36.America’s traditional［ ］toward British colonialism and imperial patterns of trade remained a constant source of friction between the two allies in the years immediately after World War II.
37.The embassy has responded to the escalation by issuing a statement saying that it would［ ］the visas of several officials.
38.The underlying cause of compulsive overeating is the inability to eat in［ ］, not the unavailability of nutritional information.
39.It is required by law that all companies established on the island［ ］their business and employees.
40.In a recent sexual harrassment case in the show business, 16 victims described inappropriate behavior by thissuperstar, eight of［ ］said they had serious depression.
請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題：
Sherlock Holmes was popular from his first appearance in 1887, in the novelette “A Study in Scarlet.” He was so popular that soon Conan Doyle began to［41］having created him, since Holmes stories so completely overshadowed what Conan Doyle considered his serious work, such as his historical novel.Readers lined up at newsstands for The Strand on publication day［42］a new Holmes story was to appear inside.Because of Holmes, Conan Doyle was, one historian wrote, “as well-known as Queen Victoria.”
Holmes fans were truly the［43］middle-class, the exact sort of group whose tastes would be denigrated by snooty critics as populist for more than a century to come.The［44］for Holmes stories seemed endless.The Strand would pay Conan Doyle nicely for whatever he could give them.But he hadn’t meant to spend the rest of his life inventing and solving fiction crimes.By 1893, Conan Doyle had had enough.So he had the evil professor Moriarty push Holmes down the falls.But by 1901, however, public pressure grew so great that Conan Doyle wrote a new story featuring Holmes before his fall.In 1903, in “The Adventure of the Empty House,” he went one step further, resurrecting Holmes with the explanation that only Moriarty had died in the fall, while Holmes had［45］his own death.Fans rejoiced.
請依下文回答第 46 題至第 48 題：
Who really makes the changes in an organization? It’s not always the people with the highest executive titles.A growing body of research has pointed to the importance of informal leaders known as “brokers,” who have the gift of connecting employees in productive new ways.New research by Professor Brands has uncovered bias surrounding brokerage roles.Professor Brands examined what are known as “friendship networks” within organizations.In this sense,friends are the people you turn to for help, advice, and information, whether or not they are in your work group.Simply put, you like and trust them.It’s within these friendship networks that much of an organization’s work gets done.
In a study of two separate groups–employees of an electronic-components distributor and a cohort of M.B.A.students–she identified brokers based on the high level of connectivity they displayed.They also identified the people who were perceived by their colleagues to be brokers.Researchers asked members to evaluate their colleagues, including the actual and perceived brokers.This is where gender differences emerged.The researchers found that people tended to ignore the activities of female brokers and to exaggerate how much men served as brokers.If women were recognized as brokers, they were perceived more negatively.“They incurred reputation penalties,” Professor Brands says.“They were seen as more competent, but less warm.” Other research, she says, has shown that men who take on brokerage roles tend to receive benefits in the form of compensation and promotions, whereas female brokers’ careers are negatively affected.Professor Brands also analyzed the performance of the brokers’ teams.They found that women who were thought by their teams to be brokers tended to perform well individually, but at the expense of their overall team’s performance.The professors noted that men are traditionally defined by words like aggressive, forceful, independent, and decisive.Women are expected to be kind, helpful, sympathetic, and concerned about others.Women are thought to excel in the social realm–so you would think that they would be seen as good work brokers, the researchers said.But “despite the widespread notion of women as social specialists, perceptions of the network position of women will be distorted because of the expectation that brokerage is man’s work,” they wrote.
46.What is the main idea of this passage？
（A）Brokers have the gift of connecting employees in productive new ways.
（B）Friends are the people you turn to for help, advice, and information.
（C）A gender bias exists among informal leaders at work.
（D）Much of an organization’s work gets done within the friendship networks.
47.According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true？
（A）Female brokers were perceived more positively.（B）Gender difference mattered in evaluating colleagues.
（C）People tended to ignore the activities of female brokers.
（D）People exaggerated how much men served as brokers.
48.According to the passage, which of the following does NOT traditionally characterize men？
請依下文回答第 49 題至第 50 題：
There is a general agreement that the unconscious plays an extremely important role in problem-solving.Everyone has had the experience of having the answer to a problem suddenly occur in his/her mind.One maddeningly familiar phenomenon to many people is a late answer to an important problem.One may work for days or weeks on a problem and complete it.Then, at some random point in time, a better answer appears.Since the original problem was probably completed in order to reach a deadline, this better answer often only serves to annoy one that he/she did not think of it sooner.It came straight from the unconscious as a result of the incubation process it was going through.I have found in my own case that this incubation process works.I have the confidence to think hard about a problem and then forget about it for a period of time.When I begin to work on it again, new answers are usually present.
49.Which of the following is a suitable title for this passage？
（A）The Real Work of the Unconscious（B）The Incubation Process
（C）A Late Answer（D）The Power of Memory
50.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？
（A）One should not rely on his or her unconscious to help solve problems.
（B）The time lag between the original answer and the late answer is the incubation process at work.
（C）One should only rely on the incubation process to solve problems.
（D）More often than not, a late answer is always welcome.
請依下文回答第 41 題至第 45 題：
The world is very different now.For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life.And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for［41］our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe—the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state,［42］from the hand of God.
We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that first revolution.Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe［43］, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans—born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage, and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has always been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world.Let every nation know,［44］it wishes us well or ill,［45］we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and the success of liberty.
請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題：
“Meh,” a word which indicates a lack of interest or enthusiasm, became the latest addition to the Collins English Dictionary.The word, which beats hundreds of other suggestions from members of the public, will feature in the 30th-anniversary edition of the dictionary.Though the word apparently originates from North America, Collins said it was now widely used on the Internet, and was increasingly heard in British spoken English.
The dictionary entry for “meh” will say it can be used as an interjection to indicate indifference or boredom, as an adjective to describe something as boring or mediocre, or to show that an individual is apathetic or unimpressed.The word was popularized by the U.S.comedy animation series “The Simpsons,” where characters Bart and Lisa use it to express indifference when their father Homer suggests a day trip.It was submitted by Erin Whyte from Nottingham, central England, and a panel of Collins language experts singled it out from the hundreds of other submissions because of its frequency of use in modern English.
“This is a new exclamation from the U.S.that seems to have made its way into common speech over here,” said Cormac McKeown, head of content at Collins Dictionaries.“It shows people are increasingly writing in a register somewhere in between spoken and written English.”
46.Which of the following is the best title for the passage？
（A）A New Word Added to the Dictionary（B）A Survey on Most Popular Words in English.
（C）How English Has Evolved Over the Years？（D）The Language Used on the Internet.
47.What is the word “meh” used to imply？
48.Which of the following is NOT true about “meh”？
（A）It was recommended by members of the public.
（B）It will appear in the 30th-anniversary edition of the Collins Dictionary.
（C）It was first used in British spoken English.
（D）It became popular because of an animation series, “The Simpsons.”
41.［ ］her full-time job, Eileen works part-time in the evening.
（A）In order to（B）In need of（C）In terms of（D）In addition to
42.Jack didn’t like cheese before but he came to［ ］the taste for it while studying abroad.
43.Tornadoes cause［ ］of more than $400 million a year on average in the U.S., almost as much as hurricanes.
44.In general,［ ］memories will remain in the brains of those who lost their family and friends in tragedies.
45.Don:［ ］Peggy: I like math.Don: That’s nice.
（A）What’s your favorite subject？（B）Do we have math today？（C）What’s it like？（D）What’s it about？
請依下文回答第 46 題至第 50 題：
U.S.and European officials met in May to discuss a plan to expand a U.S.ban on the use of electronic devices such as a laptop computer during flights.The newly expanded ban would include flights from European countries.The current ban,which was established in March, has［46］about 50 flights per day from 10 cities.Most of the cities are located in the Middle East.The ban focuses on those cities because their machines to screen carry-on bags are not［47］,according to experts.If the U.S.expands the ban, it would affect about 65 million people who travel between Europe and North America on more than 400 daily flights each year.Many of the passengers are［48］who use their devices for work during flights.The airlines said the ban［49］many people to decide not to fly to the U.S.Even though this is the case, Australia is considering adopting the current ban, and Britain has already adopted parts of it.The airlines believe the expanded ban will happen eventually, but they are still hoping to have［50］in how the new policy is put in place at airports, so that passengers will be inconvenienced as little as possible.
36.After being sick in bed for days, Jack［ ］in the room trying to look for some water.
37.At first every one stood on［ ］, but the party started to warm up after a few drinks and interesting games.
38.The people’s resistance to changes is a great［ ］to political reform.
39.Ministry of Interior urges people to renew their identification cards in order to be［ ］to vote in the upcoming elections.
40.If you are not satisfied with the service of the waiter, you might lodge a［ ］to his manager.
For centuries, people gazing at the sky after sunset could see thousands of vibrant, sparkling stars.But［41］, you’ll be lucky if you can view the Big Dipper.
The culprit: electric beams pouring from homes and street lamps, whose brightness［42］the night sky.In the U.S., the so-called light pollution has gotten so bad that, by one estimate, 8 out of 10 children born today will never［43］a sky dark enough for them to see the Milky Way.
There is hope, however, in the form of astrotourism, a small but growing industry centered on［44］in the world’s darkest places.These remote sites, many of them in national parks, offer stunning views for little more than the cost of a campsite.And the people who run them often work to reduce light pollution in surrounding communities—asking towns to［45］their street lamp, for example, or urging residents to draw their blinds.
The ozone layer is a region in Earth’s stratosphere that contains high concentrations of a bluish gas called ozone.Although ozone constitutes only about one-millionth of the［46］gases, it absorbs most of the sun’s ultraviolet radiation.Without the ozone layer, this radiation would destroy all life on the surface of the planet.Ultraviolet radiation creates and perpetuates ozone.Because an ozone molecule is struck by an ultraviolet ray, it falls apart,［47］free oxygen.An oxygen atom can combine with another free oxygen to［48］more ozone, and this cycle absorbs most UV radiation.
Some manufactured chemicals interfere with this cycle, thus reducing the amount of ozone in the stratosphere.Among the worst offenders are chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs), usually found in refrigerants and aerosol sprays and now generally［49］due to their harmful effects.Falling ozone levels have caused a thinning of the ozone layer above Antarctica,［50］the ozone hole.The Antarctic ozone hole has increased dramatically in size over the past two decades.A smaller hole over the Arctic is now developing.
37.I don’t know what has been bothering you［ ］.If I have done something wrong, you could just tell me.
38.There are no direct flights between Taiwan and Dublin, so I have to［ ］in London.
39.Most small cuts will stop bleeding in a short time; if this one does not, you need to go to the hospital and［ ］by a doctor.
（A）have it examined（C）have it been examined（B）having it examined（D）having it being examined
40.As a leading［ ］of human rights, the lawyer is strongly opposed to the death penalty.
Today, many foods are genetically engineered(GE).GE foods are an example of how science is trying to［41］nature.Scientists use a special process to put new genetic information into a plant.［42］, the plant’s DNA, or genetic code, changes.For instance, to protect a plant from a certain virus, scientists can put a gene into the plant to make it more［43］to the virus.Such development seems positive.Why then has there been a worldwide negative reaction to GE foods？
The answer is simple: genetically changed plants are［44］the same as the original ones.Think of somethinglike GE tomatoes.They may be larger and juicier, but they may contain DNA from plants such as nuts or even from animals such as fish.Opponents of GE foods say that the great［45］is for people allergic to substances such as nuts or fish.That tasty tomato could cause an allergic reaction—possibly even death for someone with severe allergies.Yet a person with allergies might never know that the tomato contained the substance.
（A）By no means（B）In other words（C）More or less（D）On the contrary
（A）at least（B）no longer（C）no matter（D）at last
An old proverb says that “Necessity is the mother of invention.” But if you look at real-life stories of technology, you’ll see that not all inventions were planned.Some of them were accidents!
In the 1940s, a scientist named Percy Spencer was working to develop radar systems for the U.S.military.One day, in his laboratory, he noticed that a chocolate bar in his pocket had gotten very soft and melted even though it wasn’t hot in the room.He was standing next to a machine called a magnetron.Quickly, he did an experiment, putting some kernels of corn next to the magnetron.In a minute, he had popcorn.And that was how the microwave oven was invented.
“Accidental inventions” have been happening for a long time.In 1839, a salesman was experimenting with a newproduct from Brazil called rubber.It could be used to make erasers, but it melted at high temperatures, and broke when it was cold.The inventor tried mixing it with different chemicals, but nothing worked until he accidentally dropped it on a hot stove.Heat made the rubber strong and flexible.Thanks to Charles Goodyear’s accident, we now have rubber tires for our cars, and rubber soles for our shoes.
46.Originally, what did Percy Spencer intend to build up？
47.Which of the following statements about Charles Goodyear is true？
（A）He lived in Brazil.（C）He was a salesperson.（B）He invented rubber.（D）He majored in chemistry.
48.How did the author explain the idea of “accidental invention”？
（A）By giving a definition.（C）By providing examples.（B）By presenting contrasts.（D）By describing its origins.
49.What does the pronoun “it” in the third paragraph refer to？
（A）Rubber.（B）An eraser.（C）Brazil.（D）An invention.
50.What can we conclude from the passage？
（A）Before scientists succeed, they meet with a lot of accidents.
（B）When people need something, they will find a way to do it.
（C）Inventors usually have difficulty getting fresh inspiration.
（D）Not all technological advances are made through careful plans.
Researchers have pointed out that it is important to know one’s blood type.When Harvard scientists 46 more than two decades of data on more than 77,000 people, they found that people with type AB blood had a 23 percent increased risk for heart disease compared to people with type O blood.47 with type B blood had an 11 percent higher risk and people with type A blood had 5 percent greater risk of heart disease.Researchers aren’t sure 48 , though.But they posit that type A blood is associated with LDL cholesterol and that type O blood, 49 is associated with reduced risk, may contain a chemical that boosts blood flow and prevents clots.However, researchers are quick to point out that lifestyle factors 50 weight, smoking, and diet,which, unlike blood type, are modifiable and have a much greater impact on heart disease.
Ever since he was little, Larry had been fascinated by balloons and fantasized about using them to fly.When he was 33, he decided to［46］his dream come true.He bought an aluminum garden chair, 42 weather balloons and an air gun to shoot the balloons when he was ready to land.He also got a parachute, just［47］.Larry planned to fly 483 kilometers across the Mojave Desert.He tied the chair down with ropes and attached the helium-filled balloons to it.Then, he sat down in the chair with his gun and parachute.He was ready to go.When Larry’s friends untied one rope,［48］, the other rope broke, and Larry and his chair rose rapidly into the sky.He ascended much more quickly and much higher than he had expected.Before he knew it, he was 5,000 meters above the ground.The trip wasn’t turning out the way Larry had planned.He was high up in the sky［49］the air was thin and cold.Shivering with cold, Larry decided to［50］, but he couldn’t because he had dropped his gun during his ascent.All he could do was float wherever the wind took him.When he finally floated down, the ropes holding the balloons became tangled in some power lines, and the chair hung just two meters above the ground.Larry was able to climb down unhurt, but the tangled ropes caused a twenty-minute power blackout in the neighborhood.
Taiwan’s blue sand or blue tear is a phenomenon 38 along the coasts of Taiwan’s outlying islands caused by sea sparkle that lives under the sea.As indicated by the name of the species, it is known as a sea firefly that will［39］a light when being disturbed.These sea fireflies like to gather along the coast because it provides them with a rich source of food supply.And when they gather and produce lights from their bodies, they can really［40］the tides into different colors such as red, green, or blue.For instance, the blue sand or blue tear phenomenon can be seen in many places around the world.In Taiwan, it can be viewed in Kenting, the coast lines in Hualien and Taitung［41］on several outlying islands.The most widespread blue sand so far has been spotted on Mazu islands in April 2014.The best season to visit the sight is in late spring and early summer, between April and May, but its occurrence will also［42］the wind.As narrated by one of the witnesses, one of the signs for the appearance of the blue sand is that the sea will start to turn dark a few days before it actually happens.No matter what it is, seeing the sight of blue sand is really one of the rare moments in our life.
（A）run out（B）send off（C）give out（D）take off
（A）as long as（B）as soon as（C）as possible as（D）as well as
（A）take over（B）rely on（C）rule out（D）pull up
43.Most jobs require skills and experiences that are directly［ ］.For a customer service job, for example, good communication skill is very important.
While many studies have been undertaken to study the impact of consuming coffee on our health, researchers have just administered the first study that analyzes the effects of coffee’s aroma.For many people, the morning coffee is just the thing to wake up the dormant brain cells and to put the body in gear.However, according to the 25th issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, the smell of coffee also has a comparable, if not more, effect on our body, diminishing the impact of sleep deprivation.At least, that’s what researchers have found in rats.
Rats that suffered from insomnia, or inability to sleep, were exposed to the smell of coffee.Coffee aroma successfully activated seventeen different genes in their brains; among them, thirteen were known to produce proteins that protect nerve cells from the damaging impact of stress or tension.So, what is the implication of this finding for those people who were stressed by lack of sleep and/or need to stay up late？Well, maybe they do not have to shell out 100 NT dollars for a venti-sized latte to get some of their genes activated in their brains and/or to ease the impact of sleeplessness resulting from tension.All they need to do is to walk to a coffee shop around the corner and get a sniff of coffee.
47.Which of the following best describes the main idea of this passage？
（A）Coffee has no effect on insomnia.（B）The smell of coffee helps reduce tension.
（C）Coffee helps keep doctors away.（D）Caffeine is harmless.
49.According to the passage, which of the following statements is true？
（A）Coffee aroma may have a damaging effect on our nerve cells.
（B）Sniffing coffee also helps in awaken our body.
（C）Researchers have failed to find any effect of coffee aroma on insomnia patients.
（D）Coffee aroma is prescribed by doctors to cure insomnia.
50.According to the passage, what is activated by coffee aroma to ease the impact of sleeplessness and tension？
41.The train from Taipei to Taichung was［ ］because the railway was blocked by a car accident.
42.I［ ］your workload and health.
（A）concern with（B）am concerned with（C）get concerned（D）am concerning with
43.GM foods are especially popular now in the U.S.,［ ］up to seventy percent of food products in supermarkets could contain a crop that has been genetically modified.
44.I can’t give you the answer right now.I need［ ］time to think about it.
（A）few（B）little（C）a few（D）a little
45.The guests are likely［ ］early, so we should speed up and get everything ready before their arrival.
（A）come（B）coming（C）to come（D）have come
At the airport for a business trip, my whole family settled down to wait for the boarding announcement at Gate 35.Then I heard the voice on the public address system saying, “We［46］for the inconvenience, but Cherry Flight 570 will board from Gate 41.” So my family［47］up our luggage and carried it over to Gate 41.Ten minutes later, the public address voice told us that Flight 570 would［48］be boarding from Gate 35.So, again, we gathered our carry-on luggage and returned to the［49］gate.Just as we were settling down, the public address voice spoke again: “Thank you［50］participating in Cherry’s physical fitness program.Now we are ready for boarding.”
39.Young people's disappointment with the government mainly stems from the fact that their hard work cannot guarantee［ ］.
（A）an aging condition（B）a decent income（C）a lengthy process（D）a life sentence
40.When our body detects stress, it［ ］two kinds of hormones to react.
（A）speaks out（B）acts out（C）lets out（D）cries out
41.A helicopter［ ］above the gorge trying to rescue the fallen mountain climbers.
42.The loss of large parts of the rain forest has reduced the［ ］of many native Amazon species.
Most people value efficiency because it allows us to get more of what we want from the means at our disposal.The free market often［43］efficiency.Producers compete with one another to provide goods and services of greater quality at lower prices.A lower price typically represents a smaller［44］not only on our individual financial resources, but also on the resources of the planet.For example, telephone communication with fiber optics is cheaper than with copper wire, and it is cheaper at least in part because［45］takes up less space and uses more readily available materials.The lower price corresponds to reduced environmental impact.Free market competition within the profit-oriented telecommunication industry［46］efficiencies that benefit both customers and ecosystems.Long distance rates keep coming down.
However, this logic does not work with public goods, such as clean air and water.These are goods that no one owns individually, so no one has a financial［47］to use them efficiently.They tend to be wasted unless society imposes regulations, such as required pollution permits, which make degradation costly.
（A）results in（B）results into（C）takes in（D）touches on
Dyslexia, also referred to as “specific reading disability,”predominantly affects a person’s ability to read and write.Dyslexics have difficulty connecting［48］symbols(i.e., letters)with their corresponding sounds.Many people who suffer from dyslexia also have trouble with enunciation, organization, and short-term memory.Dyslexia is the most common learning disability in children.It is not related to intellectual ability, vision, or access［49］education.Approximately 5-10 percent of school-age children in North America suffer from the condition, with each case［50］in severity.Children are generally diagnosed with dyslexia during the elementary school years when they are learning how to read and spell.
He stared at the boy and considered asking him why he looked so sad but hesitated because he thought it might sound［41］.He knew that sometimes people who were sad didn’t want to be asked about it; sometimes they’d［42］the information themselves, and sometimes they wouldn’t stop talking about it for months on end, but on this［43］Bruno thought that he should wait before saying anything.
Fifteen-year-old Sebastian Clover arrived in Antigua early yesterday morning.Clover, a high school student from the UK, sailed across the Atlantic Ocean without anyone else’s［44］.Waiting to meet him at the harbor were his parents, a band of musicians, and the Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda.Sebastian’s journey began on December 19.He sailed his boat from the Canary Islands and arrived in Antigua and Barbuda on January 12.How was the trip？For Clover, the high point was seeing whales and dolphins.But sometimes it was［45］being alone on the boat—especially in bad weather.It was also hard to eat well.Clover［46］ate snacks because it was difficult to cook.It was an amazing trip, but Sebastian also admits he’s glad to be back on land!
In late 1960s, electricity had just been brought into a village in Nigeria where a friend and his family were living.Each family got a single light in its hut: a real sign of progress.The trouble was that at night, though they had nothing to read and many of them did not know how to read, the families would sit in their huts in awe of this wonderful symbol of technology.
The light-bulb watching began to replace the customary nighttime gatherings by the tribal fire,where the tribal storytellers, the elders, would pass along the history of the tribe.The tribe was losing its history in the light of a few electric bulbs.
This story helps to illustrate the difference between scientific management and tribal leadership.
Every family, every college, every corporation, every institution needs tribal storytellers.The penalty for failing to listen is to lose one’s history, one’s historical context, one’s binding values.Like the Nigerian tribe, without the continuity brought by custom, any group of people will begin to forget who they are.
47.According to the passage, what did the light-bulb symbolize in Nigeria in late 1960s？
48.According to this passage, which of the following statements is true？
（A）Storytelling in the village was replaced by reading.
（B）Technology brought happier life to the village, so they had more stories to share.
（C）Storytelling was and should be a primary means of conveying history and culture.
（D）Storytelling became more popular in Nigeria in late 1960s.
49.To which of the followings does the “elders” in the second paragraph refer？
50.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true？
（A）In the world of today’s scientific management, we still need tribal leadership.
（B）The major function of tribal storytelling today lies in its entertaining effect.
（C）If people do not listen to stories about their society and community, they will forget who they are.
（D）The tribe was losing its history in the light of a few electric bulbs.