idea that a relationship can be stopped in its tracks by monetary circumstance.But everyone has encountered a flirty, shallow Isabella Thorpe or a suave but seedy Henry Crawford.Two hundred years on, Austen’s sniping observations of human vanity and folly still hit the mark.
11.What is the main idea of the passage？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Jane Austen’s works have long-lasting appeal worldwide.
（B）Jane Austen’s creativity is formidable and adaptable.
（C）Jane Austen inspires people’s transformation from rags to riches.
（D）Jane Austen’s ideas have a special meaning for women.
12.What does the word “prospective” in the first paragraph mean？答案顯示:【B】
13.What does the phrase “hit the mark” in the final paragraph mean？答案顯示:【C】
（A）to be solemn（B）to be vigorous（C）to be accurate（D）to be eloquent
14.According to Ms.Byrne, why is Ang Lee, the Taiwanese director, a perfect fit for Austen’s novels？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Lee has a natural liking and understanding of Jane Austen’s works.
（B）Lee represents a man of manners like those in Georgian England.
（C）Lee demonstrates a sense of Chinese culture in Sense and Sensibility.
（D）Lee deals with themes similar to Austen’s works in previous films.
15.Why are a number of characters in Austen’s novels cited in the last two paragraphs？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Their types can be found in societies across the world.
（B）They are the ones that have been adapted into screens.
（C）Their names are renowned in Indian and Pakistani societies.
（D）They embody the economic and social positions of women.
Offshore investment is the keeping of money in a jurisdiction other than one’s home nation.Offshore jurisdictions are a commonly accepted means of reducing the taxes levied in most countries to both large and small-scale investors alike.Locations favored by investors for low rates of tax are known as offshore financial centers(OFCs)or, sometimes, as tax havens.These include well-known centers such as Switzerland, Bermuda,
and the Cayman Islands.
The level of regulatory standards and transparency differs widely among OFCs.Poorly regulated offshore domiciles have served historically as havens for tax evasion, money laundering, or to conceal or protect illegally acquired money from law enforcement in the investor’s country.However, the modern, well-regulated offshore centers allow legitimate investors to take advantage of higher rates of return or lower rates of tax on that return offered by operating via such domiciles.
Supporters of OFCs argue that offshore centers improve the flow of capital and facilitate international business transactions.These centers are widely used and are accessible to anyone who can meet the minimum investment amount or pay the obligatory fees required to open such an entity.According to finance experts, more than half of the world’s assets and investments are held in offshore jurisdictions and many well-recognized companies have investment opportunities in offshore locales.
Business operations of offshore investment are less costly and regulated than those offered in the investor’s country – or “onshore.” Payment of less tax is the main driving force behind most offshore activities.Often, taxes levied by an investor’s home country are critical to the profitability of any given investment.Using offshore-domiciled special purpose mechanisms, an investor may reduce the amount of tax payable, allowing the investor to achieve greater profitability overall.Moreover, offshore investment is less regulated than onshore investment, and the behavior of the offshore investment provider, be he a banker, fund manager, trustee, or stock-broker, is freer than it could be in a more regulated environment.
16.What is the main idea of this passage？答案顯示:【B】
（A）to recruit potential offshore investment partners（B）to introduce offshore investment and its benefits
（C）to promote well-known offshore investment centers
（D）to compare offshore investment and onshore investment
17.What is the last paragraph mainly about？答案顯示:【C】
（A）business operations of offshore investment（B）less regulated offshore investment environment
（C）main driving incentives behind offshore investment
（D）offshore-domiciled mechanisms for reducing tax payable
18.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE about offshore investment centers？答案顯示:【D】
（A）They set different minimum investment amounts to enlarge their investor bases.
（B）They promote their business based on the flexibility of their regulatory standards.
（C）They ensure the short-term as well as long-term profitability of a given investment.
（D）They allow investors to conduct investment activities in a more profitable fashion.
19.What does “accessible” mean in this article？答案顯示:【A】
20.According to the passage, which of the following best reflects the investor’s belief in investing offshore？答案顯示:【B】
（A）When one door shuts, another opens（B）Hoist your sail when the wind is fair.
（C）What the mind can conceive, it can achieve.（D）A bird in the hand is worth two in the woods
Turkey has initiated a dispute complaint with the World Trade Organization(WTO)against the United States for imposing additional tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Turkey.The WTO says Turkey requested dispute consultations on Monday on claims that the doubling of duties on steel and aluminum was inconsistent with international trade rules.The US has doubled the tariffs in response to Turkey's rejection of a request to release an American pastor detained for the past 2 years for alleged involvement in an abortive military coup.Turkey has retaliated by imposing tariffs on American products.As the rift deepens between the two North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO)allies, anxiety is rising over Turkey's economic uncertainty.
1.His irritative jokes［ ］everyone in the office.Now, no one wants to talk to him.答案顯示:【D】
2.An Iranian-born mathematician has become the first woman to win a［ ］Fields Medal, widely viewed as the Nobel Prize of mathematics.答案顯示:【C】
3.Mozart was a great composer and［ ］musician from a very young age.He could compose music when he was only five.答案顯示:【D】
4.Of the 800,000 tons of wheat the country imported, about 260,000 tons,［ ］one-third of it, was from Australia.答案顯示:【A】
Intimacy is key in a world of connections where individuals negotiate complex networks of friendship, try to reach［5］, and avoid the appearance of superiority.However, in a world of status, independence is key, because a primary means of establishing status is to tell others what to do, and taking orders is a［6］of low status.［7］all humans need both intimacy and independence, women tend to focus on the first, and men on the second.It is as if their lifeblood ran in different directions.
（A）aconsensus（B）a negotiation（C）a fortune（D）a destination
（A）a winner（B）a marker（C）a maker（D）a loser
8.Water and air are［ ］to our lives.We cannot live without them.答案顯示:【C】
9.Be sure to be［ ］at the interview.It gives a very good first impression.答案顯示:【D】
Lateness is often overlooked as an endearing cultural trait in Latin America.Weddings, funerals, meals, and business meetings rarely begin on time.It is even considered rude to be on time for a party.But Peru’s government says it’s not too late for an attitude［10］.It has announced a campaign to fight lateness, saying it reflects a negative attitude toward work and hurts national productivity.But the government still has not［11］how to get 27 million Peruvians to keep an eye on their watches.It says the details will come “tomorrow, tomorrow,” and it’s considering ringing church bells and sounding sirens.The campaign, scheduled to begin along with the academic year,［12］to urge schools, businesses, and government institutions to end their generations-old custom of arriving “Peruvian time,”which usually means an hour late.
Some Peruvians, like Alicia Lorenzo, 49, cannot afford to be late.She said she arrives at 6 a.m.“on the dot” every day to open the snack kiosk she has run for 30 years to be able to receive scheduled deliveries and have items to sell.Asked［13］she believes the punctuality campaign will work, she said, “It depends on the government.They have to set the example.”
（A）set out（B）come out（C）picked out（D）worked out
Because athletes and coaches are focused on winning no matter what the cost is, cheating has become more common in sports.Of course, there are rules to penalize cheating, so players and coaches have come up with ingenious ways to get around the rules.Getting a competitive edge, even unfairly, is seen as a “strategy” rather than cheating.Illegal acts are now even being accepted as part of the game.They have found loopholes in rules that allow them to cheat in order to get an advantage over opponents.This kind of cheating is called “normative cheating.” One example of this kind of cheating is when a player pretends to be fouled in order to get a free foul shot during a game.Or a team might set the heat very high in the opponent’s locker room to make players on that team sluggish during the game.Some sports have also encouraged hitting or tackling other players very hard to make those players drop the ball or poorly execute a play.
The “winning-at-all-costs” philosophy of sports today has had an adverse effect on athletes.Recent research has shown that participation in sports actually blocks the normal development of moral reasoning in athletes.In a study of 10,000 athletes in both high school and college, it was found that athletes in general scored lower on tests of moral development than non-athletes.Additionally, male athletes scored lower than female ones.And worst of all, the longer athletes participated in sports, the lower their moral reasoning scores on the test.
14.What is the passage mainly about？答案顯示:【A】
（A）The cause and effect of cheating in sports.（B）Penalty rules against cheating.
（C）How to win a competition.（D）Moral reasoning scores of athletes.
15.What does “normative cheating” in the first paragraph mean？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Cheating by normal people.（B）Cheating by breaking the rules.
（C）Cheating that is easily noticed by the opponents.（D）Cheating that creates an advantage within the rules.
16.Which of the following is an example of normative cheating？答案顯示:【B】
（A）To hit a referee so hard that he can’t do his job well.
（B）To act as if you have been hit illegally by an opponent.
（C）To lock the opponents in their locker room.（D）To attack an opponent and be noticed by the referee.
17.What does “adverse” in the second paragraph mean？答案顯示:【B】
18.What was the major finding of the study of 10,000 athletes？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Athletes see themselvesas more morally conscious.
（B）Male athletes have a stronger sense of morality than female ones.
（C）Athletes have difficulty judging what is morally right or wrong.
（D）Longer participation in sports makes people morally strong.
I just looked in the mirror, and I saw an overweight woman looking back at me.Who is she？Is that really me？I am sad to say I am one of the many Americans who do not do enough physical activity.Physical activity includes doing things like housework and walking the dog.It also includes doing exercise, such as playing tennis and going to the gym.A government report says that only 1 in 10 Americans does a lot of physical exercise.3 in 10 Americans do very little and 4 in 10 Americans do no activity at all.I am one of the Americans who do very little physical activity.
We have to make more time to work our bodies.Because most Americans don’t do enough physical activity, theyare in danger of having health problems.We are gaining weight because of too little physical activity.We also eat too many high-calorie foods.That’s a horrible fact.
We really have to get up and get busy! I’m not a couch potato, but my friend Joey is.His idea of exercise is sitting on the sofa, lifting soda cans and potato chips to his mouth while watching other people exercise on TV.I’m not that bad, but I’ve decided Joey and I are going to change.
19.What is this passage mainly about？答案顯示:【B】
（A）The crisis of a middle-aged woman（B）The importance of physical exercise.
（C）Too many couch potatoes in America（D）The danger of having health problems.
20.Which of the following is NOT physical exercise？答案顯示:【A】
（A）Doing online shopping.（B）Going to the gym.（C）Walking the dog.（D）Playing table tennis.
21.According to the government report, which group does the author belong to？答案顯示:【C】
（A）1 in10.Americans（B）2 in 10 Americans.（C）3 in 10 Americans.（D）4 in 10 Americans.
22.According to his idea of exercise, which of the following is NOT what Joey probably does？答案顯示:【C】
（A）Lying on the couch.（B）Putting snacks into his mouth.
（C）Exercising while watching TV.（D）Watching sports programs on TV.
23.Which of the following statements is NOT true？答案顯示:【D】
（A）Most Americans are in danger of having health problems.
（B）Joey, like the other 40% of Americans, does no exercise at all.
（C）People become overweight because of too little physical activity.
（D）Joey is a couch potato because he likes to eat a lot of potato chips.
24.The countries have agreed on strengthening co-operation in order to［ ］the economic crisis by joint effort.答案顯示:【B】
25.According to the witness, two guys in their early twenties［ ］the old lady trying to rob her of her handbag.答案顯示:【C】